Hugoton, Kansas

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Hugoton, Kansas
City
Stevens County Courthouse in Hugoton
Stevens County Courthouse in Hugoton
Motto: Natural Gas Capital
Location within Stevens County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Stevens County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 37°10′35″N 101°20′44″W / 37.17639°N 101.34556°W / 37.17639; -101.34556Coordinates: 37°10′35″N 101°20′44″W / 37.17639°N 101.34556°W / 37.17639; -101.34556
Country United States
State Kansas
County Stevens
Founded 1885
Government
 • Mayor Jack E. Rowden
Area[1]
 • Total 1.75 sq mi (4.53 km2)
 • Land 1.75 sq mi (4.53 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,110 ft (948 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,904
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 3,927
 • Density 2,200/sq mi (860/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67951
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-33425 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0470626 [5]
Website CityOfHugoton.com

Hugoton is a city in and the county seat of Stevens County, Kansas, United States.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 3,904.[7]

History[edit]

Settlers from McPherson, Kansas established a settlement in what was then west-central Seward County, Kansas in 1885.[8][9] They originally named this settlement Hugo in honor of French writer Victor Hugo, but then changed its name to Hugoton to distinguish it from Hugo, Colorado.[10][11] The first post office in Hugoton was established in April 1886.[12]

In 1886, the Kansas Legislature reestablished the surrounding area as Stevens County, and Gov. John Martin designated Hugoton as the interim county seat. This set off a violent county seat war with nearby Woodsdale. Hugoton became the permanent county seat in 1887, but the conflict continued, culminating in the Hay Meadow Massacre.[9]

During the 1890s, economic decline drove many residents to leave for newly opened territories in the American Southwest, and the population declined significantly.[9] The Santa Fe Railway reached Hugoton in 1913, which spurred growth.[10][13] Natural gas was discovered southwest of the city in 1927, leading to the development of the Hugoton Natural Gas Area and the transformation of Hugoton into a major center of natural gas extraction.[14]

Geography[edit]

Map of Stevens County, Kansas including Hugoton and surrounding communities

Hugoton is located at 37°10′35″N 101°20′44″W / 37.17639°N 101.34556°W / 37.17639; -101.34556 (37.176367, -101.345569)[15] at an elevation of 3,110 feet (948 m).[5] Located in southwestern Kansas at the intersection of U.S. Route 56, K-25, and K-51, Hugoton is approximately 136 miles (219 km) north of Amarillo, 222 miles (357 km) west-southwest of Wichita, and 271 miles (436 km) southeast of Denver.[16][17]

It lies in the High Plains region of the Great Plains approximately 11 miles (18 km) southeast of the Cimarron River.[16][18] It also lies within, and is the namesake of, the Hugoton Natural Gas Area. The Hugoton natural gas field is the largest such field in North America and the second largest in the world.[19]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.75 square miles (4.53 km2), all land.[1]

Climate[edit]

Hugoton has a semi-arid steppe climate (Köppen BSk) with hot, dry summers and cold, dry winters. The average temperature is 55 °F (13 °C), and the average yearly precipitation is 18.4 inches (468 mm). Hugoton experiences precipitation an average of 58 days a year and snowfall an average of 4 days a year. Snowfall averages 10.4 inches (264 mm) per year.[20] On average, the coldest month is January, the hottest month is July, and the wettest month is May. The hottest temperature recorded in Hugoton was 112 °F (44 °C) in 1980; the coldest temperature recorded was -20 °F (-29 °C) in 1959.[21]

