Clube Atlético Mineiro
|Full name||Clube Atlético Mineiro|
Alvinegro (White and black)
Galão da Massa (The Crowd's Great Rooster)
Galo Doido (Crazy Rooster)
Campeão dos Campeões (Champion of Champions)
|Founded||25 March 1908(as Athletico Mineiro Foot Ball Club)|
|Ground||Independência, Belo Horizonte|
|Head coach||Levir Culpi|
|League||Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
|Website||Club home page|
Clube Atlético Mineiro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈkluβi atˈletʃiku miˈnejɾu]), commonly known as Atlético Mineiro or Atlético, and coloquially as Galo (pronounced: [ˈgalu], "Rooster") is a professional football club based in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. The club plays in the Brasileirão, the top tier of the Brazilian football league system, as well as in the Campeonato Mineiro, the premier state league of Minas Gerais.
Atlético was founded on March 25, 1908 by twenty-two students from Belo Horizonte, led by Margival Mendes Leal and Mário Toledo. Despite its upper class founders, the club opened its doors to everyone regardless of social class, establishing itself as a "people's club". As a result, the club is the most supported in the city and in the state. It is also the oldest club of Belo Horizonte.
Atlético is one of Brazil's most successful clubs, having won the Brasileirão in 1971, while also finishing as runners-up on four occasions. Domestically, Atlético has also won one Copa do Brasil, one State Champions Cup and the Brazilian Champions Cup. The club has also won the Campeonato Mineiro a record 43 times. In international club football, Atlético has won one Copa Libertadores, one Recopa Sudamericana, and a record two Copa CONMEBOL, while also taking part in three other continental finals.
Atlético plays the majority of its home matches at Estádio Independência, which holds up to 23,018 spectators. Throughout most of the club's history, however, the Mineirão was the team's home ground, which still happens in important and high attendance matches.
The team's regular home kit colours are black and white striped shirts, with black shorts, accompanied by white socks. The club's mascot, a rooster (galo, in Portuguese), has been strongly associated with the club since its introduction in the 1940s, and through the years came to be a nickname by which it is commonly known. The club is the 9th most valuable in Brazil, worth R$394.8 million, and ranks 8th in the country in terms of turnover, generating R$178.9 million in 2014.
- 1 History
- 2 Symbols and colours
- 3 Grounds
- 4 Supporters
- 5 Rivalries
- 6 Records
- 7 Honours
- 8 Players
- 9 Non-playing staff
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Foundation and early years
Atlético Mineiro was formed on March 25, 1908 by a group of twenty-two students from Belo Horizonte, who decided the club's name would be Athletico Mineiro Foot Ball Club. The club's first match was played against Sport Club Futebol on March 21, 1909, and won by Atlético 3–0, the first goal scored by Aníbal Machado.
In 1913, the club's name was officially changed from Athletico Mineiro Foot Ball Club to Clube Atlético Mineiro, and in the following year, Atlético won Taça Bueno Brandão, the first competition ever held in the state of Minas Gerais. In 1915, the club won the inaugural edition of the Campeonato Mineiro, then organized by the Liga Mineira de Sports Athléticos (which would later become the Federação Mineira de Futebol). A decade of dominance by América in Minas Gerais followed the first edition, and Atlético would win the state league back-to-back in 1926 and 1927, with a squad led by club legend Mário de Castro. In 1929 the club played its first international encounter against Vitória de Setúbal, then Lisbon champions. Atlético won 3–1, in a match played at the Presidente Antônio Carlos Stadium, opened earlier in the same year at the Lourdes neighborhood, and which would be the club's home ground for the following two decades.
After more state league victories in 1931, 1932 and 1936, Atlético won its first title at national level in 1937, the State Champions Cup organized by the Federação Brasileira de Foot-Ball. The competition reunited the 1936 state league champions from Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Espírito Santo: Atlético, Fluminense, Portuguesa and Rio Branco, with Galo defeating the latter in the final match played at the Antônio Carlos stadium. The title was followed by two more Campeonato Mineiro victories in the decade, in 1938 and 1939.
