Alexander Pechtold in 2010
|Parliamentary leader of the Democrats 66 in the House of Representatives of the Netherlands|
30 November 2006
|Preceded by||Lousewies van der Laan|
|Member of the House of Representatives of the Netherlands|
30 November 2006
|Leader of the Democrats 66|
24 June 2006
|Preceded by||Boris Dittrich|
|Minister for Government Reform and Kingdom Relations of the Netherlands|
31 March 2005 – 3 July 2006
|Prime Minister||Jan Peter Balkenende|
|Preceded by||Thom de Graaf|
|Succeeded by||Atzo Nicolaï|
|Mayor of Wageningen|
1 October 2003 – 31 March 2005
|Preceded by||Geke Faber|
|Succeeded by||Geert van Rumund|
|Chairman of the Democrats 66|
16 November 2002 – 31 March 2005
|Leader||Thom de Graaf (2002–2003)
Boris Dittrich (2003–2005)
|Preceded by||Gerard Schouw|
|Succeeded by||Frank Dales|
16 December 1965
|Political party||Democrats 66|
|Spouse(s)||Froukje Idema (m. 1997)|
|Children||1 son and 1 daughter|
|Alma mater||Leiden University (Bachelor of Arts, Master of Arts)|
Alexander Pechtold (born 16 December 1965) is a Dutch politician of the Democrats 66 (D66) party. He is the parliamentary leader of the party in the House of Representatives and a Member of the House of Representatives since 30 November 2006. Pechtold has been the leader of the Democrats 66 since 24 June 2006.
Pechtold previously served as chairman of the Democrats 66 from 16 November 2002 and as mayor of Wageningen from 1 October 2003 until he was asked to become a minister in the Cabinet Balkenende II following the resignation of Thom de Graaf; he resigned as chairman and mayor the same day he took office as the new Minister for Government Reform and Kingdom Relations on 31 March 2005. On 29 June 2006 the Democrats 66 retracted their support for the Cabinet Balkenende II and Pechtold resigned as minister on 3 July 2006. Pechtold was elected as the Leader of the Democrats 66 on 24 June 2006 after the Democrats 66 leadership election of 2006. For the Dutch general election of 2006 Pechtold became Lijsttrekker (top candidate) and the Democrats 66 lost three seats and became an opposition party. For the Dutch general election of 2010, Pechtold again as Lijsttrekker won ten seats but the Democrats 66 remained an opposition party. With the following Dutch general election of 2012, Pechtold again as Lijsttrekker won two seats with the Democrats 66 again remaining an opposition party.
Alexander Pechtold was born on 16 December 1965 in Delft in the Netherlands province of South Holland. Pechtold and his older brother Roland Pechthold grew up in the village of Rhoon. He went to a Lyceum in Rotterdam. Pechtold studied art history and archaeology with a specialization in 17th-century painting at the Leiden University, obtaining a Master of Arts degree in 1996. During that time Pechtold obtained a certification as auctioneer and worked for the Van Stockum's Veilingen during his studies.
Pechtold became a member of the Democrats 66 (D66) party in 1989. In 1994 he was elected as a Municipal councillor in Leiden and became a Alderman in 1996. On 16 November 2002 he was elected as Chairman of the Democrats 66. Pechtold was tasked with reforming the party after disastrous election results after Dutch general election of 2002 and preparing for the upcoming Dutch general election of 2003.
Minister for Government Reform and Kingdom Relations
On 23 March 2005 Thom de Graaf the Democrats 66 Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Government Reform and Kingdom Relations in the Cabinet Balkenende II resigned after the introduction of democratically-elected mayors had been rejected in the Senate. The proposal was especially important as it had become a symbol of the government reform that the Democrats 66 had wanted since its creation. Pechtold was asked to succeed himt as Minister for Government Reform and Kingdom Relations. Pechtold resigned as Chairman and Mayor the same day he took office as the new Minister for Government Reform and Kingdom Relations on 31 March 2005.
On 29 June 2006 the Democrats 66 retracted their support for the Cabinet Balkenende II. the next day, Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende offered the resignation of the full cabinet to Queen Beatrix. Pechtold resigned as Minister for Government Reform and Kingdom Relations on 3 July 2006. Fellow Democrat 66 cabinet member Laurens Jan Brinkhorst, the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economic Affairs resigned on 7 July 2006.
House of Representatives
Pechtold was elected as the Leader of the Democrats 66 on 24 June 2006 after the Democrats 66 leadership election of 2006, defeating the Parliamentary leader of the Democrats 66 in the House of Representatives Lousewies van der Laan who in turn had just succeed Boris Dittrich who resigned as Leader of the Democrats 66 and Parliamentary leader of the Democrats 66 in the House of Representatives on 3 February 2006.
In 2007 the parliamentarian press chose Pechtold with 31% of the votes as the "Dutch Politician of the Year 2007".
For the Dutch general election of 2006 Pechtold became Lijsttrekker (top candidate) and the Democrats 66 lost three seats and became a opposition party. For the Dutch general election of 2010, Pechtold again as Lijsttrekker won ten seats but the Democrats 66 remained a opposition party. With the following Dutch general election of 2012, Pechtold again as Lijsttrekker won two seats with the Democrats 66 again remaining a opposition party.
During the Fourth Balkenende cabinet administration Pechtold served as opposition leader against the cabinet. After the Dutch elections of 2010, the D66 won seven-seats in the House of Representatives which reporters claimed was due to Pechtolds leadership during the Fourth Balkenende cabinet time. After the 2010 Dutch cabinet formation the D66 again remained in opposition. In 2012, Pechtold published Henk, Ingrid, & Alexander, which ostensibly aimed to break through the populism that has dominated Dutch politics in the previous decade--"Henk" and "Ingrid" are the generic names proposed by Geert Wilders and other Party for Freedom politicians to represent the average Dutch couple—by engaging everyday people in conversation. The book was panned in de Volkskrant as a "cheap PR-stunt without any value to it."
During a debate with Mark Rutte in 2010, Pechtold championed the cause of social liberalism, noting that the government “needs to offer services where fairness is more important than efficiency, such as education and healthcare," while accusing Rutte of pursuing policies that hurt the most vulnerable in Dutch society.
After the shootdown of Malaysian Airlines flight MH17 in July 2014, Pechtold explicitly voiced his support for economic expediency over ethical correctness by stating: "We are a small country, dependent on our exports, and unlike the United States, we cannot always react from our moral high grounds." 
- (Dutch) Het Pechtold-effect goed voor D66
- Fretz, Johan (8 February 2012). "'Ik mis Hans van Mierlo opeens zo'". de Volkskrant. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
Pechtold kijkt koddig in de lens van de NOS en noemt de populistische titel van zijn boek 'gewoon een knipoog'. Ik vind het een goedkope PR-stunt zonder onderliggende waarde.
- Emilie van Outeren, "Will the real liberal please stand up".
- The Netherlands, a Nation in Mourning but Mindful of Ties to Russia
- (Dutch) Drs. A. (Alexander) Pechtold Parlement & Politiek
- (Dutch) Alexander Pechtold Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alexander Pechtold.|
|Party political offices|
|Chairman of the Democrats 66
|Leader of the Democrats 66
Lousewies van der Laan
|Parliamentary Leader of the Democrats 66
in the House of Representatives of the Netherlands
Thom de Graaf
|Minister for Government Reform and
Kingdom Relations of the Netherlands
|Mayor of Wageningen
Geert van Rumund