Joypurhat District

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Joypurhat District
জয়পুরহাট
Shrine near Patharghata
Shrine near Patharghata
Location of Joypurhat in Bangladesh
Location of Joypurhat in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Joypurhat
Coordinates: 25°06′N 89°02′E / 25.10°N 89.03°E / 25.10; 89.03Coordinates: 25°06′N 89°02′E / 25.10°N 89.03°E / 25.10; 89.03
Country Bangladesh
DivisionRajshahi Division
EstablishedFebruary 26, 1984
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerMd. Sharif
Area
 • Total965.4 km2 (372.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)[1]
 • Total913,768
 • Density950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Joypurhati, Rajshahiyo
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
5900

Joypurhat (Bengali: জয়পুরহাট জেলা, Bengali pronunciation: [ˈbangla] Joypurhat Jela, also Joypurhat Zila) is a district in the northern part of Bangladesh. It is one of the 8 districts of Rajshahi Division.[2]

History[edit]

Ancient history[edit]

Joypurhat was an area under the Pala Empire & Sena dynasty for a long period of time. Till 16th and 17th centuries, there was no clear information about Joypurhat's history. Previously the local name for Joypurhat was Baghabarihat. Later it was called Gopendraganjahat in many archives. Once Lalbazar Thana was established by containing the present Joypurhat Sadar Upazila and Panchbibi Upazila. The thana was located on the east side of Small Jamuna River named Puranapoil. Then Puranapoil Union was known as Karimnagar. A post office was established in Lalbazar Thana. The sub-registry office was established in Nawabganj. There were many Neelkuthi established in this area. At that era, Lalbazar Thana was a town. Back then it was the only work for the ordinary people of that area. From Lalbazar Thana, Small Jamuna River gorge, the whole travel, commerce, and trade were maintained. At that period Lalbazar Thana, Khetlal Upazila & Badalgachhi Upazila were under Dinajpur District. As Dinajpur District, Rangpur District & Rajshahi District were very large, in 1821, a new district was formed from the three districts and named Bogra District. At that time, Bogra District occupied by Adamdighi, Bogra Sadar, Sherpur from Rajshahi District; two upazila from Rangpur District and Khetlal Upazila, Badalgachhi Upazila, Lalbazar Thana from Dinajpur. Later, on December 16, 1868, Lalbazar Police Thana was moved to Khasbaguri. The local name of Khasbabri was Panchbibi.

In 1884, from Kolkata District to Jalpaiguri District in British Raj the railway line established. Among this railway line, 8 railway station was built in the present Joypurhat District. In that time Baghabari was the local name of Joypurhat and Baghabari railway station was the name of Joypurhat railway station.

After establishing the railway station the people gathered more in the railway area more than in the riverside area of Small Jamuna River. People in the surrounding villages of the railway have increased gradually settled. Gradually the Khajanapur and Lalbazar Hat goes extinct. The name of 'Baghabari railway station' was replaced by the name Joypurhat railway station. And from that, the whole area became known to Joypurhat to all.

Some say that Joypurhat was renamed from the name of Pala Empire King JoyPal who ruled here in his period.

Geography[edit]

Rivers[edit]

Bangladesh is a country of many rivers. There are mainly five rivers in Joypurhat District. They are:

Climate[edit]

Joypurhat is a district of Tropical climate. In winter there is much more rainfall in Joypurhat than in summer. According to The Köppen climate classification, The average annual temperature in here is 25.4 °C and The average annual rainfall is 1738 mm. The driest month is December with 3 mm. Most precipitation falls in July, with an average of 364 mm. The warmest month of the year is August with an average temperature of 28.9 °C. In January, the average temperature is 18 °C. It is the lowest average temperature of the whole year.

