Bulakan

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This article is about the municipality. For the province, see Bulacan.
Bulakan
Bulacan
Municipality
Town hall of Bulakan, Bulacan
Town hall of Bulakan, Bulacan
Flag of Bulakan
Flag
Official seal of Bulakan
Seal
Map of Bulacan
Map of Bulacan
Bulakan is located in Philippines
Bulakan
Bulakan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°47′35″N 120°52′44″E / 14.79306°N 120.87889°E / 14.79306; 120.87889Coordinates: 14°47′35″N 120°52′44″E / 14.79306°N 120.87889°E / 14.79306; 120.87889
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Bulacan
District 1st District
Founded 1572
Barangays 14
Government[1]
 • Mayor Patrick Neil F. Meneses (NUP)
 • Vice-Mayor Alberto G. Bituin (NUP)
Area[2]
 • Total 72.90 km2 (28.15 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 71,751
 • Density 980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3017
Dialing code 44
Income class 1st class

Bulakan is a first class partially urban municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 71,751 people.[3] It is 35 kilometres (22 mi) north of Manila. Bulacan, which is one of the oldest towns in the Philippines, became the encomienda or capital of the Provincia de la Pampanga, and later became the first capital of the Province of Bulacan before it was moved to Malolos shortly after the American occupation. With regards to whether to use the letters "c" or "k" to refer to the municipality of Bulakan, the New Provincial Administrative Code of Bulacan (Ordinance no. C-004) states on Chapter 2, Section 15 that the word "Bulakan" stands for the municipality and first capital of the province while "Bulacan" refers to the province itself.[4]

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Bulakan lies in the southwestern part of the province of Bulacan and is surrounded by a number of municipalities. It is bounded on the North by the Municipality of Guiguinto, on the South by the Manila Bay, on the East by the Municipality of Bocaue, on the West by the City of Malolos, on the Northeast by the Municipality of Balagtas and on the Southeast by the Municipality of Obando. It is about 35 kilometers away from the City of Manila. Approximately, 72.90 square kilometers or 2.7284% of the total land area of the entire Province. It ranks tenth (10th) in terms of land area among other municipalities in the province.

Barangays[edit]

Bulakan is politically subdivided into 14 barangays. NSO classified Barangay San Jose and Bagumbayan as urban barangay, the rest are rural.[2]

  • Bagumbayan
  • Balubad
  • Bambang
  • Matungao
  • Maysantol
  • Perez
  • Pitpitan
  • San Francisco
  • San Jose (Poblacion)
  • San Nicolas
  • Santa Ana
  • Santa Ines
  • Taliptip
  • Tibig

History[edit]

The name "Bulakan" is derived from the Tagalog word "bulak", which means "cotton". The town was named Bulacan due to the abundance of cotton plants growing in the region. The town is one of the oldest in the country. The Augustinians founded the town in 1572 and dedicated it under the patronage of Nuestra Señora de la Asunción.[5] According to local records, Father Agustin del Alburqueque, OSA is the first priest and founder of the town of Bulakan. Bulakan, Navotas, Misilo and others were former Visitas of Tondo under the care of its First Minister Fr. Alonso Alvarado O.S.A.in 1572.[6]

Prior to the arrival of the Spaniards, Bulakan, as well as the rest of the towns of Bulacan province consisted of small scattered settlements of villages each then called "balangay" or "barangay" a word derived from the name of the boats used by the early seafaring Malays who went to various islands of what now called Philippines. The villages and barangays were headed by a petty chieftain who bore the title of "Gat" or "Lakan". These early settlers lived along the seashores and rivers, thus they were called "taga-ilog", meaning people who dwell near the rivers or other waterways. From this term "taga-ilog" came the word "Tagalog".

By the year 1591 the town of Bulakan had 1,200 tributes or 4,800 persons, one Augustinian convent and one Alcalde mayor (present day Governor)who had jurisdiction over the town of Balagtas formerly "Bigaa" (become separate town in 1596), Guiguinto (become separate town in 1915). In the heart of the town stands the centuries old adobe church of Nuestra Señora de la Asunción in front of it, stand the municipal hall and a park named "Plaza del Pilar" which is dedicated to General Gregorio del Pilar of Brgy. San Jose .

The Parish of Nuestra Señora de la Asuncion, the "oldest Roman Catholic church in the province", has a baptismal book entry as early as 1578, it was precious artifact for almost 400 years it was not destroyed by fire or war. On the first page of the book, written was the name of the barrio of the town of Bulacan, Bagio, Bulacan (Camino Real), Daan Estacion, Matungao, Cupang, Banban, Dapdap, Parian, Balubad, Pitpitan, Maysantor, Acsajo, Paniqui, San Nicolas, Nagdasig, Calungusan, Taliktik and Sta Ana.

After 400 long years, changes have been made to the old barrios that consist the town, Bagio become part of Bagumbayan in 1731, Tibig exist in 1735, Dapdap was renamed Sta. Ana in 1741, Nagdasig become part of Tab-Ang in 1744 and now San Francisco, Parian was renamed Sta. Inez in 1765, Bulacan (Camino Real), Daan Estacion, Paniqui and Calungusan was created into one barrio and was named San Jose, Barrio Pitpitan occupied Acsajo, Cupang was joined to Maysantor now Maysantol, Banban became Bangbang and now Bambang, Perez exist as separate Barrio of Taliktik now Taliptip, and with the same old name of Barrio's San Nicolas, Matungao and Balubad.

