Clube Atlético Mineiro
|Full name||Clube Atlético Mineiro|
Alvinegro (White and black)
|Founded||25 March 1908(as Athletico Mineiro Foot Ball Club)|
|Head coach||Diogo Giacomini (interim)|
|League||Campeonato Brasileiro Série A (national)
Campeonato Mineiro (state)
|Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, 5th
Campeonato Mineiro, 1st
|Website||Club home page|
Clube Atlético Mineiro (Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈklubi atˈlɛtʃiku miˈnejɾu]), commonly known as Atlético Mineiro or Atlético, and colloquially as Galo (pronounced: [ˈgalu], "Rooster") is a professional football club based in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The club plays in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the top tier of the Brazilian football league system, as well as in the Campeonato Mineiro, the premier state league of Minas Gerais.
Atlético Mineiro is the oldest active football club in Minas Gerais. The club was founded on 25 March 1908 by twenty-two students from Belo Horizonte, led by Margival Mendes Leal and Mário Toledo. Despite having liberal, upper-class founders, the club opened its doors to players of every social class, establishing itself as a "people's club", and becoming one of the best supported in Brazil.
Atlético has won the Campeonato Mineiro a record 43 times. At national level, the club has won the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A once and has finished second on four occasions. Atlético has also won one Copa do Brasil, one Copa dos Campeões Estaduais and the Copa dos Campeões Brasileiros. In international club football, Atlético has won the Copa Libertadores once, the Recopa Sudamericana once and the Copa CONMEBOL twice, more than any other club. The team has also reached three other continental finals.
The club plays the majority of its home matches at Estádio Independência, which holds up to 23,018 spectators. Mineirão, the club's ground for most of its history, is used as the team's home in important and high-attendance matches, holding 62,160 people. Atlético has a long-standing rivalry with Cruzeiro, with matches between the two teams known as the Clássico Mineiro. The club also holds an interstate rivalry with Flamengo, and a local one with América Mineiro.
The team's regular home kit comprises black-and-white striped shirts, with black shorts and white socks. The club's mascot, a rooster, has been strongly associated with Atlético since its introduction in the 1940s. Over the years, the word galo (Portuguese for "rooster") became a common nickname for the club itself. Atlético has the ninth most valuable brand in Brazil, worth R$394.8 million (€122.7 million), and ranks eighth in the country in terms of turnover, generating R$178.9 million in 2014 (€55.6 million). The club has also competed in other sports throughout its history, with the futsal department becoming especially notable.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Early years and first achievements (1908–1949)
- 1.2 European tour and the beginning of the Mineirão era (1950–1969)
- 1.3 National success and dominance in Minas Gerais (1970–1989)
- 1.4 International achievements and financial turmoil (1990–2009)
- 1.5 National resurgence and international success (2010–)
- 2 Symbols and colours
- 3 Grounds
- 4 Supporters
- 5 Rivalries
- 6 Records and statistics
- 7 Finances and ownership
- 8 Honours
- 9 Players
- 10 Management
- 11 Other departments
- 12 References
- 13 Further reading
- 14 External links
Early years and first achievements (1908–1949)
Atlético Mineiro was formed on 25 March 1908 by a group of twenty-two students from Belo Horizonte, who decided the club's name would be Athletico Mineiro Foot Ball Club. The club's first match was played against Sport Club Futebol on 21 March 1909; Atlético won 3–0, with the first goal scored by Aníbal Machado. In 1913, the club's name was officially changed to Clube Atlético Mineiro, and in the following year Atlético won the Taça Bueno Brandão, the first competition ever held in the state of Minas Gerais. In 1915, the club won the inaugural edition of the Campeonato Mineiro, the state league of Minas Gerais. The competition was then organised by the Liga Mineira de Sports Athléticos, which would later become the Federação Mineira de Futebol.
América won the next ten editions of the Mineiro, and Atlético only won the league again in 1926, led by striker Mário de Castro. In 1927, forwards Said and Jairo joined Castro to form an attacking partnership nicknamed the Trio Maldito ("Unholy Trio"), which guided Atlético to another state league triumph. In 1929, the club played its first international encounter against Vitória de Setúbal, winning 3–1 in a match played at the Presidente Antônio Carlos Stadium. The ground had opened earlier that year, and would be the club's home for the following two decades.
Atlético won the state league in 1931 and 1932, before becoming a professional club in 1933. After another Campeonato Mineiro triumph in 1936, Atlético won the Copa dos Campeões Estaduais in 1937, its first title at national level. The competition was organised by the Federação Brasileira de Foot-Ball, a federation for professional clubs that would later merge into the Brazilian Sports Confederation (CBD). The Copa dos Campeões Estaduais was contested by the 1936 state league champions from Minas Gerais (Atlético), Rio de Janeiro (Fluminense), São Paulo (Portuguesa) and Espírito Santo (Rio Branco). Atlético defeated the latter 5–1 in the final match, played at the Antônio Carlos stadium. The title was followed by two more Campeonato Mineiro victories, in 1938 and 1939.
