List of tallest Orthodox church buildings

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Peter and Paul Cathedral in St. Petersburg, with its tallest Orthodox bell tower (122 m).

This a list of tallest Orthodox church buildings in the world, all those higher than 70 metres.

Traditionally, an Orthodox church building is crowned by one or several domes with Orthodox crosses on the top of each. The overall height of the temple is measured by the highest point of the cross above the main temple.

The number of domes is symbolical. One dome is a symbol of Christ or God, three domes are symbolic of Trinity, five domes symbolize Christ and Four Evangelists, seven domes are often used because seven is a holy number, and thirteen domes correspond to Christ and his twelve Apostles. Other numbers are also encountered.

An Orthodox church building may also have a bell tower or zvonnitsa, either a part of the main church building, or standalone structure. Typically, bell tower is higher than the main temple.

This list is divided into two sections, one listing the highest temples and the other listing the highest bell towers or zvonnitsas.

Temples[edit]

Rank Height (m) Name Image Notes Years of
construction
Location
1 103 [1] Cathedral of Christ the Saviour Katedra Chrystusa Zbawiciela w Moskwie 2.jpg The original Cathedral had been built in 1839–1883, but was demolished during the Soviet period on Stalin's orders in 1931. Rebuilt once again, it is the main and largest cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church, having a capacity for some 10,000 people 1995–2000 Moscow
 Russia
2 101,5 [2] Saint Isaac's Cathedral Saint Isaac's Cathedral.jpg A masterpiece of late Classicism 1818–1858 Saint Petersburg
 Russia
3 98 [3] Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi თბილისი 15 Tbilisi.jpg The main cathedral of the Georgian Orthodox Church 1995–2002 Tbilisi
 Georgia
4 96 [4] Khabarovsk Metropolitan Cathedral Cathedral of the Transfiguration (Khabarovsk).jpg The location of the cathedral was chosen by the patriarch Alexis II of Moscow during the helicopter flight over Khabarovsk 2001–2004 Khabarovsk
 Russia
5 93,7 [5] Smolny Cathedral of the Resurrection Смольный собор 2.jpg The original project also included the 140 metre high standalone bell tower, that was never built 1751–1835 Saint Petersburg
 Russia
6 87 [6] Alexander Nevsky Novoyarmarochny Cathedral Nizhny Novgorod Alexander Nevsky Cathedral at Strelka.JPG Located on the spit of Oka and Volga rivers. Built in commemoration of the visit of Nizhny Novgorod Fair by Emperor Alexander II of Russia 1867–1880 Nizhny Novgorod
 Russia
7 85 [7] Annunciation Cathedral in Voronezh Annunciation Cathedral in Voronezh1.jpg Built in the Russian Revival style in Pervomaysky (former Сity) Garden - a place where never before was the сhurch 1998–2009 Voronezh
 Russia
8 83,7 [8] Timişoara Orthodox Cathedral Timisoara Orthodox Cathedral.jpg Located in the very center of the city. The tallest church in Romania 1934–1946 Timişoara
 Romania
9 81 [9] Church of the Savior on Blood St. Petersburg church.jpg The name refers to the blood of Tsar Alexander II of Russia, who was assassinated on that site in 1881. Also known as the Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ 1883–1907 Saint Petersburg
 Russia
10 80 [10] Trinity Cathedral, Saint Petersburg Троицкий собор 2.jpg The dome was reconstructed after the 2006 fire 1828–1835 Saint Petersburg
 Russia
11 79 [11] Cathedral of Saint Sava Temple Saint Sava.jpg Located on the place where the remains of Saint Sava are thought to have been burned in 1595 by the Ottoman Empire's Sinan Pasha 1935–2004 Belgrade
 Serbia
12 78 [12] Trinity Cathedral in Pskov Kremlin of Pskov-2008-4.jpg Located in the Pskov Krom (or Kremlin) 1682–1699 Pskov
 Russia
13 78 [13] Săpânța-Peri Monastery RO MM Sapanta Peri monastery 1.jpg Tallest wooden church in the world 1998-2003 Săpânța
 Romania
14 77 [14] Transfiguration Cathedral in Nikolo-Ugresh monastery Nikolo-Ugresh-2.JPG The monastery was often visited by the young Peter I of Russia. The cathedral is the main one in the monastery and has a space for some 7000 people. 1880-1894 Dzerzhinsky
 Russia
15 76 [15] Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan in Stavropol Located at the highest point of the city. Stavropol
 Russia
16 75,6 [16] Trinity Cathedral in Morshansk Morshansk (Tambov Oblast) 03-2014 img05 Trinity Cathedral.jpg 1836-1857 Morshansk
 Russia
17 75 [17] Dormition Cathedral in Astrakhan Uspenskii sobor astrakhan k.jpg Located inside the Astrakhan kremlin 1698 Astrakhan
 Russia
18 74,6 [18] Ascension Cathedral in Novocherkassk Вознесенский собор.jpg Cathedral of the Don Cossacks Army[19] 1805–1905 Novocherkassk
 Russia
19–20 74 [20] All Saints Monument Church VseshsvMinsk1.JPG Monument Church dedicated to All Saints and the memory of those who unjustly perished[21] Minsk
 Belarus
19–20 74 [22] Ascension Cathedral in Yelets Elets sobor.jpg Inside the cathedral there is a rich iconostasis with gilded wood carvings 1845–1889 Yelets
 Russia
21 73 [23] Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Kaliningrad Christcathedral.png Located on the central square of the city 2004–2006 Kaliningrad
 Russia
22 72 [24] St. Michael's Cathedral Ortodokse tsjerke yn Tsjerkasy.jpg Built in the Neo-Byzantine style 1994–2002 Cherkassy
 Ukraine
23 71,5 [25] Kazan Cathedral in St. Petersburg Kazaňský chrám (4).jpg According to the wishes of the Emperor Paul of Russia, the cathedral was modelled after St. Peter's Basilica in Rome 1801–1811 Saint Petersburg
 Russia
24 70,6 [26] Naval Cathedral in Kronstadt Kronstadt Naval Cathedral.jpg The cathedral was designed especially high to serve as a landmark for those in the sea 1902–1913 Kronstadt
 Russia
25 ~ 70 [27] St. Peter and Paul's Cathedral in Petergof Ц. В Петергофе.jpg Modelled after St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow, but has a more pyramidal form 1894–1904 Petergof
 Russia
26 70 [28] Ascension Church in Bacău Catedrala Inaltarea Domnului, Bacau.JPG Still in construction 1991- Bacău
 Romania

