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This article is about the year 1276.
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1240s 1250s 1260s – 1270s – 1280s 1290s 1300s|
|Years:||1273 1274 1275 – 1276 – 1277 1278 1279|
|1276 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1276 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2029|
|English Regnal year||4 Edw. 1 – 5 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar||乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
3972 or 3912
— to —
丙子年 (Fire Rat)
3973 or 3913
|- Vikram Samvat||1332–1333|
|- Shaka Samvat||1197–1198|
|- Kali Yuga||4376–4377|
|Japanese calendar||Kenji 2
|Minguo calendar||636 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1818–1819|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1276.|
It is the only Year of Four Popes.
- A severe 23-year drought begins to affect the Grand Canyon area, eventually forcing the agriculture-dependent Anasazi culture to migrate out of the region.
- February – The court of the Southern Song Dynasty of China and hundreds of thousands of its citizens flee from Hangzhou to Fujian and then Guangdong in an effort to escape an invasion by Kublai Khan's Yuan Dynasty.
- June 14 – Remnants of the Song Chinese court in Fuzhou province conduct the coronation ceremony for the Prince Zhao Shi to become Emperor Duanzong of Song.
- March 9 – Augsburg becomes an Imperial Free City. Ravensburg also does in the same year.
- June – King Rudolph I of Germany declares war on King Otakar II of Bohemia, a political rival; by November, Otakar II is forced to cede four important territories as demanded by the diet of Nuremberg in 1274.
- Stefan Dragutin of Serbia becomes King of Serbia.
- Mudejar rebellion in Valencia (put down in 1278).
- Merton College, Oxford, is first recorded as having a collection of books, making its Library the world's oldest in continuous daily use.
- Henry of Ghent becomes the last major theologian to openly consider annuities as usurious contract. The end of the debate allows for the expansion of the budding practice of renten emission to become a staple of public finance in north-western Europe.
- January 21 – Pope Innocent V succeeds Pope Gregory X as the 185th pope.
- July 11 – Pope Adrian V (also referred to as Hadrian) succeeds Pope Innocent V as the 186th pope.
- September 13 – Pope John XXI succeeds Pope Adrian V as the 187th pope, becoming the fourth man this calendar year to hold the office of pope.
- The foundation stone of the Minoritenkirche in Vienna is laid by King Otakar II of Bohemia.
- October 19 – Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shogun (d. 1328)
- Christopher II of Denmark (d. 1332)
- Vakhtang III of Georgia (d. 1308)
- Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford (d. 1322)
- Louis d'Évreux, son of King Philip III of France
- January 10 – Pope Gregory X
- June 22 – Pope Innocent V
- July 27 – King James I of Aragon (b. 1208)
- August 18 – Pope Adrian V
- Guido Guinizelli, Italian poet
- Vasily of Kostroma, Grand Duke of Vladimir (b. 1241)
- Kanezawa Sanetoki, Japanese member of the Hōjō clan (b. 1224)
- Ahmad al-Badawi, Sufi (b. 1199)
- de Epalza, Miguel (1999). Negotiating cultures: bilingual surrender treaties in Muslim-Crusader Spain under James the Conqueror. Brill. p. 96. ISBN 90-04-11244-8.
- "Library & Archives - History". Oxford: Merton College. Retrieved 2012-05-08.
- Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review. 15 (3): 506–562.