Success continued in the 1940s, with a squad that included Carlyle, Lucas Miranda, Nívio Gabrich and goalkeeper Kafunga. The club was dominant in the state as it won the league in 1941, 1942, 1946, 1947 and 1949. Although América had been Atlético's long-standing adversary, a new rivalry started to develop with Cruzeiro in the 1940s, as it became Galo's main challenger during this period.
European tour and the beginning of the Mineirão era (1950–1969)
In 1950, the club's home moved from the Antônio Carlos to the newer and larger Estádio Independência. The season saw another Campeonato Mineiro triumph and the club's first European tour, in which it played ten games in five countries. The excursion happened at a time when there were neither regular national competitions in Brazil nor continental ones in South America, and followed soon after the traumatic Maracanazo. The tour and Atlético's results, many of which achieved under adverse weather conditions and snow, were seen by national sports media as a historic achievement for Brazilian football itself. The team was dubbed the Campeões do Gelo ("Ice Champions"), a title that is remembered in the club's official anthem. The club's success in the state competition continued in the 1950s with five consecutive Campeonato Mineiro victories from 1952 to 1956, and another in 1958. In 1959, Atlético took part in the first edition of the Taça Brasil, an annual nationwide cup competition contested between state league champions, created by the CBD to select Brazil's entrants in the newly formed Copa Libertadores.
In the 1960s, Atlético won the Campeonato Mineiro twice, in 1962 and 1963, but failed to advance to the later stages of the Taça Brasil. Mineirão, Belo Horizonte's new stadium, opened in 1965 and immediately became the club's home. It was in the mid-1960s that the rivalry with Cruzeiro became the biggest in the state, after this club won the first five state leagues of the Mineirão era. In 1967, another national-level competition was created by the CBD, the Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa. It included more clubs than the Taça Brasil, but Atlético did not finish in the top-four in any of its editions in the decade. In the second half of the 1960s, highlights came in the form of friendlies against national sides. In 1968, Atlético, representing the Brazilian national team, defeated European Championship runners-up Yugoslavia 3–2 at the Mineirão. The following year, the Seleção itself, which would become champions of the 1970 FIFA World Cup, was defeated by Atlético 2–1.
National success and dominance in Minas Gerais (1970–1989)
With the arrival of Telê Santana as the club's head coach in 1970, Atlético broke Cruzeiro's sequence and won its first state league title in the Mineirão, also finishing third in the last Roberto Gomes Pedrosa. In 1971, led by midfielder Oldair and World Cup-winning forward Dadá Maravilha, the club won the Campeonato Brasileiro. It was the first edition of the competition, also known as the Brasileirão, which replaced both the Taça Brasil and the Roberto Gomes Pedrosa as the new national championship. Atlético played a final group stage against São Paulo and Botafogo, defeating the former 1–0 at the Mineirão and the latter 1–0 at the Maracanã. The victory also secured the club's first participation in an official continental competition, the 1972 Copa Libertadores, in which it did not advance past the first group stage.
After four trophyless years, Atlético won the state league again in 1976 and finished third in the Campeonato Brasileiro. That season saw the emergence of a golden generation of players, formed in the club's youth academies under coach Barbatana. Reinaldo, Toninho Cerezo, Éder, Luisinho, Paulo Isidoro and João Leite, players who represented Brazil at international level, were central to the team that took Atlético to six consecutive state league victories between 1978 and 1983, and to good results in the Série A. Atlético came second in the 1977 Brasileirão, losing the final to São Paulo in a penalty shootout at the Mineirão, despite remaining undefeated for the entire season. Reinaldo, the league's top scorer in that season with an average of 1.56 goals per match, was banned from the final. By his account, this was because of his insistence on celebrating his goals by raising his fist, a political symbol that opposed the Brazilian military government of the time. In 1978, Atlético reached the Copa Libertadores semi-finals and won the Copa dos Campeões Brasileiros, a tournament organised by the CBD between past winners of the Brasileirão. In a repetition of the previous year's Brasileiro decisive match, the opponent in the final of this competition was São Paulo, with Atlético this time winning a penalty shootout.
In 1980, after having the best record in the first stages of the Brasileirão, Atlético lost to Flamengo in a controversial final of the competition. Three Atlético players were sent off, among them Reinaldo, who received a straight red card after scoring twice. The team was then eliminated from the following year's Copa Libertadores undefeated, in another decisive match marked by controversy: a play-off against Flamengo that ended after 37 minutes, following the sendings-off of five Atlético players. During the 1980s, the club participated in and won international friendly competitions, such as the Amsterdam Tournament and the Tournoi de Paris. Atlético had the best statistic league records of the 1980, 1983, 1985, 1986 and 1987 Brasileirão seasons, but did not win the title, falling in the finals or semi-finals of those editions. In the second half of the decade, the club continued its success in the state, winning the Campeonato Mineiro in 1985, 1986, 1988 and 1989. Atlético was one of Brazil's top sides of the 1980s, providing many players to the Brazilian national team, being dominant at state level and having good performances in the Brasileirão, but failed to win the competition due to a tendency to lose in its final knockout stages.
