Mactan–Cebu International Airport

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Mactan–Cebu International Airport
Tugpahanang Pangkalibutan sa Mactan–Sugbo (Cebuano)
Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan–Cebu (Filipino)
Mactan Cebu Airport Logo.png
Cebu (Lapu-Lapu) - Mactan International (Gen Benito Ebuen AB) (CEB - RPVM) AN2256521.jpg
Exterior of Mactan–Cebu International Airport
Airport type Public
Owner Mactan-Cebu International Airport Authority
Operator GMR-Megawide Cebu Airport Corporation
Serves Metro Cebu and Central Visayas
Location Lapu-Lapu Airport Road, Barangay Ibo, Lapu-Lapu City, Metro Cebu, Central Visayas
Hub for
Built 1956
Elevation AMSL 9 m / 31 ft
Coordinates 10°18′26″N 123°58′44″E / 10.30722°N 123.97889°E / 10.30722; 123.97889Coordinates: 10°18′26″N 123°58′44″E / 10.30722°N 123.97889°E / 10.30722; 123.97889
CEB/RPVM is located in Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 8,830,638[1]
Aircraft movements 71,543
Cargo (in kg) 66,925,835
2016 MCIAA Statistics

Mactan–Cebu International Airport (Cebuano: Tugpahanang Pangkalibutan sa Mactan–Sugbo, Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan–Cebu) (IATA: CEBICAO: RPVM) located in Central Visayas region, is the second busiest airport of the Philippines.[2] It is located in Lapu-Lapu City on Mactan Island, part of Metro Cebu. The airport is managed by the Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority. It covers an area of 797 hectares (1,970 acres).

It has a single 3,300-meter (10,800 ft) runway that was built by the United States in 1956 as an emergency airport for Strategic Air Command bombers and was known as the Mactan Air Base.[3] The runway is complemented by a full-length taxiway that it shares with the current Mactan Air Base of the Philippine Air Force.

Mactan–Cebu International Airport was chosen as the most viable location for the world's largest aircraft, the Antonov An-225 Mriya, to safely land when considering the combination of onward land transportation, sea freight, and airport capacity. The arrival of the aircraft in the airport marked the very first time that the aircraft landed in the Philippines.[4]


The runway was built by the United States Air Force in 1956 as an emergency airport for Strategic Air Command bombers and it was known as the Mactan Air Base.[3] It remained a spartan outpost until the Vietnam War in the 1960s when it became a base for a C-130 unit of the U.S. Air Force.[3]

In the mid-1960s, the civilian airport was opened, to replace the Lahug Airport (now the site of Cebu IT Park), which could no longer be expanded due to safety and physical problems. The airport was later expanded to the current Mactan–Cebu International Airport (MCIA).

On August 20, 2008, the Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority (MCIAA) announced that about 300 million Philippine pesos will be spent for the terminal expansion program to address the increasing volume of passenger traffic. MCIAA former general manager Danilo Augusto Francia said the program also includes the establishment of a second passenger terminal in the Mactan–Cebu International Airport.[5] In 2009, former general manager Francia announced for the public bidding for the construction of the new generation terminal to service only international flight.

A Cebu Pacific Flight A330, registered office in Cebu City, which in terms of named Cebu


In 2010, the newly elected Philippine President, Benigno Aquino III selected Nigel Paul Villarete as the new General Manager of the Mactan–Cebu International Airport (MCIA)[6] and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of MCIAA. Mr. Villarete prioritized the completion of the terminal expansion[7] and the completion of the unfinished administration building.[8]

A Boeing 777F operated by Emirates SkyCargo at the airport with relief goods for Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda donated by the United Kingdom's Department for International Development.
Air Asia Zest A320

Following Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda), one of the biggest typhoons ever recorded and one of the most destructive typhoons in the Philippines, the airport was used as a center for air operations for the relief effort. The airport is centrally located in the Visayas which was the region most affected by the storm, especially the Eastern Visayas islands of Leyte and Samar. The Cebu airport was relatively unaffected by the storm while the airports of the Eastern Visayas were unusable immediately after.

