Cambridge Rindge and Latin School

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Cambridge Rindge and Latin School
Cambridge Rindge and Latin School, Cambridge MA.jpg
Opportunity, Diversity, and Respect
Address
459 Broadway
Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Information
Type Public
Established 1648
School district Cambridge Public School District
Principal Damon Smith
Asst. Principal Robert Tynes
Teaching staff 168 (2011–2012)[1]
Grades 9–12
Enrollment 1,616 (2011–2012)[2]
Color(s) Black and Silver         
Mascot Falcons
Nickname CRLS
Rindge
Accreditation NEASC
Average SAT scores 509 verbal
513 math
498 writing (2010)[3]
Newspaper The Register Forum
Nobel laureates Eric Allin Cornell
Website

The Cambridge Rindge and Latin School is a public high school in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States. It is a part of the Cambridge Public School District.

In 1977, two separate schools called the Rindge Technical School and Cambridge High and Latin School, merged to become what today is known as Cambridge Rindge and Latin School (CRLS).

The school is divided into subdivisions called 'Small Learning Communities.' Currently, the Small Learning Communities are called C, R, L, and S.

Until June 2000, the subdivided schools were known as the Houses of Pilot, Fundamental, House A, Academy, Leadership, and the Rindge School of Technical Arts or RSTA. In 1990, RSTA became a "house" within the main CRLS school. The "Houses" then became "Small Schools" 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.

The High School Extension Program, at the site of the old Longfellow School, just down Broadway, offers a nontraditional approach to the high school learning process, handling only 60–100 students at a time. In 2009 and 2010, the building became a temporary freshman academy to accommodate renovations.

CRLS is also noted as being one of the most racially diverse schools in Massachusetts and one of few to feature a heterogeneous student classroom mix.[4]

Since 2003 the City of Cambridge has been mobilizing an ambitious plan to renovate the current high school. The project they claim would be "the first major renovation and refurbishing of the 35-year old high school building."[5] The project has continued to be pushed back, due to state funding issues and other obstructions along the way. In 2006 the state announced a return in funding and by the Spring 2007 the School Committee started looking at a wider ranging renovation for the building. The plan has until now proceeded and as currently planned, the major renovations are expected to begin after the close of the 2008–09 school year. The renovations, according to schedule, should last from 2009 to 2011.[6]

History[edit]

CRLS is actually several separate schools combined into a greater whole. In 1642, the year Harvard College’s first class of nine young men graduated, the General Court made it the duty of Cambridge to require that parents and masters properly educate their children or be fined if they neglected to do so. (Girls, however, did not usually attend public schools until 1789, when Boston voted that “children of both sexes” should be taught in the reading and writing schools of their newly reorganized system.) In 1648, Cambridge set up a public grammar school, Master Elijah Corlett's "lattin schoole," making Cambridge the fifth town (after Boston, Charlestown, Dorchester, and Salem) in the Massachusetts Bay Colony to do so. Corlett’s schoolhouse came into the possession of Old Cambridge in 1660, and over the next century was succeeded by several new buildings. The public school that evolved from Cortlett’s original was a “grammar school” in a double sense: an English grammar school for Old Cambridge and a Latin grammar school (teaching the rudiments of Latin and Greek) for all Cambridge.[7] The school generally aimed to prepare students for admission to college:

“And by the side of the colledge a faire GRAMMAR Schoole, for the training up of young Schollars, and fitting of them for ACADEMICALL LEARNING, that still as they are judged ripe, they may be received into the colledge of this Schoole. Master CORLETT is the Mr., who hath very well approved himselfe for his abilities, dexterity and painfulness in teaching and education of the youth under him.”[8]

By 1832, public schools in Cambridge were open to girls as well as boys. In 1838, Cambridgeport organized a public high school to serve all of Cambridge at the corner of Broadway and Windsor Streets. However, since the location was not easily accessible to either Old Cambridge or East Cambridge, most of the new high schools’ students were drawn from Cambridgeport. In 1843, Old Cambridge set up the Female High School, and East Cambridge completed its Otis schoolhouse. Not until 1848 did plans to merge the high schools of the three competitive wards overcome sectional differences. This marked the origin of the Cambridge High School, which began in a new building erected at the corner of Amory and Summer streets and was immediately flooded with over 135 applicants.[7]

The Cambridge High School was divided in 1886: its classical department became the Cambridge Latin School and its remaining departments the Cambridge English High School. The English High School was located at the corner of Broadway and Fayette Streets, while the Latin School was transferred to the Lee Street church, which had been renovated to receive it. At the time of the separation, the high school contained 515 pupils, and 16 teachers. Six teachers and 165 pupils went to the Latin school.[7] In September 1888, the Cambridge Manual Training School for Boys (to become Rindge Tech), founded and maintained by Frederick Hastings Rindge, was opened to the boys of the English High School. In 1892, the English High School moved into a commodious new building on Broadway; Rindge had presented the land to Cambridge at a cost of $230,000. The EHS’s old building at Broadway and Fayette was remodeled, and the Latin School moved in. By 1896, the Latin School had grown so quickly that plans were underway for another new building (cost approx. $250,000) that would stand on land adjacent to the English High School building and the Public Library.

