Bihar Legislative Assembly
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|Bihar Legislative Assembly|
Uday Narain Choudhary, JD(U)
since 1 Dec, 2010
Leader of Assamly
Leader of Opposition
|21 October to 20 November 2010|
|The Bihar State Assembly|
Bihar Legislative Assembly came into existence in 1937. The Assembly had a strength of 152 members. According to the provisions of the Constitution of India, the first General Elections in the state were held in 1952. The total strength of membership in the Assembly was 331, including one nominated member. Dr Sri krishna Singh became the first Leader of the house and the Chief Minister and Dr Anugrah Narayan Sinha was elected the first deputy leader of the assembly and became state's first Deputy Chief Minister. It was reduced to 318 during the second General Elections. In 1977, the total number of elected members of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was further raised from 318 to 324. With the creation of a separate State of Jharkhand, by an Act of Parliament titled the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000, the strength of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was reduced from 325 to 243 members. The current Jitan Ram Manjhi government is a minority, powered by the Congress, RJD and CPI to majority status.
Bihar Legislative Assembly is not a permanent body and subject to dissolution. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first sitting unless dissolved sooner. Members of the Legislative assembly are directly elected by the people.
There are three sessions (Budget, Monsoon, Winter) every year.
Current assembly elections were held in the year Oct–Nov 2010. Following is the final seat tally:
|Party||Seats contested||Seats won||Seat change||Efficiency||Vote share||Swing|
|Janata Dal (United)||141||115||27||81.56%||22.61%||2.15%|
|Bharatiya Janata Party||102||91||36||89.22%||16.46%||.81%|
|Rashtriya Janata Dal||168||22||32||13.10%||18.84%||-4.61%|
|Lok Janshakti Party||75||3||7||4%||6.75%||-4.35%|
|Indian National Congress||243||4||5||1.65%||8.38%||2.29%|
|Communist Party of India||56||1||2||1.79%||1.69%||-.40%|
|Jharkhand Mukti Morcha||41||1||1||2.44%|
|Turnout: 29,017,537 (52.71%)|
|Source: Election Commission of India|
In the by-elections held in 2014 in 10 seats NDA (BJP+LJP+RLSP) won 4 and the mega alliance of RJD+JDU+INC+NCP won 6.
- List of members of Bihar Vidhan Sabha
- Administration in Bihar
- Member of the Legislative Council (India)
- List of states of India by type of legislature
- Patna Secretariat
- Official website; Government of Bihar