Success followed in the 1940s,with the club winning the state league again in 1941, 1942, 1946, 1947 and 1949. 1950 saw another Campeonato Mineiro triumph, and was the year of the European tour, an important event in the club's history. Between November and December the team played 10 games in five European countries, taking part in a Winter Tournament in Germany against Schalke 04, Werder Bremen and 1860 München. The competition was won by Atlético, which was then dubbed the "Ice champion" for the feat, remembered in the club's anthem. Dominance in the state continued in the 1950s with five Campeonato Mineiro victories in a row, from 1952 to 1956 and one more in 1958.
The 1960s were known as the decade in which the Mineirão was built, but were difficult times for the club. During this period, Atlético only managed to win the Campeonato Mineiro twice, in 1962 and 1963. It was in the mid-1960s that the rivalry with Cruzeiro strengthened, after the blue club won the first five state leagues of the Mineirão era in a row. However, highlights came in the form of friendlies against national sides: in 1968 Atlético defeated then UEFA Euro runner-up Yugoslavia 3–2 in the Mineirão representing the Seleção, and in the following year the Seleção itself, which would become champions of the 1970 FIFA World Cup, was defeated by Atlético 2–1.
National success and dominance in Minas Gerais
It was only in 1970, with the arrival of manager Telê Santana, that Atlético would break Cruzeiro's sequence and win its first championship in the Mineirão. In 1971, again managed by Telê and led by 1970 World Cup winner Dadá Maravilha, the club won its first and only Brasileirão, defeating Botafogo and São Paulo in a final group stage, while also securing its first continental participation.
After some trophyless years, in 1976 Atlético won the state league again and finished third place in Campeonato Brasileiro. The team also finished as Brasileirão runners-up in the 1977 edition, losing to São Paulo on penalties despite remaining undefeated for the entire season. Reinaldo, the league's top scorer in that year, was controversially banned from the final, supposedly by his insistence to celebrate his goals raising his fist, a political symbol which opposed Brazilian military government of the time. The following year, Atlético won the Brazilian Champions Cup, a tournament organized by CBD between past winners of the Brasilerão, this time defeating São Paulo on a penalty shootout in the final.
Starting from 1977 Atlético's youth sectors formed a generation of players that would last until the middle of the 1980s, regarded as one of the greatest in the club's history. Players like Reinaldo, Toninho Cerezo, Éder, Luisinho, Paulo Isidoro and João Leite led Atlético to win the state league 6 times in a row from 1978 to 1983, and to good results in the Série A, with the best performances of the 1980, 1983 and 1985 editions. The club also also won the Campeonato Mineiro in 1985, 1986, 1988 and 1989.
In 1980, once again controversial refereeing would see Atlético off in a Brasileirão final match, this time with Reinaldo receiving a red card after scoring twice against Flamengo. The following year, Atlético would be eliminated from Copa Libertadores without losing a match, after having 5 players sent off in a play-off match against Flamengo at Serra Dourada stadium. The 1980s were a decade in which despite being dominant in the state and one of the country's top sides, providing many players to the national team and having good performances in the national league, Atlético failed to win the Brasileirão due to a tendency to lose in the later stages of the competition.
International achievements and financial turmoil
In the following decade, Atlético won the state championships of 1991, 1995 and 1999, and also had some good performances in the Série A, finishing as runners-up in 1999, third place in 1996 and fourth place in 1994 and 1997. The decade also saw some success at international level. In 1992, the club won the Copa CONMEBOL, its first official international title, defeating Olimpia in the finals. It also took part in the 1993 Copa de Oro, in which it eliminated rivals Cruzeiro in the semi-finals but eventually lost to Boca Juniors. In 1995, the club reached Copa CONMEBOL's finals again, this time losing to Rosario Central. In 1996 the club participated in the Copa Masters CONMEBOL, a competition between past winners of the Copa CONMEBOL played in Cuiabá, losing to São Paulo in the final match. Another triumph came in the 1997 edition of the CONMEBOL, in which with a squad that included Cláudio Taffarel, Atlético defeated Lanús and won the trophy for a second time, this one undefeated. The decade, however, was marked by bad club management by Atlético's presidents and deteriorating finances, which made the club one of the most indebted in Brazilian football.
