List of heads of state of India

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This is a list of the heads of state of India, from the foundation of the India in 1947 to the present day.

From 1947 to 1950 the head of state under the Indian Independence Act 1947 was the Monarch, who was the same person as the Monarch of the United Kingdom and of the other Dominions. The monarch was represented in India by a Governor-General. India became a republic under the Constitution of 1950 and the monarch and Governor-General were replaced by a ceremonial President.

Monarch (1947–1950)[edit]

The succession to the throne of India was the same as the succession to the throne of the United Kingdom, governed by the Act of Settlement 1701.

Monarch Reign Royal House Prime Minister(s)
# Portrait Name Reign start Reign end Duration
1 King George VI.jpg King George VI
(1895–1952)
15 August 1947 26 January 1950 2 years, 164 days House of Windsor Nehru

Governors-General[edit]

The Governor-General was the representative of the monarch in India and exercised most of the powers of the monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of India without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

Status
  Denotes Chief Justice acting as Officer Administering the Government
Governor-General Term of Office Monarch(s) Prime Minister(s)
# Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Duration
1 Mountbatten.jpg The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
(1900–1979)
15 August 1947 21 June 1948 311 days George VI Nehru
2 C Rajagopalachari Feb 17 2011.JPG Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
(1878–1972)
21 June 1948 26 January 1950 1 year, 219 days George VI Nehru

President of India[edit]

Under the Constitution, of the Republic of India, the President replaced the monarch as ceremonial head of state. The President was elected by the Electoral College for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the Vice President served as Acting President.

Status
  Denotes Vice President acting as President
President Term of office Political party
(at time of election)
Prime Minister(s)
# Portrait Name Took office Left office Duration
1 No image.png Rajendra Prasad
(1884–1963)
26 January 1950 13 May 1962 12 years, 107 days Independent Nehru
2 Radhakrishnan.jpg Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
(1888–1975)
13 May 1962 13 May 1967 5 years Independent Nehru
Nanda
Shastri
Nanda
Gandhi
3 No image.png Zakir Hussain
(1897–1969)
13 May 1967 3 May 1969
(Died in office)
1 year, 355 days Independent Gandhi
No image.png V. V. Giri
(1894–1980)
3 May 1969 20 July 1969 78 days Independent Gandhi
No image.png Mohammad Hidayatullah
(1905–1992)
20 July 1969 24 August 1969 35 days [1] Gandhi
4 No image.png V. V. Giri
(1894–1980)
24 August 1969 24 August 1974 5 years Independent Gandhi
5 No image.png Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
(1905–1977)
24 August 1974 11 February 1977
(Died in office)
2 years, 171 days Independent Gandhi
No image.png Basappa Danappa Jatti
(1912–2002)
11 February 1977 25 July 1977 164 days Independent Gandhi
Desai
6 NeelamSanjeevaReddy.jpg Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
(1913–1996)
25 July 1977 25 July 1982 5 years Independent Desai
Singh
Gandhi
7 No image.png Zail Singh
(1916–1994)
25 July 1982 25 July 1987 5 years Independent Gandhi
Gandhi
8 R Venkataraman.jpg R. Venkataraman
(1910–2009)
25 July 1987 25 July 1992 5 years Independent Gandhi
Singh
Shekhar
Rao
9 Shankar Dayal Sharma 36.jpg Shankar Dayal Sharma
(1918–1999)
25 July 1992 25 July 1997 5 years Independent Rao
Vajpayee
Deve Gowda
Gujral
10 K. R. Narayanan.jpg K. R. Narayanan
(1920–2005)
25 July 1997 25 July 2002 5 years Independent Gujral
Vajpayee
11 AbdulKalam.JPG A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
(1931–)
25 July 2002 25 July 2007 5 years Independent Vajpayee
Singh
12 PratibhaIndia.jpg Pratibha Patil
(1934–)
25 July 2007 25 July 2012 5 years Independent Singh
13 Pranab Mukherjee-World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2009 crop(2).jpg Pranab Mukherjee
(1935–)
25 July 2012 Incumbent 2 years, 90 days
(as of 23 October 2014)
Independent Singh
Modi

Living former heads of state[edit]

Name Term/Reign Office Date of birth
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam 2002–2007 President of India 15 October 1931
Pratibha Patil 2007–2012 President of India 19 December 1934

External links[edit]

  1. ^ Was Chief Justice of India