The early Bulaqueños were engaged in farming, fishing and handicrafts, especially weaving.

The town of Bulakan, being the first capital of the province, was the hub of economic activities and the inhabitants enjoyed excellent trade with Manila, primarily due to its proximity to the city and accessibility through its wide and navigable river.

Bulakan was also the scene of battle between the Spaniards led by Simón de Anda y Salazar and the British led by Captain Slay on during the short British occupation of Manila. The British sent an expedition of 400 British, 300 Malabar Negroes and 2,000 Chinese allies. The Spaniards with the native of Bulacan made a gallant stand but were defeated. Captain Slay eventually took over the town but did not last long. A huge group of about 8000 Filipino guerillas led by Spanish Jose Pedro Busto made a nine long days battle in front of the church up to the foot bridge against Captain Slay. They made Captain Slay to retreat to Manila. On this fight Bulakeños have shown for the first time an extraordinary martyrdom. The British attempt of conquering the rest of the country was gone astray because of the marvelous fight made by Bulakeños.

The town still enjoys trade and commerce with the neighboring towns and Manila with whom she shares a coastline, a place that is replete with historical and glorious past.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Bulakan
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 48,770 —    
1995 54,236 +2.01%
2000 62,903 +3.23%
2007 72,289 +1.94%
2010 71,751 −0.27%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

The National Statistics Office 2010 census shows that the Municipality of Bulakan has a total population of 71,751. Barangay Bambang is the most densely populated with 13,566. It is followed by Barangay Matungao and Barangay Sta. Ana with 9,699 and 7,685 respectively, on the other hand, the least populated barangay are Barangay Perez and Barangay Santa Ines with 2,152 and 2,682 respectively.[3]

Compared with the Municipality's population in 1995 which was 54,624, it shows an increase of 10,060 persons from 1995 to 2004. An annual growth rate of 1,117 or an average increase of 18.42% in the span of nine (9) years.

The highest percentage changes in population from 1995-2004 was exhibited in Barangay Perez, Pitpitan, Sta. Ines, Tibig, Bagumbayan with an increase of 56.33%, 54.74%, 39.73%, 34.66%, and 33.46% respectively.

On the other hand, barangays that shows the least percentage change in population are Barangay San Francisco, Matungao, and Bambang with only an increase of 0.4%, 2.95% and 7.57% respectively.

Number of households[edit]

The Community Base Monitoring System (CBMS) survey as of January 2005 showed a total of 14,523 household. In comparison with the total number of household of 12,488 in 2002 an increase of 2,035 households from 2002-2005 is realized.

Sex and age structure[edit]

Like the rest of the country, the population in Bulakan exhibits a pyramidal age structure. The population between the age 0-14 accounts for 18,586 or 35% of the total population. On the other hand, 31,963 or 61% belongs to the 15–64 years old age bracket and only 2,103 or 4% are in the age bracket of 65 years old and above.

In terms of sex distribution the female population slightly out numbered the male population by .47% in 2002 Census on Population. There were 31,553 male population as against the 31,702 female population which results to sex ratio of 1 male is to 1.004 female comparatively.

Religion[edit]

The Roman Catholic, remained the dominant religion since its propagation in the town 1572. Out of the 64,684 total population in 2004, 56,436 or 87.25% were Roman Catholics. Other Christians faith that have found their way in the town are Members Church of God International more known as Ang Dating Daan, Iglesia ni Cristo, United Methodist Church, United Church of Christ in the Philippines, and many others.

Language[edit]

Generally the town of Bulakan is a Tagalog speaking town. About 86.8% speak Tagalog while the rest speak other languages such as Waray, Bicol, Ilocano and Cebuano.

Literacy rate[edit]

The 2005 Community Based Monitoring System Survey shows that the Population of 10 years old and above are around 38,164 persons and about 37,822 have a literacy rate of 99.10 percent.

The 2005 Community Based Monitoring System Survey also shows that there are only 219 licensed professionals here, the lowest in the whole province.

Municipal government[edit]

  • Mayor: MENESES, PATRICK NEIL FRANCISCO
  • Vice Mayor: BITUIN, ALBERTO GONZALES
  • Councilors:
    • SANCHEZ, REINA RICA CRUZ
    • TRINIDAD, JAY-RYAN MORALES
    • MENESES, PICCOLO INIGO FRANCISCO
    • LAVA, ROSALIE VILLANUEVA
    • TANSINSIN, JEFF CRUZ
    • SAN PEDRO, MARILYN FERNANDO
    • SEVILLA, RODOLFO JR. GALVEZ
    • NERIC, MA. GLORIA MENDOZA

Education[edit]

Every barangay has its own day-care for pre-elementary pupils and an elementary school. There are also many private elementary schools situated in different barangays.

