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|1752 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2505|
|Balinese saka calendar||1673–1674|
|British Regnal year||25 Geo. 2 – 26 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar||辛未年 (Metal Goat)|
4448 or 4388
— to —
壬申年 (Water Monkey)
4449 or 4389
|- Vikram Samvat||1808–1809|
|- Shaka Samvat||1673–1674|
|- Kali Yuga||4852–4853|
|Japanese calendar||Hōreki 2|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||160 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2294–2295|
1878 or 1497 or 725
— to —
1879 or 1498 or 726
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1752.|
1752 (MDCCLII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1752nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 752nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 18th century, and the 3rd year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1752, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
- January 1 – The British Empire (except Scotland, which had changed New Year's Day to January 1 in 1600) adopts today as the first day of the year as part of adoption of the Gregorian calendar, which is completed in September: today is the first day of the New Year under the terms of last year's Calendar Act of the British Parliament.
- February 10 – Pennsylvania Hospital, the first hospital in the United States, and the first to offer medical treatment to the mentally ill, admits its first patients at a temporary location in Philadelphia.
- February 23 – Messier 83 (M83), the "Southern Pinwheel Galaxy" and the first to be cataloged outside the "Local Group" of galaxies nearest to Earth's galaxy, the Milky Way, is discovered by French astronomer Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille. Lacaille, who observes M83 during a research voyage in the Southern Hemisphere, is the first to identify the body as a nebulous object rather than a star. M83, 15 million light-years away, is the most distant object to be identified up to that time.
- February 27 – The Virginia Assembly passes a law making maiming a felony, in response to the practice of gouging.
- February 29 – Alaungpaya, a village chief in Upper Burma, founds the Konbaung Dynasty; by the time of his death 8 years later, he will have unified the whole country.
- March 14 – Shō Kei, the ruler of Okinawa Island and the Ryukyu Kingdom, dies at the age of 41 after a reign that began when he was 13 years old. He is succeeded by his 12-year-old son, Shō Boku, who reigns for 42 years.
- March 18 – The electors of the Republic of Venice (which includes not only the a large part of northern Italy around the city of Venice, but portions of Eastern Europe along the Adriatic Sea) elect Francesco Loredan as their new executive, the Doge. Loredan's election comes 11 days after the death of the previous Doge, Pietro Grimani, but is not announced until after Easter Sunday.
- March 23 – The Halifax Gazette, the first Canadian newspaper, is published.
- April 6 – Spanish Governor Tomás Vélez Cachupín of Santa Fe de Nuevo México, a province that now comprises most of the American state of New Mexico, begins the first peace negotiations with the indigenous Comanche tribe after inviting tribal representatives to his home in Taos. As a sign of good faith, he unconditionally releases the four Comanche prisoners of war held at Taos. One of the released Comanches reports to his father, Chief Guanacante, about the hospitality extended to him during his imprisonment, and more meetings take place in July and in the autumn.
- April 12
- The Kingdom of Afghanistan, under the rule of Ahmad Shah Durrani, recaptures the city of Lahore four years after its capture by the Sikhs of Punjab.
- The Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Spain's Royal Academy of the Fine Arts, is formally established in Spain, eight years after first being proposed to King Fernando VI by Jeronimo Antonio Gil as a small school in Madrid. The foundation of the Royal Academy is considered by historians to be "an essential step in modernizing Spain" during the Spanish Enlightenment.
- April 13 – The oldest property insurance company in the United States, "Philadelphia Contributionship for the Insurance of Houses from Loss by Fire", holds its organizational meeting at the courthouse in Philadelphia to elect a board of directors, largely through the efforts of Benjamin Franklin. Franklin's newspaper, The Pennsylvania Gazette, has been advertising the meeting since February 18, with a notice that "All persons inclined to subscribe to the articles of insurance of houses from fire, in or near this city, are desired to appear at the Court-house, where attendance will be given, to take in their subscriptions, every seventh day of the week, in the afternoon, until the 13th of April next, being the day appointed by the said articles for electing twelve directors and a treasurer."  The property insurance company is still in existence more than 250 years later.