On November 12, 2013, the world's longest and heaviest aircraft, the Antonov An-225 Mriya, landed at MCIA from the Zagreb International Airport in Croatia for the first time in the Philippines to deliver a 180-ton replacement transformer from the Croatian energy company KONČAR to the First Gen Corporation's power plant in Batangas City. Officials of First Gen approached MCIAA General Manager Nigel Paul Villarete to allow the Antonov An-225 to utilize the airport for the transportation of their delivery after officials from Clark International Airport, the Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila, and Subic Bay International Airport refused to allow the aircraft to utilize their airports.[9] According to First Gen President Francis Giles Puno, MCIA had been inspected by Antonov Airlines, the owner of the Antonov An-225 aircraft, as the most viable option for their aircraft, "after considering the combination of airport, onward land transport and sea freight."[10]

Future development[edit]

On April 23, 2014, the Department of Transportation and Communications awarded the operations and maintenance of MCIA to a consortium of the Philippine Megawide Construction Corporation and Bangalore-based GMR Infrastructure. The consortium won with a bid of 17.5 billion Philippine pesos. MCIAA will turn over to the private consortium the operations and maintenance of the airport starting October 2014.[11] In the first half of 2016, MCIA and GMRCAC started the rehabilation, renovation and expansion of terminal 1. This is the Phase 1 of the Project. The new terminal building to be designed by Integrated Design Associates Ltd. (IDA)[12] is expected to be completed by 2018.[13]

On 22 May 2017, Rep. Raul Del Mar of Cebu agreed together with MCIA officials and GMRCAC officials to built the second runway adjacent to the existing first runway.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The existing terminal houses both domestic and international operations and has an annual capacity of 4.5 million passengers.[14]

Airlines Destinations
Air Juan Bantayan, Naval, Maasin, Sipalay, Siquijor, Tagbilaran[15]
AirSWIFT El Nido
Air Busan Busan
Air China Hangzhou[16]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Caticlan, Clark, Davao, General Santos, Hong Kong, Iloilo, Kalibo, Manila, Puerto Princesa, Seoul–Incheon, Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita, Zamboanga
Cebu Pacific
operated by Cebgo
Bacolod, Butuan, Busuanga, Cagayan de Oro, Calbayog, Camiguin, Caticlan, Cotabato, Dipolog, Dumaguete, Iloilo, Legazpi, Masbate,[17] Ormoc, Ozamiz, Pagadian, Roxas, Siargao, Surigao, Tacloban, Tandag
China Eastern Airlines Chengdu, Guangzhou,[18] Shanghai–Pudong[19]
Emirates Dubai–International1
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Jeju Air Seoul–Incheon
Jin Air Busan, Seoul–Incheon
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai–Pudong (begins October 31, 2017)[20]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Lucky Air Kunming[21]
Philippine Airlines Chengdu (ends August 25, 2017),[22] Clark (ends December 14, 2017)[23], Davao, Kalibo, Manila, Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Singapore, Tokyo–Narita
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Bacolod, Busuanga, Butuan, Caticlan, Cagayan de Oro, Camiguin (begins December 1, 2017)[24], Chengdu (begins August 26, 2017),[22] Clark (begins December 15, 2017)[25], Davao, General Santos, Iloilo, Legazpi(begins December 1, 2017)[26], Manila, Ozamiz (begins December 1, 2017)[27], Puerto Princesa, Siargao (begins November 1, 2017)[28], Surigao, Tacloban, Tagbilaran[29]
Philippines AirAsia Davao, Kalibo,[30] Kuala Lumpur–International, Manila, Puerto Princesa, Seoul–Incheon, Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan
Scoot Singapore
Sichuan Airlines Chongqing
SilkAir Singapore2
SkyJet Charter: Catarman, Tuguegarao [31]
T'way Airlines Daegu
Vanilla Air Tokyo–Narita
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Xiamen

^Note 1 : Emirates flights continue on to Clark. However, the airline does not have eighth freedom traffic rights to transport passengers solely from Cebu to Clark.
^Note 2 : This flight makes an intermediate stop between Cebu and the listed destination. However, it has no rights to transport passengers solely between Cebu and the intermediate stop.


