|• Land||848.2 km2 (327.5 sq mi)|
|• Density||308.5/km2 (799/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (EAT)|
Bundibugyo District is a district in the Western Region of Uganda, bordering the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The town of Bundibugyo is where both the district headquarters and the Bwamba Kingdom seat (Obudhingiya Bwa Bwamba) are located. Before July 2010, the districts of Ntoroko and Bundibugyo were one. These districts are the only two in Uganda that lie west of the Rwenzori mountains. Bundibugyo (With Ntoroko) was first named Semuliki district on separating it from the Greator Kabarole district alongside Rwenzori district (Kasese) in 1974.
Bundibugyo District is bordered by Ntoroko District to the northeast, Kabarole District to the east, Bunyangabu District to the southeast, Kasese District to the south and the D.R.C to the west and north. The district headquarters at Bundibugyo are located approximately 83.6 kilometres (51.9 mi), by road, west of Fort Portal city the capital of Rwenzori Sub-region. This is about 72 kilometres (45 mi), north of Kasese town but no motorable roads link Kasese and Bundibugyo districts because of the Over 4 KM high Rwenzori Mountains. Travellers between the two districts must go around the mountains via Bunyangabu, Kabarole, and Ntoroko districts, an approximate diastance of 155 kilometres (96 mi). Or via the D.R.C if they don't fly or walk over the Mountains.
In the late 1990s, tens of thousands of civilians were displaced by the insurgency of the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) who were operating in the district. In one such raid on 7 April 1999, rebels killed 11 civilians and looted property during an attack in the district. In a separate attack in the same month, the member of parliament for Bunyangabu county was shot and wounded in an attack in neighboring Kabarole District by ADF insurgents.
The 1991 national population census estimated the district population at 92,300. During the 2002 national census, the population of was put at about 158,900. The annual population growth rate in the district was estimated at 5.2 percent.
In 2012, the population of the district was estimated at 261,700.
Subsistence agriculture and animal husbandry are the two major economic activities in the district. It is the largest producer of cocoa in Uganda, accounting for unprocessed beans worth UGX:90 billion annually.
- "Map Showing Fort Portal And Bundibugyo With Distance Marker". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Distance Between Kasese And Bundibugyo With Map". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Horn of Africa, Monthly Review, March - April 1999" Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine, UN-OCHA Archive (accessed 23 February 2009)
- 2002 Ugandan Population By District
- "Estimated Population of Bundibugyo District In 1991, 2002 & 2012". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- Felix Basiime, and Ruth Katusabe (17 June 2014). "Changing Fortunes of Bundibugyo District". Daily Monitor. Retrieved 17 June 2014.