Historical GDP of the People's Republic of China

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This article includes a list of China's historical gross domestic product (GDP) values, the market value of all final goods and services produced by a nation in a given year. The GDP dollar estimates presented here are either calculated at market or government official exchange rates (nominal), or derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. This article also includes historical GDP growth.

Chart showing GDP development trends of China and India (1950-2002).[old info]

In 1985, the State Council of China (SCC) approved to establish a SNA (System of National Accounting), use the GDP to measure the national economy. China started the study of theoretical foundation, guiding, and accounting model etc., for establishing a new system of national economic accounting. In 1986, as the first citizen of the People's Republic of China to receive a Ph.D. in economics from an overseas country, Dr. Fengbo Zhang headed Chinese Macroeconomic Research - the key research project of the seventh Five-Year Plan of China, as well as completing and publishing the China GDP data by China's own research. The summary of the above has been included in the book "Chinese Macroeconomic Structure and Policy" (June 1988) edited by Fengbo Zhang, and collectively authored by the Research Center of the SCC. This is the first GDP data which was published by China.

The research utilized the World Bank’s method as a reference, and made the numerous appropriate adjustments based on China’s national condition. The GDP also has been converted to USD based data by utilizing the moving average exchange rate. The research systematically completed China’s GDP and GDP per capita from 1952 to 1986 and analyzed growth rate, the change and contribution rates of each component. The research also included international comparisons. Additionally, the research compared MPS and SNA, looking at the results from the two systems from analyzing Chinese economy. This achievement created the foundation for China GDP research.

The SCC issued “The notice regarding implementation of System of National Accounting” in August 1992, the Western SNA system officially is introduced to China, replaced Soviet Union's MPS system, Western economic indicator GDP became China’s most important economic indicator. Based on Dr. Fengbo Zhang's research, in 1997, the National Bureau of Statistics of China (NBS), in collaboration with Hitotsubashi University of Japan, re-estimated China’s GDP Data from 1952 up to 1995 based on the SNA principal.

When comparing Fengbo Zhang’s GDP measurement in the 1980s and the GDP in 1997 by the NBS and Japan’s cooperative research, the two are found to be very consistent; the deviation rate each year is very slight, between only 0.1% and 7%. During this period, there were many data adjustments, with weighting factors undergoing significant changes along with each years comparable price amendments, statistical method significant changes result in the substantial deviation. Even with science and technology as advanced as it is today, the single item survey is allowed at least ±3%, or a total of 6% deviation. Despite the extremely difficult conditions of a destroyed economy, blank theory, a lack of data, and simple methods in 1980s, there is so little deviation for such a long period of time and the comprehensiveness of the national economic indicator, indicates that the research conducted by Fengbo Zhang with the support of the extensive group he trained is extremely rigorous, and their result very precise.[1] Xie Fuzhan, former Director, and Ma Jiantang, current Director of the NBS, both participated in Dr. Fengbo Zhang’s research project in the 1980s, as assistant researcher and graduate student, respectively, of the Research Center of the SCC.

Current status[edit]

Proportion of world (countries with data) nominal GDP for the countries with the top 10 highest nominal GDP in 2010, from 1980 to 2010 with IMF projections until 2016. Grey lines show actual US dollar values.[2]

As of 2013, China's nominal GDP by Expenditure approach is 56.88 trillion Chinese yuan or 9.2 trillion US dollars.[3][4]

China's nominal GDP by Expenditure approach surpassed that of Italy in 2000, France in 2002, the United Kingdom in 2006 and that of Germany in 2007, before overtaking Japan in 2009, making China the world's second largest economy after the United States. But adjusting for purchasing power parity (PPP), China surpassed Japan and become the world's second largest economy as early as 2002.

From 1979 until 2010, China's average annual GDP growth was 9.91%, reaching an historical high of 15.2% in 1984 and a record low of 3.8% in 1990. Based on the current price, the country's average annual GDP growth in these 32 years was 15.8%, reaching an historical high of 36.41% in 1994 and a record low of 6.25% in 1999.

