|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
|Founded||19 October 1999|
|Commenced operations||30 June 2000|
|Frequent-flyer program||Lion Air Passport Club|
|Company slogan||We make people fly|
Rusdi Kirana (Chairman)Rudy Lumingkewas (CEO)
PT Lion Mentari Airlines, operating as Lion Air, is an airline based in Indonesia. Headquartered in Jakarta, Indonesia, Lion Air flies to cities within Indonesia and to Singapore, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Saudi Arabia and some charter routes to mainland China and Hong Kong. Its main base is Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta. It operates scheduled passenger services on an extensive network from Jakarta to 79 destinations.
Lion Air has been rapidly expanding its fleet to meet the need for medium-haul jets in the world's fourth most populous country; yet delays still occurs regularly. In March 2013 Lion Air and Airbus signed a $24-billion contract – recorded as the most valuable commercial order booked in history – for 234 A320s. The second biggest was also made by Lion Air in 2011, in a $22.4-billion order for 230 Boeing jets.
The airline was established in October 1999 by brothers Rusdi and Kusnan Kirana and started operations on 30 June 2000, when it began scheduled passenger services between Jakarta and Denpasar using a leased Boeing 737-200. It was the first low cost airline in Indonesia. The fleet was quickly expanded with the wet-lease of 5 Yakovlev Yak-42Ds, 2 McDonnell Douglas MD-82s and 2 sub-leased Airbus A310-300s. Rapid growth enabled modernisation of the fleet with Boeing 737-300 and Boeing 737-400 aircraft. In 2003 a subsidiary airline was established, Wings Air, operating flights on lower density routes. Further subsidiaries were developed including Malindo Air in Malaysia in 2012, Thai Lion Air in Thailand in 2013 and domestically, Batik Air, a full-service subsidiary, also in 2013.
The airline is planning to join IATA and therefore hoping to become the second IATA Indonesian member carrier after Garuda Indonesia. Lion Air failed, in early 2011, the initial IATA assessments for membership due to safety concerns. Lion Air and Boeing are pioneering the use of required navigation performance (RNP) procedures in Indonesia, having successfully performed validation flights at the two terrain-challenged airports of Ambon and Manado.
From 19 July 2011, Lion Air has grounded 13 planes due to sanction caused by bad on-time performance (OTP) until Lion Air can fulfill at least 80 percent of OTP. The transportation ministry recorded that Lion Air's OTP of 66.45 percent was the worst of six airlines in an assessment conducted from January to April 2011 at 24 airports nationwide. On the other hand, airlines using Jakarta airport face considerable delays to their schedules due to runway congestion.
On 18 November 2011, the airline jointly announced with Boeing a record-setting order of 201 Boeing 737 MAX and 29 Boeing 737-900ER planes, setting the record for the world's biggest single order of 230 planes for a commercial airline worth $21.7 billion.
In January 2012, the Transportation Ministry said that it sanctioned Lion Air because some of its pilots and crew members were found in recent months to be in possession of crystal methamphetamine. In late 2011 Muhammad Nasri and two other co-pilots were arrested at a party in Tangerang; in early 2012 a pilot was caught with crystal meth in Makassar. On 4 February 2012, another Lion Air pilot was arrested following a positive urinalysis test for use of methamphetamine; he was scheduled to fly the Surabaya—Makassar—Balikpapan—Surabaya flight hours later. The licenses of the pilots and crew were revoked.