International achievements and financial turmoil (1990–2009)
In the following decade, Atlético won the state league in 1991 and saw success at international level in 1992, when it won the inaugural Copa CONMEBOL, its first official international title, defeating Olimpia in the finals. As champion of that competition, the club took part in the 1993 Copa de Oro, in which it eliminated rivals Cruzeiro in the semi-finals but eventually lost to Boca Juniors. After finishing fourth in the 1994 Brasileirão, the following year saw the club win the state league and reach the finals of the Copa CONMEBOL for a second time, this one ending in defeat to Rosario Central. In 1996, Atlético participated in the Copa Masters CONMEBOL, a competition between past winners of the Copa CONMEBOL that was played in Cuiabá; Atlético eliminated Rosario Central in the semi-finals but lost to São Paulo in the final match. The team also finished third in that year's Brasileiro and fourth in the following edition, falling in the semi-finals of both seasons. Another triumph came in the 1997 Copa CONMEBOL, when an Atlético team that included Marques and Cláudio Taffarel defeated Lanús in the finals, and won the trophy for a second time. In 1999, after another Campeonato Mineiro title, an Atlético side led by Marques and Guilherme, the top scorer in the league, reached the Série A finals for the fourth time, but lost to Corinthians. Despite international success and good performances in the Série A, the decade was marked by bad club management by Atlético's presidents and deteriorating finances, which made the club one of the most indebted in Brazilian football.
Atlético won the Campeonato Mineiro in 2000, reached the Copa Libertadores quarter-finals and the semi-finals of Copa Mercosur, but had a bad season in the national league, the Copa João Havelange. The following season, despite a good performance in the Brasileirão with a squad that included Marques, Guilherme and Gilberto Silva, the team once again was eliminated in the Série A semi-finals, eventually finishing in fourth place. Atlético then finished in the upper part of the national league table in the following two seasons, but in 2004 it barely escaped relegation. In 2005 the club was demoted to the Série B, the second level of the Brasileirão.
The club was promoted straight back up as Série B champion in 2006, returning to the Série A for the 2007 season. That year, Atlético won the Campeonato Mineiro, its first trophy in seven years, and finished eighth in the national league. Alexandre Kalil was chosen as the club's new president in 2008, and tried to improve its finances and status. In 2009, with Diego Tardelli in good form, Atlético led the Brasileirão for eight of the thirty-eight rounds, before eventually finishing in seventh place. Despite some highlights at the beginning and end of the decade, the 2000s were not a successful period in the club's history, marked once again by bad administration and frequent managerial changes.
National resurgence and international success (2010–)
The team won its 40th Campeonato Mineiro in 2010, but finished 13th in the Série A. After an unsuccessful year in 2011, coming close to relegation, the arrival of Cuca as head coach at the end of that season marked the beginning of another successful era for the club. The club moved back to the Independência in 2012, as the Mineirão was closed for renovation, and won the Campeonato Mineiro undefeated. The arrival of Ronaldinho in the middle of the season was an important event for the club, which eventually finished as runner-up in the Série A and earned a spot in the following year's Copa Libertadores.
2013 saw the return of Tardelli and Gilberto Silva to the club, who joined Ronaldinho, Jô and Bernard towards another Campeonato Mineiro triumph. An iconic moment for Atlético happened in the second leg of that season's Copa Libertadores's quarter-finals, when a penalty kick was awarded to Club Tijuana in injury time. It would have meant elimination if it had been scored, but was saved by Atlético's goalkeeper Victor with his foot. The save, according to sports commentators and fans, represented the kicking out of the club's historic "bad luck". After defeating Newell's Old Boys in the semi-finals in a penalty shootout, following a 2–0 first leg defeat and a 2–0 home win, the club faced Olimpia in the finals. Atlético again lost the first leg by 2–0 and won the second by 2–0 after extra-time at the Mineirão, which meant the title was decided by a penalty shootout, won 4–3 by Atlético. The club's participation in the FIFA Club World Cup was unsuccessful, as the team failed to reach the finals after losing to Raja Casablanca; Atlético eventually finished in third place after defeating Guangzhou Evergrande.
Atlético won its first Recopa Sudamericana in 2014, after once again meeting Lanús in a continental final, which finished 5–3 on aggregate after extra-time. In that season's Copa do Brasil quarter-finals against Corinthians and semi-finals against Flamengo, Atlético lost the first leg 2–0 and conceded first in the second one. The team managed to make 4–1 comebacks in both stages to advance. The competition's finals were the first at national level to feature both Belo Horizonte rivals, and Atlético defeated Cruzeiro twice to win its first Copa do Brasil. The team's successful run in the decade continued with its 43rd state league triumph in 2015.
Symbols and colours
The club's first emblem, introduced in the 1910s, consisted of a simple design of the three initials of the club's name ("CAM" for Clube Atlético Mineiro) in an oval shape in black. The first and most significant change occurred in 1922, when a Swiss escutcheon was adopted, with the letters in its upper part and black and white stripes in the lower. The crest's general appearance has been kept ever since, with only the exact format and the placement of the black and white stripes within the escutcheon changing over the decades. The only significant change came in the 1970s when a golden star above the badge was adopted, alluding to the 1971 Série A title. Red stars above the badge were featured on two occasions, referring to the 1978 Copa dos Campeões and the 1992 Copa CONMEBOL victories, but these were removed in 1999.
