Smoking in Vietnam
Smoking in Vietnam is highly common, with an estimated 50% of men and 5% of women using tobacco, an estimated 18 million smokers. 47 million non-smokers in Vietnam are also regularly exposed to tobacco smoke. Vietnam’s Health Education and Communication Center estimates that 40,000 people die annually in Vietnam from first or second hand smoking, and that if nothing is done 10% of the Vietnamese population will have died from smoking by 2030. Smoking is an integral part of Vietnamese culture and exchanging cigarettes is seen as a common greeting.
A popular historic form of smoking in Vietnam is called Thuốc lào, where the highly potent leaves of the Nicotiana rustica plant (called Thuốc lào) are smoked through a water pipe which is called điếu cày or . A "hít" of thuốc lào is followed by a flood of nicotine to the bloodstream that induces strong dizziness that lasts several seconds, with even heavy cigarette smokers reportedly have had trouble with the smoke and high nicotine content. Side effects commonly include nausea and vomiting.
Smoking Thuốc lào poses serious injury and health risks, and is considered far more dangerous than cigarette consumption. There are several instances of individuals choking to death or suffering sudden respiratory failure due to the sudden inhalation of a large amount of smoke. There is also a risk of burning oneself on the water leaving the pipe. Despite the risks of Thuốc lào it remains popular in the central and northern parts of the country, especially with minority and rural groups.
Perception and modern day
Many Vietnamese historical figures, such as Ho Chi Minh, were smokers. Smoking is often associated with being manly and educated in Vietnam. Smoking Thuốc lào as come to be perceived as a sign of being cultured by some youth.
- Lam, Andrew (29 October 2013). "Smoking Is an Epidemic in Vietnam". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "Smoking kills 100 people in Vietnam every day". Tuoitrenews.vn. 5 January 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "Hiểm họa từ thuốc lào (Dangers of waterpipe tobacco)". VnExpress. 15 September 2004. Retrieved 13 October 2016.