The financial situation turned worse in the late 1990s, with a scandal involving then president Paulo Cury, and the 2000s did not start well for the club, as it had suffered serious crisis. Atlético started the decade winning the state league in 2000, and finishing runners-up in 2001 and 2004. In 2000, the club reached the Copa Libertadores quarter-finals and the semi-finals of Copa Mercosur, but had a bad season in the national league. The following year, despite a good performance in the Brasileirão with a squad composed of, among others, Marques, Guilherme and Gilberto Silva, the team once again fell in the Série A semi-finals, eventually finishing in fourth place. After a 7th place finish in 2003 and a very bad 2004 season in which it barely escaped relegation to Série B, in 2005, after a disastrous start, the club was relegated to the Série B.
The club was promoted straight back up as Série B champion, returning to the Série A in 2007. That year Atlético won the Campeonato Mineiro again, defeating rivals Cruzeiro in the final, and managed to finish 8th in the league, earning a spot at the following year's Copa Sudamericana. In 2009, with Diego Tardelli in good form, Atlético led the Brasileirão in eight of the thirty-eight rounds, before eventually finishing in seventh place. Despite some highlights in the first and final years, the 2000s were not a successful age in the club's history, marked once again by bad administration and frequent managerial changes. Alexandre Kalil was chosen as the club's new president in 2008, and tried to improve its finances and status.
National resurgence and international success
In 2010, the team won its 40th Campeonato Mineiro, but finished 13th in the Série A. After another bad season in 2011, barely escaping relegation once again, the arrival of manager Cuca in the end of that season marked the beginning of another successful era for the club. 2012 started with an undefeated Campeonato Mineiro triumph, and the arrival of Ronaldinho in the middle of the season was an important event for the club, which eventually finished as runners-up in the Série A and earned a spot in the following year's Copa Libertadores.
2013 saw the return of Tardelli and Gilberto Silva to the club, who joined Ronaldinho, Jô and Bernard, and Atlético once again had a strong start with yet another Campeonato Mineiro win and qualification for the knockout stages of Libertadores as the best team of the second stage. An iconic moment for the club happened at the Independência, which had been adopted since 2012 as the club's home ground after renovations, in the second leg of the continental competition's quarter-finals against Tijuana. After a 2–2 away draw and with the score 1–1 at home, Leonardo Silva fouled a Tijuana player inside the box at the 87th minute and a penalty was awarded, subsequently saved by Victor with his foot. The save represented to sports commentators and fans the kicking out of the club's historic bad luck. After defeating Newell's Old Boys in the semi-finals in a penalty shootout, following a 2–0 first-leg defeat and a 2–0 home win, the club reached the finals of the competition for the first time. Atlético then won its first Copa Libertadores after defeating Olimpia in a penalty shootout by a score of 4–3, after once again losing the first leg by 2–0 and winning the second by 2–0 at the Mineirão. Atlético's participation in the Club World Cup, however, was a failure as the team failed to reach the finals after losing to Raja Casablanca, and eventually finished in third place.
The following year, Atlético won its first Recopa Sudamericana after once again meeting Lanús at a continental final, which was 4–3 in the aggregate score after extra-time. After a 1–0 away win in the first leg and a 3–2 defeat in the second leg after 90 minutes, Lanús's players Portillo and Ayala own goals gave Atlético the title at the Mineirão. Later in the same year, after home comebacks in the quarter-finals against Corinthians and in the semi-finals against Flamengo, the club managed to win its first Copa do Brasil, defeating rivals Cruzeiro in the two legs of highly anticipated finals. In the end of 2014 Alexandre Kalil's term at the club's presidency ended and Daniel Nepomuceno was elected for the office, and the team's successful run continued with its 43rd state league triumph in 2015.
