29 August 1959 |
|Other occupation||Test pilot|
|Rank||Commander, CSA & NASA
Colonel, RCAF (retired)
|Time in space||166 days|
|Selection||1992 CSA Group|
|Total EVA time||14 hours 53 minutes and 38 seconds|
|Missions||STS-74, STS-100, Expedition 34, Expedition 35|
Chris Hadfield, OOnt MSC CD (born 29 August 1959) is a Canadian astronaut who was the first Canadian to walk in space. A former Royal Canadian Air Force fighter pilot, Hadfield has flown two space shuttle missions, STS-74 in 1995 and STS-100 in 2001, and served as capsule communicator for both Space Shuttle and International Space Station (ISS) expeditions. On 19 December 2012, Hadfield launched in the Soyuz TMA-07M flight for a long duration stay on board the ISS as part of Expedition 35. He arrived at the station on 21 December, as scheduled, and became the first Canadian to command the ISS when the crew of Expedition 34 departed. On 12 May 2013 he turned over command of the ISS, and safely returned home aboard the Soyuz spacecraft on 13 May. He received significant media exposure during his time on the ISS, and ended his time on the station by paying tribute to David Bowie with a rendition of "Space Oddity".
Personal life 
Hadfield was born in Sarnia, Ontario. His parents are Roger and Eleanor Hadfield, who live in Milton, Ontario. Hadfield was raised on a corn farm in southern Ontario and became interested in flying at a young age — he came to the idea of being an astronaut when he was nine on the day of Apollo moon landing, which he had seen on TV then. He is married to his high-school girlfriend Helene, and they have three adult children.
Education and military career 
Hadfield attended White Oaks Secondary School in Oakville, Ontario until his senior year and then graduated as an Ontario Scholar from Milton District High School in 1977. As a member of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets, he earned a glider pilot scholarship at age 15 and a powered pilot scholarship at age 16. After graduating from high school in 1978, he joined the Canadian Armed Forces and spent two years at Royal Roads Military College followed by two years at the Royal Military College, where he received a bachelor's degree in Mechanical Engineering in 1982. Before graduating, he also underwent basic flight training at CFB Portage la Prairie. In 1983, he took honours as the top graduate from Basic Jet Training at CFB Moose Jaw, and then went on to train as a tactical fighter pilot with 410 Tactical Fighter Operational Training Squadron at CFB Cold Lake, flying the Canadair CF-116 Freedom Fighter and the McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet. After completing his fighter training, Hadfield flew CF-18 Hornets with 425 Tactical Fighter Squadron, flying intercept missions for NORAD. He was the first CF-18 pilot to intercept a Soviet Tupolev Tu 95 long-range bomber in the Canadian Arctic.
In the late 1980s, Hadfield attended the U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base and served as an exchange officer with the U.S. Navy at Strike Test Directorate at the Patuxent River Naval Air Station. His accomplishments from 1989 to 1992 included testing the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet and LTV A-7 Corsair II aircraft; performing research work with NASA on pitch control margin simulation and flight; completing the first military flight of F/A-18 enhanced performance engines; piloting the first flight test of the National Aerospace Plane external burning hydrogen propulsion engine; developing a new handling qualities rating scale for high angle-of-attack test; and participating in the F/A-18 out-of-control recovery test program.
In 1993, Hadfield conducted post-graduate research and obtained a master's degree in aviation systems at the University of Tennessee Space Institute. In total, Hadfield has flown over 70 different types of aircraft.
NASA experience 
Hadfield was selected to become one of four new Canadian astronauts from a field of 5,330 applicants in June 1992. Three of those four (Dafydd Williams, Julie Payette and Hadfield) have flown in space. He was assigned by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) to the NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas in August, where he addressed technical and safety issues for Shuttle Operations Development, contributed to the development of the glass shuttle cockpit, and supported shuttle launches at the Kennedy Space Center, in Florida. In addition, Hadfield was NASA's Chief CAPCOM, the voice of mission control to astronauts in orbit, for 25 space shuttle missions. From 1996 to 2000, he represented CSA astronauts and coordinated their activities as the Chief Astronaut for the CSA.
