|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2009)|
|Assembly||Volkswagen Bratislava Plant, Bratislava, Slovakia|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Mid-size luxury crossover SUV|
|Body style||5-door SUV|
|Layout||Longitudinal front engine,
|Platform||Volkswagen Group PL71 platform|
The Volkswagen Touareg (German pronunciation: [ˈtuːaʁɛk]) is a mid-size luxury crossover SUV produced by German automaker Volkswagen since 2002 at the Volkswagen Bratislava Plant. The vehicle was named after the Tuareg people, a Berber-speaking group in North Africa.
- 1 Development
- 2 1st generation
- 2.1 Marketing
- 2.2 Engines
- 2.3 Facelift (2007-2010)
- 3 2nd Generation
- 4 Motorsports
- 5 Awards
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The Touareg (internally designated Typ 7L) was a joint venture project developed by Volkswagen Group, Audi, and Porsche. The goal was to create an off-road vehicle that could handle like a sports car. The team, with over 300 people, was led by Klaus-Gerhard Wolpert, and based in Porsche main base Weissach, Germany. The result of the joint project is the Volkswagen Group PL71 platform, shared by the Touareg, Porsche Cayenne, and Audi Q7, although there are styling, equipment, and technical differences between those vehicles. The Touareg and Cayenne both seat five, while the Q7's stretched wheelbase accommodates a third row for seven passengers. The Volkswagen Touareg is built at the Volkswagen Bratislava Plant in Bratislava, Slovakia, alongside the Audi Q7 and the Porsche Cayenne.
Due to the demand, and the exchange rates of euros against the US dollar, as well as different pricing and environmental policies in the USA, the V6 and V8 engine variants make up most of Volkswagen's American Touareg offering. Compared to other Volkswagen-branded vehicles sold in the USA which are aimed at the mass market, Touaregs came in the more upscale trims and placed in competition with other luxury crossover SUVs from BMW and Mercedes-Benz. However, a limited number of the V10 TDI Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel engines were available in the 2004 model year (before being pulled for environmental reasons). They were brought back to the United States for the 2006 as a "Tier I emissions concept (43 state emissions)".
|First generation (7L)|
|Body and chassis|
|Wheelbase||2,855 mm (112.4 in)|
|Length||4,754 mm (187.2 in)|
|Width||1,928 mm (75.9 in)|
|Height||1,726 mm (68.0 in)|
The Touareg comes as standard with a four-wheel drive system. An automatic progressively locking centre differential (with manual override), and a "low range" setting that can be activated with in-cabin controls. Options to make the vehicles more capable off-road include an available 4-wheel Adaptive Air Suspension (plus Continuous Damping Control) which can raise the car's ride height on command, and an interior switch allowing the rear differential to be manually locked. Its load level ground clearance is at 6.3 in (160 mm), Off Road Level is at 9.6 in (244 mm), and Xtra clearance of 11.8 in (300 mm).
A 2007 Volkswagen Touareg 2 V10 TDI towed a Boeing 747 airliner in 2006. The Touareg was marketed as being the most capable off-roader to date. Several 2007 First Generation Touaregs were given to the staff, cast and crew of King Kong. Volkswagen subsequently offered for sale the Touareg Kong special edition, which featured upgraded specification and King Kong badging on the B-pillars.
