83rd United States Congress

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83rd United States Congress
82nd ← → 84th
USCapitol1956.jpg
United States Capitol (1956)

Duration: January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955

Senate President: Alben W. Barkley (D) (until Jan 20, 1953)
Richard Nixon (R) (from Jan 20, 1953)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Styles Bridges (R)
House Speaker: Joseph William Martin, Jr. (R)
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican Party
House Majority: Republican Party

Sessions
1st: January 3, 1953 – August 3, 1953
2nd: January 6, 1954 – December 2, 1954

The Eighty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1953 to January 3, 1955, during the first two years of the first administration of U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower.

Contents

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Seventeenth Census of the United States in 1950.

Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Major events[edit]

Further information: Events of 1953, Events of 1954

Major legislation[edit]

President Eisenhower signs the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.

Key Votes[edit]

Senate[edit]

Legislation Party Yea Nay
Formosa Policy Democrats 12 32
January 28, 1955 Republicans 1 42
Rejected 13 74
China Mutual Defense Treaty Democrats 9 33
February 9, 1955 Republicans 1 27
Rejected 10 60
Raising Congressional Salaries Democrats 30 13
February 23, 1955 Republicans 32 11
Passed 62 24

House of Representatives[edit]

Legislation Party Yea Nay
Raising Congressional Salaries Democrats 166 59
February 16, 1955 Republicans 117 59
Passed 283 118
Reciprocal Trade Extension Democrats 80 140
February 18, 1955 Republicans 119 66
Rejected 199 206
Reciprocal Trade Extension Democrats 186 35
February 18, 1955 Republicans 109 75
Passed 295 110
Taxation Democrats 16 205
February 25, 1955 Republicans 189 5
Rejected 205 210

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Independent
(I)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 45 0 50 95 1
Begin 47 1 48 96 0
End
Final voting share 49.0% 1.0% 50.0%
Beginning of the next congress 48 1 47 96 0

House of Representatives[edit]

221 Republicans, 213 Democrats, 1 Independent

Total Membership: 435 Representatives, 2 Delegates, 1 Resident Commissioner

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Within each state, senators are listed in order of seniority. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives[edit]

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
North Carolina
(2)
Willis Smith (D) Died June 25, 1953 Alton Lennon (D) July 10, 1953
New Hampshire
(3)
Charles W. Tobey (R) Died July 24, 1953 Robert W. Upton (R) August 14, 1953
Ohio
(3)
Robert A. Taft (R) Died July 31, 1953. Thomas A. Burke (D) November 10, 1953
Nebraska
(2)
Dwight Griswold (R) Died April 12, 1954 Eva Bowring (R) April 16, 1954
North Carolina
(3)
Clyde R. Hoey (D) Died May 12, 1954 Sam Ervin (D) June 5, 1954
Wyoming
(2)
Lester C. Hunt (D) Died June 19, 1954. Edward D. Crippa (R) June 24, 1954
Nebraska
(1)
Hugh A. Butler (R) Died July 1, 1954 Samuel W. Reynolds (R) July 3, 1954
South Carolina
(2)
Burnet R. Maybank (D) Died September 1, 1954. Charles E. Daniel (D) September 6, 1954
Nevada
(3)
Pat McCarran (D) Died September 28, 1954 Ernest S. Brown (R) October 1, 1954
Nebraska
(1)
Samuel W. Reynolds (R) Successor elected November 7, 1954 Roman Hruska (R) November 8, 1954
Nebraska
(2)
Eva Bowring (R) Successor elected November 7, 1954 Hazel Abel (R) November 8, 1954
New Hampshire
(3)
Robert W. Upton (R) Successor elected November 7, 1954. Lost special election to fill seat. Norris Cotton (R) November 8, 1954
North Carolina
(2)
Alton Lennon (D) Successor elected November 28, 1954. Lost special election to fill seat. W. Kerr Scott (D) November 29, 1954
Wyoming
(2)
Edward D. Crippa (R) Successor elected November 28, 1954. Joseph C. O'Mahoney (D) November 29, 1954
Nevada
(3)
Ernest S. Brown (R) Successor elected December 1, 1954. Lost special election to fill seat. Alan Bible (D) December 2, 1954
Ohio
(3)
Thomas A. Burke (D) Successor elected December 2, 1954. Lost special election to fill seat. George H. Bender (R) December 16, 1954
South Carolina
(2)
Charles E. Daniel (D) Resigned December 23, 1954. Strom Thurmond (D) December 24, 1954
Nebraska
(2)
Hazel Abel (R) Resigned December 31, 1954 Carl Curtis (R) January 1, 1955

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Georgia 2nd Vacant Rep. Edward E. Cox died during previous congress J. L. Pilcher (D) February 4, 1953
Illinois 7th Vacant Rep. Adolph J. Sabath died during previous congress James Bowler (D) July 7, 1953
Virginia 5th Thomas B. Stanley (D) resigned February 3, 1953 to run for Governor of Virginia William M. Tuck (D) April 14, 1953
South Carolina 4th Joseph R. Bryson (D) Died March 10, 1953 Robert T. Ashmore (D) June 2, 1953
Kentucky 2nd Garrett L. Withers (D) Died April 30, 1953 William H. Natcher (D) August 1, 1953
Wisconsin 9th Merlin Hull (R) Died May 17, 1953 Lester Johnson (D) October 13, 1953
California 24th Norris Poulson (R) Resigned June 11, 1953 after being elected Mayor of Los Angeles Glenard P. Lipscomb (R) November 10, 1953
New Jersey 6th Clifford P. Case (R) Resigned August 16, 1953 Harrison A. Williams (D) November 3, 1953
Hawaii Territory At-large Joseph R. Farrington (R) Resigned June 19, 1954 Elizabeth P. Farrington (R) July 31, 1954
New York 8th Louis B. Heller (D) Resigned July 21, 1954 after being appointed judge of the Court of Special Sessions of New York City Vacant Not filled this term
Georgia 4th A. Sidney Camp (D) Died July 24, 1954 John J. Flynt, Jr. (D) November 2, 1954
Michigan 3rd Paul W. Shafer (R) Died August 17, 1954 Vacant Not filled this term
Ohio 15th Robert T. Secrest (D) Resigned September 26, 1954 Vacant Not filled this term
New Hampshire 2nd Norris Cotton (R) Resigned November 7, 1954 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term
Nebraska 2nd Roman Hruska (R) Resigned November 8, 1954 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term
Florida 6th Dwight L. Rogers (D) Died December 1, 1954 Vacant Not filled this term
Ohio 15th George H. Bender (R) Resigned December 15, 1954 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term
Nebraska 1st Carl Curtis (R) Resigned December 31, 1954 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term
New York 21st Jacob K. Javits (R) Resigned December 31, 1954 after being elected New York Attorney General Vacant Not filled this term

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]