Siwan district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Siwan, Bihar.
Siwan district
सीवान ज़िला ضلع سیوان
District of Bihar
Location of Siwan district in Bihar
Location of Siwan district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Saran
Headquarters Siwan, Bihar
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Siwan
 • Assembly seats Siwan, Ziradei, Darauli, Raghunathpur, Daraunda, Barharia, Goriakothi, Maharajganj
Area
 • Total 2,219 km2 (857 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,318,176
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 71.59 per cent
 • Sex ratio 984
Major highways NH 85
Website Official website

Siwan district is one of the districts of Bihar state, India. Siwan town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Siwan district is a part of Saran Division since 1972. The town is known for its great past especially for First President of Indian Republic who belonged to Jeeradei.[1] The district is also known as Aliganj Sawan after the name of Ali Bux. Siwan has historical and mythological importance attached to it. Member of Parliament from siwan is Mr. Om Prakash Yadav [2]

History[edit]

Siwan, situated in the western part of the State, was originally a sub-division of Saran District, which in ancient days formed a part of Kosala Kingdom.[3] Siwan became a fully-fledged district when it was split from Saran in 1976.[4]

Siwan derived its name from "Shiva Man", a Bandh Raja whose heirs ruled this area till Babar’s arrival. Maharajganj, which is another subdivision of Siwan district, may have found its name from the seat of the Maharaja there. A recently excavated marvelous statue of Lord Vishnu at Village Bherbania from underneath a tree indicates that there were large numbers of followers of Lord Vishnu. Currently it is not located as border district of Bihar. The Gorkha king had briefly extended his kingdom to Siwan for a few years in the 1790s before the British started their rule and repulsed the Gorkhas and that is how the name got stuck to the region. It is now dominated by Yadavs and Rajputs.[5]

Siwan was a part of Banaras Kingdom during the 8th century. Muslims came here in the 13th century. Sikandar Lodi brought this area in his kingdom in the 15th century. Babar crossed Ghaghra river near Siswan in his return journey. In the end of the 17th century, the Dutch came first followed by the English. After the battle of Buxar in 1765 it became a part of Bengal. Siwan played an important role in 1857 independence movement. It is famous for the stalwart and sturdy ‘Bhoj-puries’, who have always been noted for their martial spirit and physical endurance and from whom the army and police personnel were largely drawn. A good number of them rebelled and rendered their services to Babu Kunwar Singh. The anti pardah movement in Bihar was started by Sri Braj Kishore Prasad who also belonged to Siwan in response to the Non Co-Operative movement in 1920.[3]

Historical Places[edit]

Korara

A village in Mairwa Blcok, which is situated at 2 km south from mairwa dham. where there is the first Sai temple of siwan district along with temple of Lord Shiva and Mother Durga. Every year in August, Annual function is celebrated by Rajeev Kumar Singh (Alias Bittu Singh) [Block Pramukh Gonda].

Don A village in the Darauli block where there are remnants of a fort, which is said to be connected with the famous hero of the Mahabharat, Acharya Dronacharya the guru of both Kaurava’s and Pandav’s. Dona's stupa is a lesser-known but popular Buddhist pilgrimage site, despite its isolated location. The Buddhist traveler Hiuen Tsang mentions a visit to Don in his account of his travels in India. He describes the stupa as being in ruins. The account of Dona's distribution of Buddha's ashes and being given the vessel is a mentioned in the end of the Mahaparinibbana Sutta, which is described in Maurice Walsh's The Long Discourses. Presently Dona's stupa is a grassy hill and has a Hindu temple built over it, where a beautiful statue of Tara is worshipped as a Hindu goddess. This statue was carved in the 9th century. A.D. Tourists on a Buddhist Pilgrimage Tour are sure to appreciate the historic sight of the stupa at Don.

Maharajganj

A block headquarters now, it was also called Basnauli Gangar. It is the largest bazar in the district. This was the place where great hero of Indian Independence Movement, Shri Phulena Prasad centralised his activity and fought against the Britishers.

Mehandar

A village in Siswan Blcok, where there is a temple of Lord Shiva & Lord Vishwakarma which is visited by the people of the locality on the Shivaratri day & Vishwakarma Puja (17 Sept) Day. It is known for its temple and a pond scatted over an area of more than 52 bighas. It is said that one Nepal king built these and took his bath in the pond and got his leprosy cured.