- April 22 – Adam Smith, appointed the year before as a professor of logic, is unanimously elected by the faculty of the University of Glasgow to be the new Professor of Moral Philosophy "on the express condition that he would content himself with the emoluments of the Logic Professorship until 10 October", in that the 1751-1752 salary budgeted for the job has already been distributed to faculty members who had substituted for the previous moral philosophy professor, Thomas Craigie; from April to October, Smith's remuneration for teaching moral philosophy is limited to fees paid directly to him by his students (a half guinea per semester for the public class, and a guinea per semester for the private class. Smith's lectures on ethics are first published in 1759 in his work The Theory of Moral Sentiments.
- May 10 – At Marly-la-Ville in France, physicist Thomas-François Dalibard successfully conducts the kite experiment proposed by Benjamin Franklin in the 1750 book Franklin's Experiments and Observations on Electricity.
- June – Benjamin Franklin reportedly carries out his famous kite experiment, duplicating experiments that show that lightning and electricity are the same. According to Franklin, lightning strikes the kite that he is flying during a thunderstorm and produces sparks identical to what he has previously generated artificially in a Leyden jar. However, the report of his experiment is not made until October 19, in Franklin's newspaper, The Pennsylvania Gazette, leading 20th century researchers to doubt that he conducted the experiment, if at all, until sometime after September 28, when he had written in the Gazette about other such experiments, and that he was making a claim that he had conceived the experiment independently.
- June 3 – A fire destroys 13,000 houses in Moscow, capital of the Russian Empire, only 11 days after a May 23 fire destroyed 5,000 homes; by June 6, two-thirds of the city has been damaged or destroyed.
- June 13 – The Treaty of Logstown was signed by representatives of the Iroquois Confederation, Lenape and Shawnee leaders, and commissioners from Virginia headed by Joshua Fry. Christopher Gist and William Trent represented the Ohio Company. The treaty granted control over lands south and east of the Ohio River to the English, along with permission to build a fort on the site of what is now Pittsburgh.
- June 21 – Pickawillany (now Piqua, Ohio), the capital of the Miami Indian nation, is attacked and burned by Odawa, Ojibwe and French soldiers under the command of Odawa War Chief Charles Michel de Langlade.
- July 1 – In Istanbul, Divitdar Mehmed Emin Pasha is dismissed from his position as Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire by the Ottoman Sultan, Mahmud I. The Sultan appoints Çorlulu Ali Pasha as the new Grand Vizier.
- July 30 – The first of the Kronstadt canals, conceived by Peter the Great and designed to link two of the harbors of the Russian city, is completed and opened to maritime traffic.
- August 3 – Edward Cornwallis, the British Governor of Nova Scotia, is recalled to Britain after being unsuccessful in pressuring Nova Scotia's Acadian population to take an oath of allegiance to the Crown or to face expulsion. His replacement, Peregrine Hopson, is more lenient with the Acadians but is reassigned less than two years later.
- August 21 – A group of Scottish Presbyterians who had fled to America from Scotland held the first Covenanter communion in the 13 American colonies, meeting in New Kingstown, Pennsylvania.
- August 25 – The first group of the United Brethren church, commonly called the Moravians, leaves Bethlehem, Pennsylvania on a mission to find 100,000 acres (40,000 ha) of land on which to build "Villages of the Lord" for German emigres to settle upon in America; after a 450 miles (720 km) journey, they arrive in Edenton, North Carolina on September 10 and eventually purchase the Wachovia tract, a set of lands in the western North Carolina colony.
- September 2 of Julian calendar (Wednesday) (September 13 "New Style") – Great Britain and the British Empire use the Julian calendar for the last time and adopt the Gregorian calendar, making the next day Thursday, September 14 in the English-speaking world. A newspaper at the time notes the next day that "Altho' we have more than once, for the Information of our Readers, publish'd some Accounts of the Alteration of the Style, which took Place this Day, agreeable to a late Act of Parliament, in all his Majesty's Dominions in Europe, Asia, Africa and America" and notes that "The Supputation of the Year began on the first Day of January last, and for the future the first Day of that Month will be stiled the first Day of every Year in all Accounts whatsoever, which Supputation or Reckoning never took Place before this Year in any Courts of Law until the 25th Day of March", and adds, "This Day, had not this Act passed, would have been the 3rd of September, but is now reckoned the 14th, eleven nominal Days being omitted." 