Symbols and colours
The first crest had a simple design consisting of the three initials of the club ("CAM" for Clube Atlético Mineiro), in an oval shape in black. The first change in the crest occurred in the 1920s when a black and white striped swiss escutcheon was adopted to contain the letters. The exact format and the placement of black and white stripes within the escutcheon have changed throughout the decades, but the only significant change came in the 1970s when a golden star above the crest was adopted, alluding to the 1971 Série A title.
The team's mascot, a rooster, is one of the best-known in the country. It was created in the 1940s by Fernando Pierucetti, a cartoonist for A Folha de Minas newspaper. Pierucetti, known as Mangabeira, was designated to design a mascot for each of the three greatest clubs in Belo Horizonte. According to Mangabeira, Atlético's would be the rooster because the team used to play with passion and would never give up until the end of each match, just like roosters in cockfights. Another reason is that the most popular hen breed raised in Brazil has mostly black-and-white feathers, thus making the rooster suitable.
Throughout the years the word Galo (Portuguese for "rooster") became both a cheering chant for the supporters and a nickname by which they referred to the club, eventually expanding to other football fans as well. The nickname is also mentioned in the club's anthem. In the club's home matches, a human-sized mascot in the form of a rooster, the Galão ("Big Rooster"), cheers the crowd.
The club's founders decided the home kit would be a white shirt with a green horizontal strip on the chest. Soon after, they decided to change the kit to the black and white stripped shirt, with black shorts and white socks which has been in use ever since. The width of the black and white stripes varies from season to season, as do the shirt numbers colors, usually in red, black, white or yellow. Atlético's traditional away kit is all-white shirts, shorts and socks, but has had slight variations.
From the 1981 season onwards Atlético has its kits manufactured by sportswear corporations, the first one being Rainha, and in 1982 the club had Credireal as its first shirt sponsor. The number 12 is retired from the club's kits, dedicated to the fans.
Shirt sponsors and kit manufacturers
|Period||Kit manufacturer||Shirt sponsor|
Atlético's had its first own home ground at Paraopeba Avenue, built in 1912 in downtown Belo Horizonte, across the street from América's first stadium. The club's main ground for most of its early years, however, was the Presidente Antônio Carlos Stadium, located in the Lourdes neighborhood, which held 5,000 people. The Antônio Carlos was one of the first stadiums in Brazil to feature floodlights, and opened on May 30, 1929 in a friendly against Corinthians, won by Atlético 4–2. The following year, the stadium was visited by then FIFA president Jules Rimet, who for the first time watched a night game. The stadium fell out of favor, however, when the larger Independência was built in 1950, and remained largely unused by the first squad, eventually being sold by the club to the Belo Horizonte municipality in the 1960s. After decades of legal disputes with the municipal government, the estate returned to the club in 1991, and was leased to a shopping mall, which is now located where the ground once was, across the street from Atlético's headquarters.
Construction for Estádio Raimundo Sampaio, more commonly known as Independência, started in 1947 in preparation for the 1950 FIFA World Cup, during which its first match was played. Originally property of the Government of Minas Gerais, ownership was transferred to Sete de Setembro FC in 1965 when the Mineirão was built, and in 1997 property passed to América. Before Mineirão, the stadium was the largest in Belo Horizonte holding up to 30,000 people, and was preferred by Atlético over the older and smaller Antônio Carlos stadium. After the Mineirão's construction, however, Atlético did not use the stadium for decades, the exception being a brief spell in the late 1990s. After the renovation of the stadium, which was reopened in 2012 while Mineirão was still closed, Atlético announced a partnership with BWA, the stadium manager, to use it as its home ground for 10 years, which has happened since then, except in important and high attendance matches.