|Model||Year||Engine type||Power, torque @ rpm||Engine Code|
|3.2 V6||2002–2004||3,189 cc (194.6 cu in) V6||220 PS (162 kW; 217 bhp) – 241 PS (177 kW; 238 bhp)|
|3.6 V6||2004–2006||3,597 cc (219.5 cu in) V6||280 PS (206 kW; 276 bhp)|
|4.2 V8||2002–2008||4,163 cc (254.0 cu in) V8||310 PS (228 kW; 306 bhp)||AXQ or BAR (06+)|
|6.0 W12||2005–2010||5,998 cc (366.0 cu in) W12||450 PS (331 kW; 444 bhp), 600 N·m (443 lbf·ft)|
|Model||Year||Engine type||Power, torque @ rpm||Engine Code|
|2.5 R5 TDI||2003–2010||2,460 cc (150.1 cu in) I5 Turbo||174 PS (128 kW; 172 bhp), 400 N·m (295 lbf·ft)|
|3.0 V6 TDI||2004–2007||2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 Turbo||225 PS (165 kW; 222 bhp)|
|5.0 V10 TDI||2002–2007||4,921 cc (300.3 cu in) V10 TDI Turbo||313 PS (230 kW; 309 bhp) @3750, 750 N·m (553 lbf·ft) @ 2,000|
The 6.0-litre double overhead camshaft (DOHC), 48-valve W12 engined version was initially intended to be a limited-edition model, with just 500 units planned to be produced; around 330 were slated for sale in Saudi Arabia, with the remainder sold in Europe. No sales in the United States were made. Eventually, the W12 model became an ordinary model without any production restrictions. It is estimated to reach 100 kilometres per hour (62.1 mph) in 5.9 seconds.
V10 TDI (2002–2010)
The V10 TDI returned to the U.S. market as 2006 model year vehicle in five states. Later US models went on sale in 2006, which was compliant with 50 states emission with Ultra-low sulfur diesel and particulate filter. Stricter California Air Resources Board (CARB) emissions standards resulted in the V10 TDI being cancelled again in the United States. The V10 engine has since been replaced by a V6 TDI engine that meets the CARB minimum emission requirements for the 2009 model year.
The Touareg's first facelift was unveiled at the 2006 Paris Motor Show, and later in 2007 New York Auto Show as a 2008 model. It now features the shield grille from others in the Volkswagen Passenger Cars range. The updated Touareg has more than 2300 redesigned parts and boasts some new technological features:
- ABS Plus, which works in conjunction with the traction control system, and shortens the braking distance by up to 25% on loose surfaces;
- Front Scan, an adaptive cruise control system, which can slow or even stop the car depending on traffic conditions;
- Side Scan, a blind-spot monitor : it uses radar at the rear of the car to sense another car's presence, and causes light-emitting diodes (LEDs) built into the wing mirrors to flash. If the driver indicates to move out, the LEDs flash at an accelerated rate to warn the driver until the other vehicle moves out of the Touareg's field of vision.
The 2007 Touareg, alongside an already lengthy options list, could be equipped with a driving dynamics package, a rollover sensor, a 620 watt Dynaudio sound system, and redesigned comfort seats. All diesel versions now have the diesel particulate filter standard.
In the US and Canada, the facelifted Touareg was marketed as the Touareg 2 for the 2008-2010 model year, reverting to simply Touareg in 2011.
The Touareg R50 is the third Volkswagen after the Golf and Passat to be given the 'R' treatment by Volkswagen Individual GmbH. The R50 global launch was at the 2007 Australian International Motor Show.
The "R50" naming comes from the engine displacement: 5.0 L. The R50 was offered with a 5.0-litre V10 diesel engine, 257 kilowatts (349 PS; 345 bhp) with 850 newton metres (627 lbf·ft) of torque, and pushing the car to 100 kilometres per hour (62.1 mph) in 6.7 seconds.
The R50 came standard with 21-inch Omanyt wheels, sport-tuned air suspension, decorative 'engine spin' finish interior trim inlays, and a four-zone Climatronic climate control system.
V6 TDI (2007–2010)
It is a version of V6 TDI with improved performance. The 2007 version of the V6 TDI has now 239 PS. With this engine, the car reaches 100 km/h in 8.3 seconds. Also, this improved version of the V6 TDI develops 500 N/m.
V6 TDI Clean Diesel (2009–2010)
It is a version of V6 TDI with Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) system, replacing V10 TDI in US and Canada. The Touareg contains a 4.5 US gallons (17 l; 3.7 imp gal) tank in the rear of the vehicle underneath the spare tyre which stores the AdBlue solution. It is estimated that this tank will need to be replenished every 6,000–10,000 miles (9,700–16,100 km). The Touareg does not include NOX storage catalyst found in Jetta Clean Diesel TDI due to its heavy weight.
Although sales of production version was planned in North America in 2008, it did not start until 2009.
