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This article is about the year 1834.
|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1800s 1810s 1820s – 1830s – 1840s 1850s 1860s|
|Years:||1831 1832 1833 – 1834 – 1835 1836 1837|
|1834 in topic:|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature – Music|
|Australia – Brazil - Canada – France – Germany – Mexico – Philippines – South Africa – United Kingdom – United States|
|Rail Transport – Science – Sports|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial Governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2587|
|British Regnal year||4 Will. 4 – 5 Will. 4|
|Chinese calendar||癸巳年 (Water Snake)
4530 or 4470
— to —
甲午年 (Wood Horse)
4531 or 4471
|- Vikram Samvat||1890–1891|
|- Shaka Samvat||1756–1757|
|- Kali Yuga||4935–4936|
|Japanese calendar||Tenpō 5
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||78 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2376–2377|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1834.|
Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.
- January 1 – Zollverein: Customs charges are abolished at borders within Germany.
- January 3 – The government of Mexico imprisons Stephen F. Austin in Mexico City.
- February – Robert Owen organizes the Grand National Consolidated Trades Union in the United Kingdom.
- March 6 – York, Upper Canada, is incorporated as Toronto.
- March 11 – United States Survey of the Coast transferred to the Department of the Navy.
- March 14 – John Herschel discovers the open cluster of stars now known as NGC 3603, observing from the Cape of Good Hope.
- March 27 – Andrew Jackson is censured by the Congress of the United States (expunged in 1837).
- March 19 – Founding of Cavendish Villa Football Club.[where?]
- April 14 – The Whig Party is officially named by United States Senator Henry Clay.
- June 7 – Greek independence: General Theodoros Kolokotronis is sentenced to death for treason for resisting the rule of Otto of Greece (he is released next year).
- June 10 – Thomas Carlyle moves to Cheyne Row (Carlyle's House) in London.
- July 15 – The Spanish Inquisition, which began in the 15th century, is suppressed by royal decree.
- July 16 – William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne succeeds Earl Grey as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- July 24 – The Liberal Wars end in Portugal.
- July 29 – Office of Indian Affairs organized in the United States.
- August 1 – Slavery is abolished in the British Empire by the Slavery Abolition Act 1833.
- August 11–August 12 – Ursuline Convent Riots: A convent of Ursuline nuns is burned near Boston.
- August 12 – In the Empire of Brazil, the Additional Act provides for establishment of the Provincial Legislative Assembly; extinction of the State Council; replacement of the Regency Trina; and introduction of a direct and secret ballot.
- August 14 – The Poor Law Amendment Act in the United Kingdom states that no able-bodied British man can receive assistance unless he enters a workhouse (a kind of poorhouse).
- August 15 – The South Australia Act allows for the creation of a colony there.
- September 13 – The Gleaner newspaper first published in Jamaica.
- October 16 – The Palace of Westminster is destroyed by fire.
- December 10 – Sir Robert Peel succeeds Lord Melbourne as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- December 11 – The Sixth Xhosa War is characterized by severe clashes between white settlers and Bantu peoples in Cape Colony; Dutch-speaking settlers colonize the area north of Orange River.
- A pro-republic uprising fails in Piedmont; one of the activists is Giuseppe Garibaldi.
- The British East India Company monopoly on China trade ends.
- Athens becomes Greece's capital city.
- Medical School of Louisiana is founded, later to become Tulane University in New Orleans.
- Charles Babbage begins the conceptual design of an "analytical engine", a mechanical forerunner of the modern computer. It will not be built in his lifetime.
- Thomas Davenport, the inventor of the first American DC electrical motor, installs his motor in a small model car, creating one of the first electric cars.
- The Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad is chartered in Wilmington, North Carolina.
- The Romanian language is banned in schools and government facilities in Bessarabia.