Atlético's mascot, a rooster, is one of the best-known in the country. It was created in the 1940s by Fernando Pierucetti, a cartoonist for the A Folha de Minas newspaper. Pierucetti, known as Mangabeira, was selected to design a mascot for each of the three biggest clubs in Belo Horizonte. According to Mangabeira, Atlético's would be the rooster because the team used to play with passion and would never give up until the end of each match, like roosters in cockfights.
Over the years the word galo (Portuguese for "rooster") became a cheering chant for the supporters and a nickname by which they referred to the club, an appellation that eventually spread to other football fans in the country. According to Kafunga, who played as goalkeeper for the club since before the introduction of Mangabeira's mascot in the 1940s, the "rooster" nickname was already associated with Atlético because of its kit colours. The nickname is mentioned in the club's anthem, the chorus of which hails Atlético as a "strong and avenging rooster". In the club's home matches, a costumed rooster mascot, the Galo Doido ("Crazy Rooster"), encourages the crowd.
The club's home kit has always consisted of a black-and-white vertically striped shirt, with black shorts and white or black socks. The width of the black and white stripes has varied from season to season, as has the colour of the shirt numbers, which have usually been red, black, white or yellow. Atlético's traditional away kit is all-white shirts, shorts and socks, but has had slight variations. An all-black third kit was introduced in the 2000 season, being used again in 2015. In 2008, a black-and-gold vertically striped third kit was launched to commemorate the club's centenary, featuring its first crest. Squad number 12 is retired from the club's kits, dedicated to the fans.
Since the 1981 season, the club has had its kits manufactured by sportswear corporations, the first one being the Brazilian company Rainha. Atlético's kits have been manufactured since 2014 by Puma, which is contracted to supply the team until the end of the 2015 season. Previously, the kits were manufactured by Adidas (1983–85), Penalty (1986–90, 1992–93 and 1997–2001), Dell'erba (1991), Umbro (1994–96 and 2002–04), Diadora (2005–07), Lotto (2008–09), Topper (2010–12) and Lupo (2013).
In 1982, bank Credireal was Atlético's first shirt sponsor. After one sponsorless season in 1983, Precon, a construction company, appeared on the shirts in 1984 and 1985; it was replaced by Agrimisa bank in 1986. In 1987, Coca-Cola sponsored all participating clubs of Copa União, and the brand remained on Atlético's kits until 1994. The club was subsequently sponsored by TAM Airlines (1995–96), Tenda (1997–98), and had temporary deals with Fiat and Telemar in 1999. Two sponsorless years followed, before permanent deals were signed with Fiat (2002–03), MRV Engenharia (2004–07) and Fiat again in 2008. After one more season without a brand on the club's shirts, BMG, a bank that was owned by the former club president Ricardo Annes Guimarães, was the main sponsor from 2010 to 2014. MRV Engenharia returned as the club's main shirt sponsor in 2015.
Atlético had its first home ground built in 1912 at Paraopeba Avenue, in downtown Belo Horizonte, across the street from América's first stadium. The club's main ground for most of its early years, however, was the Presidente Antônio Carlos stadium, which held 5,000 people; it was nicknamed Estádio de Lourdes for the quarter in which it was located. The Antônio Carlos was one of the first stadiums in Brazil to feature floodlights, and opened on 30 May 1929 with a friendly against Corinthians, won by Atlético 4–2. The following year, the stadium was visited by FIFA president Jules Rimet, who watched a night game for the first time. The stadium fell out of favour when the larger Independência was built in 1950, and remained largely unused by the first team; eventually it was sold by the club to the Belo Horizonte municipality in the 1960s. After decades of legal disputes with the municipal government, the property returned to the club in 1991. It was leased to a shopping mall in 1995, which was built in the following year where the stadium once was, across the street from Atlético's administrative headquarters.
Construction for the Independência (officially Estádio Raimundo Sampaio) started in 1947 in preparation for the 1950 FIFA World Cup, during which its first match was played. Originally the property of the Government of Minas Gerais, ownership was transferred to Sete de Setembro FC in 1965, when the Mineirão was built, and the property passed to América in 1997, when it absorbed Sete de Setembro. Before the Mineirão, the stadium was the largest in Belo Horizonte – holding up to 30,000 people – and was preferred by Atlético over the older and smaller Antônio Carlos stadium. After the Mineirão's construction, however, Atlético did not use the Independência for decades, except for a brief spell in the late 1990s. The stadium was renovated in 2012, while the Mineirão was closed, and in that year Atlético announced a deal with BWA, the stadium manager. The club signed a contract to use the stadium as its home ground for 10 years, which has happened since then, except in important and high-attendance matches.
Mineirão (officially Estádio Governador Magalhães Pinto) opened in 1965, and quickly became the home of both Atlético and Cruzeiro, as its peak capacity of over 100,000 spectators surpassed any other stadium in Belo Horizonte or in the state. The property of the state of Minas Gerais, Mineirão was Atlético's home from its opening until it closed in 2010 for renovations prior to the 2014 FIFA World Cup. The club temporarily moved to Arena do Jacaré in Sete Lagoas and subsequently to Independência in 2012. Historically the club's home ground, Atlético's most important matches have all been played at the Mineirão, a fact that has continued even after Independência became the first-choice home stadium again. After the renovation, the Mineirão has an overall capacity of 62,160.