Sander Kuiken, Technical development diesel application, Volkswagen AG was one of the engineers that worked on the AdBlue system created by Volkswagen, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz. Kuiken talked about the difference between the VW Touareg diesel and gasoline vehicles.
Touareg "Lux Limited" (2009-)
It is a version of V6 TDI Clean Diesel (225PS), V6 FSI, V8 FSI for the US market, with 20-inch alloy wheels ("Mountain" type) with size 275 all-season tires, a choice of 4 body colours (Biscay Blue, Black Magic Pearl, Campanella White and Galapagos Gray). It came equipped with full body color aerodynamics body kit, dual power front seats, full Cricket two tone leather interior, touch screen navigation with streaming bluetooth audio, 320 watt 11-speaker audio system and adaptive high intensity discharge headlamps.
The vehicle was unveiled in 2009 NAIAS.
Touareg V6 TSI Hybrid (2009)
It is a prototype hybrid vehicle with 2,995 cc (182.8 cu in) V6 petrol engine with a 'Twin Vortices Series' (TVS) supercharger rated 333 PS (245 kW; 328 bhp) at 5,500 rpm and 440 N·m (320 lbf·ft) at 3,000 rpm, an electric motor rated 52 PS (38 kW; 51 bhp) and 300 N·m (220 lbf·ft), eight-speed automatic transmission. It has combined ratings of 374 metric horsepower (275 kW; 369 bhp) and 550 newton metres (410 lbf·ft). The electric-motor is powered by 240-cell, 288 V, 6 Ah nickel metal-hydride battery array. The 4motion four-wheel drive system was replaced by a lighter Torsen centre differential from Audi Q7 to save weight. The electric motor has the top speed of 50 km/h (31 mph). Start-stop system supports regenerative braking, coasting. Power steering, air conditioning were changed to be powered by battery.
Planned production version included special E-switch that the driver can activate for pure electric driving, 160 km/h (99 mph) coasting speed.
US models included 3.6 V6, 4.2 V8, BlueMotion 3.0 V6 TDI. Canada models include 3.6 V6, BlueMotion 3.0 V6 TDI. BlueMotion 3.0 V6 TDI was sold as V6 TDI Clean Diesel in US and Canada.
|3.6 V6||2006–2010||3,597 cc (219.5 cu in) V6 FSI||280 PS (206 kW; 276 bhp) @ 6,250||360 N·m (266 lbf·ft) @ 2,500-5,000|
|4.2 V8||2006–2010||4,163 cc (254.0 cu in) V8 FSI||350 PS (257 kW; 345 bhp) @ 6,800||440 N·m (325 lbf·ft) @ 3,500|
|6.0 W12||2005–2010||5,998 cc (366.0 cu in) W12||450 PS (331 kW; 444 bhp) @ 6,000||600 N·m (443 lbf·ft) @ 3,250|
|2.5 R5 TDI||2003–2010||2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) I5 Pumpe-Düse turbo||174 PS (128 kW; 172 bhp) @ 3,500||400 N·m (295 lbf·ft) @ 2,250|
|3.0 V6 TDI||2007–2010||2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 common rail turbo||240 PS (177 kW; 237 bhp) @ 4,000-4,400||500 N·m (369 lbf·ft) @ 1,500-3,000 manual,
550 N·m (406 lbf·ft) @2000-2250 automatic
|BlueMotion 3.0 V6 TDI||2009–2010||2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 common rail turbo||225 PS (165 kW; 222 bhp) @ 3,500||550 N·m (406 lbf·ft) @ 2,000-2,250|
|5.0 V10 TDI||2002–2010||4,921 cc (300.3 cu in) V10 Pumpe-Düse turbo||313 PS (230 kW; 309 bhp) @ 3,750||750 N·m (553 lbf·ft) @ 2,000|
|R50||2007–2010||4,921 cc (300.3 cu in) V10 Pumpe-Düse turbo||350 PS (257 kW; 345 bhp) @ 3,500||850 N·m (627 lbf·ft) @ 2,000|
|3.6 V6||2006–||6-speed automatic|
|4.2 V8||2006–||6-speed automatic|
|6.0 W12||2005–||6-speed automatic|
|2.5 R5 TDI||2003–||6-speed manual, 6-speed automatic|
|3.0 V6 TDI||2007–||6-speed manual, 6-speed automatic|
|BlueMotion 3.0 V6 TDI||2009–||6-speed automatic|
|5.0 V10 TDI||2002–||6-speed automatic|
In Canada and the USA, ads showed the Touareg being capable of feats that other Volkswagen cars could not accomplish, such as going right through a snowbank while a New Beetle got stuck.
