71st United States Congress

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71st United States Congress
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1931

Senate President: Charles Curtis
Senate Pres. pro tem: George H. Moses
House Speaker: Nicholas Longworth
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Special: March 4, 1929 – March 5, 1929
1st: April 15, 1929 – November 22, 1929
2nd: December 2, 1929 – July 3, 1930
Special: July 7, 1930 – July 21, 1930
3rd: December 1, 1930 – March 3, 1931
<70th 72nd>

The Seventy-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1929 to March 4, 1931, during the first two years of Herbert Hoover's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority. This congress saw the most special elections of any congress with 27 in all.


Major events[edit]

  • March 4, 1929: Herbert C. Hoover became President of the United States
  • October 24, 1929 – October 29, 1929: Wall Street Crash of 1929: Three multi-digit percentage drops wipe out more than $30 billion from the New York Stock Exchange (10 times greater than the annual budget of the federal government).
  • October 25, 1929: Former U.S. Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall is convicted of bribery for his role in the Teapot Dome scandal, becoming the first Presidential cabinet member to go to prison for actions in office.

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Map showing Senate party membership at the start of the 71st Congress.

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
End of the previous congress 46 1 48 95 1
Begin 39 1 55 95 1
End 41 54 96 0
Final voting share 42.7% 1.0% 56.3%
Beginning of the next congress 59 1 36 96 0

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 435



President of the Senate
Charles Curtis
President pro tempore of the Senate
George H. Moses

House of Representatives[edit]


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.


Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1934; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1930; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1932.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their districts.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • replacements: 9
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 3
  • interim appointments: 6
  • Total seats with changes: 9

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 26
  • deaths: 25
  • resignations: 6
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 32



House of Representatives[edit]


  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]