Bhikhabandh

A village in Maharajganj Block, there is a big tree under the shade of which Bhaiya-Bahini temple is situated. The story runs that these brother and sister fought Mughal sepoys in the 14th century and died here in course of fighting.[6]

Sohagara

A place in the Guthani block, there is a famous temple of Lord Shiva (Hansnath baba), 40 km from the district headquarters (Siwan) just at the border of district Deoria of Uttar Pradesh.[7]

Geography[edit]

Siwan district occupies an area of 2,219 square kilometres (857 sq mi),[8] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Wilczek Land.[9]

Sub-Divisions[edit]

Siwan district comprises the following Sub-Divisions:

Divisions[edit]

Administrative Division
  • Sub Divisions: Siwan, Maharajganj
  • Blocks: Mairwa, Pachrukhi, Raghunathpur, Andar, Guthani, Maharajganj, Darauli, Siswan, Daraunda, Husainaganj, Bhagwanpur Hatt, Goriyakothi, Baraharia, Siwan Sadar, Basantpur, Lakari Nabiganj, Jiradei, Nautan, Hasanpura.

Thus there are seventeen functional blocks in the district Namely – Siwan, Mairwa, Darauli, Guthani, Hussainganj, Andar, Raghunathpur, Siswan, Barharia, Pachrukhi,Hasnpura, Nautan, Jiradei under Siwan subdivision and Maharajganj, Duraondha, Goreakothi, Basantpur, Bhagwanpur and Lakri Nabiganj under Maharajganj subdivision.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Siwan district has a population of 3,318,176,[10] roughly equal to the nation of Uruguay[11] or the US state of Connecticut.[12] This gives it a ranking of 101st in India (out of a total of 640).[10] The district has a population density of 1,495 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,870/sq mi) .[10] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.25%.[10] Siwan has a sex ratio of 984females for every 1000 males,[10] and a literacy rate of 71.59%.[10]

Villages[edit]

Villages in the Siwan district include: Tarwara, Karmasi Garar, Bishambherpur, Aghaila, Pithauri, Pachaura, Pachalakhi,Bharthui, Salempur, Dhanawati Math, Hasua, Sharif Jalalpur, Hathaura, Harihans, Madkan, Khalispur, Pertappur, Tiwari Ke Badhaya, Koharwaliya, Attersuwa, Bagaura, Samardah, Belaon, Kanhauli, Mairwah, Jiradei, Bhitti, Shekhpura, Shaharkola, Hariyama, Khedwa, Baswan, Nagri, Murwar, Aandar, Jataur, Shivpur, Kala Dumra, Sakra, Sonahula, Chitbisranw, Lauwan, Mahpur, Musehri (Mister) Sawana (Rajput), Sarsar (Bhumihar), Amlori, and Chainchapra (Shekh).Madhopur,Jagarnathpur,Laxmipur,shyampur,Kalyanpur,Jamobazar,Rachopali, Asaon, Babhnauli, Rampur udho, Patar,Qutub Chapra,Mohammadpur.

Notable personalities[edit]

  • Rajendra Prasad Freedom fighter, politician and First President of India.
  • Mulana Mazharul Haque - A noted politician, who helped organize the Home Rule Movement in Bihar and was its President in 1916.
  • Satyendra Dubey - ies officer, whistle blower in golden highway project against corruption
  • Mahamaya Prasad Sinha - He was the Chief Minister of Bihar from March 1967 to Jan 1968. Patedhi P.O.,MaharajGanj Siwan District, Bihar
  • Natwarlal - noted Indian con man
  • Amir Subhani -The 1987-batch IAS topper Amir Subhani, principal secretary in department of personnel and administrative reforms, is now the new principal home secretary

Major Mohammad Saheed-An army officer

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ http://www.educationforallinindia.com/page157.html
  3. ^ a b http://siwan.bih.nic.in/District_Profile.aspx
  4. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  5. ^ http://www.indianexpress.com/news/this-week-bihar/1118304/
  6. ^ http://siwan.bih.nic.in/HistoricalPlaces1.htm
  7. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t5aCmnNg_WE
  8. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  9. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Wilczek Land2,203km2" 
  10. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  11. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Uruguay 3,308,535 July 2011 est." 
  12. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Connecticut 3,574,097" 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°12′00″N 84°24′00″E / 26.2000°N 84.4000°E / 26.2000; 84.4000