68th United States Congress

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68th United States Congress
67th ← → 69th
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1923 – March 4, 1925

Senate President: Calvin Coolidge (Mar.–Aug. 1923)
Vacant (1923–1925)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Albert B. Cummins
House Speaker: Frederick H. Gillett
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
1st: December 3, 1923 – June 7, 1924
2nd: December 1, 1924 – March 3, 1925

The Sixty-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1923 to March 4, 1925, during the last months of Warren G. Harding's presidency, and the first years of his successor, Calvin Coolidge. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

See also: 1923, 1924 and 1925

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section??.?%

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer-Labor
(FL)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 37 0 59 96 0
Begin 42 1 53 96 0
End 2 52
Final voting share 43.8% 2.1% 54.2%
Beginning of the next congress 40 1 55 96 0

House of Representatives[edit]

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Farmer-Labor Socialist Vacant
End of the previous Congress  ??  ??  ??  ??  ??  ??
Begin 225 207 2 1  ??  ??
End  ??  ??  ??  ??  ??  ??
Final voting share  ??.?%  ??.?%  ??.?%  ??.?%
Beginning of the next Congress  ??  ??  ??  ??  ??  ??

Leadership[edit]

President of the Senate Calvin Coolidge

Senate[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senate composition, by party
President pro tempore
Albert B. Cummins

Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1928; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1924; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1926.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 7
  • deaths:
  • resignations:
  • vacancy:
  • Total seats with changes:

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 24
  • deaths:
  • resignations:
  • contested election:
  • Total seats with changes:

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]