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A choker is a close-fitting necklace, worn high on the neck. This type of jewellery can consist of one or more bands circling the neck. Chokers can be made of a variety of materials, including velvet, plastic, beads, metal, and leather. They are often adorned in a variety of ways, including with sequins, studs, a pendant, or a cameo. It was first invented in China and, later on, it expanded throughout the world.
In culture, it is associated with various subcultures, such as modern wiccan.
Historically, it is associated with high fashion, but takes on a different meaning under different circumstances. For example, a plain red ribbon choker has ties to prostitution, while a plain black woven/ribbon can either signify secret lesbianism (trend rose in depression era, sometimes termed 'romantic friendships'), or (with metal addendum) ties to BDSM subculture.
- Aldrich, Robert (2006). Gay Life & Culture: A World History. p. 212.
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