- January 7 – Johann Philipp Reis, German physicist and inventor (d. 1874)
- January 15 – Samuel Arza Davenport, American politician (d. 1911)
- February 8 – Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist (d. 1907)
- February 9 – Felix Dahn, German author (d. 1912)
- February 16 – Ernst Haeckel, German zoologist and philosopher (d. 1919)
- February 19 – Charles Davis Lucas, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1914)
- February 27 – Charles C. Carpenter, American admiral (d. 1899)
- March 16 – James Hector, Scottish geologist (d. 1907)
- March 17 – Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer and inventor (d. 1900)
- March 20 – Charles W. Eliot, American President of Harvard University (d. 1926)
- March 23 – Julius Reubke, German composer (d. 1858)
- March 24
- April 1 – Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)
- April 2 – Frédéric Bartholdi, French sculptor (d. 1904)
- April 26 – Artemus Ward, American humorist (d. 1867)
- May 23 – Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish sculptor (d. 1890)
- June 19 – Charles Spurgeon, English Baptist preacher (d. 1892)
- July 11 – James McNeill Whistler, American painter and etcher (d. 1903)
- July 19 – Edgar Degas, French painter (d. 1917)
- August 4 – John Venn, British mathematician (d. 1923)
- August 22 – Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer, physicist, and aeronautics pioneer (d. 1906)
- August 31 – Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian composer (d. 1886)
- September 9 – Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English novelist (d. 1903)
- October 6 – Walter Kittredge, American composer (d. 1905)
- November 8 – Johann Karl Friedrich Zöllner, German astrophysicist (d. 1882)
- November 19 – Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist (d. 1924)
- November 21 – Hetty Green, American businesswoman (d. 1916)
- December 16 – Léon Walras, French economist (d. 1910)
- January 12 – William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1759)
- January 17 – Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (b. 1762)
- February 2 – Lorenzo Dow, American minister (b. 1777)
- February 12 – Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologian (b. 1768)
- February 23 – Karl Ludwig von Knebel, German poet (b. 1744)
- March 2 – José Cecilio del Valle, first President of Central America (b. 1780)
- March 30 – Rudolph Ackermann, Anglo-German entrepreneur (b. 1764)
- April 5 – Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Goodwin Keats, Governor of Newfoundland (b. 1757)
- April 10 – John 'Merino' MacArthur, Australian farmer (b. 1767)
- April 11 – John 'Mad Jack' Fuller, English philanthropist and patron of the arts and sciences (b. 1757)
- April 29 – Grigore IV Ghica, prince of Wallachia (b. 1755)
- May 20 – Marquis de La Fayette, French nobleman and soldier (b. 1757)
- July 12 – David Douglas, Scottish botanist (b. 1799)
- July 14 – Edmond-Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (b. 1763)
- July 19 – Károly Hadaly, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1743)
- July 25 – Samuel Taylor Coleridge, English writer (b. 1772)
- August 1 – Robert Morrison, British Protestant missionary to China (b. 1782)
- August 7 – Joseph Marie Jacquard, French inventor (b. 1752)
- August 17 – Husein Gradaščević, Bosnian rebel leader (b. 1802)
- September 2 – Thomas Telford, Scottish engineer (b. 1757)
- September 5 – Thomas Lee, English architect (b. 1794)
- September 9 – James Weddell, Antarctic explorer (b. 1787)
- September 16 – William Blackwood, Scottish writer (b. 1776)
- September 24 – Emperor Pedro I of Brazil (b. 1798)
- October 8 – François-Adrien Boieldieu, French composer (b. 1775)
- October 11 – William Napier, 9th Lord Napier, British Navy officer, politician and diplomat (b. 1786)
- December 23 – Thomas Malthus, English economist and political philosopher (b. 1766)
- December 27 – Charles Lamb, English essayist (b. 1775)
- December 31 – João Batista Gonçalves Campos, Intellectual leader of the Cabanagem, social revolt in the vice-Kingdom of Grão-Pará, Brazil (b. 1782)
- Sher, D. (1965). "The Curious History of NGC 3603". Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada 59: 76. Bibcode:1965JRASC..59...67S.
- Hyman, Anthony (1982). Charles Babbage: pioneer of the computer. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-858170-X.
- "Babbage's Analytical Engine, 1834-1871 (Trial model)". Science Museum (London). Archived from the original on 20 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
- "Railroad — Wilmington & Raleigh (later Weldon)". North Carolina Business History. 2006. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
- Stoica, Vasile (1919). The Roumanian Question: The Roumanians and their Lands. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Printing Company. p. 31.