Mirzapur district

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Mirzapur district
मिर्ज़ापुर ज़िला
مرزا پور ضلع
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Mirzapur district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Mirzapur district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Mirzapur
Headquarters Mirzapur
Tehsils 4
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Mirzapur
Area
 • Total 4,521 km2 (1,746 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,494,533,[1]
Average annual precipitation 1043 mm
Website Official website

Mirzapur district (Hindi: मिर्ज़ापुर ज़िला, Urdu: مرزا پور ضلع‎) is one of the 70 districts of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. The district is bounded on the north by Sant Ravidas Nagar and Varanasi districts, on the east by Chandauli district, on the south by Sonbhadra district and on the northwest by Allahabad district. The district occupies an area of 4521 km2. Mirzapur town is the district headquarters. Mirzapur district is a part of Mirzapur division. This district is known for the Vindhyavasini temple in Vindhyachal. It consist of several Ghats where historical sculptures are still present. During the Ganges festival these Ghats are decorated with lights and diyas. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[2]

Divisions[edit]

The district consists four Tehsils. These are Mirzapur (sadar), Lalganj, Marihan and Chunar. These four tehsils are further divided into twelve blocks.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Mirzapur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Mirzapur district has a population of 2,494,533,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[4] or the US state of Nevada.[5] This gives it a ranking of 174th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 561 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,450 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.89%.[1] Mirzapur has a sex ratio of 900 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 70.38%.[1]

Languages[edit]

Languages spoken include Agariya, an Austroasiatic tongue with approximately 72 000 speakers;[6] Awadhi, which has a lexical similarity of 72-91% with Hindi[7] (compared to 60% for German and English)[8] and is spoken by about 7 800 000 in Bagelkhand;[7] and Bagheli, a tongue in the Bagheli language group with almost 40 000 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.Bhojpuri is also widely spoken in this part of the state [9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Kuwait 2,595,62" 
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Nevada 2,700,551" 
  6. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Agariya: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  7. ^ a b M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bagheli: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  8. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "English". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  9. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bageli: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

as travelled and noted by Pradeep Tripathi

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°09′02″N 82°33′53″E / 25.150677°N 82.564807°E / 25.150677; 82.564807