Tseung Kwan O

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Tseung Kwan O
Town
Location of Tseung Kwan O
Country Hong Kong
Region New Territories
District Sai Kung
Population (2011)
 • Total 368,000
Tseung Kwan O
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Aerial view of Tseung Kwan O, with Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate on the right. The waters at the top of the picture are part of Port Shelter.

Tseung Kwan O (also called Cheung Kwan O or Junk Bay) is a bay in Sai Kung District, New Territories, Hong Kong. In the northern tip of the bay lies the Tseung Kwan O Village.

The Tseung Kwan O New Town, one of the nine new towns in Hong Kong, was mainly built on reclaimed land in the northern half of the bay. The current population as of 2011 is about 368,000.[1]

Name[edit]

In Cantonese, Tseung Kwan (將軍) means the "general" of an army, and O (澳) means "bay". Therefore, Tseung Kwan O literally means "general's Bay".

The exact origin of the name Tseung Kwan O is unknown, but it is said to be named in honour of a Ming Dynasty soldier who visited Tseung Kwan O at some point. Another theory is that the name was chosen in the 17th century, when naval battles were fought against pirates from Japan at Tseung Kwan O. Yet another theory is that the pronunciation of "將軍" can sound like "Junk Wan" to the ears of English speakers; wan is also a transliteration of the Chinese word for "bay" (灣).

The current town center of Tseung Kwan O stands on reclaimed land. The English name Junk Bay was said to be derived from the existence of junks in the bay, and the reclamation land based on the landfill[citation needed]. The first landfill was opened in 1978, decades after Junk Bay was named.[2] The Fat Tong Chau (Junk Island) is in the southeastern part of the bay.

History and geography[edit]

Junk Bay in 1950s

The bay is near the eastern mouth of Hong Kong's Victoria Harbour.

Before the development of the new town, the area around the bay was occupied by a number of fishing towns and villages. Settlements in the area began as early as in the 13th Century, 800 years ago. Major settlements, however, did not occur until the late 16th Century when small fishing villages were founded in the area. Hang Hau quickly emerged into a market town and became the most populated and prosperous place in the whole of Clear Water Bay Peninsula, and continued for the next few centuries as such.[3] Other towns and villages include Rennie's Mill (Tiu Keng Leng), Hang Hau and Yau Yu Wan. Rennie's Mill was where Kuomintang loyalists were settled following the end of the Chinese civil war, and Hang Hau had a ship building industry.

The Hong Kong Government had been interested in developing a new town at Hang Hau because of its proximity to the urban area. The project was postponed for a long time owing to the extensive scale of reclamation in the bay, which is rather deep. It finally started under the name of Tseung Kwan O. The area of Tseung Kwan O is about 1,790 ha, with a projected population of 490,000 upon completion.[4]

Development of Tseung Kwan O[edit]

In 1983, development of Phase I of the New Town to an initial population of about 175,000 was formally endorsed. By 1986, construction of the two tubes of Tseung Kwan O Tunnel began, which provided potential for further increasing the population of the New Town. To maximize the utilization of the road infrastructure and to meet the demand for land for public housing, the Government decided that the New Town should include a Phase II development, with an increase in the projected population to about 325,000. To cater for redevelopment of the Tiu Keng Leng Cottage Area and to provide land for development of Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate and deep waterfront industries, in 1988, the Government further decided to proceed with Phase III development of the New Town for about 490,000 people.[5][6]

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 22°18′N 114°15′E / 22.300°N 114.250°E / 22.300; 114.250