Yeung Chow fried rice (Chinese: 扬州炒饭; pinyin: Yang Zhou Chao Fan; variously Romanised YangchowYung Chow, Yang Chow, Yangzhou, Yeong Chow) is a popular Chinese-style wokfried rice dish in many Chinese restaurants in China, the Americas, Australia, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Indonesia and the Philippines. The ingredients vary, but there are staple items like:
Cooked rice (preferably day old because freshly cooked rice is too sticky)
Some variations of the dish include other vegetables such as peas, carrots and corn. The peas may be a replacement for the green onions. Some western Chinese restaurants also use soy sauce to flavor the rice. A variant with small pieces of chicken also added is often sold in the UK as special fried rice.
YangZhou fried rice is a perhaps the most well-known dish of the city of YangZhou, JiangSu province. The recipe was invented by Qing China's Yi Bingshou (1754–1815) and the dish was named Yang Zhou fried rice since Yi was once the regional magistrate of Yangzhou. It is often served with thousand fish soup. There are two ways of cooking the dish in terms of the preparation of the egg scrambled. The first variation is known as "silver covered gold", in which the egg is scrambled separately before mixing with the rice. The alternative "gold covered silver" method is described as pouring the liquid egg over the rice and vegetables mix and frying the two together. Legend has it that the best cooks of YangZhou fried rice will create the dish with a rice grain to egg piece ratio of 5:1 or even 3:1.