Michigan's 1st congressional district

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Michigan's 1st congressional district
Michigan's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Michigan's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Dan Benishek (RCrystal Falls)
Area 24,875[1] mi2
Population (2010) 705,974
Ethnicity 92.1% White, 1.3% Black, 1.4% Hispanic, 2.8% Native American
Cook PVI R+4

Michigan's 1st congressional district is a United States Congressional district containing the entire Upper Peninsula of Michigan and part of the Lower Peninsula. The district is represented by Republican Dan Benishek.

Geography[edit]

The district is the second-largest congressional district east of the Mississippi River by land area. Its boundaries contain much of the northeastern part of the Lower Peninsula in addition to the entire Upper Peninsula. Altogether, the district makes up about 44% of the land area of the state of Michigan. It contains the second-longest shoreline of any district in the United States, behind Alaska's At-large congressional district.

Of the 83 counties in Michigan, 30 lie fully within the district, and it contains a portion of another.

History[edit]

The 1st from 1992–2002 was similar to the present district, except that it did not extend nearly as far south along Lake Huron, while it took in Traverse City and some surrounding areas on the west side of the state.

Prior to 1992 the 1st Congressional District was a Detroit based congressional district. From the election of Republican John B. Sosnowski in 1925 until 1964 the former 1st district was represented by only one non-Polish-American politician, Robert H. Clancy. Along with Sosnowski, 6 Polish-Americans served as the 1st district's representatives elected 7 times, since 1925. The other strong Polish Michigan congressional districts were the 15th district (where half of the elected were Polish-American) and the dissolved 16th district (where all three elected representatives were of Polish descent).

In 1964 the 1st Congressional district was drawn as a new, African-American majority district reflecting the changing demographics of Detroit, while enough of the old 1st district was moved to the 14th district that that district retained the 1st's old congressman. John Conyers was elected to congress from the 1st district, a position he would hold until the 1st was removed from Detroit.

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 41 - 35%
1996 President Clinton 47 - 40%
2000 President Bush 52 - 45%
2004 President Bush 53 - 46%
2008 President Obama 50 - 48%
2012 President Romney 53 - 45%

Major cities in the district[edit]

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Congress Electoral history
District created March 4, 1843
Robert McClelland 1.jpg Robert McClelland Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
28
29
30
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Alexander W. Buel Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
31 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Ebenezer J. Penniman Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg David Stuart Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg William A. Howard Republican March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1859
34
35
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg George B. Cooper Democratic March 4, 1859 –
May 15, 1860
36 Election challenged
No image.svg William A. Howard Republican May 15, 1860 –
March 3, 1861
36 Successfully challenged predecessor's election
No image.svg Bradley F. Granger Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Fernando C. Beaman - Brady-Handy.jpg Fernando C. Beaman Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1871
38
39
40
41
Redistricted from the 2nd district
No image.svg Henry Waldron Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42 Redistricted to the 2nd district
No image.svg Moses W. Field Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Alpheus S. Williams Democratic March 4, 1875 –
December 21, 1878
44
45
Died
Vacant December 28, 1878 –
March 4, 1879
45 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg John S. Newberry Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Henry W. Lord Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg William C. Maybury Democratic[2] March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48
49
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg John L. Chipman Democratic March 4, 1887 –
August 17, 1893
50
51
52
53
Died
Vacant August 17, 1893 –
November 7, 1893
53 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Levi T. Griffin Democratic December 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg John B. Corliss Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1903
54
55
56
57
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Alfred Lucking Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
58 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Edwin C. Denby Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
59
60
61
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Frank E. Doremus Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1921
62
63
64
65
66
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
GeorgePCoddDetroit.jpg George P. Codd Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Robert H. Clancy Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg John B. Sosnowski Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1927
69 Lost renomination
No image.svg Robert H. Clancy Republican March 4, 1927 –
March 3, 1933
70
71
72
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg George G. Sadowski Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
73
74
75
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Rudolph G. Tenerowicz Democratic[3] January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
76
77
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg George G. Sadowski Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1951
78
79
80
81
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Thaddeus M. Machrowicz Democratic January 3, 1951 –
September 18, 1961
82
83
84
85
86
87
Resigned to become U.S. District Judge
Vacant September 18, 1961 –
November 7, 1961
87 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Lucien N. Nedzi.jpg Lucien N. Nedzi Democratic November 7, 1961 –
January 3, 1965
87
88
Redistricted to the 14th district
John conyers.jpg John Conyers Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1993
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
Redistricted to the 14th district
Bart Stupak official portrait.jpg Bart Stupak Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2011
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
Retired
Dan Benishek, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.JPG Dan Benishek Republican January 3, 2011 –
present
112
113
Incumbent

Elections[edit]


Historical district boundaries[edit]

1993 - 2003
2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Congressional Districts by Urban/Rural Population & Land Area (109th Congress)" (PDF). 2000 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 January 2007. 
  2. ^ William C. Maybury was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
  3. ^ Rudolph G. Tenerowicz campaigned as a Republican in 1946, 1948, 1950, 1952, and 1954.
  4. ^ Detroit Free Press, January 18, 2012[dead link]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 46°09′26″N 86°26′13″W / 46.15722°N 86.43694°W / 46.15722; -86.43694