As part of the Touareg 2 launch campaign coinciding with The Bourne Ultimatum movie premiere, Volkswagen launched an interactive stunt simulator that allows fans to play out their own stunts online. Users can maneuver any of six different VW models through different explosions, while altering vehicle speeds, props, sound effects and camera angles to make that perfect scene.
|Second Generation (7P5)|
|Body and chassis|
|Platform||Volkswagen Group PL52 platform (VW526)|
|Wheelbase||113.9 in (2,893 mm)|
|Length||188.8 in (4,796 mm)|
|Width||76.4 in (1,941 mm)|
|Height||67.3 in (1,709 mm)
Hybrid: 68.2 in (1,732 mm)
The new Touareg features a world first in automotive headlight technology: the "glare-free high beam". ("Dynamic Light Assist" at Volkswagen). Unlike an adaptive high beam system, the newest system continually and gradually adjusts not only the range of the high-beam, but also its pattern. The beam pattern changes its direction continually so that vehicles in front are not being illuminated, while the area surrounding them is being constantly illuminated at high beam intensity.
- Full-speed range Automatic Distance Control (adaptive cruise control) with new Stop&Go function
- Lane departure warning system: Lane Assist
- Blind Spot Monitor: Side Assist
- Front Assist Collision avoidance system for front (with full automatic emergency braking)
- Area View with four cameras
- Adaptive Air Suspension with continuous damping control (CDC) and Adaptive Body Roll Compensation
- Standard Aisin eight-speed automatic transmission
Touareg Hybrid (2010–)
Chinese model went on sale in early 2011.
Touareg Exclusive (2010-)
It is a version of Touareg with seats with two-tone leather combination "Nappa" upholstery in 2 colour combinations (Pepper Beige–Titan Black, Dark Burgundy–Titan Black), heated front seats with electric 12-way settings, electro-pneumatically adjustable backrest side bolsters and head restraints with longitudinal and height adjustment; leather door inserts, a black headliner and sill panel strips in stainless steel with exclusive lettering, decorative elements made from real wood in "Olive Silk Gloss", 19-inch "Salamanca" alloy wheels in Sterling Silver (no-cost optional 19-inch Girona wheel, optional 20-inch "Tarragona" wheel), Chrome & Style package, roof rails in anodised silver.
Race Touareg 3
It is a race car for 2011 Dakar rally, replacing Race Touareg 2. It included 2.5-litre twin-turbocharged TDI engine rated 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp), 5-speed sequential gearbox and a ZF-Sachs three-plate ceramic clutch, steel spaceframe chassis, BF Goodrich 235/85 R16 tyres.
2011 Qatar Motor Show concepts (2011)
Race Touareg 3 Qatar is a concept car based on the Race Touareg 3, for street use. It included BBS 18-inch gold wheels, Serpentino Grey Metallic safety cage, Recaro racing bucket seats, Matt Carbon interior trim, "Black" and "Pure Grey" Nubuk leather upholstery at seat side supports and the door trim panels, Titan Black Nappa leather-upholstered centre seat panels, two-tone seams and silver piping on the seat covers and safety-related items painted in Tornado Red.
Touareg Gold Edition is based on Touareg with 4.2 V8 FSI engine. It included custom designed 22-inch wheels, roof rails, protective guard strips and window frames, mirror caps and parts of the air intake frame, "Magic Morning" body colour, 24-carat gold accents and switches, "Luna" interior trim colour, Luna Alcantara roofliner and Nappa leather seats, natural brown leather dashboard with Magnolia seams, floor mats in Natural brown with leather inserts in "Luna".
The vehicles were unveiled at the 2011 Qatar Motor Show.