Cidade do Galo ("Rooster City"), the club's main training facility since 2001, has been lauded as the best in Brazil and is considered one of the best in the world. It hosted the Argentina national football team at the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Other facilities owned by the club include Vila Olímpica ("Olympic Village"), the old training grounds opened in 1973 that hosted the Seleção in its preparation for the 1982 FIFA World Cup, and Labareda, a leisure and health club in Belo Horizonte. In 2015, Daniel Nepomuceno, the club president, announced that Atlético had a four-year project to build a new stadium in Belo Horizonte, with a 45,000 capacity.
Atlético Mineiro was founded by liberal, upper-class students, but from an early age it opened its doors to players from every social class, nationality or ethnicity, which earned it a "people's club" status in Belo Horizonte and in the state. América, meanwhile, had a reputation as an elitist club and Cruzeiro was strongly associated with the local Italian colony. As a result of the popular support, the fans came to be collectively known as "A Massa" (Portuguese for "the mass"). According to a 2014 survey conducted by IBOPE and Lance!, the club is the best-supported in Belo Horizonte and in Minas Gerais, and has the 6th largest fanbase in Brazil, with seven million supporters. A 2014 survey by Datafolha, however, shows Atlético as the second best-supported club in Minas Gerais and 10th in Brazil.
Atlético has many torcidas organizadas that support the club, the oldest being Dragões da FAO, founded in 1969, and the largest and best-known being Galoucura. Other notable groups include Galö Metal, Movimento 105 Minutos and the Charanga, a brass band that plays during the club's home matches. Galoucura has historically developed alliances with other torcidas in Brazil, most notably Palmeiras's Mancha Verde and Vasco da Gama's Força Jovem. After difficult but successful comebacks in 2013 and 2014, the fans have adopted the motto "Eu acredito" ("I believe") to support the club in against-the-odds situations. Squad number 12 is retired from the club's kits and dedicated to the fans.
Atlético has had the best average attendance in nine editions of the Série A since 1972, and has the second highest all-time average attendance in Brazilian football. The club also ranks second in all-time total attendance in the national league, with more than 13 million tickets sold in 581 home matches as of the 2014 season. The second leg of the 2013 Copa Libertadores finals between Atlético and Olimpia, played at the Mineirão and attended by 58,620 people, had the highest gate receipt revenue of all time in South American football, yielding R$14.2 million (€4.8 million at the time).
In 1999, the club introduced Galo de Prata ("Silver Rooster"), a trophy officially awarded by Atlético to sportspeople, illustrious supporters, artists, politicians, and organisations that somehow promote the club's name. Since the implementation of municipal and state laws in 2007 and 2008, Dia do Atleticano ("Atleticano Day") is officially celebrated in Belo Horizonte and Minas Gerais every year on 25 March, the day of the club's foundation. Atlético launched TV Galo in 2007, a premium television channel that provides content for fans such as interviews with players and staff, coverage of training sessions and matches, footballing news, and other themed programming. Since 2012, the club has an affiliation programme called Galo na Veia, in which supporters can become season ticket holders or pay monthly fees to buy match tickets at reduced price.
The local rivalry between Atlético and Cruzeiro, known as the Clássico Mineiro ("Mineiro Derby"), exists since Cruzeiro's foundation (as Sociedade Esportiva Palestra Itália) in 1921. It strengthened in the 1940s, and became the biggest derby in Minas Gerais in the 1960s. Atlético dominated the rivalry from its early days until the 1950s, but Cruzeiro rose in the 1960s to be a strong challenger, and the 1970s had divided honours. The 1980s were dominated by Atlético, while the 1990s and 2000s were favourable to Cruzeiro. In the 2010s, Atlético achieved an eleven-game undefeated run against its rival, running from 2013 to 2015. The clubs dissent over the number of matches and head-to-head record of the Clássico Mineiro, but both team's statistics show Atlético with most wins in the encounter. The only national final between the two clubs happened in the 2014 Copa do Brasil, when Atlético triumphed in a final match played at the Mineirão. The Clássico's most extreme result was a 9–2 win by Atlético, in the 1927 Campeonato Mineiro.
Atlético versus América was known as the Clássico das Multidões ("Derby of the Masses") before the construction of the Mineirão, as they were the most popular clubs in the state. In their first years, América was known as an elitist club while Atlético had popular appeal. América dominated the early years of the encounter, winning ten consecutive Campeonato Mineiro titles from 1916 to 1925, but Atlético eventually became the major force. Atlético also holds a rivalry with Flamengo of Rio de Janeiro, developed in the 1980s from numerous controversial encounters between the two clubs in that decade's Brasileirão and Copa Libertadores editions. It remained through the following years, and is considered the biggest interstate rivalry in Brazilian football.
Records and statistics
João Leite holds Atlético's official appearance record, with 684 matches in all competitions. Reinaldo is the club's all-time leading goalscorer, with 255 goals, since joining the first squad in 1973. In the 1977 season, he scored 28 goals in 18 appearances, setting the club record for the most Brasileirão goals in a season, and the best average goal-per-game record in the league. Dadá Maravilha is second in total goals, with 211, and the only other Atlético player to score over 200 goals. Argentine striker Lucas Pratto is Atlético's all-time top foreign goalscorer, with 21 goals. Telê Santana is Galo's longest-serving head coach, having taken charge of the team for 434 matches during three periods in the 1970s and 1980s. Nelson Campos is the club's longest-serving president, with nine years in the office in three terms.
