Drug policy of India

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The major drug laws of India are the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985) and the Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985).

Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act[edit]

The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Bill, 1985 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 23 August 1985. It was passed by both the Houses of Parliament and it was assented by the President on 16 September 1985. It came into force on 14 November 1985 as THE NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT, 1985 (shortened to NDPS Act). Under the NDPS Act, it is illegal for a person to produce/manufacture/cultivate, possess, sell, purchase, transport, store, and/or consume any narcotic drug or psychotropic substance.

Under one of the provisions of the act, the Narcotics Control Bureau was set up with effect from March 1986. The Act is designed to fulfill India's treaty obligations under the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, Convention on Psychotropic Substances, and United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. The Act has been amended three times - in 1988, 2001, and most recently in 2014. The Act extends to the whole of India and it applies also to all Indian citizens outside India and to all persons on ships and aircraft registered in India.

Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act[edit]

The Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act is a drug control law passed in 1988 by the Parliament of India. It was established to enable the full implementation and enforcement of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act of 1985.

Narcotics Control Bureau[edit]

The Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) is the chief law enforcement and intelligence agency of India responsible for fighting drug trafficking and the abuse of illegal substances.[1][2] It was created on 17 March 1986 to enable the full implementation of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985) and fight its violation through the Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1988).[2]

Controlled Substances[edit]

The following list mentions the names of all substances banned or controlled in India under the NDPS Act. The list uses the International Nonproprietary Name (INN) of the drugs but in some cases mentions drugs by their chemical name. Widely known drugs such as ganja, cocaine, heroin etc. are mentioned by those names.

Cultivation/production/manufacture, possession, sale, purchase, transport, storage, consumption or distribution of any of the following substances, except for medical and scientific purposes and as per the rules or orders and conditions of licences that may be issued, is illegal.[3]