As of January 2014[update] Lion Air serves a total of 120 destinations, 100 domestic and 20 international.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (March 2012)|
|Airbus A320-200||–||53||TBA||From 60 orders, 7 has arrived used by Batik Air|
|Airbus A330-300||–||3||—||440||440||For haji flights. Replacing 747-400 |
|Boeing 737-800||30||17||—||189||189||Orders converted from -900ER|
|Boeing 737-900ER||71||7||49||10||195||205||Launch Customer, some Lion 739ER orders will be
used for its subsidiary in Lion Group.
|Boeing 737 MAX 9||–||201||TBA||Launch Customer|
Lion Air was the launch customer for the largest variant of the Boeing 737, the 737-900ER, for which it placed an order in 2005. On 26 May 2005, Lion Air signed a preliminary agreement with Boeing for the purchase of up to 60 Boeing 737 Next Generation aircraft, valued at $3.9 billion at list prices. Lion Air confirmed their order in July 2005 and became the launch customer for the Boeing 737-900ER with firm orders for 30 aircraft and options for 30 more, which were later converted into firm orders. The -900ER can carry up to 215 passengers in a single-class layout, and is powered by CFM56-7B turbofan engines. On 27 April 2007, Boeing delivered the first 737-900ER to Lion Air. The aircraft was delivered in a special dual-paint scheme that combines Lion Air's logo on its vertical stabilizer and the Boeing "Dreamliner" livery on the fuselage.
Lion Air set a world record when it placed an order for 230 aircraft from Boeing, making this the largest order in terms of aircraft ordered as well the cost of the order. In November 2011, Lion Air and Boeing announced that the airline planned to buy 29 additional 737-900ER and 201 737 MAX aircraft, with options for 150 more, valued at $21.7 billion at the time. A firm order was signed on 14 February 2012, with the 737 MAX aircraft identified as 737 MAX 9s, making Lion Air the launch customer for that variant. By the time of the signing, the order's value had risen to $22.4 billion at list prices, the largest aircraft order in history. Additionally, the engines for the -900ERs, CFM 56-7s, cost about $580 million and the engines for the MAXs, CFM LEAP-1Bs, cost about $4.8 billion. Deliveries of the additional -900ERs are to start in 2016, with the MAXs to follow in 2017.
On Monday 18 March 2013 Lion Air placed an order for 234 A320 jets with Airbus, the largest single order ever made surpassing previous record by Boeing ($22.4 Billion). The contract, which was signed at the Elysée Palace in the presence of President François Hollande and several government ministers, is worth €18.4 billion ($24 billion) at catalogue prices, the French presidency said.
|McDonnell Douglas MD-82||2||One crashed as Lion Air Flight 538|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-90-30||5|
EU aviation blacklist
Lion Air is one of several Indonesian carriers currently banned from operating in European airspace, because the European Commission has concerns about the Indonesian Directorate General of Civil Aviation's (DGCA) ability to provide proper regulatory oversight of the Indonesian airline industry.
Incidents and accidents
- On 14 January 2002, Lion Air Flight 386, a Boeing 737-200 crashed on take-off and was written off at Sultan Syarif Kasim II International Airport. Everyone on board survived.
- On 30 November 2004, Lion Air Flight 538, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82, crashed in Surakarta with registration PL-LMN (c/n49189); 25 people died.
- On 4 March 2006, Lion Air Flight 8987, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82, crashed after landing at Juanda International Airport. Reverse thrust was used during landing, although the left thrust reverser was stated to be out of service. This caused the aircraft to veer to the right and skid off the runway, coming to rest about 7,000 feet (2,100 m) from the approach end of the runway. There were no fatalities, but the aircraft was badly damaged.
- On 24 December 2006, Lion Air Flight 792, a Boeing 737-400, landed with an incorrect flap configuration and was not aligned with the runway. The plane landed hard and skidded along the runway causing the right main landing gear to detach, the left gear to protrude through the wing and some of the aircraft fuselage to be wrinkled. There were no fatalities, but the aircraft was written off.
- On 23 February 2009, Lion Air Flight 972, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82 landed without the nose gear at Hang Nadim International Airport, Batam.
- On 9 March 2009, Lion Air Flight 793, a McDonnell Douglas MD-90-30 (registration PK-LIL) ran off the runway at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport. No-one was injured.
- On 2 November 2010, Lion Air Flight 712, a Boeing 737-400 (registration PK-LIQ) overran the runway on landing at Supadio Airport, Pontianak, coming to rest on its belly and sustaining damage to its nose gear. All 174 passengers and crew evacuated by the emergency slides, with few injuries.