Passenger traffic[32][33][edit]

Year Passenger


% Change from

Previous Year

1991 1,459,669
1992 1,690,015 Increase 15.8%
1993 1,808,745 Increase 7.0%
1994 1,958,706 Increase 8.3%
1995 2,149,107 Increase 9.7%
1996 2,402,384 Increase 11.8%
1997 2,718,621 Increase 13.2%
1998 2,071,804 Decrease 23.8%
1999 2,296,154 Increase 10.8%
2000 2,302,849 Increase 0.3%
2001 2,252,733 Decrease 2.2%
2002 2,135,216 Decrease 5.2%
2003 2,272,782 Increase 6.4%
2004 2,611,762 Increase 14.9%
2005 2,778,664 Increase 6.4%
2006 3,070,612 Increase 10.5%
2007 3,731,500 Increase 21.5%
2008 3,991,250 Increase 7.0%
2009 4,762,903 Increase 19.3%
2010 5,413,452 Increase 13.7%
2011 6,215,946 Increase 14.8%
2012 6,771,318 Increase 8.9%
2013 6,996,112 Increase 3.3%
2014 6,839,849 Decrease 2.2%
2015 7,781,239 Increase 13.8%
2016 8,830,638 Increase 13.5%

Accidents and incidents[edit]

On December 11, 1994, Philippine Airlines Flight 434 was flying on its second leg of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport – Mactan–Cebu International Airport – New Tokyo International Airport (now Narita International Airport) route when a bomb on board exploded, killing a passenger. The airliner was able to make an emergency landing. Authorities later found out that Ramzi Yousef planted the bomb on the airliner to test the bomb for his Project Bojinka plot. His project was discovered in Manila after an apartment fire on the night of January 5 and the morning of January 6, 1995.

Ramzi Yousef was on board Flight 434 from Manila when he planted the bomb beneath a vacant seat. He used a fake identity thus he was able to pass through security in Manila. Yousef set the time for the bomb to blow off when the airplane was already in its Cebu–Tokyo leg. Yousef got off the plane during the stopover in Cebu from Manila.



  1. ^ "Busiest Airports in 2016". Philippine Air Space (Blog). Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  2. ^ Hoontrakul, P. (2014). The Global Rise of Asian Transformation: Trends and Developments in Economic Growth Dynamics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 
  3. ^ a b c "Mactan–Benito Ebuen Air Base". Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
  4. ^ "POWERNEWS | POWERnEWS | Page 235". Retrieved 2016-02-19. 
  5. ^ Mactan–Cebu airport to set aside P300-M for expansion
  6. ^ Positive News Media, "P-Noy names four Cebuanos to Mactan airport board",
  7. ^, news, "Expanded Mactan–Cebu to open in November,"
  8. ^ Gregg M. Rubio/FPL (The Freeman), November 3, 2010, "Villarete to finish MCIAA administrative building despite corruption tag,"
  9. ^ Alegado, Sieg (November 12, 2013). "World's biggest plane to deliver 140-ton power generator to PHL". GMA News Online. GMA Network Inc. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  10. ^ Sollane, Jose (November 13, 2013). "World’s biggest airplane in Cebu". The Freeman. PhilStar Daily, Inc. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
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  20. ^ "Juneyao Airlines plans Cebu service from Oct 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  21. ^ "Lucky Air schedules Philippines service in June 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  22. ^ a b
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  31. ^ "SkyJet: CHARTER SERVICE". SkyJet. September 8, 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  32. ^ "PASSENGER MOVEMENT". Retrieved 2017-01-11. 
  33. ^ "PASSENGERS". Retrieved 2017-02-08.

External links[edit]