He was the Director of Operations for NASA at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonauts Training Center (GCTC) in Star City, Russia from 2001 until 2003. Some of his duties included coordination and direction of all International Space Station crew activities in Russia, oversight of training and crew support staff, as well as policy negotiation with the Russian Space Program and other International Partners. He also trained and became fully qualified to be a flight engineer cosmonaut in the Soyuz TMA spacecraft, and to perform spacewalks in the Russian Orlan spacesuit.
Hadfield is a civilian CSA astronaut, having retired as a colonel from the Canadian Armed Forces in 2003 after 25 years of military service. He was Chief of Robotics for the NASA Astronaut Office at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas from 2003–2006 and was Chief of International Space Station Operations from 2006–2008. In 2008 and 2009, he trained as a back-up to Robert Thirsk on the Expedition 21 mission. In May 2010, Hadfield served as the commander of the NEEMO 14 mission aboard the Aquarius underwater laboratory, living and working underwater for fourteen days. NASA announced in 2010 that Hadfield would become the first Canadian commander of the International Space Station, leading Expedition 35 after its launch on 19 December 2012. His craft docked with the station on 21 December. He remained on the station for five months, transferring control to Pavel Vinogradov and departing on 13 May 2013.
Hadfield is enthusiastic about the prospects for a manned mission to Mars, and when asked if he would consider a one-way journey to Mars to be the first to visit, he said "I would be honoured to be given the opportunity."
Space flights 
Hadfield served as Mission Specialist 1 on STS-74 in November 1995. It was NASA's second space shuttle mission to rendezvous and dock with the Russian Space Station Mir. During the flight, the crew of Space Shuttle Atlantis attached a five-tonne docking module to Mir and transferred over 1,000 kg of food, water, and scientific supplies to the cosmonauts. He flew as the first Canadian to operate the Canadarm in orbit, and the only Canadian ever to board Mir.
In April 2001, he served as Mission Specialist 1 on STS-100, International Space Station (ISS) assembly Flight 6A. The crew of Space Shuttle Endeavour delivered and installed Canadarm2, the new Canadian-built robotic arm, as well as the Italian-made resupply module Raffaello. During the 11-day flight, Hadfield performed two spacewalks, which made him the first Canadian to ever leave a spacecraft and float freely in space. In total, Hadfield spent 14 hours, 50 minutes outside, traveling 10 times around the world during his spacewalk.
Social media 
Hadfield was described as "perhaps the most social media savvy astronaut ever to leave Earth" by Forbes after building a considerable audience on social media, including over 930,000 Twitter followers as of May 2013[update], and creating one of the top Reddit AmA threads of all time. He also has a popular Tumblr blog. His exchanges with William Shatner and other Star Trek actors received media coverage. Hadfield has enlisted the help of his web-savvy sons Evan and Kyle to manage his social media presence.
During his free time on Expedition 35, Hadfield recorded music for an album, using the Larrivée Parlor guitar previously brought to the ISS. The first song recorded in space, Jewel in the Night, was released via YouTube on Christmas Eve 2012. His collaboration with Ed Robertson of the Barenaked Ladies and the Wexford Gleeks, Is Somebody Singing? (sometimes shortened I.S.S.), was aired on the CBC Radio program Q and released by CBC Music online on 8 February 2013. Hadfield sang Is Somebody Singing along with singers across Canada for the national Music Monday program. Hadfield has been credited musically on his brother Dave Hadfield's albums.
Special honours and affiliations 
Hadfield is the recipient of numerous awards and special honours. These include appointment to the Order of Ontario in 1996 and receipt of the Meritorious Service Cross and Vanier Award in 2001, NASA Exceptional Service Medal in 2002, and the Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal in 2003. In 1988, Hadfield was granted the Liethen-Tittle Award (top pilot graduate of the USAF Test Pilot School) and was named US Navy Test Pilot of the Year in 1991. He was inducted into Canada's Aviation Hall of Fame in 2005 and Commemorated on Royal Canadian Mint silver and gold coins for his spacewalk to install Canadarm2 on the International Space Station in 2001. Further, the Royal Military College granted Hadfield an honorary Doctorate of Engineering in 1996 and he was presented with an honorary Doctorate of Laws from Trent University three years later. Upon his taking command of the International Space Station, Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, sent Hadfield a personal message of congratulations, stating "I am pleased to transmit my personal best wishes, and those of all Canadians, to Colonel Christopher Hadfield as he takes command of the International Space Station..."