- October 19 — In his Philadelphia newspaper, the Pennsylvania Gazette, Benjamin Franklin first describes the performance, in Philadelphia of the kite experiment that he had proposed in his 1750 book. Although the original account makes no claim that he was the first to do the experiment (which had been done by other scientists (including Thomas-François Dalibard in May), nor that he conducted the test, and it does not give a date for the experiment, it becomes embellished as the story that Franklin "discovered electricity"; in 1766, the story first circulates that Franklin flew the kite in June, 1752, without specifying a date (as Franklin had done in other scientific accounts).
- November 3 – A hurricane destroys the Spanish settlement on Florida's Santa Rosa Island, leaving only two buildings standing; the remaining residents decide to move from the barrier island on the Gulf of Mexico and to start a settlement on the nearby mainland and construct the Presidio San Miguel de Panzacola, which later forms the nucleus of the city of Pensacola, Florida.
- November 8 – British Governor Hopson of Nova Scotia and French Governor General of New France, the Marquis Duquesne, agree to a free exchange of deserters from each other's armies in Canada, with the understanding that neither side will execute a deserter once returned.
- November 22 – "Father Le Loutre's War", the war between the British Canadian colonists of Nova Scotia and the indigenous Mi'kmaq (Micmac) tribe halts temporarily when a peace treaty is signed between the warring parties at Shubenacadie, Nova Scotia. Governor Hopson, accompanied by former Governor Cornwallis, signs on behalf of the British and Chief Kopit (Jean-Baptiste Cope), the Sakamaw of the Mi'kmaq, signs on behalf of his people.
- December 5 – The first presentation of a Shakespearean play in America is performed when a company of players stages The Merchant of Venice in Williamsburg, Virginia.
- January 1 – Betsy Ross, American entrepreneur, creator of the American flag (d. 1836)
- January 2
- January 3 – Johannes von Müller, Swiss historian (d. 1809)
- January 4
- January 6 – Pierre Bouchet, French physician (d. 1794)
- January 10 – Laurent Jean François Truguet, French admiral (d. 1839)
- January 13
- January 16
- January 17
- January 18
- January 19 – James Morris III, Continental Army officer from Connecticut (d. 1820)
- January 20 – Jean-Baptiste Radet, French playwright (d. 1830)
- January 22
- January 24 – Muzio Clementi, Italian composer, pianist (d. 1832)
- January 25 – Sir William Curtis, 1st Baronet, English Member of Parliament (d. 1829)
- January 29
- January 31 – Gouverneur Morris, American diplomat, politician (d. 1815)
- February 4 – Gerrit Paape, Dutch politician, writer (d. 1803)
- February 5
- February 8 – Victurnien-Jean-Baptiste de Rochechouart de Mortemart, French general, politician (d. 1812)
- February 9
- February 12
- February 13
- February 16 – Friedrich Karl Wilhelm, Fürst zu Hohenlohe, Austrian general (d. 1814)
- February 17 – Friedrich Maximilian Klinger, German writer (d. 1831)
- February 19 – Francesco Ruspoli, 3rd Prince of Cerveteri (d. 1829)
- February 19 – Simone Assemani, Italian orientalist (d. 1821)
- February 21 – Nathaniel Rochester, American politician (d. 1831)
- February 23 – Simon Knéfacz, Croatian writer (d. 1819)
- February 25 – John Graves Simcoe, first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada (d. 1806)
- February 26 – James Winchester, American general and politician (d. 1826)
- February 27 – William Linn, American President of Queen's College) (d. 1808)
- February 28 – William Washington, United States soldier (d. 1810)
- March 3 – Thomas Hardy (political reformer) (d. 1832)
- March 5 – Leendert Viervant the Younger, Dutch architect (d. 1801)
- March 8 – William Bingham, American Continental congressman, senator for Pennsylvania (d. 1804)
- March 8
- March 11
- March 14
- March 16 – Antoine Joseph Santerre, French general (d. 1809)
- March 19 – Giuseppe Colucci, Italian historian of the Marche, writer (d. 1809)
- March 20 – Robert Newman, American sexton at the Old North Church in Boston (d. 1804)
- March 21
- March 23 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Reden, German pioneer in mining and metallurgy (d. 1815)
- March 24 – Antoine Joseph Gorsas, French publicist, politician (d. 1793)
- March 25 – Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, 4th Duke of Liria and Jérica, Spanish duke (d. 1787)
