Jeffrey Williams (astronaut)
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2009)|
|Jeffrey Nels Williams|
January 18, 1958 |
|Other occupation||Test pilot|
|Time in space||362 days|
|Selection||1996 NASA Group|
|Missions||STS-101, Soyuz TMA-8, Expedition 13, Soyuz TMA-16, Expedition 21/22|
Early life and education
Williams was born in Superior, Wisconsin, and raised in Winter, Wisconsin. As a child, Williams was a Star Scout in the Boy Scouts of America. During the Jamboree on the Air in October 2009 he communicated with Boy Scouts in the National Scouting Museum in Texas from the International Space Station. Williams graduated from Winter High School in Winter, Wisconsin, in 1976. He earned an engineering degree from the U.S. Military Academy in 1980, receiving his commission in the United States Army. Williams served with the Army at Johnson Space Center from 1987 to 1992 before training as a test pilot. In 1996, he was selected by NASA as an astronaut candidate and flew as a mission specialist and flight engineer aboard STS-101 in 2000.
During his six-month stint at the International Space Station in 2006, Williams orbited the Earth more than 2,800 times. During Expedition 13, he worked on hundreds of experiments, walked in space twice, and captured more photographs of the Earth than any other astronaut in history. Many of his photos are found in his book The Work of His Hands: A View of God's Creation from Space, where he shares personal narrative and vivid photos of the Earth.
Williams also served as a Flight Engineer for Expedition 21 and assumed command of Expedition 22 in November 2009 having arrived on the International Space Station with his crew mates via Soyuz TMA-16 which launched on September 30, 2009. Williams with Expedition 22 Flight Engineer Maksim Surayev landed their Soyuz TMA-16 spacecraft on the steppes of Kazakhstan on March 18, 2010, wrapping up a 167-day stay aboard the Space Station.
Williams also flew aboard the Soyuz TMA-8 mission, replacing Expedition 12 astronaut William S. McArthur. He was previously in orbit as the Expedition 13 Flight Engineer and Science Officer aboard the International Space Station. He returned to Earth on September 29, 2006.
On August 24, 2006, a taped message made by him to be played at an official NASA press conference was accidentally played over the air-to-ground loop, the tape revealing that the Crew Exploration Vehicle under development to replace the Space Shuttle after 2010 would be named Orion after the famed wintertime constellation.
First live tweetup from space
On October 21, 2009, Jeff Williams and his Expedition 21 crewmate, Nicole Stott, participated in the first NASA Tweetup from the station with members of the public gathered at NASA Headquarters in Washington, D.C. This involved the first live Twitter connection for the astronauts. Previously, astronauts on board the Space Shuttle or ISS have sent the messages they desire to send as tweets down to Mission Control which then posted the message via the Internet to Twitter.
Awards and decorations
|Defense Superior Service Medal with oak leaf cluster|
|Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster|
|Meritorious Service Medal with oak leaf cluster|
|Army Commendation Medal|
|National Defense Service Medal with award star|
|Army Service Ribbon|
|NASA Distinguished Service Medal|
|NASA Exceptional Service Medal|
|NASA Space Flight Medal with two oak leaf clusters|
- NASA (March 18, 2010). "Soyuz Landing Caps Milestone Space Station Mission". Retrieved March 19, 2010.
- "Astronauts and the BSA". Fact sheet. Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved 2006-03-20.
- "Jamboree-on-the-Air and Jamboree-on-the-Internet Extravaganza". Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved 2010-06-08.
- NASA (April 21, 2011). "Life Sciences Data Archive : Experiment". NASA. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
- Montoya, Donald (Summer 2002). "Army Space Command Astronaut Trains for Life in Space -- Underwater". The Army Space Journal (Army Space Command) 1 (3). Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- "Expedition 21 Soyuz Launch". NASA TV. September 30, 2009.
- Carla Cioffi (October 21, 2009). "20091021 NASA Live Tweetup Event with International Space Station". NASA.
- John Yembrick (October 1, 2009). "NASA Hosts Long-Distance Tweetup with Astronauts on Space Station". NASA. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
- Etan Horowitz (May 22, 2009). "The great debate over Astro Mike's 'tweets from space'". The Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved October 2, 2009.[dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jeffrey N. Williams.|
- Jeffrey Williams' book The Work of His Hands: A View of God's Creation from Space
- Jeffrey Williams on Twitter
- NASA Biography
- Spacefacts biography of Jeffrey N. Williams
Frank De Winne
|ISS Alpha Commander