His affiliations include the membership in the Royal Military College Club, Society of Experimental Test Pilots, and Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute and serving as honorary patron of Lambton College, former trustee of Lakefield College School, board member of the International Space School Foundation, and executive with the Association of Space Explorers.
In Sarnia, the city airport was renamed to Sarnia Chris Hadfield Airport in 1997 and a public school was named after Hadfield. Chris Hadfield Public School, in Milton, Ontario, is part of the Halton District School Board.
- "New Expedition 34 Crew Members Welcomed Aboard Station". NASA. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
- "First Canadian ISS Commander Named". Aviation Week. 3 September 2010.
- "Astronaut Chris Hadfield returns to Earth". Telegraph. 13 May 2013.
- "Astronaut Chris Hadfield Sings David Bowie As He Departs The International Space Station". Forbes. 13 May 2013.
- Davidson, Janet. Chris Hadfield ready for 'surreal' space station odyssey: Astronaut in quarantine before blasting off in Russian capsule, CBC News, 7 December 2012. Retrieved from the CBC.ca news website 7 December 2012.
- "Biography of Chris Hadfield". Canadian Space Agency. 13 April 2013.
- "Spaceflight mission report: Soyuz TMA-15". Spacefacts.de. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
- NASA (9 July 2010). "NASA – NEEMO 14". NASA. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
- Alexander, Aaron (2010). "Archive for the 'NEEMO 14' Mission". NURC. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
- Andrew Chung (2 September 2010). "Space: A (partly) Canadian frontier". Toronto Star.
- Irvine, Chris (13 May 2013), "Astronaut Chris Hadfield returns to Earth", The Daily Telegraph, retrieved 2013-05-13
- "I am an astronaut who has been to space twice...". Reddit. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- "Chris Hadfield Verified account:@Cmdr_Hadfield". twitter.com. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
- Kantrowitz, Alex (18 February 2013). "Five Highlights From Commander Chris Hadfield's Reddit AMA From Space". Forbes.
- "'Star Trek' Actors Beams Hellos to Astronaut in Space". Space.com. 07 February 2013.
- Woods, Allan (22 February 2013). "Chris Hadfield: the superstar astronaut taking social media by storm". The Guardian.
- Chris Hadfield (5 January 2013). "Cmdr. Chris Hadfield on pickin' Larrivée Parlor in Space". Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- Shaina Pearlman (28 December 2012). "Listen to the First Song Recorded in Space". Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- Chris Hadfield; Ed Robertson and the Wexford Gleeks (7 February 2013). "ISS (Is Somebody Singing?)".
- Bowman, John. "Chris Hadfield leads nationwide singalong on Music Monday". Community. CBC.ca. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- Chris Hadfield (12 May 2013). "Space Oddity". Retrieved 12 May 2013.
- Elizabeth II (13 March 2013). "Message from The Queen to Colonel Hadfield, 13 March 2013". Queen's Printer.
- "Sarnia Chris Hadfield Airport". Sarniaairport.com. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
- Dr. Richard Arthur Preston (1982). Canada's RMC – A History of Royal Military College" (2nd ed.).
- R. Guy C. Smith, ed. (1984). As You Were! Ex-Cadets Remember II. Kingston, Ontario: Royal Military College of Canada.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Chris Hadfield|
- NASA astronaut biography
- CSA astronaut biography
- Chris Hadfield on Twitter
- Spacefacts biography of Chris Hadfield
- Video of Chris Hadfield on The Agenda with Steve Paikin, "Are We Bound for Space?" panel discussion with Lawrence Krauss, Donna Shirley, Chris McKay, Karl Schroeder and Robert D. Richards
- Chris Hadfield You Tube Channel