- April 4
- April 5 – Sébastien Érard, German-born French instrument maker (d. 1831)
- April 6 – Meno Haas, German-born copperplate engraver (d. 1833)
- April 9 – Rudolph Zacharias Becker, German educator and author (d. 1822)
- April 13 – Joseph Drapeau, Canadian politician (d. 1810)
- April 17 – John Austin, Scottish inventor (d. 1830)
- April 18 – Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 9th Baronet (d. 1794)
- April 19
- April 21
- April 23 – John Willett Payne, British Royal Navy admiral (d. 1803)
- April 24 – Henry Latimer (senator), American politician (d. 1819)
- April 28 – Matsumura Goshun, Japanese artist (d. 1811)
- April 29 – Theodore Foster, American politician (d. 1828)
- May 4
- May 5 – Johann Tobias Mayer, German physicist (d. 1830)
- May 9 – Johann Anton Leisewitz, German lawyer and dramatic poet (d. 1806)
- May 9 – Antonio Scarpa, Italian anatomist (d. 1832)
- May 10
- May 11 – Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (d. 1840)
- May 12 – Infante Gabriel of Spain (d. 1788)
- May 13 – Michael Hughes, Welsh industrialist (d. 1825)
- May 14
- May 16 – Samuel Denny Street, Canadian politician (d. 1830)
- May 17 – Thomas Boude, American politician (d. 1822)
- May 20
- May 22 – Louis Legendre, French politician of the Revolution period (d. 1797)
- May 24
- May 26
- May 28 – Robert Carr Brackenbury, English Methodist preacher (d. 1818)
- May 29 – Charles Whitworth, 1st Earl Whitworth, British diplomat (d. 1825)
- May 31 – John Marsh, English music composer (d. 1828)
- June 4
- June 5
- June 6 – John Gabriel Jones, Kentucky pioneer and statesman (d. 1776)
- June 8 – Sir James Lamb, 1st Baronet of England (d. 1824)
- June 11
- June 13 – Fanny Burney, English novelist, diarist (d. 1840)
- June 15 – Paul Cobb Methuen, British politician (d. 1816)
- June 19 – Lord Richard Cavendish (1752–1781), second son of William Cavendish (d. 1781)
- June 24 – Horatio Walpole, 2nd Earl of Orford (d. 1822)
- June 27 – Hannah Mather Crocker, American essayist, advocate of women's rights in America (d. 1829)
- June 29 – Christopher Frederik Lowzow, Danish-Norwegian army officer (d. 1829)
- July 1 – Thomas Pelham-Clinton, 3rd Duke of Newcastle, British Army general (d. 1795)
- July 3 – Heinrich Philipp Konrad Henke, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1809)
- July 4 – Ignace-Michel-Louis-Antoine d'Irumberry de Salaberry, Canadian politician (d. 1828)
- July 5
- July 7 – Joseph Marie Jacquard, French inventor (d. 1834)
- July 8 – Morton Eden, 1st Baron Henley, British diplomat (d. 1830)
- July 10
- July 14 – Andreas Joseph Hofmann, German philosopher and revolutionary (d. 1849)
- July 17 – Barnaba Oriani, Italian priest (d. 1832)
- July 20 – Guillaume-Jean-Noël de Lavillegris, French Navy officer (d. 1807)
- July 23 – Marc-Auguste Pictet, Swiss physicist (d. 1825)
- July 27 – Samuel Smith (Maryland politician), American politician (d. 1839)
- July 29 – John Manners-Sutton, British politician (d. 1826)
- July 30 – Valentine Quin, 1st Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl, Irish politician (d. 1824)
- August 6 – Princess Louise of Saxe-Meiningen, Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld (d. 1805)
- August 13 – Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily (d. 1814)
- August 19 – Herman Bultos, Belgian wine merchant and theatre director (d. 1801)
- August 20
- August 21
- August 22 – Alexander Tormasov, Russian general (d. 1819)
- August 23 – Ebenezer Elmer, American politician (d. 1843)
- August 25
- September 8 – Carl Stenborg, Swedish opera singer (d. 1813)
- September 13 – Benedikte Naubert, German writer (d. 1819)
- September 18 – Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (d. 1833)
- September 20 – Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern, wife of Charles Edward Stuart (d. 1824)
- September 21 – Antoine de Bosc de la Calmette, Danish statesman, landscape architect (d. 1803)
- September 22
- September 27
- Marie-Gabriel-Florent-Auguste de Choiseul-Gouffier, French diplomat (d. 1817)
- Nathaniel Curzon, 2nd Baron Scarsdale of Great Britain (d. 1837)
- September 28 – John the Painter, British criminal (d. 1777)
- September 30
- October 2
- October 6 – Jeanne-Louise-Henriette Campan, French educator, lady in waiting (d. 1822)
- October 10 – Lucy Jefferson Lewis, younger sister of U.S. President Thomas Jefferson (d. 1810)
- October 13 – William Grant, British lawyer, politician and judge (d. 1832)