Touareg X (2013-)
It is a limited (1000 units) version of 2014 Touareg TDI Clean Diesel Lux (240PS) with 4MOTION all-wheel-drive system for the US market, commemorating 10th anniversary of Volkswagen Touareg. It included unique 19-inch 'Moab' aluminum-alloy wheels, Moonlight Blue Pearl body colour, LED taillights, Touareg X-specific badging, Vienna leather seating surfaces in Black Anthracite, a complementing black headliner, a panoramic powered sunroof, keyless access with push-button start, bi-xenon headlights with LED Daytime Running Lights, front fog- and cornering lights, RNS 850 navigation system with an eight-inch color touchscreen, 60GB hard drive, and rearview camera; Bluetooth technology, Climatronic dual-zone air conditioning, 12-way powered and heated front seats with driver seat memory and power adjustable lumbar, a leather-wrapped multifunction steering wheel.
|Model||Years||Engine type||Power@rpm||Torque@rpm||0–100 km/h||Top speed||Regions|
|3.6 V6 FSI BlueMotion Technology
VR6 FSI Sport (US)
|2010–||3,597 cc (219.5 cu in) V6||280 PS (206 kW; 276 hp) @6200||360 N·m (266 lb·ft) @3200||7.8||228 km/h (142 mph)||All, except UK, China and New Zealand|
|3.0 V6 TSI||2010?–||2,995 cc (182.8 cu in) V6 supercharged||290 PS (213 kW; 286 hp) @4850–6500||420 N·m (310 lb·ft) @2500–5000||7.1||230 km/h (143 mph)||China only|
|3.0 V6 TSI Hybrid
V6 TSI Hybrid (US)
|2010–||2,995 cc (182.8 cu in) V6 supercharged||333 PS (245 kW; 328 hp) @5500–6500||440 N·m (325 lb·ft) @3000–5250||5.8||240 km/h (149 mph)||All except Middle East|
|electric motor||46 PS (34 kW; 45 hp)@1500–3250||?|
|combined||380 PS (279 kW; 375 hp)@?||580 N·m (428 lb·ft)@?|
||?||4,163 cc (254.0 cu in) V8||360 PS (265 kW; 355 hp) @6800||430 N·m (317 lb·ft) @3500||6.2||250 km/h (155 mph)||Middle East, Brazil, China|
|Model||Years||Engine type||Power@rpm||Torque@rpm||0–100 km/h||Top speed||Regions|
|V6 TDI BlueMotion Technology (204PS)||2010–||2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 turbo||204 PS (150 kW; 201 hp) @3200–4400||450 N·m (332 lb·ft) @1250–3200||8.5||206 km/h (128 mph)||Germany|
|V6 TDI BlueMotion Technology
V6 TDI Clean Diesel Sport (US) (240PS)
|2010–||2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 turbo||240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) @4000–4400||550 N·m (406 lb·ft) @2000–2250||7.8||218 km/h (135 mph)||Eastern Europe, Western Europe, North America, Australia, China|
|V6 TDI BlueMotion Technology (245PS)||2011–||2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 turbo||245 PS (180 kW; 242 hp) @3800–4400||550 N·m (406 lb·ft) @1750–2750||7.6||220 km/h (137 mph)||Germany|
|4.2 V8 TDI||2010–||4,134 cc (252.3 cu in) V8 turbo||340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp) @ 4,400||800 N·m (590 lb·ft) @1750–2750||5.8||242 km/h (150 mph)||United Kingdom, Eastern Europe, New Zealand, South Africa and Chile.|
As part of Touareg product launch in China, a 3-part, 15-minute total movie named A Journey Beyond (锐·享征程) was produced. The movie was produced by DDB Guoan, and directed by Lu Chuan. The film itself was nominated as finalist in China Longxi awards under the FILM – Craft: Best editing category.
As part of National Museum of China sponsorship, Touareg Hybrid vehicles were offered as free shuttle service – named “Museum Hopping” – between the National Museum, the Palace Museum and the National Art Museum.