Bell towers[edit]

Rank Height (m) Name Image Notes Years of
construction
Location
1 122,5 [29] Peter and Paul Cathedral Sankt Petersburg Peter-und-Paul-Kathedrale 2006 a.jpg Three-level bell tower is a part of the church. It is crowned with a gilded spire. The figure of a flying angel is at the very top of the structure 1712–1733 Saint Petersburg
 Russia
2 106 [30] Resurrection Cathedral in Shuya Shuya resurrection cathedral.JPG The tallest standalone Orthodox bell tower 1810–1832 Shuya
 Russia
3 96,52 [31] Great Lavra Belltower Kievo-Pecherska Lavra Belltower.jpg Located in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra 1731–1745 Kiev
 Ukraine
4–5 93,8 [32] Transfiguration Cathedral in Rybinsk Rybinsk cathedral.jpg Five-level bell tower, crowned by a gilded spire 1797–1804 Rybinsk
 Russia
4–5 93,7 [33] Peter and Paul Church The highest rural bell tower in Russia the settlement of Porechye-Rybnoye
Yaroslavl Oblast
 Russia
6 93 [34] Nikolo-Ugresh monastery Nikolo-Ugresh-1.JPG The bell tower is adjacent to the other buildings of the monastery 1758–1763, rebuilt in
в 1859 г.
Dzerzhinsky
 Russia
7 90,3 [35] Nikolo-Berlyukovsky Monastery In old Russian measures, the height of the bell tower is equal to 127 arshin 4 vershoks 1895–1899 the village of Avdotyino
Moscow Oblast
 Russia
8 89,5 [36] Assumption Cathedral in Kharkiv Uspensky09.jpg About 3,5 million bricks and 65,5 tons of iron were used for construction 1821–1841 Kharkiv
 Ukraine
9 88 [37] Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius Russia-Sergiev Posad-Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra-Bell Tower-2.jpg Five-level bell tower 1740–1770 Sergiyev Posad
 Russia
10 83,2 [38] Assumption Cathedral in Ryazan Ryazan bell tower.jpg Built by several different architects. Located in Ryazan Kremlin 1789–1840 Ryazan
 Russia
11 82 [39] All Saints Cathedral in Tula At the corners of the first level there are sculptures of angels with trumpets 1776–1825 Tula
 Russia
12 81,6 [40] Saint Trinity Monastery in Alatyr The bell tower is included into the Russian Book of Records the monastery is founded in 1584 Alatyr
 Russia
13–14 81 [41] Ivan the Great Bell Tower Clocher d'Ivan le Grand.jpg Located on the Cathedral Square in the Moscow Kremlin 1532–1543 Moscow
 Russia
13–14 81 [42] Saint Assumption Sarov Monastery In the good weather the buildings of the Serafimo-Diveevsky Monastery are seen from the bell tower 1789–1799 Sarov
 Russia
15–16 80 [43] John the Evangelist Monastery in Poschupovo The monastery is situated on the right bank of Oka River 1901 the settlement of Poschupovo, Ryazan Oblast
 Russia
15–16 80 [44] Annunciation Cathedral in Kharkiv Kharkov002.jpg In 1997 the fire damaged the dome and the cross of the bell tower 1888–1901 Kharkiv
 Ukraine
17 79.9 [45] Dormition Cathedral in Astrakhan Kremlin Astrakhan Uspenskii sobor of kreml.jpg The height of the bell tower is 37 sazhen.
The cross is 7 metres high
Astrakhan
 Russia
