Paraoxon

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Paraoxon
Paraoxon.svg
Paraoxon-3D-balls.png
Systematic (IUPAC) name
diethyl 4-nitrophenyl phosphate
Clinical data
Legal status
  • Uncontrolled
Identifiers
CAS number 311-45-5 YesY
ATC code S01EB10
PubChem CID 9395
ChemSpider 9026 YesY
UNII Q9CX8P80JW N
ChEBI CHEBI:27827 N
ChEMBL CHEMBL23838 YesY
Chemical data
Formula C10H14NO6P 
Mol. mass 275.195 g/mol
 N (what is this?)  (verify)

Paraoxon is a parasympathomimetic which acts as an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. It is an organophosphate oxon, and the active metabolite of the insecticide parathion. It is also used as an ophthalmological drug against glaucoma. Paraoxon is one of the most potent acetylcholinesterase-inhibiting insecticides available, around 70% as potent as the nerve agent sarin, and so is now rarely used as an insecticide due to the risk of poisoning to humans and other animals. It is easily absorbed through skin, and was used as an assassination weapon by the apartheid-era South African chemical weapons program Project Coast.[1]

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