- October 16
- October 17 – Jacob Broom, American businessman, politician (d. 1810)
- October 20 – Fabian Gottlieb von Osten-Sacken, Baltic-German field marshal (d. 1837)
- October 22 – Ambrogio Minoja, Italian composer, professor of music (d. 1825)
- October 23 – Maria Anna Adamberger, Austrian stage actress (d. 1804)
- October 28 – Jean Henri Simon, Belgian engraver, soldier (d. 1834)
- November 1 – Józef Zajączek, Polish general, politician (d. 1826)
- November 2
- November 4
- November 5
- November 8 – Claude-Augustin Tercier, French general (d. 1823)
- November 10 – Duke Wilhelm in Bavaria, Great-grandfather of Empress Elisabeth of Austria (d. 1837)
- November 11
- November 15
- November 17 – Caspar Voght, German businessman (d. 1839)
- November 18
- November 20
- November 21 – George Pozer, German-born British merchant (d. 1848)
- November 23 – Maksimilijan Vrhovac, Croatian Catholic bishop (d. 1827)
- November 25 – Johann Friedrich Reichardt, German composer (d. 1814)
- November 26 – María Josefa Pimentel, Duchess of Osuna (d. 1834)
- November 29 – Philippe-André Grandidier, French priest, historian (d. 1787)
- November 29 – Jemima Wilkinson, American preacher (d. 1819)
- November 30 – François Viger, Canadian politician (d. 1824)
- December 2 – Angélique Victoire, Comtesse de Chastellux, French comtesse (d. 1816)
- December 3
- December 5 – Francis Fane of Spettisbury, Member of the British Parliament (d. 1813)
- December 6
- Robert de Lamanon, French botanist (d. 1787)
- Gabriel Duvall, American politician and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1844)
- December 8
- December 9 – Antoine Étienne de Tousard, French general, military engineer (d. 1813)
- December 10 – Sir Richard Sullivan, 1st Baronet, British politician (d. 1806)
- December 12
- December 14 – Christoph August Tiedge, German poet (d. 1841)
- December 16 – John Faucheraud Grimké, American politician (d. 1819)
- December 17 – John Kilby Smith, American Continental army officer (d. 1842)
- December 19 – François Isaac de Rivaz, French inventor, politician (d. 1828)
- December 21 – Jean-François Houbigant, French perfumer (d. 1807)
- December 24 – Joseph Delaunay, French deputy (d. 1794)
- December 28 – Conrad Tanner, Swiss abbot (d. 1825)
- December 29 – Nathan Dane, American politician (d. 1835)
- December 30 – Sir Charles Malet, 1st Baronet, British East India Company official (d. 1815)
- January 4 – Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (b. 1704)
- January 14 – Devasahayam Pillai, beatified Indian Catholic (b. 1712)
- January 16 – Francis Blomefield, English topographer (b. 1705)
- February 9 – Fredrik Hasselqvist, Swedish traveller and naturalist (b. 1722)
- February 10 – Henriette-Anne of France, daughter of King Louis XV of France (b. 1727)
- February 15 – Beinta Broberg, notorious Faroese vicar's wife (b. 1667)
- March 9 – Claude Joseph Geoffroy, brother of Étienne François Geoffroy (b. 1685)
- March 21 – Gio Nicola Buhagiar, Maltese painter (b. 1698)
- May 3 – Samuel Ogle, British provincial Governor of Maryland (b. 1694)
- May 6 – Sophia of Saxe-Weissenfels, Countess of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, German aristocrat and culture patron (b. 1684)
- May 22 – Johann Alexander Thiele, German painter (b. 1685)
- May 23 – William Bradford, British-born printer (b. 1663)
- June 16
- June 21 – Old Briton, Piankashaw chieftain
- July 20 – Johann Christoph Pepusch, German composer (b. 1667)
- July 29 – Peter Warren, British admiral (b. 1703)
- August 22 – William Whiston, English mathematician (b. 1667)
- November 2 – Johann Albrecht Bengel, German scholar (b. 1687)
- November 5 – Carl Andreas Duker, German classical scholar (b. 1670)
- November 6 – Ralph Erskine, Scottish minister (b. 1685)
- November 27 – William Digby, 5th Baron Digby, English politician, baron (b. 1661)
- December 3 – Henri-Guillaume Hamal, Walloon musician and composer (b. 1685)
- December 11 – Adolphus Frederick III, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1686)
- date unknown – Jacopo Amigoni, Italian painter (b. 1675)
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 315–316. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Benjamin Franklin. Nathan G. Goodman; Peter Conn (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010) (eds.). The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin: Penn Reading Project Edition. University of Pennsylvania Press, 1937. p. 92.