  1. Acetorphine
  2. Acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl
  3. Acetyldihydrocodeine
  4. Acetylmethadol
  5. Alfentanil
  6. Allobarbital
  7. Allylprodine
  8. Alpha-Methyl-4-methylthiophenethylamine
  9. Alphacetylmethadol
  10. Alphameprodine
  11. Alphamethadol
  12. Alpha-methylfentanyl
  13. Alpha-methylthiofentanyl
  14. Alphaprodine
  15. Alprazolam
  16. Amfepramone
  17. Aminorex
  18. Amobarbital
  19. Anileridine
  20. Benzethidine
  21. Benzyl morphine
  22. Betacetylmethadol
  23. Beta-hydroxyfentanyl
  24. Beta-hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl
  25. Betameprodine
  26. Betamethadol
  27. Betaprodine
  28. Bezitramide
  29. Cannabis and cannabis resin (includes Hashish and Charas)
  30. Clonitazene
  31. Coca derivatives
  32. Coca leaf
  33. Cocaine
  34. Codeine
  35. Codoxime
  36. Concentrate of poppy straw
  37. Desomorphine
  38. Dextromoramide
  39. Dextropropoxyphene
  40. Diampromide
  41. Diethylthiambutene
  42. Difenoxin
  43. Dihydrocodeine
  44. Dihydromorphine
  45. Dihydroxydihydromorphinone
  46. Dimenoxadol
  47. Dimepheptanol
  48. Dimethylthiambutene
  49. Dioxaphetyl butyrate
  50. Diphenoxylate
  51. Dipipanone
  52. Drotebanol
  53. Ecgonine
  54. Ethylmethylthiambutene
  55. Ethylmorphine
  56. Etonitazene
  57. Etorphine
  58. Etoxeridine
  59. Fentanyl
  60. Furethidine
  61. Ganja
  62. Heroin
  63. Hydrocodone
  64. Hydromorphinol
  65. Hydromorphone
  66. Hydroxypethidine
  67. Isomethadone
  68. Ketobemidone
  69. Levomethorphan
  70. Levomoramide
  71. Levophenacylmorphan
  72. Levorphanol
  73. Metazocine
  74. Methadone
  75. Methadone intermediate
  76. Methyldihydromorphine
  77. Methyldihydromorphine
  78. 3-Methylfentanyl
  79. 3-Methylthiofentanyl
  80. Metopon
  81. Moramide intermediate
  82. Morpheridine
  83. Morphine
  84. Morphine methobromide
  85. Morphine-N-oxide
  86. MPPP
  87. Myrophine
  88. N-cyclopropyl methyl-7,8-dihydro-7-(1-hydroxy-1 methyl-ethyl) O-methyl-6,14-endoethanonormorphine
  89. Nicocodine
  90. Nicodicodine
  91. Nicomorphine
  92. Noracymethadol
  93. Norcodeine
  94. Norlevorphanol
  95. Normethadone
  96. Normorphine
  97. Norpipanone
  98. Opium
  99. Opium derivatives
  100. Oxycodone
  101. Oxymorphone
  102. Para-fluorofentanyl
  103. PEPAP
  104. Pethidine
  105. Pethidine intermediate A
  106. Pethidine intermediate B
  107. Pethidine intermediate C
  108. Phenadoxone
  109. Phenampromide
  110. Phenazocine
  111. Phenomorphan
  112. Phenoperidine
  113. Pholcodine
  114. Piminodine
  115. Piritramide
  116. Poppy straw
  117. Preparations made from the extract or tincture of Indian Hemp
  118. Proheptazine
  119. Properidine
  120. Propiram
  121. Racemethorphan
  122. Racemoramide
  123. Racemorphan
  124. Sufentanil
  125. Thebacon
  126. Thebaine
  127. Thiofentanyl
  128. Tilidine
  129. Trimeperidine
  130. Brolamfetamine
  131. Cathinone
  132. 3-[2-(diethylamino)ethyl]indole (N,N-Diethyltryptamine)
  133. (+)-2,5-dimethoxy-alpha-methylphenethylamine
  134. 3-(1,2-dimethylheptyl)-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,6,9-trimethyl-6H-dibenzo(b,d)pyran-1-ol
  135. 3-[2-(dimethylamino) ethyl] indole (N,N-Dimethyltryptamine)
  136. (+)-4-ethyl-1,5-dimethoxy-alpha-phenethylamine
  137. Eticyclidine
  138. Etryptamine
  139. (+)-Lysergide
  140. (+)-N,alpha-dimethyl-3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenethylamine
  141. 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine
  142. Methcathinone
  143. (+)-cis-2-amino-4-methyl-5-phenyl-2-oxazoline
  144. 2-methoxy-alpha-methyl-4,5-phenethylamine
  145. (±)-N-ethyl-alpha-methyl-3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenethylamine
  146. (±)-N-(alpha-methyl-3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenethyl) hydroxylamine
  147. 3-hexy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,6,9-trimethyl-6H-dibenzo(b,d)pyran-1-ol
  148. p-methoxy-alpha-methylphenethylamine
  149. 3-(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)indol-4-ol
  150. Psilocybine
  151. Rolicyclidine
  152. 2,5-dimethoxy-alpha,4-dimethylphenethylamine
  153. Tenamfetamine
  154. Tenocyclidine
  155. (+)-3,4,5-trimethoxy-alpha-methyphenethylamine
  156. 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphen Dexamfetamine
  157. Fenetylline
  158. Levamfetamine
  159. (x)-N,alpha-dimethylphenethylamine
  160. Mecloqualone
  161. Metamfetamine
  162. Metamfetamine (racemate)
  163. Methaqualone
  164. Methylphenidate
  165. Phencyclidine
  166. Phenmetrazine
  167. Secobarbital
  168. Dronabinol
  169. Zipeprol
  170. Buprenorphine
  171. Butalbital
  172. Cathine
  173. Cyclobarbital
  174. Flunitrazepam
  175. Glutethimide
  176. Pentazocine
  177. Pentobarbital
  178. Benzfetamine
  179. Bromazepam
  180. 5-butyl-5ric acid
  181. Brotizolam
  182. Camazepam
  183. Chlordiazepoxide
  184. Clobazam
  185. Clonazepam
  186. Clorazepate
  187. Clotiazepam
  188. Cloxazolam
  189. Delorazepam
  190. Diazepam
  191. Estazolam
  192. Ethchlorvynol
  193. Ethinamate
  194. Ethylloflazepate
  195. Etilamfetamine
  196. Fencamfamin
  197. Fenproporex
  198. Fludiazepam
  199. Flurazepam
  200. gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid
  201. Halazepam
  202. Haloxazolam
  203. Ketazolam
  204. Lefetamine
  205. Loprazolam
  206. Lorazepam
  207. Lormetazepam
  208. Mazindol
  209. Medazepam
  210. Mefenorex
  211. Meprobamate
  212. Mesocarb
  213. Methylphenobarbital
  214. Methyprylon
  215. Midazolam
  216. Nimetazepam
  217. Nitrazepam
  218. Nordazepam
  219. Oxazepam
  220. Oxazolam
  221. Pemoline
  222. Phendimetrazine
  223. Phenobarbital
  224. Phentermine
  225. Pinazepam
  226. Pipradrol
  227. Prazepam
  228. Pyrovalerone
  229. Secbutabarbital
  230. Temazepam
  231. Tetrazepam
  232. Triazolam
  233. Vinylbital
  234. Zolpidem
  235. Any mixture or preparation that of with or without a neutral material, of any of the above drugs.
  236. The following isomers and their sterochemical variants:
  • 7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,6,9-trimethyl-3-pentyl-6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran-1-ol (9R,10aR)-8,9,10,10a-trtrahydro-6,6,9-trimethyl-3-pentyl-6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyan-1-ol
  • (6aR,9R,10aR)-6a,9,10,10-a- tetrahydro-6,6,9-tremthyl-3-penthyl-6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran-1-ol
  • (6aR,10aR)-6a,7,10,10a- tetrahydro-6,6,9-tremthyl-3-penthyl-6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran-1-ol
  • 6a,7,8,9-tetrahydro-6,6,9-trimethyl-3-pentyl-6h-dibenzo[b,d]pyran-1-ol
  • (6aR,10aR)-6a,7,8,9,10,10a-hexahydro-6, 6-dimethyl-9-methylene 3-pentyl-6H-dibenxo[b,d]pyran-1-ol

Source: Narcotics Control Bureau

Punishment[edit]

Anyone who contravenes the NDPS Act will face punishment based on the quantity of the banned substance.

  • where the contravention involves small quantity(<1 kg), with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to 6 months, or with fine which may extend to INR10,000 or with both;
  • where the contravention involves quantity lesser than commercial quantity but greater than small quantity, with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to 10 years and with fine which may extend to INR1 lakh;
  • where the contravention involves commercial quantity, with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than 10 years but which may extend to 20 years and shall also be liable to fine which shall not be less than INR1 lakh but which may extend to INR2 lakh.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]