Provinces of Algeria

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Algeria
Foreign relations

Algeria is divided into 48 wilayas (provinces), 553 daïras (circles; see Districts of Algeria) and 1541 baladiyahs (municipalities, in French: commune). The capital city of a baladiyah, daïra, or province (which is also the largest city of those) always gives those entities their name, even Algiers, the capital of the country gave it its name (El Djazayar, the Arabic name for both the city and the country).

According to the Algerian constitution, a wilaya is a territorial collectivity enjoying economic and diplomatic freedom, the APW, or "Popular Provincial Parliament/Provincial Popular Parliament" (the Assemblée Populaire Wilayale, in French) is the political entity governing a province, directed by the "Wali" (Governor), who is chosen by the Algerian President to handle the APW's decisions, the APW has also a president, who is elected by the members of the APW, which is elected by Algerians.

List[edit]

Map of the provinces of Algeria numbered according to the official order.

Law Number 84-09 of February, 4th 1984 relative to the organisation of the Algerian territory and as updated and complemented by Law Number JO of February, 7 1984 has fixed the number of Algerian provinces to 48 as well as the list of municipalities "communes" attached to each province.

The province numbers are the first 31 provinces (see the second section) in Arabic alphabetical order, after the adding of 17 other provinces in 1983, the old numbering was kept and the 17 new provinces have been assigned codes from 32-48, in Arabic alphabetical order.

The following table presents the list of provinces, showing for each province, its numerical code, its name (which is in all times the same as the name of the capital city of the province), the number of districts "daira"s in each province, the number of municipalities as well as the province area and its population.

Code

 
Province

 
ولاية

 
Number
of Districts
 
Number
of Municipalities
 
Area
km
 
Population
(2008[1])
 
Density (/km²)
(2008)
01 Adrar أدرار 11 28 439,700 399,714 0.94
02 Chlef الشلف 13 35 4,795 1,002,088 209
03 Laghouat الأغواط 10 24 25,057 455,602 18
04 Oum el-Bouaghi أم البواقي 12 29 6,783 621,612 81
05 Batna باتنة 22 61 12,192 1,119,791 92
06 Béjaïa بجاية 19 52 3,268 912,577 279
07 Biskra بسكرة 12 33 20,986 721,356 34
08 Béchar بشار 12 21 162,200 270,061 1.7
09 Blida البليدة 10 25 1,575 1,002,937 591
10 Bouïra البويرة 12 45 4,439 695,583 157
11 Tamanghasset تمنراست 7 10 556,185 176,637 0.32
12 Tébessa تبسة 12 28 14,227 648,703 46
13 Tlemcen تلمسان 20 53 9,061 949,135 105
14 Tiaret تيارت 14 42 20,673 846,823 41
15 Tizi Ouzou تيزي وزو 21 67 2,956 1,127,608 316
16 Algiers الجزائر 13 57 1,190 2,988,145 2,511
17 Djelfa الجلفة 12 36 66,415 1,092,184 46
18 Jijel جيجل 11 28 2,577 636,948 247
19 Sétif سطيف 20 60 6,504 1,489,979 229
20 Saïda سعيدة 6 16 6,764 330,641 49
21 Skikda سكيكدة 13 38 4,026 898,680 223
22 Sidi Bel Abbès سيدي بلعباس 15 52 9,096 604,744 66
23 Annaba عنابة 6 12 1,439 609,499 424
24 Guelma قالمة 10 34 4,101 482,430 118
25 Constantine قسنطينة 6 12 2,187 938,475 427
26 Médéa المدية 19 64 8,866 819,932 92
27 Mostaganem مستغانم 10 32 2,175 737,118 325
28 M'Sila المسيلة 15 47 18,718 990,591 53
29 Mascara معسكر 16 47 5,941 784,073 132
30 Ouargla ورقلة 10 21 211,980 558,558 2.6
31 Oran وهران 9 26 2,121 1,454,078 688
32 El Bayadh البيض 8 22 78,870 228,624 3.2
33 Illizi اليزي 3 6 285,000 52,333 0.18
34 Bordj Bou Arréridj برج بوعريريج 10 34 4,115 628,475 160
35 Boumerdès بومرداس 9 32 1,356 802,083 504
36 El Taref الطارف 7 24 3,339 408,414 122
37 Tindouf تندوف 1 2 159,000 49,149 0.31
38 Tissemsilt تسمسيلت 8 22 3,152 294,476 93
39 El Oued الوادي 12 30 54,573 647,548 12
40 Khenchela خنشلة 8 21 9,811 386,683 40
41 Souk Ahras سوق أهراس 10 26 4,541 438,127 95
42 Tipasa تيبازة 10 28 1,605 591,010 273
43 Mila ميلة 13 32 3,407 766,886 220
44 Aïn Defla عين الدفلى 14 36 4,891 766,013 156
45 Naâma النعامة 7 12 29,950 192,891 6.5
46 Aïn Témouchent عين تموشنت 8 28 2,379 371,239 156
47 Ghardaïa غرداية 9 13 86,105 363,598 4.2
48 Relizane غليزان 13 38 4,870 726,180 152
Total Algérie الجزائر 548 1541 2,381,741 34,080,030 14

1974-1983[edit]

Provinces of Algeria (1974-1983).svg

The 15 départments were reorganized to form 31 provinces:


1 Adrar
2 Chlef
3 Laghouat
4 Oum el-Bouaghi
5 Batna
6 Béjaïa
7 Biskra
8 Béchar
9 Blida
10 Bouira
11 Tamanghasset
12 Tébessa
13 Tlemcen
14 Tiaret
15 Tizi Ouzou
16 Algiers
17 Djelfa
18 Jijel
19 Sétif
20 Saïda
21 Skikda
22 Sidi Bel Abbes
23 Annaba
24 Guelma
25 Constantine
26 Médéa
27 Mostaganem
28 M'Sila
29 Mascara
30 Ouargla
31 Oran

1957-1974[edit]

Dépatements of Algeria.svg

Immediately after independence, Algeria retained its 15 former French départements, which were renamed wilayas (provinces) in 1968, for the most part, with some name changes:

  • 9A-Alger (Algiers)
  • 9C-Annaba (Formerly Bône, English: Bona)
  • 9B-Batna
  • 9D-Constantine
  • 9H-Orléansville (Then El Asnam, now Chlef)
  • 8A-El Wahat (Currently Ouargla, formerly Oasis)
  • 9E-Médéa
  • 9F-Mostaganem
  • 9G-Oran
  • 9R-Saïda
  • 8B-Saoura (Currently Béchar)
  • 9J-Sétif
  • 9K-Tiaret
  • 9L-Tizi-Ouzou
  • 9M-Tlemcen

1954-1962[edit]

During the Algerian War of Independence, the FLN adopted an organizational system divided by 6 numbered wilayas:

  1. Aurès
  2. Constantine
  3. Kabylie
  4. Algiers
  5. Oran
  6. Sahara

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]