List of United States Senators from Oregon

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Oregon was admitted to the Union on February 14, 1859. Its current Senators are Democrats Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley.

Prior to 1906, Senators were elected by the Oregon Legislative Assembly. In 1904, Oregon voters passed a ballot measure that required Senators to be selected by a popular vote and then endorsed by the Legislature. Beginning in 1914, Senators were directly elected by popular vote on the basis of the 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution.[1][2][3]

Class 2[edit]

Class 2 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle wherein the first cycle had a term of office ending in 1793, and whose seats in recent years were/are contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 DelazonSmith.jpg Delazon Smith Democratic February 14, 1859 –
March 3, 1859
35 1 Elected in 1859

Lost re-election
Vacant March 3, 1859 –
October 1, 1860
36 2 Legislature failed to elect
2 EdDBaker.jpg Edward D. Baker Republican October 1, 1860 –
October 21, 1861
36
(Continued)
Elected late in 1860

Died
37
Vacant October 21, 1861 –
February 27, 1862
3 Benjamin Stark 1910.jpg Benjamin Stark Democratic February 27, 1862 –
December 1, 1862
Appointed to continue Baker's term

Retired when successor elected
4 Benjamin F. Harding - Brady-Handy.jpg Benjamin F. Harding Democratic December 1, 1862 –
March 3, 1865
37
(Continued)
Elected to finish Baker's term

Retired
38
5 George Henry Williams, Brady-Handy bw photo portrait, ca1870-1880.jpg George H. Williams Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1871
39 3 Elected in 1865

Lost re-election
40
41
6 James K. Kelly - Brady-Handy.jpg James K. Kelly Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1877
42 4 Elected in 1871

Retired
43
44
7 La Fayette Grover - Brady-Handy.jpg La Fayette Grover Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1883
45 5 Elected in 1877

Retired
46
47
8 Joseph N. Dolph.jpg Joseph N. Dolph Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1895
48 6 Elected in 1883
49
50
51 7 Re-elected in 1889

Lost re-election
52
53
9 George W. McBride.jpg George W. McBride Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1901
54 8 Elected in 1895

Lost renomination
55
56
10 John H. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg John H. Mitchell Republican March 4, 1901 –
December 8, 1905
57 9 Elected in 1900

Died
58
59
Vacant December 8, 1905 –
December 21, 1905
11 John M. Gearin.jpg John M. Gearin Democratic December 21, 1905 –
January 23, 1907
Appointed to continue Mitchell's term

Retired when successor elected
Vacant January 23, 1907 –
January 30, 1907
12 Frederick W. Mulkey.jpg Frederick W. Mulkey Republican January 30, 1907 –
March 3, 1907
Elected to finish Mitchell's term[4]

Retired
13 Jonathan Bourne.jpg Jonathan Bourne, Jr. Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
60 10 Elected in 1906[4]

Lost renomination
61
62
14 Harry Lane.jpg Harry Lane Democratic March 4, 1913 –
May 23, 1917
63 11 Elected in 1912[4]

Died
64
65
Vacant May 23, 1917 –
May 29, 1917
15 Charles mcnary.jpg Charles L. McNary Republican May 29, 1917 –
November 5, 1918
Appointed to continue Lane's term

Retired when successor elected
16 Frederick W. Mulkey.jpg Frederick W. Mulkey Republican November 6, 1918 –
December 17, 1918
Elected to finish Lane's term

Resigned early to give successor preferential seniority
17 Charles mcnary.jpg Charles L. McNary Republican December 18, 1918 –
February 25, 1944
Appointed to finish Mulkey's term,
having already been elected to the next term
66 12 Elected in 1918
67
68
69 13 Re-elected in 1924
70
71
72 14 Re-elected in 1930
73
74
75 15 Re-elected in 1936
76
77
78 16 Re-elected in 1942

Died
Vacant February 25, 1944 –
March 13, 1944
18 Guy F. Cordon.jpg Guy Cordon Republican March 13, 1944 –
January 3, 1955
78
(Continued)
Appointed to continue McNary's term
Elected to finish McNary's term
79
80
81 17 Re-elected in 1948

Lost re-election
82
83
19 Richard Lewis Neuberger.jpg Richard L. Neuberger Democratic January 3, 1955 –
March 9, 1960
84 18 Elected in 1954

Died
85
86
Vacant March 9, 1960 –
March 23, 1960
20 Hall Stoner Lusk.jpg Hall S. Lusk Democratic March 23, 1960 –
November 9, 1960
Appointed to continue Neuberger's term

Retired when successor elected
21 Maurine Brown Neuberger.jpg Maurine Brown Neuberger Democratic November 9, 1960 –
January 3, 1967
Elected to finish her husband's term
87 19 Re-elected in 1960