Climate data for Hugoton, Kansas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 82
(28)
88
(31)
93
(34)
99
(37)
104
(40)
112
(44)
109
(43)
108
(42)
104
(40)
96
(36)
90
(32)
84
(29)
112
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 45
(7)
51
(11)
59
(15)
69
(21)
77
(25)
88
(31)
93
(34)
90
(32)
82
(28)
72
(22)
57
(14)
47
(8)
69.2
(20.7)
Daily mean °F (°C) 32
(0)
37
(3)
45
(7)
54
(12)
64
(18)
74
(23)
79
(26)
77
(25)
69
(21)
57
(14)
43
(6)
34
(1)
55.4
(13)
Average low °F (°C) 17
(−8)
22
(−6)
29
(−2)
39
(4)
49
(9)
60
(16)
64
(18)
62
(17)
53
(12)
40
(4)
27
(−3)
19
(−7)
40.1
(4.5)
Record low °F (°C) −20
(−29)
−14
(−26)
−3
(−19)
15
(−9)
29
(−2)
39
(4)
45
(7)
47
(8)
29
(−2)
13
(−11)
−4
(−20)
−13
(−25)
−20
(−29)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.42
(10.7)
0.38
(9.7)
1.29
(32.8)
1.65
(41.9)
2.99
(75.9)
2.85
(72.4)
2.66
(67.6)
2.06
(52.3)
1.65
(41.9)
1.18
(30)
0.86
(21.8)
0.44
(11.2)
18.43
(468.2)
Snowfall inches (cm) 3.7
(9.4)
1.1
(2.8)
1.9
(4.8)
0.3
(0.8)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.5)
0.6
(1.5)
2.5
(6.4)
10.4
(26.5)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 2.7 2.7 4.9 5.5 7.7 7.0 6.6 5.9 5.2 3.9 3.3 2.7 58.0
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.3 1.0 4.2
Source: National Weather Service;[20] The Weather Channel[21]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 136
1900 54 −60.3%
1910 105 94.4%
1920 644 513.3%
1930 1,368 112.4%
1940 1,349 −1.4%
1950 2,781 106.2%
1960 2,912 4.7%
1970 2,739 −5.9%
1980 3,165 15.6%
1990 3,179 0.4%
2000 3,708 16.6%
2010 3,904 5.3%
Est. 2012 3,927 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 census, there were 3,904 people, 1,413 households, and 993 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,168.9 people per square mile (837.4/km²). There were 1,560 housing units at an average density of 866.7 per square mile (339.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.0% White, 0.8% American Indian, 0.3% African American, 0.2% Asian, 10.1% from somer other race, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 36.4% of the population.[7]

There were 1,413 households of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71, and the average family size was 3.32.[7]

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males age 18 and over.[7]

The median income for a household in the city was $52,161, and the median income for a family was $57,269. Males had a median income of $45,750 versus $33,188 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,851. About 11.6% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.1% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.[7]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census, there were 3,708 people, 1,380 households, and 968 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,084.6 people per square mile (804.3/km²). There were 1,579 housing units at an average density of 887.7 per square mile (342.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.53% White, 1.08% African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 14.51% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.92% of the population.[4]

There were 1,380 households out of which 37.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.25.[4]

In the city the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.[4]

The median income for a household in the city was $41,932, and the median income for a family was $50,225. Males had a median income of $37,930 versus $22,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,115. About 6.9% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.[7]

Economy[edit]

As of 2011, 67.5% of the population over the age of 16 was in the labor force. 0.0% was in the armed forces, and 67.5% was in the civilian labor force with 64.9% being employed and 2.6% unemployed. The composition, by occupation, of the employed civilian labor force was: 27.2% in management, business, science, and arts; 25.2% in natural resources, construction, and maintenance; 25.0% in sales and office occupations; 14.3% in service occupations; 8.3% in production, transportation, and material moving. The three industries employing the largest percentages of the working civilian labor force were: agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining (23.0%); educational services, health care, and social assistance (20.7%); and construction (8.3%).[7]

The cost of living in Hugoton is relatively low; compared to a U.S. average of 100, the cost of living index for the city is 80.5.[22] As of 2011, the median home value in the city was $79,300, the median selected monthly owner cost was $991 for housing units with a mortgage and $445 for those without, and the median gross rent was $628.[7]

Government[edit]

Hugoton is a city of the second class with a mayor-council form of government. The city council consists of five members and meets on the first Monday after the 4th day of each month.[23] The mayor and the council members are elected for four-year terms.[24]

As the county seat, Hugoton is the administrative center of Stevens County. The county courthouse is located downtown, and all departments of the county government base their operations in the city.[25]

Hugoton lies within Kansas's 1st U.S. Congressional District. For the purposes of representation in the Kansas Legislature, the city is located in the 39th district of the Kansas Senate and the 124th district of the Kansas House of Representatives.[23]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Hugoton Public Schools (USD 210) operates five public schools in Hugoton:[26]