China NBS figures[edit]

China's Historical GDP figures for 1978 - 2013 [5]
year GDP (in millions) GDP per capita (based on mid-year population)
CN¥ growth
based on
CN¥(%)
US$ growth
based on
US$(%)
PPP
(Intl.$)
growth
based on
ppp (%)
real
growth
(%)
CN¥ growth
based on
CN¥(%)
US$ PPP
(Intl.$)
real
growth
(%)
p2013 56,884,521 9.5 9,184,997 11.6 13,303,209 8.4 7.7 41,908 9.0 6,767 9,801 7.2
r2012 51,947,010 9.8 8,229,229 12.3 12,273,750 8.6 7.7 38,460 9.3 6,093 9,087 7.2
r2011 47,310,400 17.8 7,324,952 23.5 11,305,769 11.6 9.3 35,198 17.3 5,450 8,411 8.8
r2010 40,151,280 17.8 5,931,203 18.8 10,128,399 11.9 10.4 30,015 17.2 4,434 7,571 9.9
r2009 34,090,281 8.6 4,990,526 10.4 9,049,450 10.2 9.2 25,608 8.0 3,749 6,798 8.7
2008 31,404,543 18.1 4,521,827 29.4 8,214,366 12.1 9.6 23,708 17.5 3,414 6,201 9.1
2007 26,581,031 22.9 3,495,664 28.8 7,329,920 17.5 14.2 20,169 22.2 2,652 5,562 13.6
2006 21,631,443 17.0 2,713,495 20.2 6,239,567 16.3 12.7 16,500 16.3 2,070 4,759 12.0
2005 18,493,737 15.7 2,257,619 16.9 5,364,258 14.2 11.3 14,185 15.0 1,732 4,115 10.7
2004 15,987,834 17.7 1,931,644 17.7 4,697,901 13.0 10.1 12,336 17.0 1,490 3,625 9.4
2003 13,582,276 12.9 1,640,966 12.9 4,157,822 12.3 10.0 10,542 12.2 1,274 3,227 9.3
2002 12,033,269 9.7 1,453,820 9.7 3,701,133 10.8 9.1 9,398 9.0 1,135 2,891 8.4
2001 10,965,517 10.5 1,324,818 10.5 3,338,919 10.7 8.3 8,622 9.7 1,042 2,625 7.5
2000 9,921,455 10.6 1,198,475 10.6 3,014,891 10.8 8.4 7,858 9.8 949 2,388 7.6
1999 8,967,705 6.2 1,083,279 6.3 2,721,556 9.2 7.6 7,159 5.3 865 2,172 6.7
1998 8,440,228 6.9 1,019,462 7.0 2,492,189 9.1 7.8 6,796 5.9 821 2,007 6.8
1997 7,897,303 11.0 952,653 11.3 2,285,333 11.2 9.3 6,420 9.8 774 1,858 8.2
1996 7,117,659 17.1 856,085 17.6 2,054,666 12.1 10.0 5,846 15.9 703 1,688 8.9
1995 6,079,373 26.1 727,981 30.2 1,832,827 13.2 10.9 5,046 24.8 604 1,521 9.7
1994 4,819,786 36.4 559,224 -8.8 1,618,589 15.5 13.1 4,044 34.9 469 1,358 11.8
1993 3,533,392 31.2 613,223 25.6 1,401,823 16.5 14.0 2,998 29.7 520 1,190 12.7
1992 2,692,348 23.6 488,222 19.3 1,203,462 16.9 14.2 2,311 22.1 419 1,033 12.8
1991 2,178,150 16.7 409,173 4.8 1,029,043 13.0 9.2 1,893 15.1 356 894 7.7
1990 1,866,782 9.9 390,279 -13.5 910,270 7.8 3.8 1,644 8.2 344 802 2.3
1989 1,699,232 13.0 451,311 11.7 844,044 8.0 4.1 1,519 11.2 403 755 2.5
1988 1,504,282 24.7 404,149 24.7 781,297 15.1 11.3 1,366 22.8 367 709 9.5
1987 1,205,862 17.4 323,974 8.9 678,661 14.8 11.6 1,112 15.5 299 626 9.8
1986 1,027,518 14.0 297,590 -3.1 590,966 11.2 8.8 963 12.3 279 554 7.2
1985 901,604 25.1 307,023 -0.9 531,421 16.9 13.5 858 23.4 292 506 11.9
1984 720,805 20.9 309,757 2.6 454,455 19.5 15.2 695 19.3 299 438 13.7
1983 596,265 12.0 301,799 7.3 380,210 15.3 10.9 583 10.4 295 372 9.3
1982 532,335 8.8 281,287 -2.0 329,799 15.8 9.1 528 7.2 279 327 7.5
1981 489,156 7.6 286,895 -5.5 284,910 15.1 5.2 492 6.2 289 287 3.9
1980 454,562 11.9 303,446 16.1 247,622 7.8 463 10.5 309 252 6.5
1979 406,258 11.4 261,259 20.7 7.6 419 10.0 270 6.1
1978 364,522 13.2 216,462 11.7 381 11.7 226 10.2
China's GDP figures for 1952-1978
(based on current price; in millions of GDP; real growth of %)
year GDP (in millions) GDP per capita
CN¥ growth real
growth
CN¥ growt real
growth
1978 364,522 13.2 11.7 381 11.7 10.2
1977 322,105 8.8 7.6 341 7.2 6.2
1976 296,147 -1.7 -1.6 318 -3.3 -3.1
1975 301,311 7.5 8.7 329 5.8 6.8
1974 280,374 2.6 2.3 311 0.3 0.2
1973 273,335 8.0 7.9 310 5.4 5.4
1972 253,022 3.9 3.8 294 1.4 1.2
1971 243,526 7.7 7.1 290 5.1 4.1
1970 226,132 16.2 19.4 276 13.1 16.1
1969 194,578 12.5 16.9 244 9.4 13.7
1968 173,016 -2.8 -4.1 223 -5.5 -6.6
1967 178,028 -5.0 -5.7 236 -7.5 -8.1
1966 187,308 9.1 10.7 255 6.3 7.7
1965 171,720 18.0 17 240 15.4 14.3
1964 145,554 17.7 18.3 208 14.9 15.5
1963 123,637 7.4 10.2 181 4.6 7.5
1962 115,124 -5.7 -5.6 173 -6.5 -6.4
1961 122,094 -16.2 -27.3 185 -15.1 -26.6
1960 145,747 1.2 -0.3 218 0.9 -0.5
1959 144,036 10.1 8.8 216 8.0 6.7
1958 130,821 22.3 21.3 200 19.0 18.3
1957 106,929 3.9 5.1 168 1.2 2.4
1956 102,898 13.0 15 166 10.7 12.7
1955 91,078 6.0 6.8 150 4.2 4.5
1954 85,938 4.3 4.2 144 1.4 1.8
1953 82,419 21.4 15.6 142 19.3 13.1
1952 67,900 119