Retired
88
89
22 Mark hatfield.jpg Mark Hatfield Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1997
90 20 Elected in 1966
91
92
93 21 Re-elected in 1972
94
95
96 22 Re-elected in 1978
97
98
99 23 Re-elected in 1984
100
101
102 24 Re-elected in 1990

Retired
103
104
23 Gordon Smith official portrait.jpg Gordon Smith Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2009
105 25 Elected in 1996
106
107
108 26 Re-elected in 2002

Lost re-election 2008
109
110
24 Jeff Merkley.jpg Jeff Merkley Democratic January 3, 2009 –
Present
111 27 Elected in 2008
112
113
114 28 Re-elected in 2014
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

Class 3[edit]

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle wherein the first cycle had a term of office ending in 1795, and whose seats in recent years were/are contested in 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2016.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 Joseph Lane (cwpbh-02170).jpg Joseph Lane Democratic February 14, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
35 1 Elected in 1859

Retired
36
2 James W. Nesmith - Brady-Handy.jpg James W. Nesmith Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1867
37 2 Elected in 1861

Lost re-election
38
39
3 Henry W. Corbett - Brady-Handy.jpg Henry W. Corbett Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1873
40 3 Elected in 1867

Retired
41
42
4 John H. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg John H. Mitchell Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
43 4 Elected in 1873

Lost re-election
44
45
5 James H. Slater - Brady-Handy.jpg James H. Slater Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1885
46 5 Elected in 1879

Retired
47
48
Vacant March 3, 1885 –
December 17, 1885
49 6
6 John H. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg John H. Mitchell Republican December 17, 1885 –
March 3, 1897
49
(Continued)
Elected late in 1885
50
51
52 7 Re-elected in 1891

Lost re-election
53
54
Vacant March 3, 1897 –
October 7, 1898
55 8
7 Joseph Simon of Oregon.jpg Joseph Simon Republican October 7, 1898 –
March 3, 1903
55
(Continued)
Elected late in 1898

Retired
56
57
8 Charles W. Fulton.jpg Charles W. Fulton Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1909
58 9 Elected in 1902

Lost re-election
59
60
9 George E Chamberlain -3Qtr view.jpg George E. Chamberlain Democratic March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1921
61 10 Elected in 1908[4]
62
63
64 11 Re-elected in 1914

Lost re-election, 1920
65
66
10 Robert Nelson Stanfield.jpg Robert N. Stanfield Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1927
67 12 Elected in 1920

Lost re-election
68
69
11 Fredericksteiwer.jpg Frederick Steiwer Republican March 4, 1927 –
January 31, 1938
70 13 Elected in 1926
71
72
73 14 Re-elected in 1932

Resigned
74
75
Vacant January 31, 1938 –
February 11, 1938
12 Alfred Evan Reames.jpg Alfred E. Reames Democratic February 11, 1938 –
November 9, 1938
Appointed to continue Steiwer's term

Retired when successor elected
13 Alexander Grant Barry.jpg Alexander G. Barry Republican November 9, 1938 –
January 3, 1939
Elected to finish Steiwer's term

Retired
14 Rufus Holman.jpg Rufus C. Holman Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1945
76 15 Elected in 1938

Lost renomination
77
78
15 Wayne Morse.jpg Wayne Morse Republican
(until 1952)[5]
January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1969
79 16 Elected in 1944
80
81
82 17 Re-elected in 1950
Independent
(1952–1955)[5]
82
(Continued)
83
Democratic
(from 1955)[5]
84
85 18 Re-elected in 1956
86
87
88 19 Re-elected in 1962

Lost re-election
89
90
16 RWPackwood.jpg Bob Packwood Republican January 3, 1969 –
October 1, 1995
91 20 Elected in 1968
92
93
94 21 Re-elected in 1974
95
96
97 22 Re-elected in 1980
98
99
100 23 Re-elected in 1986
101
102
103 24 Re-elected in 1992

Resigned
104
Vacant October 1, 1995 –
February 6, 1996
17 Ron Wyden official portrait crop.jpg Ron Wyden Democratic February 6, 1996 –
Present
104
(Continued)
Elected to finish Packwood's term
105
106 25 Re-elected in 1998
107
108
109 26 Re-elected in 2004
110
111
112 27 Re-elected in 2010
113
114
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Initiative, Referendum and Recall Introduction". Oregon Blue Book. Salem, Oregon: Oregon Secretary of State. 2006. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Senators from Oregon". Oregon Blue Book. Salem, Oregon: Oregon Secretary of State. 2006. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
  3. ^ Carey, Charles Henry (1922). History of Oregon. Chicago, Illinois: Pioneer Publishing. pp. 837–838. 
  4. ^ a b c d Selected by popular vote, elected by Legislature
  5. ^ a b c Wayne Morse was elected as a Republican in 1944 and reelected as a Republican in 1950. He changed to Independent in 1952 and to Democrat in 1955. He was reelected as a Democrat in 1956 and 1962.

External links[edit]