List of United States Senators from Oregon

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Oregon was admitted to the Union on February 14, 1859. Its current Senators are Democrats Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley.

Prior to 1906, Senators were elected by the Oregon Legislative Assembly. In 1904, Oregon voters passed a ballot measure that required Senators to be selected by a popular vote and then endorsed by the Legislature. Beginning in 1914, Senators were directly elected by popular vote on the basis of the 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution.[1][2][3]

Class 2[edit]

Class 2 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle wherein the first cycle had a term of office ending in 1793, and whose seats in recent years were/are contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 DelazonSmith.jpg Delazon Smith Democratic February 14, 1859 –
March 3, 1859
35th 1 Elected in 1859.

Lost re-election.
Vacant March 3, 1859 –
October 1, 1860
36th 2 Legislature failed to elect
2 EdDBaker.jpg Edward D. Baker Republican October 1, 1860 –
October 21, 1861
Elected late in 1860.

Died.
37th
Vacant October 21, 1861 –
February 27, 1862
3 Benjamin Stark 1910.jpg Benjamin Stark Democratic February 27, 1862 –
December 1, 1862
Appointed to continue Baker's term.

Retired when successor elected.
4 Benjamin F. Harding - Brady-Handy.jpg Benjamin F. Harding Democratic December 1, 1862 –
March 3, 1865
Elected to finish Baker's term.

Retired.
38th
5 George Henry Williams, Brady-Handy bw photo portrait, ca1870-1880.jpg George H. Williams Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1871
39th 3 Elected in 1865.

Lost re-election.
40th
41st
6 James K. Kelly - Brady-Handy.jpg James K. Kelly Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1877
42nd 4 Elected in 1871.

Retired.
43rd
44th
7 La Fayette Grover - Brady-Handy.jpg La Fayette Grover Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1883
45th 5 Elected in 1877.

Retired.
46th
47th
8 Joseph N. Dolph.jpg Joseph N. Dolph Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1895
48th 6 Elected in 1883.
49th
50th
51st 7 Re-elected in 1889.

Lost re-election.
52nd
53rd
9 George W. McBride.jpg George W. McBride Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1901
54th 8 Elected in 1895.

Lost renomination.
55th
56th
10 John H. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg John H. Mitchell Republican March 4, 1901 –
December 8, 1905
57th 9 Elected in 1900.

Died.
58th
59th
Vacant December 8, 1905 –
December 21, 1905
11 John M. Gearin.jpg John M. Gearin Democratic December 21, 1905 –
January 23, 1907
Appointed to continue Mitchell's term.

Retired when successor elected.
Vacant January 23, 1907 –
January 30, 1907
12 Frederick W. Mulkey.jpg Frederick W. Mulkey Republican January 30, 1907 –
March 3, 1907
Elected to finish Mitchell's term.[4]

Retired.
13 Jonathan Bourne.jpg Jonathan Bourne, Jr. Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
60th 10 Elected in 1906.[4]

Lost renomination.
61st
62nd
14 Harry Lane.jpg Harry Lane Democratic March 4, 1913 –
May 23, 1917
63rd 11 Elected in 1912.[4]

Died.
64th
65th
Vacant May 23, 1917 –
May 29, 1917
15 Charles mcnary.jpg Charles L. McNary Republican May 29, 1917 –
November 5, 1918
Appointed to continue Lane's term.

Elected to the next term, but not to finish the current term.
16 Frederick W. Mulkey.jpg Frederick W. Mulkey Republican November 6, 1918 –
December 17, 1918
Elected to finish Lane's term.

Resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
17 Charles mcnary.jpg Charles L. McNary Republican December 18, 1918 –
February 25, 1944
Appointed to finish Mulkey's term,
having already been elected to the next term.
66th 12 Elected in 1918.
67th
68th
69th 13 Re-elected in 1924.
70th
71st
72nd 14 Re-elected in 1930.
73rd
74th
75th 15 Re-elected in 1936.
76th
77th
78th 16 Re-elected in 1942.

Died.
Vacant February 25, 1944 –
March 13, 1944
18 Guy F. Cordon.jpg Guy Cordon Republican March 13, 1944 –
January 3, 1955
Appointed to continue McNary's term.

Elected to finish McNary's term.
79th
80th
81st 17 Re-elected in 1948.

Lost re-election.
82nd
83rd
19 Richard Lewis Neuberger.jpg Richard L. Neuberger Democratic January 3, 1955 –
March 9, 1960
84th 18 Elected in 1954.

Died.
85th
86th
Vacant March 9, 1960 –
March 23, 1960
20 Hall Stoner Lusk.jpg Hall S. Lusk Democratic March 23, 1960 –
November 9, 1960
Appointed to continue Neuberger's term.

Retired when successor elected.
21 Maurine Brown Neuberger.jpg Maurine Brown Neuberger Democratic November 9, 1960 –
January 3, 1967
Elected to finish her husband's term.
87th 19 Re-elected in 1960.

Retired.
88th
89th
22 Mark hatfield.jpg Mark Hatfield Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1997
90th 20 Elected in 1966.
91st
92nd
93rd 21 Re-elected in 1972.
94th
95th
96th 22 Re-elected in 1978.
97th
98th
99th 23 Re-elected in 1984.
100th
101st
102nd 24 Re-elected in 1990.