Components of GDP[edit]

Components of GDP by Expenditure Approach(in 100 millions CN¥) [4][6]
year GDP Final Consumption Expenditures Gross Capital Formation Net Exports of Goods and Services
Total Household Government Total Gross Fixed Capital Formation Change in Inventories Total
p2012 527,607.70 259,599.60 188,370.10 71,229.60 253,524.30 243,151.90 10,372.40 14,483.80
p2011 472,619.00 232,112.00 228,344.00 215,682.00 12,662.00 12,163.00
r2010 402,816.47 194,114.96 140,758.65 53,356.31 193,603.91 183,615.16 9,988.75 15,097.60
r2009 348,775.12 169,274.80 123,584.62 45,690.18 164,463.22 156,679.79 7,783.43 15,037.10
2008 315,974.60 153,422.49 111,670.40 41,752.09 138,325.30 128,084.42 10,240.88 24,226.80
2007 266,599.21 132,232.87 96,332.50 35,900.30 110,943.25 103,948.61 6,994.64 23,423.10
2006 222,712.53 113,103.85 82,575.45 30,528.40 92,954.08 87,954.06 5,000.02 16,654.60
2005 187,423.47 99,357.54 72,958.71 26,398.83 77,856.82 74,232.86 3,623.96 10,209.10
2004 160,956.58 87,552.58 65,218.48 22,334.10 69,168.40 65,117.70 4,050.70 4,235.60
2003 136,613.41 77,685.51 57,649.81 20,035.70 55,963.00 53,490.70 2,472.30 2,964.90
2002 120,475.62 71,816.52 53,056.57 18,759.95 45,565.00 43,632.10 1,932.90 3,094.10
2001 109,028.99 66,933.89 49,435.86 17,498.03 39,769.40 37,754.50 2,014.90 2,324.70
2000 98,749.00 61,516.00 45,854.60 15,661.40 34,842.80 33,844.40 998.40 2,390.20
1999 91,125.00 55,636.90 41,920.40 13,716.50 32,951.50 30,527.30 2,424.20 2,536.60
1998 86,531.60 51,588.20 39,229.30 12,358.90 31,314.20 28,569.00 2,745.20 3,629.20
1997 81,658.50 48,140.60 36,921.50 1,1219.10 29,968.00 25,965.00 4,003.00 3,549.90
1996 74,163.60 43,919.50 33,955.90 9,963.60 28,784.90 24,048.10 4,736.80 1,459.20
1995 63,216.90 36,748.20 28,369.70 8,378.50 25,470.10 20,885.00 4,585.10 998.60
1994 50,217.40 29,242.20 21,844.20 7,398.00 20,341.10 17,312.70 3,028.40 634.10
1993 36,938.10 21,899.90 16,412.10 5,487.80 15,717.70 13,309.20 2,408.50 -679.50
1992 27,565.20 17,203.30 13,000.10 4,203.20 10,086.30 8,513.70 1,572.60 275.60
1991 22,577.40 14,091.90 10,730.60 3,361.30 7,868.00 6,070.30 1,797.70 617.50
1990 19,347.80 12,090.50 9,450.90 2,639.60 6,747.00 4,827.80 1,919.20 510.30
1989 17,311.30 11,164.20 8,812.60 2,351.60 6,332.70 4,419.40 1,913.30 -185.60
1988 15,388.60 9,839.50 7,868.10 1,971.40 5,700.20 4,701.90 998.30 -151.10
1987 12,277.40 7,804.60 6,126.10 1,678.50 4,462.00 3,798.70 663.30 10.80
1986 10,508.50 6,821.80 5,302.10 1,519.70 3,941.90 3,139.70 802.20 -255.20
1985 9,076.70 5,986.30 4,687.40 1,298.90 3,457.50 2,672.00 785.50 -367.10
1984 7,362.70 4,846.30 3,742.00 1,104.30 2,515.10 2,147.00 368.10 1.30
1983 6,216.20 4,126.40 3,231.10 895.30 2,039.00 1,723.30 315.70 50.80
1982 5,590.00 3,714.80 2,902.90 811.90 1,784.20 1,503.20 281.00 91.00
