Sitapur district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Sitapur.
Sitapur district
सीतापुर ज़िला
ستا پور ضلع
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Sitapur district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Sitapur district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Lucknow
Headquarters Sitapur
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Sitapur, Misrikh, Dhaurahra, Mohanlalganj
Area
 • Total 5,743 km2 (2,217 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,474,446
 • Density 780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Website Official website

Sitapur District (Hindi: सीतापुर जिला, Urdu: ستا پور ضلع‎) is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, with Sitapur town as the district headquarters. Sitapur district is a part of Lucknow division.

Political and Administrative Divisions[edit]

The district is divided into six tehsils: Sitapur, Biswan, Mishrikh, Laharpur, Mahmudabad and Sidhauli.

Sitapur has nine seats in Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha. These nine constituencies are:

Sitapur is divided between four Lok Sabha seats:

  • Sitapur Lok Sabha constituency includes Sitapur, Laharpur, Biswan, Sevata and Mahmoodabad Vidhan Sabha seats,
  • Dhaurahra Lok Sabha constituency includes Maholi and Hargaon Vidhan Sabha seat from Sitapur district,
  • Mohanlalganj Lok Sabha constituency includes Sidhauli Vidhan Sabha seat from Sitapur district,
  • Misrikh Lok Sabha constituency includes Misrikh seat from Sitapur district.

Geography[edit]

Sitapur is located at 27.57°N 80.68°E. It test has an average elevation of 138 meters (452 feet). It is located in the Gangetic Plain, with elevations ranging from 150 m above sea level in the north-west to 100 m in the south-east. It is intersected by numerous streams and ravines and contains many shallow ponds and natural reservoirs, which overflow during the rainy seasons, but become dry in the hot season. Except in the eastern portion, which lies in the doabs between the Kewani and the Chauka, and the Ghaghra and the Chauka rivers, the soil is dry. Even this moist tract is interspersed with patches of land covered with saline efflorescence called reh.

The monotony of featureless plain of upper Ganga valley is preserved throughout the district. At places this monotony is broken by Small River like Kathana, Sarain and Gomati. Sandy stretches are found along the rivers and locally known as ‘bhurs’. the region in general is a part of well integrated system of the riverGanga. Gomti the most important tributary flows in the eastern part of the district and engulfs above mentioned small rivers. Ghaghara River forms the eastern boundary of the district. There are five rivers flowing through the district of Sitapur: Gomti, Kathana, Pirai, Sarayan, Ghaghra and Sharda.

The gradual rise in temperature starts in the months of February and becomes more rapid by March and April unless checked by more humid easterlies. The local hot and gusty winds, locally known as ‘loo’; result in hot and scorching weather. The condition is aggravated further by presence of meager relative humidity (40%). The district of the study does not show much influence of Himalaya which otherwise tend to lower the temperatures in the places nearby as in the case of Meerut and Gonda.

The pre-monsoon showers are meager and this along with low humidity accentuates the impact ofloo which at times changes in to heat waves with exceptionally high temperature. The rainy season commences in the latter half of the June at different dates which are too difficult to be predicted. It brings relief to the people by lowering the temperatures up to 300c. The rainfall decreases southward and westward in the region. There is a dominance of Bay of Bengal currents. This season comes to an end by October with a sudden fall in temperature and amount of rainfall. Soon after the winter conditions settle in at times cold waves and westerly disturb the general monotony of the winters. The showers due to western depressions are very useful for the rabi crop in the region. The average rainfall in the study area varies between 80 cm to 110 cm.

Economy[edit]

Sitapur is mainly a rural district. Majority of its population is engaged in agriculture. Sugarcane, wheat, rice, potatoes, and vegetables are among the most important crops grown in the district. Pulses and mustard are also grown over a large area.

As far as industries are concerned, most of them are based on raw agricultural products. Plywood, sugar, paper, rice, flour mills are scattered all over the district. There are several sugar mills, mostly owned by private firms. The only cooperative sugar mill in the town of Maholi closed down a few years ago due to loss.