Retired.
103rd
104th
23 Gordon Smith official portrait.jpg Gordon Smith Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2009
105th 25 Elected in 1996.
106th
107th
108th 26 Re-elected in 2002.

Lost re-election 2008.
109th
110th
24 Jeff Merkley.jpg Jeff Merkley Democratic January 3, 2009 –
Present
111th 27 Elected in 2008.
112th
113th
114th 28 Re-elected in 2014.
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

Class 3[edit]

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle wherein the first cycle had a term of office ending in 1795, and whose seats in recent years were/are contested in 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2016.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 Joseph Lane (cwpbh-02170).jpg Joseph Lane Democratic February 14, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
35th 1 Elected in 1859.

Retired.
36th
2 James W. Nesmith - Brady-Handy.jpg James W. Nesmith Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1867
37th 2 Elected in 1861.

Lost re-election.
38th
39th
3 Henry W. Corbett - Brady-Handy.jpg Henry W. Corbett Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1873
40th 3 Elected in 1867.

Retired.
41st
42nd
4 John H. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg John H. Mitchell Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
43rd 4 Elected in 1873.

Lost re-election.
44th
45th
5 James H. Slater - Brady-Handy.jpg James H. Slater Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1885
46th 5 Elected in 1879.

Retired.
47th
48th
Vacant March 3, 1885 –
December 17, 1885
49th 6
6 John H. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg John H. Mitchell Republican December 17, 1885 –
March 3, 1897
Elected late in 1885.
50th
51st
52nd 7 Re-elected in 1891.

Lost re-election.
53rd
54th
Vacant March 3, 1897 –
October 7, 1898
55th 8
7 Joseph Simon of Oregon.jpg Joseph Simon Republican October 7, 1898 –
March 3, 1903
Elected late in 1898.

Retired.
56th
57th
8 Charles W. Fulton.jpg Charles W. Fulton Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1909
58th 9 Elected in 1902.

Lost re-election.
59th
60th
9 George E Chamberlain -3Qtr view.jpg George E. Chamberlain Democratic March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1921
61st 10 Elected in 1908.[4]
62nd
63rd
64th 11 Re-elected in 1914.

Lost re-election, 1920.
65th
66th
10 Robert Nelson Stanfield.jpg Robert N. Stanfield Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1927
67th 12 Elected in 1920.

Lost re-election.
68th
69th
11 Fredericksteiwer.jpg Frederick Steiwer Republican March 4, 1927 –
January 31, 1938
70th 13 Elected in 1926.
71st
72nd
73rd 14 Re-elected in 1932.

Resigned.
74th
75th
Vacant January 31, 1938 –
February 11, 1938
12 Alfred Evan Reames.jpg Alfred E. Reames Democratic February 11, 1938 –
November 9, 1938
Appointed to continue Steiwer's term.

Retired when successor elected.
13 Alexander Grant Barry.jpg Alexander G. Barry Republican November 9, 1938 –
January 3, 1939
Elected to finish Steiwer's term.

Retired.
14 Rufus Holman.jpg Rufus C. Holman Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1945
76th 15 Elected in 1938.

Lost renomination.
77th
78th
15 Wayne Morse.jpg Wayne Morse Republican
(until 1952).[5]
January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1969
79th 16 Elected in 1944.
80th
81st
82nd 17 Re-elected in 1950.
Independent
(1952–1955)[5]
83rd
Democratic
(from 1955)[5]
84th
85th 18 Re-elected in 1956.
86th
87th
88th 19 Re-elected in 1962.

Lost re-election.
89th
90th
16 RWPackwood.jpg Bob Packwood Republican January 3, 1969 –
October 1, 1995
91st 20 Elected in 1968.
92nd
93rd
94th 21 Re-elected in 1974.
95th
96th
97th 22 Re-elected in 1980.
98th
99th
100th 23 Re-elected in 1986.
101st
102nd
103rd 24 Re-elected in 1992.

Resigned.
104th
Vacant October 1, 1995 –
February 6, 1996
17 Ron Wyden official portrait crop.jpg Ron Wyden Democratic February 6, 1996 –
Present
Elected to finish Packwood's term.
105th
106th 25 Re-elected in 1998.
107th
108th
109th 26 Re-elected in 2004.
110th
111th
112th 27 Re-elected in 2010.
113th
114th
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

Living former U.S. Senators from Oregon[edit]

As of April 2015, there are two former U.S. Senators from the U.S. State of Oregon that are currently living, one from Class 2 and one from Class 3.

Senator Term of office (Congressional years as a congressmen/women/senators while in office) Class Date of birth (and age)
Bob Packwood 1969 - 1995 3 (1932-09-11) September 11, 1932 (age 82)
Gordon H. Smith 1997 - 2009 2 (1952-05-25) May 25, 1952 (age 62)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Initiative, Referendum and Recall Introduction". Oregon Blue Book. Salem, Oregon: Oregon Secretary of State. 2006. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Senators from Oregon". Oregon Blue Book. Salem, Oregon: Oregon Secretary of State. 2006. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
  3. ^ Carey, Charles Henry (1922). History of Oregon. Chicago, Illinois: Pioneer Publishing. pp. 837–838. 
  4. ^ a b c d Selected by popular vote, elected by Legislature
  5. ^ a b c Wayne Morse was elected as a Republican in 1944 and reelected as a Republican in 1950. He changed to Independent in 1952 and to Democrat in 1955. He was reelected as a Democrat in 1956 and 1962.

External links[edit]