1981 5,008.80 3,361.50 2,627.90 733.60 1,630.20 1,339.30 290.90 17.10
1980 4,592.90 3,007.90 2,331.20 676.70 1,599.70 1,322.40 277.30 -14.70
1979 4,092.60 2,633.70 2,011.50 622.20 1,478.90 1,153.10 325.80 -20.00
1978 3,605.60 2,239.10 1,759.10 480.00 1,377.90 1,073.90 304.00 -11.40
Components of GDP by Industries (in 100 millions CN¥) [7]
year GNI GDP Agriculture Industry Services
p2012 516,662.00 519,322.10 52,377.00 235,319.60 231,626.50
p2011 472,115.04 472,881.56 47,486.21 220,412.81 204,982.53
r2010 399,759.54 401,512.80 40,533.60 187,383.22 173,595.98
r2009 340,319.95 340,902.81 35,226.00 157,638.78 148,038.04
2008 316,030.34 314,045.43 33,702.00 149,003.44 131,339.99
2007 266,422.00 265,810.31 28,627.00 125,831.36 111,351.95
2006 215,904.41 216,314.43 24,040.00 103,719.54 88,554.88
2005 183,617.37 184,937.37 22,420.00 87,598.09 74,919.28
2004 159,453.60 159,878.34 21,412.73 73,904.31 64,561.29
2003 134,976.97 135,822.76 17,381.72 62,436.31 56,004.73
2002 119,095.69 120,332.69 16,537.02 53,896.77 49,898.90
2001 108,068.22 109,655.17 15,781.27 49,512.29 44,361.61
2000 98,000.45 99,214.55 14,944.72 45,555.88 38,713.95
1999 88,479.15 89,677.05 14,770.03 41,033.58 33,873.44
1998 83,024.28 84,402.28 14,817.63 39,004.19 30,580.47
1997 78,060.85 78,973.03 14,441.89 37,543.00 26,988.15
1996 70,142.49 71,176.59 14,015.39 33,834.96 23,326.24
1995 59,810.53 60,793.73 12,135.81 28,679.46 19,978.46
1994 48,108.46 48,197.86 9,572.69 22,445.40 16,179.76
1993 35,260.02 35,333.92 6,963.76 16,454.43 11,915.73
1992 26,937.28 26,923.48 5,866.60 11,699.50 9,357.38
1991 21,826.20 21,781.50 5,342.20 9,102.20 7,337.10
1990 18,718.32 18,667.82 5,062.00 7,717.40 5,888.42
1989 17,000.92 16,992.32 4,265.92 7,278.00 5,448.40
1988 15,036.82 15,042.82 3,865.36 6,587.20 4,590.26
1987 12,050.62 12,058.62 3,233.04 5,251.60 3,573.97
1986 10,274.38 10,275.18 2,788.69 4,492.70 2,993.79
1985 9,040.74 9,016.04 2,564.40 3,866.60 2,585.04
1984 7,243.75 7,208.05 2,316.09 3,105.70 1,786.26
1983 5,985.55 5,962.65 1,978.39 2,646.20 1,338.06
1982 5,330.45 5,323.35 1,777.40 2,383.00 1,162.95
1981 4,889.46 4,891.56 1,559.46 2,255.50 1,076.60
1980 4,545.62 4,545.62 1,371.59 2,192.00 982.03
1979 4,062.58 4,062.58 1,270.19 1,913.50 878.89
1978 3,645.22 3,645.22 1,027.53 1,745.20 872.48

Quarterly GDP[edit]

China's quarterly GDP estimation was formally established in 1992. Afterwards, following the development of SNA of China, quarterly GDP is successively standardized and improved in estimation methodology, accounting classification, accounting procedure, release time and data quality control. Accumulated quarterly GDP estimation is formed. Not only quarterly GDP estimation by industries is established but also quarterly GDP estimation at expenditure approach is being studied. the following is the quarterly GDP list.