  • Hugoton Primary School (Grades Pre-K-2)
  • Hugoton Intermediate School (3-6)
  • Hugoton Middle School (7-8)
  • Hugoton High School (9-12)
  • Hugoton Learning Academy (7-12), charter school

Heritage Christian Academy, a Christian school, offers preschool and classes for grades K-8.[27]

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Route 56 and K-25 enter Hugoton concurrently from the north, intersecting K-51, which runs east-west, in the southern part of the city. Both U.S. 56 and K-25 then run concurrently with K-51 to the west.[16]

Hugoton Municipal Airport is located on the south side of U.S. 56 less than a mile west of the city.[18] Publicly owned, it has two paved runways and is used for general aviation.[28]

A line of the Cimarron Valley Railroad passes through the northwestern corner of the city.[29]

Media[edit]

The Hugoton Hermes is the city's sole newspaper, published weekly.[30]

Two radio stations are licensed to Hugoton: K222AK, a translator station of NPR affiliate High Plains Public Radio in Garden City, Kansas, broadcasts from Hugoton on 92.3 FM; KFXX-FM broadcasts from Garden City on 106.7 FM, playing a Classic Hits format.[31]

Hugoton is in the Wichita-Hutchinson, Kansas television market.[32]

Notable people[edit]

Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Hugoton include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b c d "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "American FactFinder 2". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-10-01. 
  8. ^ Butler, Ken (31 Jul 2005). "Kansas Blood Spilled Into Oklahoma". Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  9. ^ a b c Blackmar, Frank W., ed. (1912), "Stevens County", Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc. 2, Chicago: Standard, pp. 764–766, retrieved 2009-12-06 
  10. ^ a b "History of Kansas Newspapers", Topeka, Kansas: Kansas State Historical Society and Department of Archives, 1916, p. 304, retrieved 2009-12-06 
  11. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 163. 
  12. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 23 June 2014. 
  13. ^ "Stevens County Kansas Genealogy". Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  14. ^ "Stevens County, Kansas". Kansapedia. Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  16. ^ a b c "2003-2004 Official Transportation Map". Kansas Department of Transportation. 2003. Retrieved 2011-05-24. 
  17. ^ "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. Retrieved 2010-08-08. 
  18. ^ a b "General Highway Map - Stevens County, Kansas". Kansas Department of Transportation. 2010-10-01. Retrieved 2011-05-24. 
  19. ^ "Background". The Hugoton Project. Kansas Geological Survey. January 2001. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  20. ^ a b "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Weather Service Forecast Office - Dodge City, KS. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  21. ^ a b "Average weather for Hugoton, Kansas". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2009-11-23. 
  22. ^ "Hugoton, Kansas". City-Data.com. Retrieved 2013-11-22. 
  23. ^ a b "Hugoton". Directory of Kansas Public Officials. The League of Kansas Municipalities. Retrieved 2011-05-24. 
  24. ^ "City Government". City of Hugoton. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  25. ^ "Stevens County Departments". Stevens County, Kansas. Retrieved 2013-11-22. 
  26. ^ "USD 210 Hugoton Public Schools". Hugoton Public Schools. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  27. ^ "Heritage Christian Academy". Heritage Christian Academy. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  28. ^ "KHQG - Hugoton Municipal Airport". AirNav.com. Retrieved 2011-05-24. 
  29. ^ "Kansas Operating Division Map". BNSF Railway. Retrieved 2009-11-23. 
  30. ^ "About this Newspaper: The Hugoton hermes.". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2009-11-23. 
  31. ^ "Radio Stations in Hugoton, Kansas". Radio-locator. Retrieved 2013-06-06. 
  32. ^ "Kansas [TV market maps]". EchoStar Knowledge Base. Retrieved 2013-06-06. 
  33. ^ "Biography for Billy Drago". IMDb. Retrieved 2011-10-01. 
  34. ^ "Biography for Steve Morris". Retrieved 2013-03-04. 
  35. ^ Kansas Secretary of State, "Candidates for the 2012 Primary (official)," retrieved March 4, 2013.
  36. ^ Kansas Secretary of State, Official 2012 Primary Results

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

City
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Maps