- Standard bi-xenon headlights
- Automatic Post-Collision Braking System (Multi-collision brake)
- Upgraded ACC adaptive cruise control
- V6 TDI with 262 ps / 258hp
- Easy Open
- improved standard steel-spring suspension
- First time be available with mobile online services: Point-of-Interest (POI) Search via Google, map display provided by Google Earth, Google Street View function and Online Traffic Information.
VW Touareg TDI entered the 85th running of the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb, with V10 TDI Touaregs and a V6 TDI Touareg, driven by Ryan Arciero, Mike Miller and Chris Blais. Arciero won the race with a time of 13:17:703 and set a new division record for the fastest time with a diesel powered vehicle. Miller finished in second with a time of 13:25:247. Chris Blais finished in third with a time of 15:48:312.
The 2.5L R5 TDI won a 2007 Baja 500 class with drivers Mark Miller/Ralph Pitchford (USA/South Africa).
It included a 5.5 L V12 clean diesel engine with dual Garrett TR30R turbochargers rated 550 PS (405 kW; 542 bhp) and 850 N·m (627 lbf·ft), Xtrac six-peed sequential transmission, 9-inch rear axle, Fox Racing Shocks, KMC 17" Custom Forged Beadlock wheels with BFGoodrich Baja KRT 37x13.5x17 tires, Lowrance 9200 GPS, Sparco Carbon Fiber Racing seats. It used mid-engine, rear wheel drive layout. The chassis and body were designed by Arciero Miller Racing and Volkswagen Design Center California respectively.
The vehicle was unveiled in 2008 LA Auto Show.
In the 2003 Dakar Rally, Volkswagen entered a team of rear wheel drive Tarek buggies. VW claimed sixth overall, driven by Stephane Henrard and co-driver Bobby Willis. In the following year, the 2004 Dakar Rally saw the debut rally for the T2 class purpose built Race Touareg by Volkswagen Motorsport. Bruno Saby and co driver Matthew Stevenson claimed sixth position overall. In the 2005 Dakar Rally, Jutta Kleinschmidt and co driver Fabrizia Pons claimed third spot overall in the Race Touareg.
In the 2006 Dakar Rally, VW driver Giniel de Villiers and co driver Tina Thorner claimed second spot the highest ever for a diesel model in the new Race Touareg 2. It has a shorter wheelbase than the original Race Touareg, as well as increased visibility. For the 2007 Dakar Rally, VW driver Mark Miller and Ralph Pitchford drove the Race Touareg 2 to 4th position overall. In the 2008 Central Europe Rally, Carlos Sainz drove his Race Touareg 2 to victory. Finally, in the 2009 edition of Rally Dakar, Volkswagen achieved a one-two result. Giniel de Villiers and co driver Dirk von Zitzewitz won the race ahead of Mark Miller and Ralph Pitchford. With just two days to go, Carlos Sainz crashed out after dominating the rally for several days, thus preventing Volkswagen from making it a one-two-three result.
Power Output: VW Dakar Racers
- 2007 Race-Touareg 2 (T2 spec) 2.5 TDI 285 hp/209 kW
- 2006 Race-Touareg 2 (T2 spec) 2.5 TDI 275 hp/202 kW
- 2005 Race-Touareg (T2 spec) 2.5 TDI 260 hp/191 kW
- 2004 Race-Touareg (T2 spec) 2.3 TDI 231 hp/170 kW
- 2003 Tarek 1.9 TDI 218 hp/160 kW
The Touareg was Car and Driver magazine's Best Luxury SUV for 2003, Motor Trend magazine's Sport/Utility of the Year for 2004, "Four Wheeler" magazine's Four Wheeler of the Year for 2005, and Overlander's 2003 4WDOTY.
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|« previous — Volkswagen Passenger Cars, a marque of the Volkswagen Group, car timeline, European market, 1980s–present|
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|Jetta I||Jetta II||Vento||Bora||Jetta V||Jetta VI|
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|« previous — Volkswagen Passenger Cars, a marque of the Volkswagen Group, car timeline, United States/Canada market, 1980–present|
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|Mid-size||Quantum||Passat III||Passat IV||Passat V||Passat VI||Passat VII (NMS)|
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|Mid-size SUV||Touareg||Touareg II|