David Byrne

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David Byrne
David Byrne 2006.jpg
David Byrne speaking at the 2006 Future of Music Policy Summit hosted by the McGill University Schulich School of Music in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Background information
Born (1952-05-14) May 14, 1952 (age 62)
Dumbarton, Scotland
Genres New wave, experimental pop, worldbeat, alternative rock, post-punk, art punk
Occupations Musician, singer-songwriter, artist, writer, actor, director, film producer, record producer
Instruments Vocals, guitar, bass, keyboards, synthesizer, flute, clavinet, slide guitar, harmonica, autoharp, harmonium, violin, accordion buildings[1]
Years active 1974–present
Labels Luaka Bop, Nonesuch, Thrill Jockey, Sire, Warner Bros.
Associated acts Talking Heads, Brian Eno, Caetano Veloso, X-Press 2, Fatboy Slim, The BPA, St. Vincent, Anna Calvi, Arcade Fire, Tom Zé, Ghostigital.
Website www.davidbyrne.com
Notable instruments
Fender Duo-Sonic
Fender Stratocaster

David Byrne (born May 14, 1952) is a Scottish-born[2][3] musician permanently residing[4] in the United States, a founding member and principal songwriter of the American new wave band Talking Heads, active between 1975 and 1991.

Since then, Byrne has released his own solo recordings and worked with various media including film, photography, opera, and non-fiction. He has received Grammy, Oscar, and Golden Globe awards and been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Early life[edit]

David Byrne was born in Dumbarton, Scotland, to parents Tom (from Lambhill, Glasgow) and Emma. He was the elder of two children. Two years later, his parents moved to Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, and then to Arbutus, Maryland, in the United States, when he was 8 or 9 years old. His father worked as an electronics engineer. His mother, Emma Byrne, died on June 25, 2014.[5]

Before high school, Byrne already knew how to play the guitar, accordion, and violin. He was rejected from his middle school's choir because they claimed he was "off-key and too withdrawn". From a young age, he had a strong interest in music. His parents say that he would constantly play his phonograph from age three and he learned how to play the harmonica at age five.[6] In his journals he says, "I was a peculiar young man—borderline Asperger's, I would guess".[7][8] As revealed by Tina Weymouth in the commentary for the concert film Stop Making Sense, Byrne is left-handed but plays guitar right-handed.

Music career[edit]

Talking Heads: 1975–1991[edit]

Main article: Talking Heads
As part of Talking Heads in 1978

He graduated from Lansdowne High School in southwest Baltimore County. Byrne started his musical career in a high school duo named Bizadi with Mark Kehoe. Their repertoire consisted mostly of songs such as "April Showers", "96 Tears", "Dancing On The Ceiling", and Frank Sinatra songs. Byrne then attended the Rhode Island School of Design (during the 1970–71 term) and the Maryland Institute College of Art (during the 1971–72 term) before dropping out and forming a band called "The Artistics" with fellow RISD student Chris Frantz.[9] The band dissolved within a year and the two moved to New York together with Frantz's girlfriend Tina Weymouth. Unable to find a bass player in New York, Frantz and Byrne persuaded Weymouth to learn to play the bass guitar.

After some practice and playing together they founded the group Talking Heads which had its first gig in 1975.[10][11] Multi-instrumentalist Jerry Harrison joined the group in 1977. The band released eight studio albums before going into hiatus in 1988. David Byrne desired to go solo, but it took three years to announce that the band was breaking up in 1991. A brief reunion for a single "Sax and Violins" in 1991 occurred before dissolving again. The band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2002, when they reunited to play four tracks, including "Psycho Killer" and "Burning Down the House".[12]

Solo album career: 1979–1981, 1989–present[edit]

Byrne at London's Royal Festival Hall in April 2009

During his time in the band, Byrne took on outside projects, collaborating with Brian Eno during 1979 and 1981 on the album My Life in the Bush of Ghosts, which attracted considerable critical acclaim due to its early use of analogue sampling and found sounds. Following this record, Byrne focused his attention on Talking Heads. My Life in the Bush of Ghosts was re-released for its 25th anniversary in early 2006, with new bonus tracks. In keeping with the spirit of the original album, two of the songs' component tracks were released under Creative Commons licenses and a remix contest site was launched.

