|District of Uttar Pradesh|
Location of Ballia district in Uttar Pradesh
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Ballia, Salempur and Ghosi (Lok Sabha constituency )|
|• Total||1,981 km2 (765 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||73.82 per cent|
Ballia district (Hindi: बलिया ज़िला, Urdu: بالیا ضلع) is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state, India. Ballia district is a part of Azamgarh Division situated in eastern Part of Uttar Pradesh. Main occupation is agriculture. Ballia City is district headquarters and commercial Market of this district. There are six tehsils (talukas) in this district viz Ballia, Bansdih, Rasra, Bairiya, Sikandarpur, and Belthara. Rasra is second major commercial area of district, having one government sugar mill and one cotton weaving industry. Though Ballia's core occupation is agriculture but there are some small industries are existing. Maniar is known for its bindi (Indian ladies putting on their forehead) industry and major supplier.
According to the 2011 census Ballia district has a population of 3,223,642, roughly equal to the nation of Mauritania or the US state of Iowa. This gives it a ranking of 108th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,081 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,800 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.73%. Ballia has a sex ratio of 933 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.82%.
Languages include Bhojpuri, a tongue in the Indo-Aryan language group with almost 40 000 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.Bhojpuri language generally spoken by the commoners in the district but the elite class use [[English language|English]] in day-to-day life.Urdu is another prominent language in the district used largely by Muslims but the fact is that despite a fashion of using Hindi, Urdu & English the lingua franca of the district is still bhojpuri among the common people. But the bhojpuri spoken in ballia is unlike bhojpuri of Bihar or the bhojpuri of Gorakhpur—it is different in tone from these distinct areas in its accent and vocabulary. People of Ballia like to call their language as Balliyavi rather than Bhojpuri.
Contribution of Ballia to Hindi Literature is immense as many prominent scholars hail from Ballia like Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Parshuram Chaturvedi, Amar Kant to name a few. Ballia is surrounded by two major river Ganges and Ghaghra (Saryu) that make this land more fertile.
Ballia is also considered as a holy Hindu city. It has big and small temples. Bhrigu temple in Bhrigu Ashram is considered to be a famous temple where Bhrigu Muni was supposed to reside. Bhrigu muni is the one who according to Hindu Mythology hit Lord Vishnu on his chest. Behind Bhrigu Ashram earlier River Ganges used to flow. Famous Dadri Mela (fair) is still held annually in winter season and people from all around the Ballia and neighboring districts come here to visit it. It lasts about a month.
Ballia had distinguished freedom fighters who fought against British and managed to finish the British Raj from Ballia for few days from 19th August 1942 Under leadership of Chittu Pandey and others.
Chittu Pandey, Murli Manohar, Tarkeshwar Pandey, Gauri Shankar Rai and hundreds of leaders fought for independence during that period .Murli Manohar,Tarkeshwar Pandey and Gauri Shankar Rai were members of Lok Sabha and are no more. Sri Gauri Shankar Rai was member of UP Assembly, UP Council and as Member of Indian Parliament, he also represented India in UN Gen Assembly and Addressed UN General Assembly in HINDI,for the first time in history of United Nations.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Mauritania 3,281,634 July 2011 est."
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Iowa 3,046,355"
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- Singh, Anil Kumar (1985). Ballia District, a Study in Rural Settlement Geography. NGSI Research publication #33. Varanasi, India: National Geographical Society of India. OCLC 13497935.