Climate data for Joypurhat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
27.6
(81.7)
32.5
(90.5)
35
(95)
33.6
(92.5)
32.4
(90.3)
35.5
(95.9)
35.3
(95.5)
31.2
(88.2)
29.5
(85.1)
28.7
(83.7)
25.9
(78.6)
31.0
(87.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18
(64)
20.2
(68.4)
24.9
(76.8)
28.4
(83.1)
28.7
(83.7)
28.9
(84.0)
28.9
(84.0)
28.9
(84.0)
28.6
(83.5)
27
(81)
22.8
(73.0)
19.3
(66.7)
25.4
(77.7)
Average low °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
12.9
(55.2)
17.3
(63.1)
21.9
(71.4)
23.8
(74.8)
25.4
(77.7)
26.1
(79.0)
26.2
(79.2)
25.6
(78.1)
22.9
(73.2)
17
(63)
12.6
(54.7)
20.2
(68.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.4)
15
(0.6)
21
(0.8)
52
(2.0)
186
(7.3)
330
(13.0)
364
(14.3)
321
(12.6)
283
(11.1)
140
(5.5)
13
(0.5)
3
(0.1)
1,738
(68.2)
Source: National newspapers

The difference in precipitation between the driest month and the wettest month is 361 mm. The average temperatures vary during the year by 10.9 °C.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1974 507,741—    
1981 619,351+2.88%
1991 765,011+2.13%
2001 846,696+1.02%
2011 913,768+0.77%
Sources:[3]

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Joypurhat District had a population of 913,768, of which 459,284 were males and 454,484 females. Rural population was 769,858 (84.25%) while the urban population was 143,910 (15.75%). Joypurhat district had a literacy rate of 57.48% for the population 7 years and above: 61.39% for males and 53.55% for females.[3]

Religions in Joypurhat district (2011)[3]
Religion Percent
Muslims
89.66%
Hindus
8.83%
Tribal religion
0.97%
Christians
0.53%
Other or not stated
0.01%

Muslims make up 89.66% of the population, while Hindus are 8.83% and Christians 0.53% of the population respectively. Other religions (mainly Sarna) are 0.97% of the population. Ethnic minorities were 23,139 (2.53%), mainly Santals.[3]

Economy[edit]

Joypurhat's economy is mainly based on seasonal crops like rice, potato, wheat, onion, mango, jackfruit, and banana. It also produces a huge amount of sugarcane and it holds the country's largest sugar mill, Joypurhat Sugar Mill's Limited. There are also a lot of industries, rice mills and poultry farm sin this district. It exports many agricultural products. Hili land port is very close to Joypurhat district, so many people of this district do export-import business by this port and about all the vehicles of this port run over this district. This district is appropriate for all kind of business.

Joypurhat sugarmill at dusk

Arts and culture[edit]

Joypurhat is a district of rural or rich folk culture. In British Raj period, many festivals such as keerton (কীর্তন), jaree (জারী), palagaan (পালাগান), kabigaan (কবিগান), baul (বাউল), murshidee (মুর্শিদী), lokgeeti (লোকগীতি), bhaoyaiya (ভাওয়াইয়া), and jattra (যাত্রা) were held on various occasions.

After 1971, many cultural organizations established in this district level and upazila level.

Cultural groups[edit]

  • AKAVA, Amra Kaj Valobashi, Establish 1982, Executive Director: Mr. Robiul Alom Chowdhury (আমরা কাজ ভালবাসি আকাভা, নির্বাহি পরিচালক, রবিউল আলম চৌধুরী)
  • Shopno Chaya Community Center (স্বপ্নছায়া কমিউনিটি সেন্টার)
  • Joypurhat Shilpakala Academy (জয়পুরহাট শিল্প কলা একাডেমী)
  • Joypurhat Shishu Academy (জয়পুরহাট শিশু একাডেমী)
  • Conference of the National Council of Rabindra Sangeet (জাতীয় রবীন্দ্র সঙ্গীত সম্মেলন পরিষদ)
  • Baul Cultural Organization (বাউল সাংস্কৃতিক সংগঠন)
  • Joypurhat Music Cycle (জয়পুরহাট সঙ্গীত চক্র)
  • Saragama Cultural Organization (সারগাম সাংস্কৃতিক সংগঠন)
  • Samitma Theatre and Music Schools (শামিত্ম থিয়েটার ও সঙ্গীত বিদ্যালয়)
  • Joypurhat Library and Club (জয়পুরহাট লাইব্রেরী এন্ড ক্লাব)
  • Joypurhat Theatre (জয়পুরহাট থিয়েটার)
  • Drama Circle (ড্রামা সার্কেল)[4]
  • Loko Songskriti Porishod
  • Skip It Production
  • ABC Group

Points of interest[edit]

Jamalganj is situated 10 km south west of Joypurhat. Pahar Pur (Buddhist Bihar), largely known as Sompur Bihar, is situated 6 km(approx)north-west of Jamalganj which is a symbol of past legacy of our knowledge on philosophy, architecture, arts and sculptures.[citation needed] It is UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization) certified world heritage site.

