Arame

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Eisenia bicyclis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Chromalveolata
Phylum: Heterokontophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order: Laminariales
Family: Lessoniaceae
Genus: Eisenia
Species: E. bicyclis
Binomial name
Eisenia bicyclis
(Kjellman) Setchell 1905
Synonyms

Ecklonia bicyclis

Arame (荒布?, Eisenia bicyclis, syn. Ecklonia bicyclis), sea oak is a species of kelp best known for its use in Japanese cuisine.

Description[edit]

Eisenia bicyclis is limited in distribution to temperate Pacific ocean waters, mostly around Japan although it is deliberately cultured elsewhere including South Korea.[1] It grows and reproduces seasonally. Two flattened oval fronds rise from a stiff woody stipe which can be up to about 1 metre (3.3 ft) tall. The fronds are shed and new ones formed annually. The plant appears both branched and feathered. It may be harvested by divers manually or mechanically, and the dried form is available year round.[1]

Cuisine[edit]

It is one of many species of seaweed used in Asian cuisine.

Usually purchased in a dried state, it is reconstituted quickly, taking about five minutes. Arame comes in dark brown strands, has a mild, semi-sweet flavor, and a firm texture.[1] It is added to appetizers, casseroles, muffins, pilafs, soups, toasted dishes, and many other types of food. Its mild flavor makes it adaptable to many uses.[2]

Chemistry[edit]

Arame is high in calcium, iodine, iron, magnesium, and vitamin A as well as being a dietary source of many other minerals.[1] It also is harvested for alginate, fertilizer and iodide.[3] It contains the storage polysaccharide laminarin and the tripeptide eisenin, a peptide with immunological activity.

Lignan content in arame is noted by several sources. It also contains the phlorotannins phlorofucofuroeckol A, dioxinodehydroeckol, fucofuroeckol A,[4] eckol, dieckol, triphloroethol A and 7-phloroethol.[5] Extracts of this algae have been tested to combat MRSA staph infections.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Arame, Food to Good Health, 2010 retrieved 8 February 2013
  2. ^ Arame Seaweed, Diet Foods & Nutrition, retrieved 8 February 2013
  3. ^ Chapman, V.J. (1950). Seaweeds and Their Uses. Taylor & Francis. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Eom, Sung-Hwan; Lee, Sang-Hoon; Yoon, Na-Young; Jung, Won-Kyo; Jeon, You-Jin; Kim, Se-Kwon; Lee, Myung-Suk; Kim, Young-Mog (2012). "Α-Glucosidase- and α-amylase-inhibitory activities of phlorotannins from Eisenia bicyclis". Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 92 (10): 2084–90. doi:10.1002/jsfa.5585. PMID 22271637. 
  5. ^ Jung, HA; Oh, SH; Choi, JS (2010). "Molecular docking studies of phlorotannins from Eisenia bicyclis with BACE1 inhibitory activity". Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 20 (11): 3211–5. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.04.093. PMID 20462757. 
  6. ^ Eom, Sung-Hwan; Park, Jae-Hong; Yu, Dae-Ung; Choi, Ji-Il; Choi, Jong-Duck; Lee, Myung-Suk; Kim, Young-Mog (2011). "Antimicrobial Activity of Brown Alga Eisenia bicyclis against Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus". Fish Aquat Sci (The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science) 14 (4): 251–256. doi:10.5657/FAS.2011.0251. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 

Additional reading[edit]

  • Kojima, T. et al. (1993). Eisenin (L-pyroGlu-L-Gln-L-Ala), a new biological response modifier. Journal of Immunotherapy. 13(1):36-42.
  • Kristina Turner. 1996. The Self-Healing Cookbook: A Macrobiotic Primer for the Healing Body. p. 122

External links[edit]

  • AlgaeBase Profile, M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2013. AlgaeBase. National University of Ireland, Galway, retrieved 8 February 2013.