86th United States Congress

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86th United States Congress
85th ← → 87th
USCapitol1956.jpg
United States Capitol (1956)

Duration: January 3, 1959 (1959-01-03) – January 3, 1961 (1961-01-03)

Senate President: Richard Nixon
Senate Pres. pro tem: Carl Hayden
House Speaker: Sam Rayburn
Members: 96 (then increasing to 100) Senators
435 (then temporarily increasing to 437) Representatives
Senate Majority: Democratic Party
House Majority: Democratic Party

Sessions
1st: January 7, 1959 – September 15, 1959
2nd: January 6, 1960 – September 1, 1960

The Eighty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1959 to January 3, 1961, during the last two years of the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventeenth Census of the United States in 1950. Both chambers had a Democratic majority. When Alaska and Hawaii were admitted as states in 1959, the membership of the House temporarily increased to 437 (seating one member from each of those newly admitted states and leaving the apportionment of the other 435 seats unchanged); it would remain at 437 until reapportionment resulting from the 1960 census.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Treaties[edit]

Constitutional amendment[edit]

The official Joint Resolution of Congress proposing what became the 23rd Amendment as contained in the National Archives

States admitted[edit]

  • January 3, 1959: Alaska was admitted as the 49th state.
  • August 21, 1959: Hawaii was admitted as the 50th state.

Party summaries[edit]

Senate[edit]

TOTAL members: 98, then 100

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 437. The increase over the usual 435 members was due to the admission of Alaska and Hawaii, whose seats were temporary until reapportionment following the 1960 Census.

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Within each state, senators are listed in order of seniority. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

Senate[edit]

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Hawaii
(1)
New seats Hawaii achieved statehood August 21, 1959. Hiram Fong (R) August 21, 1959
Hawaii
(3)
Oren E. Long (D)
North Dakota
(1)
William Langer (R) Died November 8, 1959 Clarence N. Brunsdale (R) November 19, 1959
Oregon
(2)
Richard L. Neuberger (D) Died March 9, 1960 Hall S. Lusk (D) March 16, 1960
North Dakota
(1)
Clarence N. Brunsdale (R) Successor elected August 7, 1960. Quentin N. Burdick (D) August 8, 1960
Missouri
(3)
Thomas C. Hennings, Jr. (D) Died September 13, 1960 Edward V. Long (D) September 23, 1960
Oregon
(2)
Hall S. Lusk (D) Successor elected November 8, 1960 Maurine Brown Neuberger (D) November 9, 1960
Massachusetts
(1)
John F. Kennedy (D) Resigned December 22, 1960 after being elected President of the United States Benjamin A. Smith II (D) December 27, 1960

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Missouri 4th George H. Christopher (D) Died January 23, 1959 William J. Randall (D) March 3, 1959
New York 43rd Daniel A. Reed (R) Died February 19, 1959 Charles Goodell (R) May 26, 1959
Ohio 6th James G. Polk (D) Died April 28, 1959 Ward Miller (R) November 8, 1960
Hawaii Territory At-large John A. Burns (D) Hawaii achieved statehood. Seat eliminated August 21, 1959
Hawaii At-large New seat Hawaii achieved statehood August 21, 1959 Daniel Inouye (D) August 21, 1959
Illinois 12th Charles A. Boyle (D) Died November 4, 1959 Vacant Not filled this term
Iowa 4th Steven V. Carter (D) Died November 4, 1959 John H. Kyl (R) December 15, 1959
Pennsylvania 17th Alvin Bush (R) Died November 5, 1959 Herman T. Schneebeli (R) April 26, 1960
New York 23rd Isidore Dollinger (D) Resigned December 31, 1959 Jacob H. Gilbert (D) March 8, 1960
Pennsylvania 18th Richard M. Simpson (R) Died January 7, 1960 Douglas H. Elliott (R) April 26, 1960
North Carolina 12th David M. Hall (D) Died January 29, 1960 Roy A. Taylor (D) June 25, 1960
Washington 3rd Russell V. Mack (R) Died March 28, 1960 Julia Butler Hansen (D) November 8, 1960
Pennsylvania 18th Douglas H. Elliott (R) Died June 19, 1960 J. Irving Whalley (R) November 8, 1960
North Dakota At-large Quentin N. Burdick (D) Resigned August 8, 1960 after becoming US Senator Vacant Not filled this term
Massachusetts 5th Edith Nourse Rogers (R) Died September 10, 1960 Vacant Not filled this term
Wyoming At-large Edwin K. Thomson (R) Died December 9, 1960 Vacant Not filled this term
New York 5th Albert H. Bosch (R) Resigned December 31, 1960 after being elected judge of Court of Queens County Vacant Not filled this term

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

Specific citations
  1. ^ "Nation Honor Lincoln On Sesquicentennial". Yonkers Herald-Statesman (Northern Illinois University Libraries). Associated Press. February 11, 1959. Retrieved April 25, 2013. Congress gets into the act tomorrow, when a joint session will be held. Carl Sandburg, famed Lincoln biographer, will give and address, and actor Fredric March will read the Gettysburg Address. 
General references