Rei Momo (1989) was the first solo album by Byrne, after leaving Talking Heads, that features mainly Afro-Cuban, Afro-Hispanic, and Brazilian song styles including popular dances including merengue, Cuban Son, samba, mambo, cumbia, cha-cha-chá, bomba, and charanga. His third solo album, Uh-Oh (1992), featured a brass section and was driven by catchy tracks such as "Girls on My Mind" and "The Cowboy Mambo (Hey Lookit Me Now)". His fourth solo album, titled davidenryb (1994), was a more proper rock record, with Byrne playing most of the instruments on it, leaving percussion for session musicians. "Angels" and "Back in the Box" were the two main singles released from the album. The first one entered the U.S. Modern Rock Tracks chart, reaching #24. For his fifth studio effort the emotional Feelings (1997), Byrne employed a brass orchestra called Black Cat Orchestra. His sixth Look into the Eyeball (2001) continued the same musical exploration of Feelings, but was compiled of more upbeat tracks, like those found on Uh-Oh.

Grown Backwards (2004), released by Nonesuch Records, used orchestral string arrangements, and includes two operatic arias as well as a rework of X-Press 2 collaboration "Lazy". He also launched a North American and Australian tour with the Tosca Strings. This tour ended with Los Angeles, San Diego and New York shows in August 2005.

Byrne and Eno reunited for his eighth album Everything That Happens Will Happen Today (2008).[13] He assembled a band to tour worldwide for the album for a six-month period from late 2008 through early 2009 on the Songs of David Byrne and Brian Eno Tour.

His latest studio effort was a collaborative album with American singer St. Vincent called Love This Giant (2012).

Work in theatre and film: 1981–present[edit]

In 1981, Byrne partnered with choreographer Twyla Tharp, scoring music he wrote that appeared on his album The Catherine Wheel for a ballet with the same name, prominently featuring unusual rhythms and lyrics. Productions of The Catherine Wheel appeared on Broadway that same year. In Spite of Wishing and Wanting is a soundscape David Byrne produced for the Belgian choreographer Wim Vandekeybus's dance company Ultima Vez.

In 1991, Byrne released a classical instrumental album The Forest, where some of the tracks were already featured as a score for 1988 Robert Wilson theatre piece of the same name.

His work has been extensively used in movie soundtracks, most notably in collaboration with Ryuichi Sakamoto and Cong Su on Bernardo Bertolucci's The Last Emperor, which won an Academy Award for Best Original Score. In 2004, Lead Us Not Into Temptation (music from the film "Young Adam") included tracks and musical experiments from his score to Young Adam. Byrne also wrote, directed, and starred in True Stories, a musical collage of discordant Americana released in 1986, as well as producing most of the film's music. Byrne also directed the documentary Île Aiye and the concert film of his 1992 Latin-tinged tour titled Between the Teeth. He was chiefly responsible for the stage design and choreography of Stop Making Sense in 1984. Byrne added "Loco de Amor" with Celia Cruz to Jonathan Demme's 1986 film Something Wild.

Byrne wrote the Dirty Dozen Brass Band-inspired score for Robert Wilson's Opera The Knee Plays from The Civil Wars: A Tree Is Best Measured When It Is Down. Some of the music from Byrne's orchestral album The Forest was originally used in a Wilson-directed theatre piece with the same name. The Forest premiered at the Theater der Freien Volksbühne, Berlin in 1988. It received its New York premiere in December 1988 at the Brooklyn Academy of Music (BAM). The Forestry Maxi-single contained dance and industrial remixes of pieces from The Forest by Jack Dangers, Rudy Tambala, and Anthony Capel.

In late 2005, Byrne and Fatboy Slim began work on Here Lies Love, a disco opera or song cycle about the life of Imelda Marcos, the controversial former First Lady of the Philippines. Some music from this piece was debuted at Adelaide Festival of Arts in Australia in February 2006 and the following year at Carnegie Hall on February 3, 2007.

In 2008, Byrne released Big Love: Hymnal – his soundtrack to season two of Big Love. These two albums constituted the first releases on his personal independent record label Todo Mundo.