Jamalganj is known for its long traditional bazar (in English market) fore surrounded places.[citation needed] It is also known for its agricultural products like banana, paddy, rice, wheat, and potato.[citation needed] Also famous for its coal (bituminous) and cement.[citation needed]

Administration[edit]

Sub-districts[edit]

Joypurhat has five subdistricts (upazilas):[2]

upazila Bengali url link area (km2) population
Joypurhat জয়পুরহাট সদর উপজেলা Official website 238.5 256,691
Akkelpur আক্কেলপুর উপজেলা Official website 139.47 128,952
Kalai কালাই উপজেলা Official website 166.30 129,329
Khetlal ক্ষেতলাল উপজেলা Official website 142.60 115,871
Panchbibi পাঁচবিবি উপজেলা Official website 278.53 240,979

Municipalities[edit]

There are five municipalities in Joypurhat District.

Deputy Commissioner (DC): Mohammad Yasin (Bengali- মোহাম্মদ ইয়াছিন) [5]
Mayor: MD Mustafizur Rahaman Mostak (Bengali- মোঃ মুস্তাফিজুর রহমান মোস্তাক) [6]

Parliamentary seats[edit]

Joypurhat has two parliament seats: Joypurhat-1 and Joypurhat-2.

Constituency
NO.
Constituency
Name
Extent Present Jatiyo Sangshad MP In Bengali Political party Legislature Election occupied
34
Joypurhat-1

Advocate Shamsul Alam
এ্যাডভোকেট সামসুল আলম দুদু
Bangladesh Awami League 11th Parliament December 30, 2018
35
Joypurhat-2


Abu Sayeed Al Mahmud Swapan
আবু সাঈদ আল মাহমুদ স্বপন
Bangladesh Awami League 11th Parliament December 30, 2018

Transport[edit]

Roads[edit]

Joypurhat is a small district in Rajshahi Division. It has 342.59 km cobbled road, 61.59 km semi-cobbled road and 1569 km raw road.

Railway stations[edit]

Joypurhat contains eight railway stations. The total railways of Joypurhat are 38.86 km.

Joypurhat Railway Station was established in 1884 in the British Raj period. It is a very important railway station in the northern part of Bangladesh.

Education[edit]

There are 27 colleges in the district. They include Akkelpur Mujibar Rahman College, Amdai United Degree College, Joypurhat Government College, founded 1946, Joypurhat Government Women's College (1972), Joypurhat Womens Degree College, Kalai Degree College, Khetlal Syeed Altafunnesa College, and Mohipur Haji Mohsin Government College (1969).[2][7]

Joypurhat Girls' Cadet College, founded in 2006, is a military high school and college for girls.

According to Banglapedia, Haripur High School, founded in 1917, Joypurhat Government Girls' High School (1977), Kalai Moyen Uddin High School (1913), Khanjanpur High School (1901), Khanjanpur Mission Girl's High School (1919), R.B. Govt. High School (1946), Sonamukhi High School (1916), Teghar High School (1940), and Uchai Jerka S.C. High School (1925) are notable secondary schools.[2]

Religion[edit]

The district of Joypurhat has 2573 mosques, 186 mosque-based library, 675 trained Imam, 2200 Imam, 424 temples, 21 churches and 18 Buddhist temples.[citation needed] Hinda - Kasba Shahi Mosque is one such mosque in Joypurhat.

Literature[edit]

Joypurhat is a district of ancient civilization and culture organizations. In the time period of old and mid era, Joypurhat contained knowledge ruled and Gauri (গৌরী) literature. Bengali literature poet Jayadeva Goswami (জয়দেব গোস্বামী) is the piece child of Joypurhat.

