Kalpi

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Kalpi
कालपी
city
South facing view of Chaurasi Gumbad
South facing view of Chaurasi Gumbad
Kalpi is located in Uttar Pradesh
Kalpi
Kalpi
Coordinates: 26°07′N 79°44′E / 26.12°N 79.73°E / 26.12; 79.73Coordinates: 26°07′N 79°44′E / 26.12°N 79.73°E / 26.12; 79.73
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Jalaun
Founded by Vasu Dev
Government
 • Chairman of Palika Kamar Ahmad
Elevation 112 m (367 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 42,858
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 285204

Kalpi is a city and a municipal board in Jalaun district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is on the right bank of the Yamuna.

History[edit]

It is believed that the city was known as Kalak dev ki kalpi in the ancient times, later abbreviated to Kalpi. Kalpi is said to have been founded by King Vasudeva at the end of the 4th century. In 1196 it fell to Qutb-ud-din Aybak, the viceroy of Mohammed Ghori, and during the subsequent Muslim period it played a significant part in the history of central India. During Akbar's reign, Kalpi was a governor's seat and had a mint for copper coinage.

About the middle of the 18th century it passed into the hands of the Marathas. It was captured by the British in 1803, and after 1806 remained in British possession until India's independence in 1947. Kalpi was a part of Bundelkhand Agency, formed in 1811, and also housed its headquarters from 1818 to 1824. During this period the political agent to Governor General of India was appointed and headquartered in Kalpi. The British East India Company made it one of their principal stations for providing "commercial investment". In May 1858 Sir Hugh Rose (Lord Strathnairn) defeated here a force of about 10,000 rebels under the Rani of Jhansi. The fortified post of Kalpi, the former residence of the rulers of Jalaun State, was dismantled in 1860 by the British and its place was taken by a market known as Whiteganj. [1] There are many places for visiting like Vyas temple, Lanka Meenar, 84 Gumbaj and lots of Dargah like Khankah the Dargah of Hazrat Sayyad Meer Tirmiji (RA). Kalpi is also birth place of Ved Vyas ji.. There is a Kali Haveli and Rang Mahal of Beerbal that called Rang Mahal.

Geography[edit]

Kalpi is located at 26°07′N 79°44′E / 26.12°N 79.73°E / 26.12; 79.73.[2] It has an average elevation of 112 metres (367 feet).

Location and industry[edit]

The old town, which is on the Yamuna river, has the ruin of a fort, and several temples of interest, while in the neighborhood are many ancient tombs. Away from the river to the south-east is a lofty modern town ornamented with representations of the battles of the Ramayana. Kalpi is still a centre of local trade (principally in grain, ghee and cotton) with a station on the railway line from Jhansi to Kanpur, which crosses the Yamuna here.

In late 1970s and early 1980s Kalpi was one of the areas in central India affected by dacoits, and was frequented by the much dreaded Phoolan Devi gang. It has been declared an Industrial belt by the Government of India and is known for the handmade paper produced here. There are many factories of Handmade paper.. and powerloom.. Here is famous Gusiya, Gawadda's Halwa..

[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Britain India Office. The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908.
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kalpi
  3. ^ "Kalpi Pincode 285204 STD code 05164". 

External links[edit]