The first official game in which Atlético participated was against Yale for the 1915 Campeonato Mineiro, which the team won 5–0. The biggest victory ever recorded by Galo was 13–0, against Calafate in the 1927 Campeonato Mineiro. In the national league, the biggest win came against Ferroviária – 7–1 in the 1982 season. The club's home attendance record – derbies excepted – is 115,142, in a friendly against Flamengo at the Mineirão, in 1980. The record attendance in official matches is 113,749, achieved in a match against Santos for the 1983 Brasileirão. Atlético holds the Brazilian record for longest unbeaten run at home, with 54 matches from 2011 to 2013. The signing of André from Dynamo Kyiv in 2012 is the club's most expensive purchase, costing around €8 million. Atlético's record sale is the transfer of Bernard to Shakhtar Donetsk in 2013, which cost the Ukrainian club €25 million.
Finances and ownership
As is the case for most Brazilian football clubs, Atlético Mineiro's by-law defines the club as a not-for-profit public utility organization, formed by associates (sócios). The club's administrative powers are the General Assembly, the Deliberative Council, the Board, the Fiscal Council and the Ethics and Discipline Council. The General Assembly, composed of all associates, elects the Deliberative Council among its members every three years, which in turn elects and removes the club's Board, responsible for the executive management of the club. Season ticket-holders and participants of the Galo na Veia affiliation programme, called sócios-torcedores, are not full club associates and cannot vote or be elected.
A research conducted by BDO in 2015 indicated that the club had a brand value of R$394.8 million (€122.7 million), making it the ninth most valuable in Brazil. In terms of annual turnover, Atlético ranked eighth in the country in 2014, with R$178.9 million (€55.6 million), which represented a 21 per cent decrease compared to the previous year. The club's main sponsorship deal with MRV Engenharia, worth R$23 million (€7.1 million) per year, is the third biggest in the country. Atlético was Brazil's fourth highest earner in terms of television rights in 2014, receiving R$80.4 million (€25 million). The club's kit sponsorship deal with Puma is worth R$15 million (€4.6 million) per year.
The club's gross debt in 2015 was R$486.6 million (€151.3 million), the fourth largest in Brazil, with a R$48.6 million (€15.1 million) deficit in 2014. The club's balance sheet in that year stated it experienced operational losses, and according to a study by Itaú BBA, Atlético operates in a dangerous "financial all-in". The majority of the club's debt is owed to the Federal Government of Brazil, totalling R$286.6 million (€89.1 million). In 2015, after a law sanctioned by Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, Atlético and other clubs stated their intention to join a government programme for debt financing.
Atlético Mineiro's first trophy was the Taça Bueno Brandão, won in 1914. The club has won the Campeonato Mineiro, the state league of Minas Gerais, a record 43 times. At national level, Atlético has won the Campeonato Brasileiro, the Copa do Brasil, the Copa dos Campeões Brasileiros and the Copa dos Campeões Estaduais once each. In international competitions, Atlético has won the Copa Libertadores and the Recopa Sudamericana once each, and a record two Copa CONMEBOL trophies. The club's most recent title is the 2015 Campeonato Mineiro.
- Winner (1): 2013
- Winner (1): 2014
- Winner (1): 1971
- Winner (1): 2014
- Winner (1): 1937
- Winner (1): 1978
- Winner (1): 2006
- Winner (43): 1915, 1926, 1927, 1931, 1932, 1936, 1938, 1939, 1941, 1942, 1946, 1947, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1962, 1963, 1970, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2015 (record)
- Winner (5): 1975, 1976, 1979, 1986, 1987 (record)
- As of 24 August 2015
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Atlético Mineiro's technical and medical staff is composed of permanent members in all positions, except the head coach and the assistant coach.
|Head coach||Levir Culpi|
|Assistant coach||Luís Matter|
|Technical Supervisor||Carlos Alberto Isidoro|
|Fitness Coach||Rodolfo Mehl|
|Luís Otávio Kalil|
|Goalkeeping coach||Francisco Cersósimo|
|Sports Technology Assistant||Alexandre Ceolin|
|Field Assistant||Rubens Pinheiro|
Last updated: 9 November 2015
Source: Comissão Técnica – Atlético (Portuguese)
Notable head coaches
|Telê Santana||434||1 Brasileirão, 2 Campeonato Mineiro|
|Procópio Cardoso||328||1 Copa CONMEBOL, 3 Campeonato Mineiro|
|Levir Culpi||286||1 Recopa Sudamericana, 1 Copa do Brasil, 3 Campeonato Mineiro, 1 Série B|
|Barbatana||227||3 Campeonato Mineiro, 1 Copa dos Campeões Brasileiros|
|Ricardo Diéz||171||3 Campeonato Mineiro|
|Yustrich||159||1 Campeonato Mineiro|
|Cuca||153||1 Copa Libertadores, 2 Campeonato Mineiro|
The club's board took office on 3 December 2014, with its term ending on 31 December 2017.