List of China's quarterly GDP 1992-2013 (in millions of CNY) [8]
year quarter 1 quarter 2 quarter 3 quarter 4 sum
GDP growth (%)
at current price
GDP growth (%)
at current price
GDP growth (%)
at current price
GDP growth (%)
at current price
GDP growth (%)
at current price
real growth
(%)
p2013 11,886,208 9.6 12,916,237 8.1 13,907,579 10.6 18,174,497 9.7 56,884,521 9.5 7.7
r2012 10,847,197 11.3 11,953,112 9.7 12,573,846 8.5 16,572,855 9.9 51,947,010 9.8 7.7
r2011 9,747,954 18.0 10,900,857 18.1 11,585,656 18.5 15,075,938 17.0 47,310,405 17.8 9.3
r2010 8,261,339 18.3 9,226,544 17.7 9,774,791 17.6 12,888,606 17.6 40,151,280 17.8 10.4
r2009 6,981,692 5.3 7,838,668 5.7 8,309,973 8.6 10,959,948 13.0 34,090,281 8.6 9.2
2008 6,628,378 21.1 7,419,404 21.1 7,654,832 19.4 9,701,929 13.2 31,404,543 18.1 9.6
2007 5,475,589 20.8 6,124,300 22.2 6,410,217 23.5 8,570,925 24.3 26,581,031 22.9 14.2
2006 4,531,583 15.8 5,011,269 17.1 5,191,274 16.0 6,897,317 18.3 21,631,443 17.0 12.7
2005 3,911,743 17.0 4,279,514 15.7 4,474,447 13.1 5,828,033 16.8 18,493,737 15.7 11.3
2004 3,342,065 15.8 3,698,524 19.3 3,956,168 18.2 4,991,077 17.5 15,987,834 17.7 10.1
2003 2,886,181 13.7 3,100,706 10.9 3,346,045 12.6 4,249,344 14.0 13,582,276 12.9 10.0
2002 2,537,569 8.9 2,796,532 9.0 2,971,570 10.6 3,727,598 10.2 12,033,269 9.7 9.1
2001 2,329,954 12.8 2,565,132 11.0 2,686,733 10.4 3,383,698 8.7 10,965,517 10.5 8.3
2000 2,064,696 9.9 2,310,126 11.2 2,433,928 11.3 3,112,705 10.1 9,921,455 10.6 8.4
1999 1,878,968 7.4 2,076,520 5.3 2,185,934 7.3 2,826,283 5.4 8,967,705 6.2 7.6
1998 1,750,131 7.7 1,972,141 5.5 2,037,252 6.4 2,680,704 7.8 8,440,228 6.9 7.8
1997 1,625,668 14.0 1,869,763 12.6 1,914,805 8.4 2,487,067 9.8 7,897,303 11.0 9.3
1996 1,426,122 20.3 1,660,056 17.7 1,767,128 13.8 2,264,353 17.4 7,117,659 17.1 10.0
1995 1,185,847 30.8 1,410,910 27.3 1,553,499 24.8 1,929,117 23.7 6,079,373 26.1 10.9
1994 906,473 39.4 1,108,500 37.8 1,244,692 37.6 1,560,121 32.9 4,819,786 36.4 13.1
1993 650,050 30.7 804,304 26.5 904,797 27.1 1,174,241 38.6 3,533,392 31.2 14.0
1992 497,433 635,779 711,935 847,201 2,692,348 23.4 14.2

Average Figures of Three Agencies (United Nations, World Bank, and I.M.F.)[edit]

Average figures of three agencies(United Nations, World bank and IMF)
(in millions of USD)
year  China comparable country
the former the later
GDP Rank Country GDP Rank Country GDP Rank
2011 7,281,423 2  United States 15,053,658 1  Japan 5,878,175 3
2010 5,937,461 2  United States 14,455,208 1  Japan 5,488,464 3
2009 5,017,084 3  Japan 5,035,142 2  Germany 3,301,489 4
2008 4,524,536 3  Japan 4,849,193 2  Germany 3,629,367 4
2007 3,494,214 3  Japan 4,356,341 2  Germany 3,325,402 4
2006 2,737,707 4  Germany 2,903,648 3  United Kingdom 2,451,355 5
2005 2,265,831 5  United Kingdom 2,291,673 4  France 2,137,772 6
2004 1,933,264 6  France 2,056,591 5  Italy 1,736,281 7
2003 1,643,279 6  France 1,793,333 5  Italy 1,515,450 7
2002 1,454,405 5  United Kingdom 1,605,856 4  France 1,453,757 6
2001 1,322,059 6  France 1,338,696 5  Italy 1,124,021 7
2000 1,196,598 6  France 1,327,630 5  Italy 1,105,089 7
1999 1,089,113 7  Italy 1,208,697 6  Canada 661,256 8
1998 1,028,046 7  Italy 1,225,121 6  Brazil 843,927 8
1997 963,449 7  Italy 1,199,099 6  Brazil 871,308 8
1996 868,061 7  United Kingdom 1,223,472 6  Brazil 839,806 8
1995 737,638 8  Brazil 769,214 7  Spain 596,815 9
1994 567,034 7  Italy 1,059,423 6  Canada 564,483 8