18 79.5 [46] John the Baptist Church The bell tower was built in the Neo-Byzantine style after the project of engineer Kulchitsky. Sponsored by the merchant Diomid Mitrofanovich Khutaryov 1891–1895 Serpukhov District of Moscow Oblast
 Russia
19 78.5 [47] St. Sophia Cathedral in Vologda Sophia panorama 4.jpg The bells of the tower were made by Dutch, Russian and German bellmakers in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries 1869–1870 Vologda
 Russia
20 78 [48] Novospassky Monastery Novospassky Monastery-3.jpg The monastery played a crucial role in repelling the attack of Crimean Tatars in 1591 1759–1795 Moscow
 Russia
21 77 [49] Transfiguration Cathedral in Odessa The bells are controlled by the electric device, capable of playing some 99 melodies 2000–2001 Odessa
 Ukraine
22–23 76 [50] Resurrection Cathedral in Kashin The church is under restoration 1816–1886 Kashin
 Russia
22–23 76 [51] Saint Sophia's Cathedral in Kiev Kyjiv sofienkathedrale.jpg UNESCO World Heritage Site Kiev
 Ukraine
24 75,6 [52] Tobolsk Kremlin bell tower Тобольский кремль (1990-е годы).jpg The only stone kremlin in Siberia 1794–1809 Tobolsk
 Russia
25–27 75 [53] Cathedral of the Nativity of the Theotokos Собор Різдва Богородиці.JPG The bell ringing is heard in the radius of 42 verst around the tower Rostov-on-Don
 Russia
25–27 75 [54] St. Nicholas Church in Venyov Venyov (Tula Oblast) 03-2014 img01 Bell tower.jpg The church was demolished in 1950-s but the bell tower still stands 1801–1843 Venyov
 Russia
25–27 ~75 [55] The Church of Saint Myrrhbearers in Kaluga The construction cost was 64500 rubles 1818–1820 Kaluga
 Russia
28 74,5 [56] The Flooded Belfry Kalyazin belfry.jpg Now the bell tower stands amid the waters of Uglich Reservoir, which covered the old city center of Kalyazin in 1939 1796–1800 Kalyazin
 Russia
29 74 [57] Epiphany Cathedral in Kazan Колокольня Богоявленской церкви в Казани.jpg There is a temple on the second level of the bell tower 1895–1897 Kazan
 Russia
30–33 72 [58] Novodevichy Convent Novodevichy Convent Bellfry.jpg The bell tower consist of six octagonal levels 1690 Moscow
 Russia
30–33 72 [59] Monastery of the Deposition in Suzdal Monastery of the Deposition - Suzdal - Russia.JPG The bell tower was built to commemorate the victory in the Patriotic War of 1812 1813–1819 Suzdal
 Russia
30–33 72 [60] Cathedral of Saint George the Martyr The total weight of the bells is 18.5 tons Odintsovo
 Russia
30–33 72 [61] Valaam Monastery Cathedral of Valaam.jpg The monastery is situated on the Valaam Archipelago in Karelia Valaam
 Russia
34 70,3 [62] Serafimo-Diveevsky Monastery Diveevo5.JPG In Soviet times the bell tower was used for TV transmissions Diveyevo, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
 Russia
35 70 [63] Alexander Nevsky Cathedral Izhevsk catedral.jpg Built in the style of classicism 1818–1823 Izhevsk
 Russia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Храм Христа Спасителя (Russian)
  2. ^ Исаакиевский собор (Russian)
  3. ^ Кафедральный Собор Святой Троицы (Russian)
  4. ^ Спасо-Преображенский кафедральный собор в Хабаровске (Russian)