|Vice-President||Manuel Bravo Saramago|
|Director of Football||Eduardo Maluf|
|Planning Director||Rodolfo Gropen|
|Executive Director||Adriana Branco|
|Legal Director||Lásaro Cândido da Cunha|
|Finances Director||Carlos Fabel|
|Communications Director||Domênico Bhering|
|Vila Olímpica Director||Edéferson Araújo|
Atlético Mineiro opened its futsal department in the 1960s, achieving victories at state level in the following decades, and winning the Taça Brasil in 1985. In the late 1990s, the team, named Atlético Pax de Minas for sponsorship reasons, was prominent at national and international level. With players such as Manoel Tobias, Falcão and Lenísio in the squad, Atlético won the Brazilian Liga Futsal twice, in 1997 and 1999, and the Intercontinental Futsal Cup in 1998, being runner-up of both competitions in 2000. In the second leg of the 1999 Liga Futsal finals against Rio de Janeiro, the attendance at Mineirinho was 25,713, a world record in the sport. In 2000, the sponsorship deal with Pax de Minas ended and Atlético's professional senior futsal team folded in the following year, with the youth sectors remaining. The club's futsal department ceased operations in 2009.
Atlético Mineiro had departments for other Olympic sports throughout its history, with the athletics and volleyball ones achieving notability. In 1983, runner João da Mata won the São Silvestre road race as an Atlético athlete. In 2007, Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot and Alice Timbilil won the male and female categories of the same race, and celebrated their victory with Atlético flags. The club's board stated that the athletes had been sponsored as a marketing strategy. Atlético's men's volleyball department won the Minas Gerais Volleyball Championship a total of twelve times, ranking second in the state for most titles. The team had an especially successful period in the early 1980s, under the administrative management of Alexandre Kalil, who became club president in 2009.
- "Classic club: A rooster with plenty to crow about". FIFA. Archived from the original on 5 May 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- "CNEF – Cadastro Nacional de Estádios de Futebol" (PDF). CBF (in Portuguese). 23 August 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- Martins, Victor (29 March 2015). "Duelo mais antigo de Minas, Atlético e Villa se enfrentam de olho na semi" [Oldest match of Minas, Atlético and Villa clash looking forward to the semis]. UOL Esporte (in Portuguese). Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- "Atlético – História – Fundação". Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- "Os Grandes Clubes" [The Big Clubs]. Placar (in Portuguese) (1097) (Abril). October 1994. p. 14. Retrieved 2 October 2015 – via Google Books.
- "Guerrilha à Mineira" [Mineiro-style Guerrilla]. Placar (in Portuguese) (406) (Abril). 3 February 1978. p. 14. Retrieved 2 October 2015 – via Google Books.
- Delaney, James (10 February 2015). "Jonathan Reis: the man who would be king". In Bed With Maradona. Retrieved 2 October 2015 – via World Soccer.
- "Em nova pesquisa Lance!/Ibope, Atlético-MG ultrapassa Cruzeiro em torcida" [In new Lance!/Ibope survey, Atlético Mineiro surpasses Cruzeiro in number of supporters]. Placar (in Portuguese). 27 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- Arruda, Marcelo; Azeredo, Paulo (29 March 2008). "Copa dos Campeões Estaduais 1936". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- Cruz, Santiago; Freati, Claudio (31 August 2014). "I Torneio dos Campeões Brasileiros 1978". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- Martins, Victor (19 June 2015). "Dúvida polêmica está de volta ao Atlético-MG. Independência ou Mineirão?" [Controversial doubt comes back to Atlético Mineiro: Independência or Mineirão?]. UOL Esporte (in Portuguese). Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- "História – Atlético". Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- "História – Atlético – Mascote". Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- Daniel, Pedro (2015), "8º Valor das Marcas dos Clubes Brasileiros" (PDF), BDO (in Portuguese): 111
- Mará, Márcio (5 May 2015). "Fla lidera ranking de receitas e é único dos grandes a reduzir dívida" [Fla leads revenue ranking and is the only of the big ones to reduce debt]. Globoesporte.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- "Primeiro troféu do clube, Atlético-MG expõe Taça Bueno Brandão" [The club's first trophy, Atlético Mineiro exposes Bueno Brandão Cup]. Lance! (in Portuguese). 16 August 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- Fonseca, Rodrigo (1 May 2015). "Campeão há um século com ourives e vigilante no time, Galo mira 43º mineiro com grupo milionário" [Champion one century ago with gold sculptor and watchman in the squad, Atlético aims for 43rd Mineiro with a millionaire group]. Superesportes (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "Mário de Castro – Futebol". UOL Esporte (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Potts Harmer, Alfie (8 June 2015). "Mário de Castro and the Trio Maldito". A Halftime Report. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- "Mário de Castro, Said e Jairo: o Trio Maldito". Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- Lage, Marcus; Medeiros, Regina (March 2014). "Aspectos sociológicos da profissionalização do futebol em Belo Horizonte nas décadas de 1920 e 1930" (PDF). Esporte e Sociedade (in Portuguese) (Universidade Federal Fluminense) (23). ISSN 1809-1296. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- "O Athletico Campeão dos Campeões" [Athletico Champion of Champions]. Jornal dos Sports (in Portuguese). 4 February 1937. Retrieved 25 August 2015 – via Biblioteca Nacional Digital.
