Toblerone

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This article is about the chocolate bar. For the Swiss defensive line, see Toblerone line.
Toblerone
Toblerone logo.svg
Toblerone product logo
Place of origin Switzerland
Region or state Bern
Creator Theodor Tobler (1876-1941) and Emil Baumann (1883-1966)[1]
Cookbook:Toblerone  Toblerone
Toblerone

Toblerone (/ˈtblərn/; German: [tobləˈroːnə]) is a Swiss chocolate bar brand owned by Mondelēz International, Inc., which acquired the product from former owner Jacobs Suchard in 1990. It is produced in Bern and is well known for its distinctive prism shape (triangular prism or pentahedron).

History[edit]

Toblerone was created by Theodor Tobler (1876–1941) in Bern, Switzerland in 1908. Theodor Tobler together with Emil Baumann (Theodor Tobler’s cousin and Great Grandfather of Roger Federer[citation needed]) developed a unique milk chocolate including nougat, almonds and honey with a distinctive triangular shape. The image of a bear is hidden in the Matterhorn high mountain, symbolizing the town of the chocolate's origin.[2]

The triangular shape of the Matterhorn in the Swiss Alps is commonly believed to have given Theodor Tobler his inspiration for the shape of Toblerone. However, according to Theodor's sons, the triangular shape originates from a pyramid shape that dancers at the Folies Bergères created as the finale of a show that Theodor saw.[3]

Some early advertisements for Tobler chocolate appeared in the international languages, Esperanto[4] and Ido.[5]

Theodor Tobler applied for a patent for the Toblerone manufacturing process in Bern in 1909.[6] The Toblerone brand was trademarked in 1909, at the Federal Institute for Intellectual Property in Bern.[6]

The Tobler company was independent for many years. In 1970, it merged with Suchard, the makers of Milka, to become Interfood. Tobler company merged with the Jacobs coffee company in 1982 to create Jacobs Suchard. Mondelēz (Kraft Foods at that time) acquired the majority of Jacobs Suchard, including Toblerone, in 1990.

Name[edit]

The product's name is a portmanteau combining Tobler's name with the Italian word torrone (a type of nougat).[7][8]

The name also contains the name of the place where it is produced: Toblerone (Bern or Berne). And the logo contains a bear, the emblem of the city.

Sizes and variants[edit]

Imaginative advertising in the 1960s included the production of a model Volkswagen Type 2 by Corgi Toys, featuring Toblerone designs on its side panels

Bar sizes range from ten centimetres to nearly one metre, all similarly proportioned. According to Schott's Food & Drink Miscellany the sizes and number of peaks for Toblerones are as follows:

Size Tiny Mini 35 g (1.2 oz) 50 g (1.8 oz) 75 g (2.6 oz) 100 g (3.5 oz) 200 g (7.1 oz) 400 g (14.1 oz) 750 g (26.5 oz) 4.5 kg (9.9 lb)
Peaks 3 3 8 11 11 12 15 15 17 12

For the Toblerone Schoggifest starting in 2008 a special bar has been created, each with 11 peaks.[9] The weight represents the years of Toblerone.

Year 2008 2009 2010 2011
Size 100 kg (220.5 lb) 101 kg (222.7 lb) 102 kg (224.9 lb) 103 kg (227.1 lb)

In 1932 Tobler made the first filled bars of chocolate, the Tobler-O-rum.

Since the 1970s, other variants of Toblerone have been produced. These include:

Plain chocolate
(dark chocolate) in a green or black triangular box
White chocolate
in a white triangular box
Snowtop
editions with white chocolate peaks, also in a white/silver triangular box
Filled editions
milk chocolate with a white chocolate centre (blue triangular box)
OneByOne
individually wrapped triangular chunks
Toblerone Pralines
released in 1997, a single peaked version in the distinctive yellow packaging
Fruit and Nut
in 2007 with a half purple triangular cardboard box
Honeycomb crisp
with a half white box with honeycomb pieces pictured on it
Crunchy Salted Almond
with honey and almond nougat and salted caramelised almonds
Berner Bär
500 g (18 oz) milk chocolate bar, with a relief portrait of the Bernese Bear and the Coat of arms of Bern on its face. The only non-triangular Toblerone.[10]
Toblerone Tobelle
Toblerone thins in a yellow triangular box

Manufacturing[edit]

Toblerone is today manufactured exclusively in the Swiss city of Bern-Brünnen.[11]

It has in the past been manufactured in other locations including Bedford in England. In the 1970s and 1980s, it was manufactured under license for the Yugoslav market by Kraš in Zagreb (present-day Croatia).

Similar products[edit]

A similar product is the Croatian product Kolumbo, made by factory Kraš from Zagreb. This chocolate is also composed of pyramids of hazelnuts and honey. Kraš was producing Toblerone under license during the 1970s and 1980s. Another comparable product is Mahony,[12] produced by the company Chocolat-Frey AG in Switzerland.

Cultural impact[edit]

The distinct pyramidal shape of the bar lent its name to the Toblerone line, a series of anti-tank emplacements prevalent in Switzerland's border areas.[citation needed]

In 1995 it was revealed that the Swedish politician Mona Sahlin had bought, among other things, two bars of Toblerone using her Riksdag credit card (i.e., with taxpayers' money). This became known as the Toblerone affair. Sahlin was forced to step down as a candidate for the post as Prime Minister. She returned to politics in 1998.[13]

A triangular shaped set of student residences on the Oxford Road, Manchester for students of the University of Manchester built circa 1975 and resembling the chocolate bar are known as the Toblerones.[citation needed]

In theatre production, a three-sided, free-standing, wheeled version of the standard theatre flat is commonly called a "Toblerone" or "Tobe" due to its physical resemblance to the confection.[citation needed]

Alleged child labour[edit]

In 2013, Stop the Traffik - a charity that aims to stop human trafficking - ran a campaign titled "When Will Toblerone Be Traffik-Free?", which aimed to target Toberlone's use of children in the harvesting of the ingredient, cocoa. 16,000 'postcards' were sent out to campaigners, which were then signed and returned to Stop the Traffik's London office. These postcards were then hand delivered to Mondelēze's headquarters.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.toblerone.ch/faqs?sc_lang=fr-ch (page visited on 15 October 2013).
  2. ^ "Hidden bear in Toblerone". Moillusions.com. March 27, 2007. Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Our secret". The name and the shape. Kraft Foods. 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  4. ^ Tobler Swiss Chocolate in Esperanto
  5. ^ Theodor Tobler
  6. ^ a b "Toblerone: 1909". How it All Began: Tobler's Chocolate. Kraft Foods. 2006. Retrieved 2008-02-03. 
  7. ^ http://www.toblerone.ch/faqs?sc_lang=fr-ch (page visited on 15 October 2013).
  8. ^ http://www.rts.ch/video/emissions/ttc/20406-la-marque-suisse-toblerone.html (page visited on 15 October 2013).
  9. ^ 2010
  10. ^ Toblerone FAQ
  11. ^ Location of production[dead link]
  12. ^ http://chocolatfrey.ch/de/produkte/mahony/532/3
  13. ^ Svensson, Britta (2007-01-05). "Nej det handlade inte bara om Toblerone..." (in Swedish). Expressen. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 
  14. ^ http://www.stopthetraffik.org/campaign/chocolate/what-you-can-do/32

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]