In 1977, Cambridge High & Latin and the Rindge School of Technical Arts and were merged into Cambridge Rindge and Latin, or CRLS. The old Cambridge High & Latin building was demolished in 1980, but the old granite lintel and doorway frame[9] have been put in place at the corner of Ellery Street and Broadway as a commemorative archway, leading into the grassy fields of Joan Lorentz Park.[citation needed]

In 2001 there was an attempt to restructure the Cambridge Rindge & Latin school under headmaster Paula Evans, which had found controversy. She resigned shortly afterwards. After her resignation she began efforts to create a charter school, which became the Community Charter School of Cambridge (CCSC). Colleen Walsh of the Boston Globe said that Evans's charter school efforts "touched off a firestorm" and that "many people" were upset at her because they perceived that she had abandoned Cambridge Rindge & Latin.[10]

As of 2009, Cambridge Rindge and Latin remains one of the most diverse schools in the United States, with over 83 different countries represented within its halls.[citation needed]

Controversy[edit]

During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the school was subject to multiple accusations of inherent racism in its infrastructure, which led to the disbanding of the original houses, as well as the changing of the original school mascot from a bust of a Native American to a yellowjacket, and eventually to the currently used falcon[citation needed].

The Register Forum and The CHLS Review[edit]

The school's newspaper, Register Forum, has the distinction of being the oldest continually published public high school newspaper in the country. The newspaper was first founded in 1893 as the C.M.T.S Register, the name was further changed to the Rindge Register, and in 1977, when the two public high schools in the city merged, their papers merged as well. The Cambridge Latin Forum merged with the Rindge Register to become The Register Forum. Since then, the paper has won numerous awards in high school journalism. Before Cambridge High & Latin (CHLS) was merged with Rindge Technical, CHLS published a student-staffed, well-illustrated, regularly-issued, bound, periodic journal containing essays, relevant news, interviews and coverage of theatrical events, informational articles, a gossip column called Spotlight, CHLS sports activity results, and other news of interest to the student body. By the year of the merger, CHLS was one school, still offering Latin as a language course, and with over 1,000 students.

Athletics[edit]

Athletics have always played a major part in the school's extracurricular activity structure, and most of the school's 30 teams have received some form of statewide recognition of excellence. The 11 fall and winter sports take place between September and Thanksgiving (the day of the football team's final game), and between the first Monday following Thanksgiving and February/March. The ten spring sports start on the third Monday in March, and finish in late May.

The teams are supported by the fundraising efforts of Friends of Cambridge Athletics (FOCA) who sell "Cambridge Athletics"-branded clothing to subsidize the teams.

Arts[edit]

CRLS is also known for its extensive and rigorous arts programs, with a particular emphasis on visual and performing arts. The school has programs in photography, graphic design, fine arts, pottery, a modern dance company, a jazz band and an orchestra. The school's drama department has won numerous awards and frequently competes in the yearly statewide drama festival, having reached the finals level four times in the past five years. The technical theater department is frequently singled out for excellence.

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile: CRLS: Teacher Data (2010–11)", Massachusetts Department of Education
  2. ^ "Profile: CRLS: Enrollment Data", Massachusetts Department of Education
  3. ^ http://profiles.doe.mass.edu/state_report/sat_perf.aspx
  4. ^ Michelle Bates Deakin (June 8, 2003). "Course Correction". Boston Globe. Retrieved January 10, 2008.  Cambridge Rindge and Latin is one of the few urban high schools to place A students and D students in the same classrooms. Achievement-blind classes are intended to break down barriers, but it remains to be seen if the program will serve as a national model or a cautionary tale.
  5. ^ http://www.cpsd.us/cpsdir/CRLS_renovation.cfm
  6. ^ http://www.cpsd.us/cpsdir/CRLS_renovation.cfm
  7. ^ a b c Arthur Gilman, ed. The Cambridge of 1896: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation. The Riverside Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1896. pages 187–197. Google Books
  8. ^ "History", Cambridge Public School District (archived 2004)
  9. ^ The old Latin School arch Retrieved July 17, 2010
  10. ^ Walsh, Colleen. "A NEW SCHOOL CAMPAIGNS FOR CREDIBILITY ; EDUCATOR UPBEAT DESPITE THE CRITICS." Boston Globe. August 14, 2005. City Weekly p. 8. Retrieved on June 3, 2013.
  11. ^ "Bio: Leroy Anderson"
  12. ^ Theroux, Paul (2001). Fresh Air Fiend: Travel Writings, 1985–2000. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 258. ISBN 9780618126934. 
  13. ^ Suspect’s uncle speaks out in ‘anger for the people they murdered’ Boston Herald, April 19, 2013.
  14. ^ 'Public Officials of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 1951-1952,' Biographical Sketch of Walter Joseph Sullivan, pg. 290

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°22′26″N 71°06′44″W / 42.374023°N 71.112191°W / 42.374023; -71.112191