United Nations Figures at Expenditure Approach[edit]

Comparison of China's historical GDP Perra rankings in the world by year
(United Nations figures, in millions)[9]
year China GDP comparable country
former rank later rank
GDP(CNY) GDP(USD) rank country GDP(USD) rank country GDP(USD) rank
r2011 46,547,000 7,203,784 2  United States 14,991,300 1  Japan 5,870,357 3
r2010 40,293,000 5,951,462 2  United States 14,419,600 1  Japan 5,488,424 3
r2009 34,631,660 5,069,470 2  United States 13,898,300 1  Japan 5,035,142 3
2008 31,490,130 4,531,831 3  Japan 4,849,185 2  Germany 3,623,688 4
2007 26,583,390 3,494,351 3  Japan 4,356,347 2  Germany 3,323,810 4
2006 22,224,000 2,787,254 4  Germany 2,902,749 3  United Kingdom 2,444,581 5
2005 18,713,120 2,283,671 5  United Kingdom 2,295,843 4  France 2,136,555 6
2004 16,080,010 1,942,781 6  France 2,055,678 5  Italy 1,727,825 7
2003 13,663,480 1,650,770 6  France 1,792,146 5  Italy 1,507,113 7
2002 12,047,560 1,455,554 5  United Kingdom 1,617,062 4  France 1,452,097 6
2001 10,902,800 1,317,230 6  France 1,338,291 5  Italy 1,117,348 7
2000 9,874,900 1,192,836 6  France 1,327,963 5  Italy 1,097,343 7
1999 9,112,500 1,100,776 7  Italy 1,200,787 6  Canada 661,251 8
1998 8,653,160 1,045,199 7  Italy 1,217,119 6  Brazil 843,828 8
1997 8,165,850 985,046 7  Italy 1,192,354 6  Brazil 871,201 8
1996 7,416,360 892,014 7  United Kingdom 1,219,621 6  Spain 839,684 8
1995 6,321,690 756,960 8  Brazil 768,951 7  Spain 596,754 9
1994 5,021,740 582,653 7  Italy 1,053,977 6  Canada 564,478 8
1993 3,693,810 641,069 7  United Kingdom 981,162 6  Canada 563,676 8
1992 2,756,520 499,859 9  Canada 579,520 8  Russia 490,313 10
1991 2,257,740 424,117 10  Russia 560,377 9  Brazil 374,154 11
1990 1,934,780 404,494 10  Spain 520,938 9  Brazil 402,137 11
1989 1,731,130 459,782 9  Canada 555,517 8  Spain 402,726 10
1988 1,538,860 413,439 9  Canada 498,164 8  Spain 365,231 10
1987 1,227,740 329,851 9  Canada 421,533 8  Spain 309,478 10
1986 1,050,850 304,348 9  Canada 368,867 8  India 248,120 10
1985 907,670 309,083 9  Canada 355,708 8  India 226,460 10
1984 736,270 317,352 9  Canada 347,150 8  India 217,467 10
1983 621,620 314,637 9  Canada 333,804 8  India 219,555 10
1982 559,000 295,370 9  Canada 307,894 8  Brazil 238,784 10
1981 500,880 293,852 9  Canada 300,666 8  Mexico 292,179 10
1980 459,290 306,520 8  Italy 459,811 7  Canada 268,889 9
1979 409,260 263,190 8  Italy 379,299 7  Canada 238,664 9
1978 360,560 214,160 9  Canada 214,677 8  Brazil 168,803 10
1977 320,190 172,347 9  Canada 207,789 8  Brazil 148,672 10
1976 294,370 151,628 9  Canada 202,829 8  Brazil 127,741 10
1975 299,730 161,162 9  Canada 170,692 8  Spain 111,435 10
1974 278,990 142,255 9  Canada 157,498 8  Australia 103,756 10
1973 272,090 136,769 8  Italy 169,088 7  Canada 128,945 9
1972 251,810 112,161 8  Italy 139,953 7  Canada 111,031 9
1971 242,640 98,562 8  Italy 120,124 7  Canada 97,475 9
1970 225,270 91,506 8  Italy 109,260 7  Canada 86,303 9

