49th United States Congress

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49th United States Congress
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1885 – March 4, 1887

Senate President: Thomas A. Hendricks (Mar.–Nov. 1885)
Vacant (1885–1887)
Senate Pres. pro tem: John Sherman
John Ingalls
House Speaker: John Carlisle
Members: 76 Senators
325 Representatives
8 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1885 – April 2, 1885
1st: December 7, 1885 – August 5, 1886
2nd: December 6, 1886 – March 3, 1887
<48th 50th>

The Forty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1885 to March 4, 1887, during the first two years of Grover Cleveland's first presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Tenth Census of the United States in 1880. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate[edit]

TOTAL members: 76

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 325

Leadership[edit]

Senate President
Thomas A. Hendricks

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1886; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1888; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1890.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are listed by district.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 7
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 6
  • interim appointments: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 9

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 11
  • deaths: 8
  • resignations: 7
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 17

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]