- On 13 April 2013, Lion Air Flight 904, a Boeing 737-800 (registration PK-LKS; c/n 38728) from Bandung to Denpasar with 108 people on board, crashed into the water near Denpasar/Bali while attempting to land. The aircraft’s fuselage broke into two parts. While Indonesian officials reported the aircraft crashed short of the runway, reporters and photographers from Reuters and the Associated Press indicated that the plane overshot the runway. All passengers and crew were evacuated from the aircraft and there were no fatalities.
- On 6 August 2013, Lion Air Flight 892, a Boeing 737-800 (registration PK-LKH; c/n 37297) from Makassar to Gorontalo with 117 passengers and crew on board, collided into cow in Jalaluddin Airport. All people on board survived.
- On 1 February 2014, Lion Air Flight 361, a Boeing 737-900ER (registration PK-LFH; c/n 35710), from Balikpapan Sultan Aji Muhamad Sulaiman Airport to Ngurah Rai International Airport in Denpasar/Bali via Juanda International Airport in Surabaya, with 222 passengers and crew on board, landed hard and bounced four times on the runway, causing a tail strike and substantial damage to the plane. There were no casualties, but two passengers were seriously injured and three others had minor injuries.
Revocation of routes
On January 9, 2015, following the fatal crash of Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501, 53 routes operated by Lion Air and its subsidiaries were revoked by the transportation ministry as they had not been approved to fly. Among the 61 routes, Lion Air had the largest share.
Private jet business
In early 2012, the Transportation Ministry said that the airline was processing an Air Operator Certificate (AOC) for their private business jets. Private-jet services will be launched in the third quarter of 2012 with 4 of nine-seater jets Hawker 900 XP. The aim is to serve clients from the country's mining industry and will compete with Susi Air and Royal Jet.
- 2013 Laureate Award Nominees, Aviation Week & Space Technology, 21 January 2013, p. 47
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 3 April 2007. p. 106.
- "Airbus-Boeing battle shifts to Indonesia | Inquirer Business". Business.inquirer.net. 24 March 2013. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- "The Lion Roars". Airliner World: 88–96. February 2015.
- Boeing, Lion Air pioneer precision satellite navigation technology
- Lion Air Should Grounded 13 Planes
- "Lion, Batavia pledge to improve performance". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
- Citrinot, Luc (18 November 2010). "JAKARTA AIRPORT CONGESTION Some solutions to decongest Jakarta Soekarno Hatta Airport?". Eturbonews.com. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- "Boeing sets record with $22 billion order". CNN Money. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- "Lion air sanctioned over pilots with crystal meth". 11 January 2012.
- "Lagi, Pilot Lion Air Nyabu Ditangkap BNN". 4 February 2012.
- "Lion Air Firms Up Boeing Order". Aviation International News. 14 February 2012. Archived from the original on 15 February 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- "Disaksikan Presiden Prancis, Lion Air Pesan 234 Pesawat Airbus A320". 18 March 2013.
- Ballantyne, Tom (13 June 2008). "Orient Aviation". Orient Aviation magazine. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- "Accident: Fatal Accident in 2004". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 15 February 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- "Lion Air Flight JT 793". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Hradecky, Simon. "Accident: Lionair B734 at Pontianak on Nov 2nd 2010, overran runway on landing". Aviation Herald. Retrieved 2 November 2010.
- Hradecky, Simon (14 April 2013). "Accident: Lionar B738 at Denpasar on Apr 13th 2013, came to stop in sea". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "All passengers safe as Lion Air plane overshoots runway in Bali". Daily News and Analysis. 13 April 2013.
- "Investigators seek cause of new Boeing 737's crash into sea". KOMOnews.com. 14 April 2013.
- "Lion Air Flight JT 361". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- Heribertus Sulis Setyanto (January 9, 2015). "Lima Maskapai Langgar Izin Terbang, Lion Air Terbanyak".
- "Lion Air set to buy Hawker jets for private services". 10 February 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lion Air.|