Today, Yayladağı itself is a small town of 5,717 people as of 2000 census, providing the district with a health centre, high schools and other basics.
This is a mountainous district with a typical Mediterranean climate of hot, dry summers and warm, wet winters, but being inland and high up, Yayladağı is cooler than most of Hatay, even seeing snow on the mountain peaks in winter. The main source of income is agriculture, 96 km2 (37 sq mi) of the land (small valleys and plateau in the mountains) is cultivated with olives, tobacco, vegetables, grains and other crops, the remainder is forest and mountain. The mountainsides are covered with pine, sandalwood and rough oak, or else shrubs including bay, thyme and oleander. Animals, especially goats, are grazed on the hillsides.
Yayladağı has a border crossing into Syria, and the village of Topraktutan, Turkey's southernmost point. The state road (European route ) connects the border checkpoint with Antakya.
Kasım Bey Cami - Yayladağı's oldest mosque, built by the Avar lord that captured the area from the Byzantines. Other historical buildings include the 500-year-old mosque Hacı Hüseyin Camii, and a Roman bridge. There are ancient churches including the Church of Barlahan on the Kel Dağı mountain, others in the villages of Çabala and Olgunlar, and the monastery named Kızlar Sarayı. There are also a number of caves and places said to possess healing powers.