World Bank WDI[edit]

Comparison of China's historical GDP rankings in the world by year
(World Bank WDI figures, in millions of USD)[10]
year China GDP comparable country
former rank later rank
GDP rank country GDP rank country GDP rank
2011 7,318,499 2  United States 15,094,000 1  Japan 5,867,154 3
2010 5,930,529 2  United States 14,447,100 1  Japan 5,488,416 3
2009 4,991,256 3  Japan 5,035,142 2  Germany 3,298,636 4
2008 4,521,827 3  Japan 4,849,208 2  Germany 3,623,686 4
2007 3,494,056 3  Japan 4,356,329 2  Germany 3,323,807 4
2006 2,712,951 4  Germany 2,902,749 3  United Kingdom 2,444,579 5
2005 2,256,903 5  United Kingdom 2,280,539 4  France 2,136,555 6
2004 1,931,644 6  France 2,055,679 5  Italy 1,735,522 7
2003 1,640,959 6  France 1,792,214 5  Italy 1,514,504 7
2002 1,453,828 5  United Kingdom 1,611,763 4  France 1,452,030 6
2001 1,324,805 6  France 1,338,302 5  Italy 1,123,703 7
2000 1,198,480 6  France 1,326,335 5  Italy 1,104,009 7
1999 1,083,278 7  Italy 1,208,180 6  Canada 661,265 8
1998 1,019,459 7  Italy 1,224,579 6  Brazil 843,827 8
1997 952,653 7  Italy 1,198,654 6  Brazil 871,200 8
1996 856,085 7  United Kingdom 1,219,541 6  Brazil 839,683 8
1995 728,007 8  Brazil 768,951 7  Spain 596,751 9
1994 559,225 8  Canada 564,494 7  Brazil 546,233 9
1993 440,501 9  Spain 509,819 8  Brazil 438,300 10
1992 422,661 10  Russia 460,205 9  Brazil 390,567 11
1991 379,469 11  Brazil 407,338 10  Australia 329,965 12
1990 356,937 11  Brazil 461,952 10  India 317,467 12
1989 343,974 11  Spain 402,706 10  Australia 301,853 12
1988 309,523 10  Brazil 330,397 9  India 293,150 11
1987 270,372 11  India 276,004 10  Netherlands 226,988 12
1986 297,832 8  Canada 368,867 7  Brazil 268,137 9
1985 306,667 8  Canada 355,704 7  India 229,941 9
1984 257,432 8  Canada 347,141 7  India 209,670 9
1983 228,456 8  Canada 333,809 7  India 215,169 9
1982 203,183 9  Brazil 281,682 8  India 197,661 10
1981 194,111 11  Spain 196,915 10  India 190,454 12
1980 189,400 11  Mexico 194,357 10  India 183,799 12
1979 176,635 10  Spain 208,366 9  Netherlands 166,429 11
1978 148,179 10  Spain 155,933 9  Netherlands 145,330 11
1977 172,349 9  Brazil 176,171 8  Spain 128,601 10
1976 151,628 9  Brazil 152,678 8  Spain 115,064 10
1975 161,162 8  Canada 170,685 7  Brazil 123,709 9
1974 142,255 8  Canada 157,503 7  Brazil 105,136 9
1973 136,770 7  Italy 169,084 6  Canada 128,943 8
1972 112,160 7  Italy 139,956 6  Canada 111,034 8
1971 98,562 7  Italy 120,120 6  Canada 97,474 8
1970 91,506 7  Japan 109,255 6  Italy 86,304 8
1969 78,719 6  Italy 97,085 5  Canada 77,888 7
1968 69,993 7  Canada 70,759 6  India 52,432 8
1967 72,057 6  Italy 81,133 5  Canada 64,769 7
1966 75,879 5  Japan 105,628 4  Italy 73,655 6
1965 69,709 5  Japan 90,950 4  Italy 67,978 6
1964 58,613 6  Italy 63,175 5  India 55,871 7
1963 50,280 6  Italy 57,711 5  India 47,880 7
1962 46,464 6  Italy 50,384 5  Canada 41,979 7
1961 50,101 5  Japan 53,509 4  Italy 44,843 6
1960 61,378 4  France 62,651 3  Japan 44,307 5

I.M.F. Figures[edit]