Byrne and Brian Eno provided the soundtrack for the film Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps.[14]

Other musical contributions: 1990–present[edit]

Byrne has contributed songs to five AIDS benefit compilation albums produced by the Red Hot Organization: Red Hot + Blue: A Tribute to Cole Porter, Red Hot + Rio, Silencio=Muerte: Red Hot + Latin, Onda Sonora: Red Hot + Lisbon, and Offbeat: A Red Hot Soundtrip. Byrne appeared as a guest vocalist/guitarist for 10,000 Maniacs during their MTV Unplugged concert, though the songs in which he is featured were cut from their following album. One of them, "Let the Mystery Be", appeared as the fourth track on 10,000 Maniacs' CD single "Few and Far Between". Byrne worked with the "Queen of Tejano Music", Latin superstar Selena, writing, producing and singing a song ("God's Child (Baila Conmigo)"), included on Selena's last album, Dreaming of You, before her murder. Byrne was the host of Sessions at West 54th during its second of three seasons and collaborated with members of Devo and Morcheeba to record the album Feelings in 1997.

Byrne playing, Austin City Limits, 2008

In 2001 a version of Byrne's single "Like Humans Do", edited to remove its drug reference, was selected by Microsoft as the sample music for Windows XP to demonstrate Windows Media Player (not included in SP2 installs).[15][16]

In 2002, he co-wrote and provided vocals for a track, "Lazy" by X-Press 2, which reached number 2 in the United Kingdom and number 1 on the U.S. Dance Charts. Byrne said in an interview in BBC Four Sessions's coverage of his Union Chapel performance that "Lazy" was number 1 in Syria. The track later featured with orchestral arrangements on his Grown Backwards (2004) album.

In 2006, his singing was featured on "The Heart's a Lonely Hunter" on The Cosmic Game by Thievery Corporation.

He is featured on the tracks "Money" and "The People Tree", on N.A.S.A.'s 2009 album The Spirit of Apollo. Also in 2009, David Byrne appeared on HIV/AIDS charity album Dark Was the Night for Red Hot Organization. He collaborated with Dirty Projectors on the song "Knotty Pine". In the same year, Byrne performed at the Bonnaroo Music Festival in Manchester, Tennessee. He also was a signator of a letter protesting the decision of the Toronto International Film Festival to choose Tel Aviv as the subject of its inaugural City-to-City Spotlight strand.[17]

In 2007, David Byrne provided a cover of The Fiery Furnaces' song "Ex-Guru" for a compilation to celebrate the 15th birthday of Thrill Jockey, a Chicago-based label.

In 2008, Byrne and his production team turned the Battery Maritime Building, a 99-year-old ferry terminal in Manhattan, into a playable musical instrument.[18] The structure was connected electronically to a pipe organ and made playable for a piece called "Playing the Building".[1] This project was previously installed in Stockholm, Sweden in 2005,[19] and later at the London Roundhouse in 2009. It bears similarities to a series of installations created by New Zealand and Detroit based artists Alastair Galbraith and Matt De Genaro, which were recorded on their 1998 record Wire Music and on the 2006 follow-up Long Wires in Dark Museums, Vol. 2. Byrne says that the point of the project was to allow people to experience art first hand, by creating music with the organ, rather than simply looking at it.[20]

In April 2008, Byrne took part in the Paul Simon retrospective concert series at BAM performing "You Can Call Me Al" and "I Know What I Know" from Simon's Graceland album.[21]

In 2008, Byrne collaborated with The Brighton Port Authority, composing the music and singing the lyrics for "Toe Jam".

In May 2011, Byrne contributed backing vocals to the Arcade Fire track "Speaking in Tongues" which appeared on the deluxe edition of their 2010 album The Suburbs.[22]

In March 2013, he debuted a fully staged production of his 2010 concept album Here Lies Love at New York's Public Theater, directed by Tony Award-nominee Alex Timbers following its premiere at MoCA earlier in the year.

In May 2014, David Byrne announced his involvement in Anna Calvi's EP, Strange Weather, collaborating with her on two songs: a cover of Keren Ann's "Strange Weather" and Connan Mockasin's "I’m The Man, That Will Find You".[23]

Other work[edit]

Byrne founded the world music record label Luaka Bop in 1990. It was originally created to release Latin American compilations, but it has grown to include music from Cuba, Africa, the Far East and beyond, releasing the work of artists such as Cornershop, Os Mutantes, Los De Abajo, Jim White, Zap Mama, Tom Zé, Los Amigos Invisibles and King Chango.[24][25]

In 2005, Byrne initiated his own internet radio station, Radio David Byrne.[26] Each month, Byrne posts a playlist of music he likes, linked by themes or genres. Byrne's playlists have included African popular music, country music classics, Vox Humana, classical opera, and film scores from Italian movies.

