|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
|Commenced operations||30 June 2000|
|Frequent-flyer program||Lion Passport|
|Airport lounge||Lion King Lounge|
|Company slogan||We make people fly|
|Key people||Rusdi Kirana (CEO)|
PT Lion Mentari Airlines, operating as Lion Air, is Indonesia’s largest privately run airline, capturing the largest share of the domestic market. Headquartered in Jakarta, Indonesia, Lion Air flies to cities within Indonesia and to Singapore, Vietnam, Malaysia and Saudi Arabia and some charter routes to China Mainland and Hong Kong. Its main base is Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta. It operates scheduled passenger services on an extensive network from Jakarta to 79 Destinations.
Lion Air has been rapidly expanding its fleet to meet the need for medium-haul jets in the world's fourth most populous country. On March 2013 Lion Air & Airbus signed a $24-billion contract - recorded as the most valuable commercial order booked in history - for 234 A320s. The second biggest was also made by Lion Air in 2011, in a $22.4-billion order for 230 Boeing jets.
The airline was established in October 1999 and started operations on June 30, 2000, when it began scheduled passenger services between Jakarta and Pontianak using a leased Boeing 737-200. It is owned by Rusdi Kirana and family. The airline is planning to join IATA and therefore hoping to become the second IATA Indonesian member carrier after Garuda Indonesia. Lion Air failed, in early 2011, the initial IATA assessments for membership due to safety concerns. Lion Air and Boeing are pioneering the use of required navigation performance (RNP) procedures in Indonesia, having successfully performed validation flights at the two terrain-challenged airports of Ambon and Manado.
From 19 July 2011, Lion Air has grounded 13 planes due to sanction caused by bad on-time performance (OTP) until Lion Air can fulfill at least 80 percent of OTP. The transportation ministry recorded that Lion Air's OTP of 66.45 percent was the worst of six airlines in an assessment conducted from January to April 2011 at 24 airports nationwide. On the other hand, airlines using Jakarta airport face considerable delays to their schedules due to runway congestion.
On 18 November 2011, the airline jointly announced with Boeing for a record-setting order of 201 Boeing 737 MAX and 29 Boeing 737-900ER planes, setting the record for the world's biggest single order of 230 planes for a commercial airline worth $21.7 billion.
In January 2012, the Transportation Ministry said that it sanctioned Lion Air because some of its pilots and crew members were found in recent months to be in possession of crystal methamphetamine. In late 2011 Muhammad Nasri and two other co-pilots were arrested at a party in Tangerang; in early 2012 a pilot was caught with crystal meth in Makassar. On 4 February 2012, another Lion Air pilot was arrested following a positive urinalysis test for use of methamphetamine; he was scheduled to fly on Surabaya-Makassar-Balikpapan-Surabaya flight hours later. The licenses of the pilots and crew have been revoked. Lion Air has a drug test program, in which the company's pilots, maintenance and engineering personnel, flight attendants and flight despatchers are required to undergo random drug tests. These tests can occur at anytime. Lion also cooperates with Indonesia's National Narcotics Board, and Lion has an ongoing internal advertising and PR campaign, "Say No To Drugs".
Lion Air has launched a full-service airline called Batik Air, which began operations in May 2013 using 737-900ERs. Lion Air also signed a commitment with Boeing to order five 787 Dreamliners, making it the first Indonesian airline to order the type since Garuda Indonesia cancelled its firm orders for 10 Dreamliners in 2010; it hopes to have them delivered by 2015. The airline had been considering ordering the competing Airbus A330 widebody but opted to purchase the 787.
On 11 September 2012, Lion Air and National Aerospace & Defence Industries Sdn Bhd (Nadi) signed a joint-venture agreement to set up a new airline in Malaysia, to be called Malindo Airways by May 2013. The two partners agreed to form another joint venture to provide maintenance services to all aircraft in the Lion Air Group, including any joint-venture airlines.
On 5 October 2013,a photo of Lion Air B737-900ER in Thai registration,and also with 'Thai Lion' title was spotted at Boeing Field,Seattle; thus confirming the news that Lion Air is forming its second international subsidiary in Thailand,after Malindo Air in Malaysia.
Lion Air serves 60 destinations, 55 domestic and 4 international (as of December 2012).
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (March 2012)|
As of October 2013, the Lion Air fleet consists of the following aircraft with an average age of 5 years:
|Boeing 737-300||2||—||0||149||149||To be retired|
|Boeing 737-400||6||—||0||168||168||Exit from service in 2017.|
|Boeing 737-800||20||16||0||189||189||Orders converted from -900ER|
|Boeing 737-900ER||68||91||0||213||213||Launch Customer|
|Boeing 737 MAX 9||—||201||TBA||Launch Customer|
|Boeing 747-400||2||—||22||484||496||Bought from Oasis Hong Kong Airlines|
Lion Air was the launch customer for the largest variant of the Boeing 737, the 737-900ER, which it placed an order for in 2005. On 26 May 2005, Lion Air signed a preliminary agreement with Boeing for the purchase of up to 60 Boeing 737 Next Generation aircraft, valued at $3.9 billion at list prices. Lion Air confirmed their order in July 2005 and became the launch customer for the Boeing 737-900ER with firm orders for 30 aircraft and options for 30 more, which were later converted into firm orders. The -900ER can carry up to 215 passengers in a single-class layout, and is powered by CFM56-7B turbofan engines. On 27 April 2007, Boeing delivered the first 737-900ER to Lion Air. The aircraft was delivered in a special dual-paint scheme that combines Lion Air's logo on its vertical stabilizer and the Boeing "Dreamliner" livery on the fuselage.
