District location in Uganda
|• Land||848.2 km2 (327.5 sq mi)|
|Population (2012 Estimate)|
|• Density||308.5/km2 (799/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Bundibugyo District is bordered by Ntoroko District to the northeast, Kibaale District to the east, Kabarole District to the south, and the DRC to the west and north. The district headquarters at Bundibugyo are located approximately 32 kilometres (20 mi), by road, west of Fort Portal, the nearest large city. This is about 72 kilometres (45 mi), by road, north of Kasese, the largest town in the sub-region. The geographic boundaries of the district are the Semliki River to the west, the Rwenzori Mountains to the east, and Lake Albert to the north. The coordinates of the district are:00 43N, 30 04E.
|This paragraph does not cite any references or sources. (July 2015)|
The district is relatively isolated from the rest of Uganda, as it is the only Ugandan district that lies west of the Rwenzori Mountains. Though it is still a part of the Nile basin, it is ecologically and culturally part of Central Africa. Its people and customs are more similar to those of the eastern DRC than the rest of Uganda, despite being politically in East Africa.
In 2010, the northern part of Bunduibugyo District was removed to form Ntoroko District.
In the late 1990s, tens of thousands of civilians were displaced by the insurgency of the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) who were operating in the district. In one such raid on 7 April 1999, rebels killed 11 civilians and looted property during an attack in the district. In a separate attack in the same month, the member of parliament for Buyangabo was shot and wounded in an attack in neighboring Kabarole District by ADF insurgents.
The 1991 national population census estimated the district population at 92,300. During the 2002 national census, the population of was put at about 158,900. The annual population growth rate in the district was estimated at 5.2 percent.
In 2012, the population of the district was estimated at 261,700.
The economic outlook of the district markedly improved in 2013 with the paving of the 104 kilometres (65 mi) Fort Portal–Bundibugyo–Lamia Road and the connection of the district to Uganda's national electric grid. With these developments, the cost of doing business in the district has been reduced and the district produce is more readily marketable because of the improved road network.
Subsistence agriculture and animal husbandry are the two major economic activities in the district. It is the largest producer of cocoa in Uganda, accounting for approximately 15,000,000 kilograms (33,000,000 lb) of unprocessed beans worth USh90 billion (US$36 million) annually. Crops grown in the district include the following:
Animals raised in the district include:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bundibugyo District.|
- "Map Showing Fort Portal And Bundibugyo With Distance Marker". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Distance Between Kasese And Bundibugyo With Map". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Horn of Africa, Monthly Review, March - April 1999", UN-OCHA Archive (accessed 23 February 2009)
- 2002 Ugandan Population By District
- "Estimated Population of Bundibugyo District In 1991, 2002 & 2012". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- Felix Basiime, and Ruth Katusabe (17 June 2014). "Changing Fortunes of Bundibugyo District". Daily Monitor. Retrieved 17 June 2014.