United Right (Israel)

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United Right

איחוד מפלגות הימין
LeaderRafi Peretz
Founded21 February 2019
HeadquartersAirport City, Israel[1]
IdeologyReligious Zionism
Religious conservatism
National conservatism
Social conservatism
Orthodox interests
Settler interests
One-state solution
Factions:
Kahanism
Ultranationalism
Political positionRight-wing to far-right
ReligionOrthodox Judaism
Member partiesThe Jewish Home
Tkuma
Otzma Yehudit
Knesset
5 / 120
Election symbol
טב
Website
hayemin.org

The United Right (Hebrew: איחוד מפלגות הימין, Ihud Miflagot HaYamin; lit., Union of The Right-Wing Parties) is an Israeli alliance of right-wing to far-right religious Zionist parties containing The Jewish Home, Tkuma, and Otzma Yehudit. The list was created ahead of the 2019 Israeli legislative election[2], after the Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, urged the Jewish Home alliance to accept Otzma Yehudit as part of its list for the next election to avoid losing votes for the right-wing bloc.[3] The parties' symbol is "טב".[4]

Background[edit]

In January 2019, Tkuma and Otzma Yehudit entered talks to form a joint list;[5] however, the talks ultimately failed on 11 February 2019.[6]

On 12 February 2019, Otzma Yehudit entered talks with the Jewish Home party to reach an agreement on a joint list.[7]

On 15 February 2019, Tkuma and the Jewish Home party agreed to a form a list again, with Tkuma getting every other seat on the list.[8]

On 19 February 2019, it was reported that negotiations between Otzma Yehudit and the Jewish Home were deadlocked.[9]

On 20 February 2019, both Otzma Yehudit and the Jewish Home agreed to terms to form a list, after Netanyahu had promised the Jewish Home ministerial positions in exchange for uniting with Otzma Yehudit.[10]

The party attempted to get Yachad to join the technical list, but negotiations failed due to the rabbi of Yachad, Rabbi Meir Mazuz, rejecting it,[11] although Eli Yishai, the head of Yachad, has claimed that Aryeh Deri vetoed Yishai's potential ministerial appointment.[12]

Controversy[edit]

Due to the Kahanist ideology of Otzma Yehudit, there was controversy surrounding Netanyahu attempting to get Otzma Yehudit to run on a list with the Jewish Home party, which led to it being condemned by the American Jewish Committee,[13] the Anti-Defamation League,[14] and the American Israel Public Affairs Committee.[15] Yifat Erlich, who was formerly on the slate for The Jewish Home, left the party over the union with Otzma Yehudit.[16]

Michael Ben-Ari, who was placed fifth on the UR list as part of Otzma Yehudit, was banned from running for the Knesset on 17 March 2019 by the Supreme Court of Israel.[17]

Leaders[edit]

Leader Took office Left office
Chief Military Rabbi Hands IDF Chief of Staff the Four Species - Flickr - Israel Defense Forces (cropped).jpg Rafi Peretz 2019 Incumbent

Composition[edit]

Name Ideology Position Leader Current MKs
The Jewish Home Religious Zionism Right-wing to Far-right Rafi Peretz
3 / 120
Tkuma Religious Zionism Far-right Bezalel Smotrich
2 / 120
Otzma Yehudit Kahanism Far-right Michael Ben-Ari
0 / 120

Knesset election results[edit]

Election year Party Leader # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats
won
+/- Gov?
2019 Rafi Peretz 159,413 3.70% (#8)
5 / 120
Decrease 3 N/A

Knesset Members[edit]

Year Members Total
2019 Rafi Peretz, Bezalel Smotrich, Moti Yogev, Ofir Sofer, Idit Silman 5

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lahav Harkov (15 March 2019). "Smotrich sees himself on the frontlines of a battle for Israel's future". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  2. ^ Hezki Baruch. "'Union of the Right-Wing Parties' submits Knesset list". Israel National News. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  3. ^ Oster, Marcy. "Why Netanyahu brokered a deal with Kahane's political heirs, and why it matters". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  4. ^ "אלי ישי נשאר בחוץ: זו רשימת "איחוד מפלגות הימין"". ynet (in Hebrew). 22 February 2019. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  5. ^ Hezki Baruch. "Negotiations between National Union, Otzma Yehudit underway". Israel National News. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  6. ^ Staff. "National Union, Otzma Yehudit negotiations end". Israel National News. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  7. ^ Hezki Baruch. "Jewish Home alliance with Otzma Yehudit?". Israel National News. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  8. ^ Magid, Jacob. "Jewish Home and National Union agree to reunite for Knesset run". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  9. ^ Mordechai Sones. "Otzmah negotiations deadlocked". Israel National News. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  10. ^ Magid, Jacob. "Jewish Home votes overwhelmingly to back merger with extremist party". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  11. ^ Hezki Baruch (21 February 2019). "Eli Yishai to run alone". Israel National News. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  12. ^ Staff (25 February 2019). "Yishai: Deri vetoed deal for me to run with Jewish Home". Israel National News. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  13. ^ Tibon, Amir (22 February 2019). "Prominent Jewish Group Changes Course, Denounces Far-right Party Courted by Netanyahu". Haaretz. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  14. ^ Jeremy Sharon. "Jewish groups speak out against union of Bayit Yehudi with Otzma Party". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  15. ^ Staff (22 February 2019). "AIPAC slams 'racist and reprehensible' extremist party wooed by Netanyahu". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  16. ^ Staff; Jacob Magid (21 February 2019). "Far-right candidate defends extremist Kahane after merger with Jewish Home". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  17. ^ "Supreme Court bans Otzma Yehudit candidate from Knesset". Israel National News. Retrieved 17 March 2019.