- James L. Chen; Adam Chen (2015). A Guide to Hubble Space Telescope Objects: Their Selection, Location, and Significance. Springer. p. 53.
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- Eaman, Ross. Historical Dictionary of Journalism. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 144. ISBN 978-1-5381-2504-5.
- Elizabeth A. H. John, Storms Brewed in Other Men's Worlds: The Confrontation of Indians, Spanish, and French in the Southwest, 1540-1795 (University of Oklahoma Press, 1996) p324
- "Afghan-Sikh Wars (Durrani-Sikh Wars)", by Melodee M. Baines, in Afghanistan at War: From the 18th-Century Durrani Dynasty to the 21st Century, ed. by Tom Lansford (ABC-CLIO, 2017) p20
- Kelly Donahue-Wallace, Jerónimo Antonio Gil and the Idea of the Spanish Enlightenment (University of New Mexico Press, 2017) p38
- The Pennsylvania Gazette, February 18, 1752, p2
- The Pennsylvania Gazette, March 17, 1752, p2
- Ian Simpson Ross, The Life of Adam Smith (Oxford University Press, 2010)
- Tom Tucker, Bolt Of Fate: Benjamin Franklin And His Fabulous Kite (PublicAffairs, 2009) p135-140
- "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p52
- Emilius Oviatt Randall, Daniel Joseph Ryan (1912). History of Ohio: The Rise and Progress of an American State, Volume 1. p. 216.
- Alan Axelrod, A Savage Empire: Trappers, Traders, Tribes, and the Wars That Made America (Macmillan, 2011) p131
- "A. P. Gannibal: On the Occasion of the Three Hundredth Anniversary of the Birth of Alexander Pushkin's Great-Grandfather", by N. K. Teletova, in Under the Sky of My Africa: Alexander Pushkin and Blackness, ed. by Catharine Theimer Nepomnyashchy, et al. (Northwestern University Press, 2006) p69
- William Arceneaux, No Spark of Malice: The Murder of Martin Begnaud (Louisiana State University Press, 2004) p56
- Christine Clepper Musser, Images of America: Silver Spring Township (Arcadia Publishing, 2014) p31
- Beverly Hamel, American Chronicles: Bethania— The Village by the Black Walnut Bottom (Arcadia Publishing, 2009)
- "Saturday's Post from the Whitehall and General Evening Posts", The Derby Mercury (Derby, Derbyshire), September 15, 1752, p1
- Jay Barnes, Florida's Hurricane History (University of North Carolina Press, 2012) p47
- Dianne Marshall, Heroes of the Acadian Resistance: The Story of Joseph Beausoleil Broussard and Pierre II Surette 1702-1765 (Formac Publishing, 2011) p105
- "Aboriginal Rights v. Government Legislation", by Graydon Nicholas, in The Maritimes: Tradition, Challenge, ed. by George Peabody, et al. (Maritext, Ltd., 1987) p257
- "Shylock as the American Capitalist", by Elaine Brousseau, in Merchants, Barons, Sellers and Suits: The Changing Images of the Businessman through Literature, ed. by Christa Mahalik (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010) p95
- Wisbey, Herbert A. Jr (2009) . Pioneer Prophetess: Jemima Wilkinson, the Publick Universal Friend. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-7551-1., p. 3; Moyer, Paul B. The Public Universal Friend: Jemima Wilkinson and Religious Enthusiasm in Revolutionary America. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2015, p. 13
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- Fétis, François-Joseph (1866). Biographie Universelle des Musiciens et Bibliographie Générale de la Musique. Gallica (in French). 4 (2nd ed.). Paris: Firmin-Didot et Cie. p. 209.