The municipality has two public high schools: Taliptip High School and Doña Candeleria Meneses Duque Memorial High School, and five private high schools: Assumpta Academy, Doña Trinidad Mendoza Institute, Bulacan Montessori School, Bulacan Methodist School San Francisco Javier High School. Each barangay has public elemenatary school and several private elementary school like St. Stephen School of Bulacan, ICSM Annex located at Barangay Bambang, San Lorenzo Ruiz Montessori School at Barangay Matungao.

On tertiary level education, the Bulacan State University - Meneses Campus is a satellite campus of Bulacan State University, situated in Barangay Matungao.

Tourism, heritage and culture[edit]

The town is rich in its past and treasures. Its town hall, churches and old houses reveal the wealth of the town's heritage.

Bulacan Church (1578)[edit]

The facade of the Nuestra Señora de la Asuncion Parish Church

The parish church of the town, Nuestra Senora dela Asuncion (Our Lady of the Assumption), under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Malolos,[7] is one of the oldest and largest churches in the Bulacan Province. It is the site where Gregorio Del Pilar distributed the pamphlets made by his uncle, Marcelo H. Del Pilar who is a member of the Propaganda Movement. To commemorate this event, the National Historical Commission of the Philippines installed a historical marker which states:

Ang Simbahan ng Bulacan – Itinatag ng mga paring Agustino bilang visita ng Tondo, 1575. Ipinatayo ang simbahang parokyal at kumbento sa patronato ng Nuestra Señora de la Asuncion, 1578. Sinakop at sinunog ng mga Ingles, 1762. Muling ipinatayo,1812. Ipinagawa ang kampanaryo, 1877. Nasira ng lindol, 1863, 1869, at 1880. Ipinaayos sa disenyong Neo-Byzantine, 1884-1885. Natapos ang kampanaryo, 1889. Dito lihim na ipinamahagi ni Gregorio H. Del Pilar ang mga polyeto sa panulat ng kanyang amaing si Marcelo H. Del Pilar noong panahon ng propaganda laban sa mga Kastila. Ipinanumbalik at ipinaayos ang simbahan, 1955-1975.”

Approximate English translation:

The Church of Bulacan – Established by the Augustinian Friars as a visita of Tondo, 1575. The parish church,under the patronage of the Assumption of Our Lady, and convent built in 1578. Burned during the British Invasion in 1762. Rebuilt in 1812. Belfry erected in 1877. Church damaged by earthquake in 1863, 1869 and 1880. Renovated in the Neo-Byzantine style, 1884-1885. Belfry finished in 1889. It is in this church that Gregorio H. Del Pilar distributed fliers made by his uncle Marcelo H. Del Pilar during the propaganda movement. Church restored and renovated from 1955 to 1975.

The National Historical Commission of the Philippines marker installed in front of the Nuestra Señora de la Asuncion Parish Church in 2007

Notable people[edit]

  • Marcelo H. Del Pilar He was one of the propaganda leaders during the Spanish period and the editor-in-chief of La Solidaridad.

Fiestas and festivals[edit]

Date Event
January 21 Feast of St. Agnes (Brgy. Sta. Ines)
January 27 Feast of St. Sebastian (Dulo, Brgy. Taliptip)
March 19 Feast of St. Joseph (Brgy. San Jose)
May 1 Anak Pawis Parade
May 15 Feast of San Isidro Labrador Parish (Brgy. Bambang)
3rd Sunday of May Feast of Sto. Cristo de Umbuyan (Brgy. Perez)
June 24 Feast of St. John the Baptist (Brgy. Balubad)
July 26 Feast of St. Anne (Brgy. Sta. Ana)
August 15 Feast of the Nuestra Snra de la Asuncion Parish (Town Fiesta)
August 30 Marcelo H. del Pilar Parade (Celebration for the birthday anniversary Marcelo H. del Pilar)
September 10 Feast of St. Nicolas of Tolentine (Brgy. San Nicolas)
September 14 Feast of Sto. Cristo (Brgy. Bagumbayan,Brgy. Matungao and Brgy. Maysantol)
September 22 Feast of St. Thomas of Villanova (Brgy. Pitpitan)
October 7 Feast of Our Lady of Rosary (Brgy. Tibig)
3rd Sunday of October Feast of Our Lady of Rosary and FLUVIAL PROCESSION (Brgy. Taliptip)
November 14 14 de Nobiembre Festival (Celebration for the birthday anniversary of Gen. Gregorio del Pilar)
December 3 Feast of St. Francis Xavier (Brgy. San Francisco)
December 13 Feast of St. Lucy (Brgy. Perez)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "New Provincial Administrative Code of Bulacan". Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  5. ^ Administracion espiritual de los Padres Agustinos Calzados de la provincia del dulce Nombre de Jesus, by R. P. Fr. Fracisco Villacorta, Imprenta de H. Roldan Valladolid, Mayo 1833 p. 39
  6. ^ Catalogo de los religiosos de N.P.S. Agustin de la Provincia del Smo Nombre de Jesus de Filipinas, Imp. De Ramirez Y Giraudier, Manila 1864. p. 11
  7. ^ Roman Catholic Diocese of Malolos

External links[edit]