Sugar Mills[edit]

There are several sugar mills in the district.

Hargaon Sugar Mill[edit]

Located in the heart of Hargaon town, it is also known as the Oudh Sugar Mills Limited (OSML). It belongs to the renowned K.K. Birla Group of Sugar Companies. It has a crushing capacity of about 10,000 tonnes of sugarcane per day. It also produces 100 kiloliter per day industrial alcohol/ethanol in its distillery and 15 MW electricity using its co-gen power plant.[1]

Ramgarh Sugar Mill[edit]

Also known as Dalmia Chini Mill, it was the first sugar plant of Dalmia Group established in the year 1994 in the village Ramgarh which is approximately 40 kilometers from the district headquarter in Sitapur town. This plant has a cane crushing capacity of 7500 tonnes of sugarcane per day and an installed generation capacity of 25 MW. The mill started its first cane crushing on 28 December 1994 to manufacture plantation white sugar, using the double sulphitation process. It also has co-generation facility. The export of electricity started in October 2007. Co-generation takes place only during crushing season simultaneously with production of white sugar.[2]

Jawaharpur Sugar Mill[edit]

Apart from the unit at Ramgarh village, Dalmia Group in 2007 set up another unit in a village near Ramkot town which is only 14 kilometers away from Sitapur on the Sitapur-Hardoi Road. The Jawaharpur sugar factory unit has a cane crushing capacity of 7500 tonnes of sugarcane per day and co-gen capacity of 27 MW. It also has a distillery capacity of 80 kiloliter per day.[3]

Biswan Sugar Factory[edit]

The Seksaria Sugar Factory, a private limited company composed of members of the Seksaria family, located in Biswan town. It was established in 1939.

Mahmudabad Sugar Mill[edit]

The Kisan Sahkari Chini Mills Limited, Mahmudabad was established under U.P. Cooperative Societies Act, 1965 and its first crushing season was 1982-83. The factory is situated at Mahmoodabad Tehsil of Sitapur District and its present crushing capacity is 2750 tonnes of sugarcane per day.[4]

Kamlapur Sugar Mill[edit]

The Kamlapur mill in has a capacity of crushing 4,000 tonne of sugar cane a day and also a 6 MW power generating plant.

Other industries[edit]

Absorbent Paper Plant

J. B. Daruka Papers (Private) Limited have set up a absorbent paper plant along the Lucknow-Sitapur-Delhi National Highway 24, near a villlage called Advenia Grant. It consists of an ago-based (uses bagasse and wheat straw) paper plant (50 tonnes per day) and co-gen power plant of 4.0 MW. The mill produces 750 cubic meter of black liquor and 4000 cubic meter of other effluent everyday. Improper disposal of effluent has posed serious threats to local natural environment including surface (Garia river) and ground water resources. Even Central Pollution Control Board has taken cognizance of the matter seriously and issued warnings.[5]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sitapur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[6] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[6]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Sitapur district has a population of 4,474,446,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Croatia[8] or the US state of Louisiana.[9] This gives it a ranking of 38th in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 779 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,020/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 23.62%.[7] Sitapur has a sex ratio of 879 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 63.38%.[7]

Languages[edit]

Languages spoken here include Awadhi, a vernacular in the Hindi continuum spoken by over 38 million people, mainly in the Awadh region.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Birla Sugar". The Oudh Sugar Mills Ltd. Retrieved January 9, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Ramgarh". Dalmia Bharat Sugar. 
  3. ^ "Jawaharpur". Dalmia Bharat Sugar. 
  4. ^ "Expression of Interest cum Request for Qualification Invitation" (PDF). The Industrial Finance Corporation of India. 2009. Retrieved January 9, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Directions from Central Pollution Control Board" (PDF). Central Pollution Control Board. 2010. Retrieved January 9, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Croatia 4,483,804 July 2011 est. 
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Louisiana 4,533,372 
  10. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Awadhi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°30′N 80°55′E / 27.500°N 80.917°E / 27.500; 80.917