Mineirão (officially Estádio Governador Magalhães Pinto) opened in 1965, and quickly became the home of both Atlético and Cruzeiro, due to being much larger than any other stadium in Belo Horizonte or in the state, holding over 100,000 spectators at its peak. Property of the State of Minas Gerais, Mineirão was Atlético's home since its opening until it closed in 2010 for renovations prior to the 2014 FIFA World Cup, when the club temporarily moved to Arena do Jacaré in Sete Lagoas and subsequently to Independência in 2012. Historically the club's home ground, Atlético's most important matches have all been played at the Mineirão, a fact that has continued even after Independência became the first choice home stadium, with the 2013 Copa Libertadores final match being played at the stadium, as well as the 2014 Recopa Sudamericana and important games of the 2014 Copa do Brasil. After the renovation, Mineirão has an overall capacity of 58,170.
In July 2015 it was announced by club president Daniel Nepomuceno that Atlético has a project to build a new stadium in Belo Horizonte, with a 45,000 capacity.
Cidade do Galo ("Rooster's City"), the club's main training facility, has been laureated as the best in Brazil and is considered one of the best in the world. It hosted the Argentina national football team at the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Other facilities owned by the club include Vila Olímpica, the old training grounds that hosted the Seleção in its preparation for the 1982 FIFA World Cup, and Labareda, a leisure and health club in Belo Horizonte.
Atlético Mineiro is the best-supported club in Belo Horizonte and in Minas Gerais, and has the 6th largest fanbase in Brazil. The club's supporters came to be known collectively as the Massa (Portuguese for "the mass"), referring to Atlético's people's club status, and are known for their fanaticism.
Atlético has many torcidas organizadas that support the club, the oldest being Dragões da FAO, founded in 1969, and the largest and best-known being Galoucura. Other notable torcidas include Galö Metal, Movimento 105 Minutos and the Charanga, a brass band which plays during the club's home matches. Galoucura has historically developed alliances with other torcidas in Brazil, most notably Palmeiras's Mancha Verde and Vasco da Gama's Força Jovem. After difficult but successful comebacks in 2013 and 2014, the fans have adopted the unofficial motto "Eu acredito" ("I believe") to support the club in against-the-odds situations. The number "12" is retired from the club's kits and dedicated to the fans.
In 1999 the club introduced the Galo de Prata ("Silver Rooster"), a trophy officially awarded by Atlético to sportspeople, illustrious supporters, artists, politicians, and organizations that somehow promote the club's name. Since 2012, the club has an affiliation program called Galo na Veia, in which supporters can become season ticket holders or pay monthly fees to buy match tickets at reduced price.
Atlético has two traditional derbies in Belo Horizonte, against América and against Cruzeiro. Until the 1950s and early 1960s, the strongest rivalry in Minas Gerais was between Atlético and América, but from the mid-1960s on, Atlético against Cruzeiro became the biggest derby.
The Atlético–Cruzeiro derby has been played 491 times, with 199 wins for Atlético, 162 wins for Cruzeiro and 130 draws. Atlético's biggest win against Cruzeiro was 9–2 on November 27, 1927. Atlético dominated the rivalry from its early days until the 1950s, but Cruzeiro rose in the 1960s and 1970s to be a strong challenger. The 1980s were favourable to Atlético, while the 1990s and 2000s to Cruzeiro. In the 2010s, Atlético achieved a 11-game undefeated run against its rival, running from 2013 to 2015. In 2014, Atlético and Cruzeiro were finalists of Copa do Brasil, the first national final between the two clubs. Atlético Mineiro triumphed with an aggregate score of 3–0, the final match being played at the Mineirão.
Atlético–América, known as the Clássico das Multidões ("Derby of the Masses") before the construction of the Mineirão, has been played 394 times, with 194 wins for Atlético, 103 wins for América and 97 draws.
Atletico also has an interstate rivalry with Flamengo of Rio de Janeiro, developed in the 1980s from numerous encounters between the two clubs in that decade's Brasileirão and Copa Libertadores editions, and which remained through the following years.