Lion Air set a record when it placed an order for 230 aircraft from Boeing, making this the largest order in terms of aircraft ordered as well the cost of the order. In November 2011, Lion Air and Boeing announced that the airline planned to buy 29 737-900ER and 201 737 MAX aircraft, with options for 150 more, valued at $21.7 billion at the time. A firm order was signed on 14 February 2012, with the 737 MAX aircraft identified as 737 MAX 9s, making Lion Air the launch customer for that variant. By the time of the signing, the order's value had risen to $22.4 billion at list prices, the largest aircraft order in history. Additionally, the engines for the -900ERs, CFM 56-7s, cost about $580 million and the engines for the MAXs, CFM LEAP-1Bs, cost about $4.8 billion. Deliveries of the -900ERs are to start in 2016, with the MAXs to follow in 2017.
On Monday 18 March 2013 Lion Air placed an order for 234 A320 jets with Airbus, the largest single order ever made surpassing previous record by Boeing ($22.4 Billion). The contract, which was signed at the Elysée Palace in the presence of President François Hollande and several government ministers, is worth €18.4 billion ($24 billion) at catalogue prices, the French presidency said.
|McDonnell Douglas MD-90-30||5|
EU aviation blacklist
Lion Air is one of several Indonesian carriers currently banned from operating in European airspace, because the European Commission has concerns about the Indonesian Directorate General of Civil Aviation's (DGCA) ability to provide proper regulatory oversight of the Indonesian airline industry.
Incidents and accidents
- On 14 January 2002, Lion Air Flight 386, a Boeing 737-200 crashed on take-off and was written off; no one died.
- On 30 November 2004, Lion Air Flight 538, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82, crashed in Surakarta; 25 people died.
- On 4 March 2006, Lion Air Flight 8987, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82, crashed after landing at Juanda International Airport. Reverse thrust was used during landing, although the left thrust reverser was stated to be out of service. This caused the aircraft to veer to the right and skid off the runway, coming to rest about 7,000 feet (2,100 m) from the approach end of the runway. No-one died; the aircraft was badly damaged.
- On 24 December 2006, Lion Air Flight 792, a Boeing 737-400, landed with an incorrect flap configuration and was not aligned with the runway. The plane landed hard and skidded along the runway causing the right main landing gear to detach, the left gear to protrude through the wing and some of the aircraft fuselage to be wrinkled. No one died and the aircraft was written off.
- On 23 February 2009, Lion Air Flight 972, a McDonnell Douglas MD-90 landed without the nose gear at Hang Nadim International Airport, Batam.
- On 9 March 2009, Lion Air Flight 793, a McDonnell Douglas MD-90-30 (registration PK-LIL) ran off the runway at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport. No-one was injured.
- On 2 November 2010, Lion Air Flight 712, a Boeing 737-400 (registration PK-LIQ) overran the runway on landing at Supadio Airport, Pontianak, coming to rest on its belly and sustaining damage to its nose gear. All 174 passengers and crew evacuated by the emergency slides, with few injuries reported.
- On 13 April 2013, Lion Air Flight 904, a Boeing 737-800 (registration PK-LKS) from Bandung to Denpasar with 108 people on board, crashed into the water near Denpasar/Bali while attempting to land. The aircraft’s fuselage broke into two parts. While Indonesian officials reported the aircraft crashed short of the runway, reporters and photographers from Reuters and the Associated Press indicated that the plane overshot the runway. All passengers and crew were evacuated from the aircraft and there were no fatalities.
- On 6 August 2013, Lion Air Flight 892, a Boeing 737-800 (registration PK-LKH) veered off the runway during landing at Jalaluddin Airport in Gorontalo after hitting some cattle. There were no casualties.
- On 30 September 2013, a Boeing 737-900ER (registration PK-LFM) Lion Air Flight JT 775, scheduled flight from Manado to Jakarta had a Auxiliary Power Unit problem in Sam Ratulangi Airport Manado. Passengers board into the plane while the air conditioner still not functioned properly. Due to budget saving reason, Lion Air management refused to use mobile Air Conditioner unit. Because of hot temperature inside a cabin became unbearable, some passengers initiate to open emergency door.
Private jet business
In early 2012, the Transportation Ministry said that the airline was processing an Air Operator Certificate (AOC) for their private business jets. Private-jet services will be launched in the third quarter of 2012 with 4 of nine-seater jets Hawker 900 XP. The aim is to serve clients from the country's mining industry and will compete with Susi Air and Royal Jet.
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