In 2006, Byrne released Arboretum, a sketchbook facsimile of his Tree Drawings, published by McSweeney's. Byrne is also a visual artist whose work has been shown in contemporary art galleries and museums around the world since the 1990s. Represented by the Pace/MacGill Gallery in New York, he has also created public art installations, many of them anonymously. In 2010 his original artwork was in the exhibition The Record: Contemporary Art and Vinyl at the Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University.[27]

Personal life[edit]

Relationships[edit]

Byrne had a brief affair with Toni Basil in 1981[28] and he dated Twyla Tharp between 1981 and 1982.[28] While visiting Japan in 1983,[29] Byrne met costume designer Adelle Lutz whom he married in 1987.[30] They have a daughter, Malu Abeni Valentine Byrne, born in 1989.[31] Byrne and Lutz divorced in 2004.[32] After his divorce, he became romantically involved with an art curator named Louise Neri.[33] He also had a relationship with the artist Cindy Sherman from 2007 to 2011.[34]

Although a resident of the United States since childhood, Byrne is a British citizen,[35] and only recently[clarification needed] applied for U.S. citizenship.[36] He lives in New York City.

Cycling[edit]

Byrne is known for his activism in support of increased cycling and for having used a bike as his main means of transport throughout his life, especially cycling around New York. He has a regular cycling column in the New York Times and does not own a car.[37]

Byrne says that he began cycling while he was in high school and returned to it as an adult in the late 1970s. He likes the freedom and exhilaration cycling gives him. He has written widely on cycling, including a 2009 book, Bicycle Diaries.[38] In August 2009, Byrne auctioned his Montague folding bike to raise money for the London Cycling Campaign.

In 2008, Byrne designed a series of bicycle parking racks in the form of image outlines corresponding to the areas in which they were located, such as a dollar sign for Wall Street and an electric guitar in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. Byrne worked with a manufacturer that constructed the racks in exchange for the ability to sell them later as art. The racks remained on the streets for about a year.[39]

Works[edit]

Solo studio albums
Talking Heads studio albums
Books[40]
  • True Stories (1986)
  • Strange Ritual, Chronicle Books (1995)
  • Your Action World (1999)
  • The New Sins (Los Nuevos Pecados) (2001)
  • David Byrne Asks You: What Is It? Smart Art Press (2002)
  • Envisioning Emotional Epistemological Information with DVD (2003)
  • Arboretum, (2006)
  • Bicycle Diaries (2009)
  • How Music Works (2012)
Film

