|Princely State of British India|
|Imperial Gazetteer of India|
|•||Independence of India||1947|
|•||1941||4,660 km2 (1,799 sq mi)|
|Density||54.3 /km2 (140.7 /sq mi)|
|Today part of||India|
|Columbia-Lippincott Gazetteer (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952) p. 510|
Dhar State was a princely state of British Raj ruled by the Kshatriya Maratha Puar (Pawar) dynasty. It was a salute state in the colonial sway of the Central India Agency. Dhar began as one of the states during Maratha dominance in India about 1730. In 1941 it had an area of 1,798 square miles (4,660 km2) and a population of 253,210. Dhar(anagar) was the capital of the state since 1732 (from the 1728 foundation, the Raja's first seat had been Multhan). In 1948 it became part of Madhya Bharat.
Lying between 21°57' and 23°15' north, and 74°37' and 75°37' east, Dhar State was bordered on the north by Ratlam State; east by parts of Gwalior and Indore States; on the south by Barwani State, and on the west by Jhabua State and portions of Gwalior and Indore.
The Parmar clan Rajput rulers of the state claimed descent from the legendary Vikramaditya and the Paramara king Bhoja. The present Dhar dynasty was founded in 1729 by Udaji Rao Puar, a distinguished Maratha general who received the territory as a grant from the Peshwas. During the Pindhari raids, the state's territory was whittled away, until it was restored in size on 10 January 1819, when it signed a Subsidiary alliance agreement with the British East India Company and became a major Princely state, enjoying indirect rule under British protectorate. The name of the state was taken from old city of Dharlong, famous as the capital of Parmar Rajputs. The state was confiscated for rebellion in 1857 but was restored in 1864 with reduction in territory.
The British granted Dhar a Hereditary gun salute of 15-guns,
|Reign start||Reign end||Name||Birth-death|
|1728||1732||Udaji Rao I Pawar|
|1732||1736||Anand Rao I Pawar||(b. ... – died 1749)|
|1736||1761, 6 January||Yeshwant Rao I Pawar||(1724–1761)|
|1761, 6 January||1782||Khande Rao Pawar||(b. c.1758 – died 1782)|
|1782||1807, 10 June||Anand Rao II Pawar||(1782–1807)|
|1807, Dec||1810||Ramchandra Rao I Pawar||(1807–1810)|
|1807, Dec||1810||Maina Bai (f) (regent)|
|1810||1833, October||Ramchandra Rao II Pawar||(1805–1833)|
|1834, 21 April||1857, 23 May||Yeshwant Rao II Pawar||(1823–1857)|
|1857, 23 May||1858, 19 Jan||Anand Rao III Pawar (1st time)||(1844–1898)|
|1858, 19 Jan||1860, 1 May||state abolished|
|1860, 1 May||1898, 29 July||Anand Rao III Pawar (2nd time)||(s.a.)|
|1898, 29 July||1918, 1 Jan||Udaji Rao II Pawar "Baba Sahib"||(1886–1926)|
|Reign start||Reign end||Name||Birth-death|
|1918, 1 Jan||1926, 30 Jul||Udaji Rao II Puar "Baba Sahib"||(s.a.)|
|1926, 1 Aug||1947, 15 Aug||Anand Rao IV Puar||(1920–1980)|
The line is nominally continued
A separate department to superintend Thakurs and Bhumias, Entitled "Department of Thakurans, Bhumian and Thikanejat" was established in 1921, at which time there were 22 such estates in Dhar State.
The Thakurs with one exception were Rajput landholders whose estates were located in the North of the state. Locally, the Thakurs were styled Talukdars and their holdings kothari. By caste there were 8 Rathor Rajputs, one Pawar and one Kayasth.
The Bhumias or "Alloidal" Chiefs were all Bhilalas, a clan claiming mixed tribal Bhil people and Rajput (Chauhan) descent. Their grants were originally obtained from the Darbar on the understanding that they kept the peace among the Bhils and other wild hill tribes. They paid yearly tribute to the Darbar, while some received cash allowances (Bhet-Ghugri), an ancient feudal custom which has its origins in Blackmail.
(the first four were holdings guaranteed by the British)
- Multhan - The estate consisted of 29 villages in the Badnawar pargana. The chief, Thakur Bharat Singh, who was born in 1893 and succeeded on adoption in 1901, was the second son of Raja Sir Jaswant Singh Bahadur of Sailana State. He was a Rathor Rajput. The residence of the chief is the town of Multhan, situated on the Ratlam river, on the Dhar road 5 miles from Badnawar and 26 miles from Dhar city. Area 99 square miles. Population was 11,804 in 1931.
- Kacchi-Baroda- The chief, BeniMadhav Singh, succeeded in 1903 who was 10th in line from Maharaj Rai Singh the second son of Maharaja Ratan singh Rathore of Ratlam, Rai Singh was given the pargana of Badnawar in 1658. Rathore rajputs later moved to Kachhi-Baroda which included 21 villages.
- Dotria - The chief in 1928 was Thakur Onkar Singh, another Rathor Rajput. He was born in 1887, succeeded in 1892 and was invested in full powers in 1908. He also held lands from the great Gwalior State. Area - 27.7 miles.
- Bakhatgarh - The ruler, Rao Thakur Rai singh, a Pawar Rajput, was born in 1889 and succeeded to the gaddi (throne) in 1912. In 1927, the estate, consisting of 35 villages, yielded a revenue of 74,000 Rupees.The rulers of Bakhatgarh were also the mandloi of Badnawar.
- Bidwal - The chief, Thakur Jaswant Singh, a Rathore Rajput of the Fatehsinghaut clan, was born in 1881, and succeeded on adoption in 1866. The estate consisted of eight villages in the above Badnawar pargana, yielding an annual revenue of 51,000 Rupees in 1928.
- Dharsi Khera
- Dana (Pana)
- Bara Barkheda
- Bharud Pawar
- Kali Baodi
- Pipalda (Garhi)
- Chhota Barkheda
- Tirla (Nimkheda)
- Bhawania (Bazurg)
In 1897 primitive stamps with entirely native text. The second definitive issue bore the name DHAR STATE in Latin script; a total of 8 stamps. Since 1901 Indian stamps have been in use.
- Maratha Empire
- List of Maratha dynasties and states
- List of princely states of British India (alphabetical)
- Dewas State
- Rathore, Abhinay. "Dhar (Princely State)". Rajput Provinces of India.
- "Hemendra Singh Puar is head of erstwhile princely state of Dhar". 15 January 2015.
- "Hemendra Puar to be new Dhar maharaja - Times of India".
- "404 Page not found…". freepressjournal.in. Archived from the original on 25 July 2015. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- "Administration to remove seal on Dhar royal estates on HC orders - Times of India".
- Solomon, R. V.; Bond, J. W. (7 September 2017). "Indian States: A Biographical, Historical, and Administrative Survey". Asian Educational Services – via Google Books.
- Media related to Dhar State at Wikimedia Commons