Kenya Air Force
|Kenya Air Force
Jeshi la Anga la Kenya
Kenya Air Force emblem
|Founded||1 June 1964|
|Country||Republic of Kenya|
|Part of||Kenya Defence Forces|
|Motto(s)||Tuko Imara Angani|
Operation Linda Nchi
(June 2012 – Present)
|Air Force commander||Major General Samuel Thuita|
|Helicopter||Mil Mi-171, SA330 Puma, MD 500, Huey 212|
|Trainer||Bulldog, Short Tucano, Grob G 120|
|Transport||DHC-5, Dash 8, Harbin Y-12|
The Kenya Air Force (KAF) is the national aerial warfare service branch of the Republic of Kenya.
The main airbase operating fighters is Laikipia Air Base in Nanyuki, while Moi Air Base in Eastleigh, Nairobi is the headquarters. Other bases include Forward Operating BAse (FOB) Mombasa (Moi International Airport), FOB Mandera, FOB Wajir & FOB Nyeri (mainly helicopters/small planes). The air force does not own attack helicopters: all of Kenya's fleet of armed helicopters are operated by the Army's 50th Air Cavalry Battalion.
Former aircraft in service included de Havilland Canada Chipmunks and Beavers (since 1974), six Hawker Hunters (bought from RAF, in operation from 1974–79), six BAC Strikemaster fighters (in operation from 1971, and 12 BAE Systems Hawks delivered in 1980. All these types have now been withdrawn.
From 1979–1982 President Daniel arap Moi used Northrop F-5 fighter jets to escort his flights in and out of the country; later commentators have pointed out that there was no threat justifying the waste of fuel and the difficult and complex requirements of the escort mission.
After a failed coup by a group of Air Force officers on 1 August 1982, the Air Force was disbanded. Air Force activity was reconstituted and placed under tighter army control as the 82 Air Force. The Air Force regained its independent status in 1994.
On 10 April 2006 a KAF Harbin Y-12 crashed near Marsabit with 17 on board, of whom 14 died. It was carrying several local and national politicians; Bonaya Godana, a former minister, was among the casualties. The pilot in command was Major David Njoroge.
Since 1978, the F-5 has been the KAF's main air defence fighter. A total of 29 were delivered; 12 F-5E & 2 F-5F from USA, and 10 F-5E,3 F-5EM & 2 F-5F formerly in service with the Royal Jordanian Air Force (RJAF). The ex RJAF aircraft were upgraded to F-5EM standard before being delivered to the Kenya Air Force. There was controversy over the purchase of the F-5s from Jordan, which were shipped to Kenya and assembled locally, Currently a F-5 upgrade and procurement program is underway (10 F-5E, 2 F-5F, and 3 F-5EM from Jordan. Kenya Air Force has taken the delivery of all acquired Huey 2 helicopters; the 6 helicopters are in Kenya.).
The US government approved a proposed foreign military sale for twelve Air Tractor AT-802L light-attack aircraft to the government of Kenya. As of August, 2017, the Kenyan government has not yet signed a contract for the proposed sale.
|Northrop F-5||United States||fighter||F-5E||17|
|Cessna 208||United States||surveillance / light transport||1 |
|Bombardier Dash 8||Canada||VIP||3|
|DHC-5 Buffalo||Canada||utility / transport||5|
|Mil Mi-17||Russia||utility / transport||Mi-171||2|
|SA 330 Puma||France||utility / transport||14|
|MD 500||United States||light attack||40|
|Bell UH-1||United States||utility||UH-1H||5 on order|
|Northrop F-5||United States||conversion trainer||F-5F||4|
|Short Tucano||United Kingdom||trainer||Tucano 51||12||licence-built variant of the EMB-312|
|Grob G 120||Germany||trainer||120A||6|
|Bulldog T1||United Kingdom||basic trainer||11|
- BAC 167 Strikemaster fighters (in operation since 1971) (sold to Botswana 1993–94) -6 Delivered
- BAE Hawk 52 (in operation since 1980, 8 or more built, all grounded) -12 delivered
- De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk trainers (in operation 1964–74) – 6 delivered
- De Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver bush planes (in operation 1964–83) – 7 delivered
- De Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou transport (in operation 1966–87) – 4 delivered
- Dornier Do 28D utility, (in operation since 1977, 4 or more built) -8 Delivered.
- HJ-8 anti-tank Missiles
- TY-90 air-to-air missiles
- 72x AIM-9J Sidewinder air-to-air missiles
- 72x AGM-65A Maverick air-to-surface missiles
Air defence equipment
The following officers have been in command of the Kenya Air Force:
- 12 December 1964 Group Captain Ian Sargenson Stockwell CBE DFC RAF
- 22 February 1967 Group Captain F Rothwell DFC TD RAF
- 9 August 1971 Group Captain David John Edwards CBE AFC RAF
- 17 April 1973 Colonel Dedan Gichuru
- 27 June 1980 Major General P M Kariuki
- 1982 Major General Mohamoud Mohamed (as commander of the 82 Air Force)
- 27 February 1986 Major General Dedan N Gichuru (as commander of the 82 Air Force)
- 10 May 1989 Major General D K Wachira
- 28 June 1994 Major General N L Leshan
- 1 December 2000 Major General S K Muttai
- 27 November 2003 Major General J W Karangi
- 10 August 2005 Major General Harold M Tangai
- 13 July 2011 Major General Joff Otieno
- 30 July 2014 Major General Samuel Ng’ang’a Thuita
- "Historical Background of the Kenya Air Force: Pre-Independence Period". Ministry Of Defence- Kenya. 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2016.[permanent dead link]
- "Historical Background of the Kenya Air Force: Independence and Post-Independence Period". Ministry Of Defence- Kenya. 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2016.[permanent dead link]
- "Escorting Moi with fighter jets".
- The Nation, 
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 March 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-25.
- "Government of Kenya-Air Tractor Aircraft with Weapons and Related Support" (PDF). Defense Security Cooperation Agency. 2017. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
- "World Air Forces 2017". Flightglobal Insight. 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
- "World Air Forces 2015 pg. 21". Flightglobal Insight. 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
- "KAF Past Commanders". Ministry Of Defence- Kenya. 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2016.[permanent dead link]
- "I S Stockwell".
- "D J Edwards".
- Hornsby, Charles (2012). Kenya: A History Since Independence. London/New York: I. B. Tauris. p. 231. ISBN 978-1-84885-886-2., indicates Edwards tenure 1971–73, and Gichuru 1973–80.
- Hoyle, Chris (9–15 December 2014). "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International. Vol. 186 no. 5468. pp. 24–55.
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