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kennedy, Randy (May 30, 2008). "David Byrne's New Band, With Architectural Solos". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2008-05-30. 
  2. ^ Tam, Leo Nardo. "The Dumbarton Road to Nowhere". Retrieved 21 December 2012. "one of Scotland's most famous expats" 
  3. ^ Grant, Richard (2009-03-16). "David Byrne: stay hungry". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 21 December 2012. "born in Dumbarton, Scotland (a point of pride, like his British passport)" 
  4. ^ "David Byrne Can't Vote, But You Can". starpulse.com. 2008-11-04. Retrieved 21 December 2012. "I am an immigrant with a Green Card" 
  5. ^ David Byrne - Emma Byrne
  6. ^ "Rock's Renaissance Man." TIME Magazine. October 27, 1986. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
  7. ^ Indie Rock's Patron Saint Inspires a New Flock – Referencing Bryne's April 15, 2006 journal entry. New York Times, By Will Hermes, January 14, 2007. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
  8. ^ David Byrne Journal: 4.15.06: Military revolt, back pages. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
  9. ^ Gittins, Ian, Talking Heads: Once in a Lifetime : the Stories Behind Every Song, Hal Leonard Corporation, 2004, p. 140 ISBN 0-634-08033-4, ISBN 978-0-634-08033-3.
  10. ^ Isola, Gregory (March 1997). "Tina Talks Heads, Tom Toms, and How to Succeed at Bass Without Really Trying". Bass Player. Archived from the original on 2009-02-10. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  11. ^ Talking Heads Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 15 May 2013
  12. ^ "2002 Induction Ceremony". The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "Tour Dates for David Byrne – Songs of David Byrne and Brian Eno". David Byrne. 2008-08-04. Archived from the original on 2008-08-22. Retrieved 2010-01-11. 
  14. ^ Legel, Laremy (September 23, 2010). "Review: Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps". Film.com. 
  15. ^ David Byrne to Provide Promotional Music for Windows XP: "Like Humans Do" to Give Music Fans a Taste of the Digital Music Experience in Windows XP. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
  16. ^ You May Find Yourself On Windows XP – Forbes.com by Davide Dukcevich, August 21, 2001. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
  17. ^ Toronto film festival hit by protest over Tel Aviv strand by Ben Walters, September 07, 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
  18. ^ Thill, Scott (May 12, 2008). "David Byrne Converts Building Into Giant Instrument". Wired.com (Advance Publications). Archived from the original on 2008-05-19. Retrieved 2010-01-11. 
  19. ^ "David Byrne Playing the Building". October 8, 2005. Retrieved 2010-01-11. 
  20. ^ Brian Baiker. "A Building for a Song." Newsweek. June 2, 2008. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
  21. ^ David Byrne joins Paul Simon on stage in New York, NME. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
  22. ^ Cragg, Michael (2011-05-24). "Arcade Fire feat David Byrne – Speaking in Tongues". The Guardian (London). 
  23. ^ "ANNA CALVI ANNOUNCES 'STRANGE WEATHER' EP, LISTEN TO 'PAPI PACIFY' COVER". Domino. 2014-05-13. Retrieved 2014-05-13. 
  24. ^ Official site Cited June 30, 2009
  25. ^ NPR audio interview July 8, 2000. Retrieved 2010-06-11.
  26. ^ "Radio David Byrne". David Byrne.com. Retrieved 2010-01-11. 
  27. ^ Visual art listing at Bryne's website. Retrieved 2010-06-11.
  28. ^ a b Bowman, David (2001). This Must Be the Place: The Adventures of Talking Heads in the 20th Century. New York: HarperCollins. p. 202. ISBN 978-0-380-97846-5. 
  29. ^ Bowman, p. 235.
  30. ^ Sella, Marshall (April 29, 2001). "Same as He Ever Was". The New York Times. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  31. ^ Bowman, p. 336.
  32. ^ Grant, Richard (March 16, 2009). "David Byrne: Stay Hungry". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  33. ^ Sandall, Robert (February 28, 2004). "How the Talking Head Learnt To Sing from the Heart". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  34. ^ Simon Hattenstone (2011-01-15). "Cindy Sherman interview". London: Guardian. Retrieved 2011-11-02. 
  35. ^ "David Byrne Can't Vote But Hopes You Will." Rolling Stone. November 04, 2008. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
  36. ^ Byrne's free public e-mail announcement the day prior to the 2012 presidential election, urging Americans to vote, says, among other things, "I tried to get dual citizenship in time for the election, but it didn't work out. I'm actually looking forward to taking the test". David Byrne news [at] davidbyrne.com via campaignmail.topspin.net, Mon, Nov 5, 2012 at 5:45 PM; subject: Post Sandy / Election Day.
  37. ^ Sutter, John D. (April 1, 2010). "David Byrne: Song lyrics are overrated". CNN. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  38. ^ Jonathan Maus (July 23, 2009). "Rocker/bike activist David Byrne announces Portland event". BikePortland.org. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  39. ^ Ariel Kaminer. "David Byrne, Cultural Omnivore, Raises Cycling Rack to an Art Form." The New York Times. August 8, 2008. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
  40. ^ "Byrne's bibliography on Byrne's Website". Davidbyrne.com. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  41. ^ "David Byrne website film listing". Davidbyrne.com. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Steenstra, Sytze (2010), Song and circumstance : the work of David Byrne from Talking Heads to the present, Continuum, ISBN 978-0-8264-4168-3 
  • Howell, John; Byrne, David (1992), David Byrne, Thunder's Mouth Press, ISBN 978-1-56025-031-9 
  • Gittins, Ian (2004), Talking Heads once in a lifetime : the stories behind every song, Carlton, ISBN 978-1-84442-671-3 

External links[edit]