Kibaale District

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Kibaale District
Kibale, Uganda.jpg
District location in Uganda
District location in Uganda
Coordinates: 00°58′N 30°59′E / 0.967°N 30.983°E / 0.967; 30.983Coordinates: 00°58′N 30°59′E / 0.967°N 30.983°E / 0.967; 30.983
Country  Uganda
Region Western Region of Uganda
Sub-region Bunyoro sub-region
Capital Kibaale
 • Total 5,100.8 km2 (1,969.4 sq mi)
 • Land 4,245.8 km2 (1,639.3 sq mi)
 • Water 855 km2 (330 sq mi)
Elevation 1,130 m (3,710 ft)
Population (2012 Estimate)
 • Total 681,300
 • Density 160.5/km2 (416/sq mi)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Kibaale District, sometimes spelled as Kibale District,[citation needed] is a district in the Western Region of Uganda. The district headquarters are located in the town of Kibaale.


Kibaale District is bordered by Hoima District to the north, Kyankwanzi District to the northeast, Mubende District to the east, Kyegegwa District to the southeast, Kyenjojo District and Kabarole District to the southwest, and Ntoroko District to the west. The district headquarters at Kibaale are approximately 219 kilometres (136 mi), by road, west of Kampala, Uganda's capital and largest city.[1] The coordinates of the district are 00 58N, 30 59E.[citation needed]


Kibaale District is on the Central Plateau at an altitude between 680 metres (2,230 ft) and 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) above sea level.[citation needed]

The climate is tropical with relatively reliable rainfall that ranges between 1,000 millimetres (39 in) and 1,500 millimetres (59 in), spread over two productive agricultural seasons.[citation needed] The wet seasons, September to December and March to May, are interrupted by two dry periods.[citation needed]

The district is composed of three counties, each of which has a commercial centre, namely Buyaga County, the largest county, Bugangaizi County, and Buyanja County, the smallest.[citation needed]

The largest town in the district is Kagadi, in Buyaga County, followed by Karuguuza in Buyanja County. A main trunk road was built in 1997, the result of co-operation between the governments of Uganda and Ireland. The road connects the towns of Mubende, Kakumiro, Kibaale, and Kagadi.

The Ugandan government has plans to split the district into three smaller districts. Those plans, however, are on hold because of funding constraints.[2][3]


Kibaale District is part of the Kingdom of Bunyoro, one of the traditional monarchies in Uganda. The kingdom is coterminus with the Bunyoro sub-region, home to an estimated 800,000 inhabitants in 2002, according to the national population and household census, held that year.[citation needed] The five districts in Bunyoro sub-region are: Bulisa District, Hoima District, Kibaale District, Kiryandongo District, and Masindi District.[citation needed]

Kibaale District is part of an area known as the "Lost Counties”. The 1900 Uganda Agreement defined the boundaries of the Buganda Kingdom, including the important areas of Bunyoro south and east of the Kafu River.[4] The “Lost Counties” were included as a sub-national territorial element of Buganda. The administration of the Lost Counties as well as Bunyoro itself was modelled on the Buganda political system and under the leadership of Baganda chiefs. In addition to land, the Baganda held political and administrative positions from village chief and upwards.[citation needed] The Baganda also controlled schools and churches in the “Lost Counties”, and Luganda was the only native language allowed in public institutions.[citation needed] Buganda was at the center of the colony while Bunyoro remained a subsidiary territory.[citation needed]

After a referendum in 1964 the counties of Buyaga and Bugangaizi, which constitute present-day Kibaale District, went to Bunyoro Kingdom, and subsequently political and administrative control shifted from Baganda to Banyoro hands. President Obote abolished the kingdoms in 1967, but the counties remained part of Bunyoro District. In 1974 Bunyoro was divided into North Bunyoro and South Bunyoro, which were renamed Masindi District and Hoima District, respectively, in 1980. In 1991 Buyaga and Bugangaizi separated from Hoima District and became Kibaale District.

Ebola outbreak[edit]

In July 2012, an outbreak of Ebola virus disease was reported in Kagadi, and as of 14 August 2012, had infected 24 and killed 16, a 66 percent case fatality rate. Officials urged people not to panic, and a national emergency task force was established. The government, the World Health Organization, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention sent experts to tackle the outbreak.[5][6][7]


The 1991 national population census estimated the district population at 220,300. In 2002, the national census put the population at 405,900. The annual population growth rate of the district was estimated at 5.4 percent. It has been estimated that the population in 2012 was 681,300.[8]


Kibaale District is socially heterogeneous, with more than 32 registered ethnic groups,[citation needed] Half of the population are Banyoro, and the remainder are of Ugandan immigrant origin.[citation needed]

According to the 2002 national cenaus, about 60 percent of the population are Catholics, 30 percent belong to the Church of Uganda, and 3 percent are Muslims. The district, like most of the Western Region, is a predominantly rural area, with an average population density of around 145 square kilometres (56 sq mi). Only about 1 percent of the inhabitants live in urban settlements. Kibaale District has the highest fertility rate in Uganda (8.2)[9]

Economic activities[edit]

Agriculture is the mainstay of the district economy although only 12 percent of the arable land is cultivated. The population is engaged mainly in subsistence production of food crops such as sweet potatoes, cassava, millet, beans, bananas, and groundnuts. Bananas cover an estimated 14,400 hectares (56 sq mi), of which 90 percent are for brewing "enguuli", the undistilled precursor of Uganda Waragi.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Road Distance Between Kampala And Kibaale With Map". Retrieved 15 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Ssekika, Edward (29 September 2010). "Kibaale District Splits Self Into 3". The Observer (Uganda). Retrieved 15 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Kivabulaya, Fredrick (10 May 2012). "Kibaale Leaders Wait For Kakumiro, Kagadi Districts". Uganda Radio Network Online. Retrieved 15 May 2014. 
  4. ^ Espeland, Rune Hjalma. "The "Lost Counties": Politics of Land Rights and Belonging in Uganda". 
  5. ^ Muhumuza, Rodney (28 July 2012). "Officials: Uganda Ebola Outbreak Kills 14". NBC News. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  6. ^ Ni Chonghaile, Clar (29 July 2012). "Uganda Ebola Outbreak: Patients Flee Hospital Amid Contagion Fears". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Ebola in Uganda - update accessed=18 August 2012 World Heath Organization
  8. ^ "Estimated Population of Kibaale District In 1991, 2002 & 2012". Retrieved 15 May 2014. 
  9. ^ "Uganda Population Dynamics: 2002 National Population Census" (PDF). Uganda Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 15 May 2014. 

External links[edit]