Former goalkeeper João Leite holds Atlético's official appearance record, with 684. Reinaldo is Galo's all-time leading goalscorer with 255 goals since joining the club's first squad in 1973. In the 1977 season, Reinaldo scored 28 goals in 18 appearances, setting the club record for more Brasileirão goals in a single season, which is also the best average goal per game record in Brazilian football. Dadá Maravilha comes in second in all competitions with 211, the only other player to score over 200 goals for the team. Argentine striker Lucas Pratto is Atlético's all-time foreign goalscorer with 19 goals.
The first ever official game participated in by Atlético was in the 1915 Campeonato Mineiro against Yale, won 5–0. The biggest ever victory recorded by Galo was 13–0 against Calafate, in the 1927 Campeonato Mineiro. In terms of the national league, the biggest win came against Ferroviária: 7–1 in the 1982 season. The club's home attendance record, derbies excepted, is 115,142 in a friendly match against Flamengo at the Mineirão, played on 1980. Atlético holds the Brazilian record for longest unbeaten run at home with 54, from 2011 to 2013.
The purchase of André from Dynamo Kyiv in 2012 is the the club's buying transfer record, costing around €8 million. The club's sale record is the transfer of Bernard to Shakhtar Donetsk in 2013, which costed the Ukrainian club €25 million.
Atlético Mineiro's first trophy was the Taça Bueno Brandão, won in 1914. The club's first Campeonato Mineiro title came in 1915, the inaugural edition of the competition, which Atlético has won a record 43 times. The club's first ando nly Brasileirão title was won in 1971, and the first Copa do Brasil came in 2014. At international level, Atlético is the most of successful club of the Copa CONMEBOL, and has also won the Copa Libertadores and the Recopa Sudamericana once each. The club's most recent trophy is the 2015 Campeonato Mineiro.
- Winners (1): 2013
- Winners (1): 2014
- Winners (1): 1971
- Winners (1): 2014
- Winners (1): 1937
- Winners (1): 1978
- Winners (1): 2006
- Winners (43): 1915, 1926, 1927, 1931, 1932, 1936, 1938, 1939, 1941, 1942, 1946, 1947, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1960,1962, 1963, 1970, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2015
- Winners (5): 1975, 1976, 1979, 1986, 1987
- Taça Belo Horizonte
- Winners (3): 1970, 1971, 1972
- Torneio Início
- Winners (8): 1928, 1931, 1932, 1939, 1947, 1949, 1950, 1954
- Champions Cup (FMF)
- Winners (1): 1974
- Torneio Incentivo Mineiro
- Winners (1): 1993
- Belo Horizonte Cup
- Winners (1): 1959
- Bueno Brandão Cup
- Winners (1): 1914
- As of 24 August 2015
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
The club's board took office on December 3, 2014, with its term ending on December 31, 2017.
|Vice-President||Manuel Bravo Saramago|
|Director of Football||Eduardo Maluf|
|Planning Director||Rodolfo Gropen|
|Executive Director||Adriana Branco|
|Legal Director||Lásaro Cândido da Cunha|
|Finances Director||Carlos Fabel|
|Communications Director||Domênico Bhering|
|Vila Olímpica Director||Edéferson Araújo|
Atlético has a permanent technical staff, the exception being the managerial positions.
Information correct as of August 2015.
|Assistant Manager||Luís Matter|
|Technical Supervisor||Carlos Alberto Isidoro|
|Fitness Coach||Rodolfo Mehl|
|Luís Otávio Kalil|
|Goalkeeper Coach||Francisco Cersósimo|
|Physical therapist||Rômulo Frank|
|Sports Technology Assistant||Alexandre Ceolin|
|Field Assistant||Rubens Pinheiro|
The following are the managers with most matches in charge of the club.
|Telê Santana||434||Brasileirão, 2 Campeonato Mineiro|
|Procópio Cardoso||328||Copa CONMEBOL, 3 Campeonato Mineiro|
|Levir Culpi||263||Recopa Sudamericana, Copa do Brasil, 3 Campeonato Mineiro, Série B|
|Barbatana||227||3 Campeonato Mineiro|
|Ricardo Diéz||168||2 Campeonato Mineiro|
|Cuca||153||Copa Libertadores, 2 Campeonato Mineiro|
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