A Tannat wine from Uruguay.
is the fourth-largest producer of Uruguay in wine South America, with a production of 67,000 tonnes and 8,023 hectares (19,830 acres) of vineyards in 2012. It is most known for  red wines produced from Tannat grapes,  but  white wines made from Albariño are beginning to receive attention internationally.
History [ edit ]
The modern wine industry in Uruguay dates back to 1870, and the wine industry was started by immigrants of mainly
Basque and Italian origin. In 1870, Tannat was introduced to the country by Don Pascual Harriague, a Basque. 
Albariño was introduced to Uruguay in 1954 by immigrants from A Coruña, in the Galician region of Spain.
When the  Mercosur free trade association started to take shape in the late 1980s, Uruguay took steps to increase the quality of its wines and stepped up its marketing efforts, due to fear of being out-competed by Brazilian wines and Argentine wines, which had lower production costs.
Classification system [ edit ]
There are two levels of classification for Uruguay wines:
Wine regions [ edit ]
Former Wine Regions of Uruguay
Uruguay's wine regions correspond to its
administrative regions. While the country's other forms of agriculture are grouped into cardinal-intercardinal-oriented zones, which are then further divided by departments, there has never been an official grouping of wine regions into the larger zones – based on publications released by the Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture, and Fish.
The majority of vineyards and wineries are located in the hills north of the capital
Montevideo, particularly in the departments: Canelones, Montevideo, Colonia, and San José.   With the disappearance of vineyards in  Flores, Rio Negro, and Treinta y Tres, roughly from 1989-2007, there are currently vineyards in 15 out of 19 departments.
Grape varieties [ edit ]
A Cabernet Sauvignon from Uruguay
vinifera grapes, Tannat is the most common (36%). Other common varieties are Merlot (10%), Chardonnay (7%), Cabernet Sauvignon (6%), Sauvignon blanc (6%), and Cabernet Franc (4%).  Muscat Hamburg is still a common variety for VC-classified rosé wines.
Much of Uruguay's vineyards have previously been planted with American and
hybrid grape varieties.
References [ edit ]
FAOSTAT. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (n.d.). Web. 28 June 2014.
^ a b c Lorch, Wink.
. "Uruguay - South America's 'other' wine country" Tom Cannavan's Wine-Pages. (n.d.). Web. 6 Mar. 2011.
. "Uruguay is wine world's rising star" The Telegraph. (n.d.). 19 Mar. 2010.
. "3 Uruguayan white wines you must not miss" Guru'guay April 21, 2014.
^ a b c d e Robinson, Jancis.
. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2006. Print. The Oxford Companion to Wine: Third Edition
. "Un albariño uruguayo con raíces ferrolanas" La Voz de Galicia Spain. August 3, 2009. In Spanish
^ a b
Ministerio de Ganadería, Agricultura y Pesca de Uruguay. (n.d.). 2013 Anuario Estadistico Agropecuario, 120-124. Retrieved from MGAP's Agricultural Statistics Home Page
Ministerio de Ganadería, Agricultura y Pesca de Uruguay. (n.d.). "La vitivinicultura uruguaya luego de 100 años de existencia". Anuario 2008 OPYPA, 365-368. Retrieved from MGAP's 2008 Annual OPYPA Report