  5. ^ Музей четырёх соборов (Russian)
  6. ^ Собор Александра Невского (Russian)
  7. ^ Названа дата официального открытия Благовещенского собора в Воронеже ИА «Regnum» 09.11.2009 г. (Russian)
  8. ^ Кафедральный собор в Тимишоаре (Russian)
  9. ^ Храм Воскресения Христова на Крови (Russian)
  10. ^ Троице-Измайловский собор (Russian)
  11. ^ Храм светог Саве (Serbian)
  12. ^ Троицкий собор в Псковском Кремле. (Russian)
  13. ^ [1] (Romanian)
  14. ^ Собор Спаса Преображения (Russian)
  15. ^ Собор Казанской иконы Божией Матери (Ставрополь) (Russian)
  16. ^ Свято-Троицкий собор (Russian)
  17. ^ Успенский собор в Астрахани (Russian)
  18. ^ Вознесенский кафедральный собор (Russian)
  19. ^ Чудеса России. Вознесенский Войсковой Кафедральный собор (Russian)
  20. ^ Храм – Памятник в честь Всех Святых в память безвинно убиенных во Отечестве нашем (Russian)
  21. ^ Всехсвятский храм-памятник(Russian)
  22. ^ Елец. Вознесенский собор. (Russian)
  23. ^ Собор Христа Спасителя в Калининграде (Russian)
  24. ^ Свято-Михайловский Собор (Russian)
  25. ^ Казанский собор в Санкт-Петербурге (Russian)
  26. ^ Морской Никольский собор (Russian)
  27. ^ Собор Петра и Павла (Russian)
  28. ^ [2] (Romanian)
  29. ^ Петропавловский собор (Russian)
  30. ^ Колокольня Воскресенского собора (Russian)
  31. ^ Великая лаврская колокольня (Russian)
  32. ^ Старый Рыбинск. История города в описаниях современников XIX–XX веков. ― Рыбинск: Михайлов посад, 1993. ― С. 154 (Russian)
  33. ^ Историческая справка о селе Поречье-Рыбное (Russian)
  34. ^ Николо-Угрешский монастырь. Дзержинский – История (Russian)
  35. ^ Николаевская Берлюковская пустынь (Russian)
  36. ^ Успенский собор (Russian)
  37. ^ Троице-Сергиева лавра (Russian)
  38. ^ Рязанский Кремль (Russian)
  39. ^ Всехсвятский Кафедральный собор (Russian)
  40. ^ Свято-Троицкий монастырь (Russian)
  41. ^ Кремлевская колокольня и ее история (Russian)
  42. ^ Свято-Успенская Саровская пустынь (Russian)
  43. ^ Иоанно-Богословский Пощуповский монастырь (Russian)
  44. ^ Харьков. Кафедральный собор Благовещения Пресвятой Богородицы (Russian)
  45. ^ Успенский кафедральный собор (Russian)
  46. ^ [3] (Russian)
  47. ^ Архитектура города Вологды (Russian)
  48. ^ Новоспасский монастырь (Russian)
  49. ^ Спасо-Преображенский кафедральный собор (Russian)
  50. ^ Воскресенский собор (Russian)
  51. ^ Колокольня Киево-Софийского собора (Russian)
  52. ^ Тобольский кремль/Архитектура (Russian)
  53. ^ Рождества Пресвятой Богородицы собор (Russian)
  54. ^ Николаевская церковь (колокольня) (Тульская обл., г. Венёв) (Russian)
  55. ^ Церковь св. Жен-Мироносиц (Russian)
  56. ^ Колокольня (Свято-Никольский собор) (Russian)
  57. ^ Богоявленский собор (Russian)
  58. ^ Новодевичий монастырь (Russian)
  59. ^ Ризоположенский монастырь (Russian)
  60. ^ Собор Святого Великомученика Георгия Победоносца (Russian)
  61. ^ Валаамский монастырь (Russian)
  62. ^ Свято – Троицкий Серафимо – Дивеевский женский монастырь (Russian)
  63. ^ Ижевск. Кафедральный собор Александра Невского (Russian)