Notable personalities[edit]

Name Name in Bengali Birthplace Notable works Time period
Poet Jayadeva Goswami কবি জয়দেব গোস্বামী Kendoil village, Joypurhat Sadar Upazila Geeti Gabinda Grontho (গীতি গবিন্দ গ্রন্থ) In the time period of King Lakshman Sen
Poet Arif Saha কবি আরিফ সাহা Kuzail karimpur, Khetlal Upazila Jingle tripadi(ত্রিপদী ছন্দ) 2nd decade of 20th century
Jashim Uddin munshi জসীম উদ্দীন মুন্সী Vadsha, Joypurhat Sadar Upazila Islam Missionary, Nachihate phucchaka(নছিহতে ফুচ্ছাক) British Raj
Poet Sarker কবি সরকার Khetlal Upazila Badal Mandal Manuscripts(বাদল মন্ডল পুথি) 19th century

In modern era Joypurhat contains many poets. Among them poet-litterateur:

  • Ataur Rahman (আতাউর রহমান)
  • Nazrul Criticism Book (নজরুল সমালোচনা)
  • Dr. Jahangir Chowdhury(ডঃ জাহাঙ্গীর চৌধুরী) – Modern Koryar Poem (আধুনিক কোরয়ার কবিতা)
  • Abbas Ali Khan(আববাছ আলী খান) – Smritir Sagore Dheu (স্মৃতির সাগরে ঢেউ)
  • Mohasin Ali Dewan(মহসীন আলী দেওয়ান)
  • Sahadat Hossain(সাহাদৎ হোসাইন)
  • Mozahar Hossain Jamalee(মোজাহার হোসেন জামালী) – Jeebon Nadir Bake Bake (জীবন নদীর বাঁকে বাঁকে)
  • S.M. Ansar Ali(এস এম আনছার আলী) – Je Agun Nive Na (যে আগুন নিভলোনা)
  • Playwright MD Alauddin(নাট্যকার মোঃ আলাউদ্দিন)
  • Rezaul Karim(রেজাউল করিম) – Porajito Shaliker Anusochona (পরাজিত শালিকের অনুশোচনা)
  • Sachindranath Barman(শচীন্দ্রনাথ বর্মন)
  • Tahura Begum(তহুরা বেগম)
  • Sayed Emdad Ali Dewan(সৈয়দ এমদাদ আলী দেওয়ান)
  • Abdus Chattar(আবদুস ছাত্তার)
  • Doctor Abu Haidar Sazedur Rahman ( Kuasha, Nayagra etc. )
  • Azizul Hauqe Biswas ( Obbacto Dristi )
  • Jaton Kumar Devnath ( Schorar Ghora )
  • Najrul Isalm ( Jiboner Bornomala )
  • Aminul Haque Babul ( Pothe Jete jete )
  • Kobita Pervin ( Nisha Bai )
  • Shahana Bithi ( Door Subas )
  • Mojammel Hossen ( Shuktara )
  • Roushon Ara Pervin ( Ghass Foring-er-Beye )
  • Abdus Sattar Mridha, akkelpur ( Onuswar Bisorgo Chondrabindu )
  • Mohammad Ali Masum ( protarona )
  • Playwright Mansurul Aziz (Firiye Dao Oronno,Shongkito Podojatra,Otoshi,Shimultolir ghat-e etc.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GeoHive Archived 2014-02-26 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d Md Azizul Haq (2012). "Joypurhat District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. ^ a b c d "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011 Zila Report – Joypurhat" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
  4. ^ Kantho, Kaler. "'ড্রামা সার্কেল' প্রতিষ্ঠা করলেন আকবর | কালের কণ্ঠ". Kalerkantho (in Bengali). Retrieved 2018-05-26.
  5. ^ "01 Joypurhat DC". Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  6. ^ "02 Joypurhat Mayor". Archived from the original on December 19, 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  7. ^ "List of Colleges". Department of Secondary and Higher Education. Retrieved 6 September 2020.

External links[edit]