Comparison of China's historical GDP rankings in the world by year
(in billions of USD, I.M.F. W.E.O. April 2014 figures[2])
year  China comparable country
the former the later
GDP rank country GDP rank country GDP rank
2014 10,027.56 2  United States 17,528.38 1  Japan 4,846.33 3
2013 9,181.38 2  United States 16,799.70 1  Japan 4,901.53 3
2012 8,229.38 2  United States 16,244.58 1  Japan 5,937.77 3
2011 7,321.99 2  United States 15,533.83 1  Japan 5,905.63 3
2010 5,930.39 2  United States 14,958.30 1  Japan 5,495.39 3
2009 4,990.53 3  Japan 5,035.14 2  Germany 3,307.20 4
2008 4,519.95 3  Japan 4,849.19 2  Germany 3,640.73 4
2007 3,494.24 3  Japan 4,356.34 2  Germany 3,328.59 4
2006 2,712.92 4  Germany 2,905.45 3  United Kingdom 2,456.52 5
2005 2,256.92 5  United Kingdom 2,298.64 4  France 2,140.21 6
2004 1,931.65 6  France 2,058.41 5  Italy 1,737.80 7
2003 1,640.96 6  France 1,795.64 5  Italy 1,517.40 7
2002 1,453.83 6  France 1,457.14 5  Italy 1,229.52 7
2001 1,324.81 6  France 1,339.49 5  Italy 1,124.67 7
2000 1,198.48 6  France 1,330.22 5  Italy 1,107.25 7
1999 1,083.29 7  Italy 1,202.40 6  Canada 661.25 8
1998 1,019.48 7  Italy 1,218.67 6  Brazil 841.297 8
1997 952.649 7  Italy 1,193.62 6  Brazil 871.522 8
1996 856.084 7  United Kingdom 1,220.85 6  Brazil 840.05 8
1995 727.95 8  Brazil 769.74 7  Spain 597.28 9
1994 559.23 8  Canada 564.48 7  Brazil 546.49 9
1993 613.22 7  United Kingdom 982.62 6  Canada 563.68 8
1992 488.22 9  Canada 579.52 8  Mexico 400.12 10
1991 409.17 9  Spain 560.48 8  Brazil 407.73 10
1990 390.28 10  Brazil 465.00 9  Australia 328.20 10
1989 451.31 8  Canada 555.52 7  Brazil 448.77 9
1988 404.15 8  Canada 498.16 7  Spain 363.91 8
1987 323.97 8  Canada 421.53 7  Brazil 319.55 9
1986 297.59 8  Canada 368.87 7  Brazil 293.58 9
1985 307.02 8  Canada 355.71 7  India 253.08 9
1984 310.69 8  Canada 347.15 7  India 220.15 9
1983 301.80 8  Canada 333.80 7  India 219.17 9
1982 281.28 8  Canada 307.89 7  Mexico 211.17 9
1981 168.37 15  Argentina 169.74 14  Netherlands 152.72 16
1980 202.46 11  Argentina 209.00 10  Netherlands 181.01 12

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ the average exchange rate of CNY to USD is CNY 6.3125 per USD in 2012. also see List of CNY exchange rates.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ China Economic History
  2. ^ a b IMF: April 2014 WEO Database
  3. ^ http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/zxfb/201401/t20140120_502082.html
  4. ^ a b BRICS Joint Statistical Publication 2013 http://www.statssa.gov.za/news_archive/Docs/FINAL_BRICS%20PUBLICATION_PRINT_23%20MARCH%202013_Reworked.pdf http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/qtsj/jzgj2013/P020130329611645357273.pdf
  5. ^ the gross domestic product in 2013 is a preliminary data according to Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2013 National Economic and Social Development (China NBS, February 22, 2013); the Data of GDP in 2011 is the Final Verification (January 7, 2013), see China NBS: Bulletin on the Final Verification Data of GDP in 2011; Data GDP 1978-2010 is from China Statistical Yearbook 2012 (ISBN 978-7-5037-6693-0/C•2752). Purchasing power parity (PPP) is estimate according to IMF WEO Apr. 16, 2013 figures; Exchange rate of CN¥ to US$ is according to State Administration of Foreign Exchange, pubulished on China Statistical Yearbook 2012
  6. ^ Expenditure approach figures are from China Statistical Yearbook 2012(ISBN 978-7-5037-6693-0/C•2752)
  7. ^ figures of Components of GDP by industries are from China Statistical Yearbook 2012(ISBN 978-7-5037-6693-0/C•2752)
  8. ^ Quarterly GDP figures are from China NBS Quarterly Data (old edition) or Chinese (new)
  9. ^ UN National Accounts Main Aggregates DATABASE (Dec. 2012)
  10. ^ World Bank: GDP Data

Further reading[edit]

  • Ta-Chung Liu, Kung-Chia Yeh: The Economy of the Chinese Mainland. National Income and Economic Development, 1933-1959. Princeton N. J. Princeton University Press