- Diogo, Julio; Freati, Claudio (3 May 2015). "Minas Gerais State – List of Champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "História do Atlético-MG" [History of Atlético Mineiro]. Internet Group (in Portuguese). Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- "De passagem o Atlético" [Atlético passing by]. Jornal dos Sports (in Portuguese). 14 December 1950. Retrieved 14 September 2015 – via National Library of Brazil.
- Lacerda, Bernardo (17 December 2013). "Mundial resgata feito histórico do Atlético nos gramados gelados da Europa" [Club World Cup brings up Atlético's historic feat at icy fields of Europe]. UOL Esporte (in Portuguese). Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "História – Atlético". Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Magalhães, Eduardo (28 November 2013). "European Trip of Atlético Mineiro 1950". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Diogo, Julio (13 May 2015). "Brazil – List of Champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
- "Brazil Cup 1959". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 14 October 1999. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- Arruda, Marcelo; Pereira, André (25 September 2015). "Seleção Brasileira (Brazilian National Team) 1967–1968". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
- Arruda, Marcelo; Pereira, André (25 September 2015). "Seleção Brasileira (Brazilian National Team) 1969–1970". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
- "Aqui, o Galo (Viva!)" [Here, Galo (Cheers!)]. Placar (in Portuguese) (25) (Abril). 4 September 1970. p. 7. Retrieved 24 August 2015 – via Google Books.
- "É o Galo" [It's Galo]. Placar (in Portuguese) (93) (Abril). 24 December 1971. Retrieved 24 August 2015 – via Google Books.
- Ciullini, Pablo; Stokkermans, Karel (23 September 2015). "Copa Libertadores de América 1972". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- "Enfim um técnico mineiro" [At last a Mineiro manager]. Placar (in Portuguese) (347) (Abril). 3 December 1976. Retrieved 15 November 2015 – via Google Books.
- "Os Esquadrões – As Épocas de Ouro" [The Squadrons – The Golden Generations]. Placar (in Portuguese) (1097) (Abril). October 1994. p. 21. Retrieved 23 October 2015 – via Google Books.
- "40 Jogadores" [40 Players]. Placar (in Portuguese) (1341) (Abril). April 2010. p. 70. Retrieved 21 August 2015 – via Google Books.
- "Esquadrão imortal – Atlético-MG 1978–83" [Immortal squads – Atlético Mineiro 1978–83]. Imortais do Futebol (in Portuguese). 6 May 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- Ribeiro, Frederico (8 May 2013). "Dúvidas na escalação de Galo e São Paulo resgatam final do BR-1977" [Doubts in Galo and São Paulo line-ups bring up BR-1977 final]. Lance! (in Portuguese). Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- "Atlético vence S. Paulo nos pênaltis e ganha a 1ª Copa dos Campeões" [Atlético defeats São Paulo on penalties and wins 1st Champions Cup]. Jornal do Brasil (in Portuguese). 23 August 1978. Retrieved 21 August 2015 – via Google News.
- Lacerda, Bernardo; Almeida, Pedro (29 October 2014). "Jogos polêmicos na década de 80 acirram rivalidade Flamengo e Atlético-MG" [Controversial matches of the 1980s intensify the Flamengo and Atlético Mineiro rivalry]. UOL Esporte (in Portuguese). Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- "Jogos Eternos – Flamengo 3x2 Atlético-MG 1980" [Eternal matches – Flamengo 3x2 Atlético Mineiro 1980]. Imortais do Futebol (in Portuguese). 23 January 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- Villela, Gustavo (28 October 2014). "Flamengo derrota Atlético Mineiro no Maracanã e conquista o Brasileiro em 80" [Flamengo defeats Atlético Mineiro at the Maracanã and wins Brasileiro in 1980]. Acervo O Globo (in Portuguese). Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "Incidentes entre Flamengo y Mineiro" [Incidents between Flamengo and Mineiro]. El Tiempo (in Spanish). 23 August 1981. Retrieved 29 September 2015 – via Google News.
- "Sua senhoria, o vexame" [His Lordship, the opprobrium]. Placar (in Portuguese) (589) (Abril). 28 August 1981. p. 3. Retrieved 7 November 2015 – via Google Books.
- Veronese, Andrea; Stokkermans, Karel (28 February 2013). "Amsterdam Tournament". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- Torre, Raúl; Garin, Erik (29 February 2012). "Tournoi International de Paris 1957–1993 (Paris-France)". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- Martini, Luiz (19 January 2015). "Semifinalista em três nacionais, zagueiro Batista agora defende campo do direito". Superesportes (in Portuguese). Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- "Os 10 melhores times da década de 80" [The 10 best teams of the 1980s]. Futirinhas (in Portuguese). 9 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- "It's the 22nd anniversary of Copa CONMEBOL's first tournament champion: Brazil's Atletico Mineiro". CONMEBOL. 23 September 2014. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- Gorgazzi, Osvaldo (25 July 2013). "Copa de Oro 1993". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- Bolaños, Eduardo (19 December 2014). "In an extraordinary performance, Argentina's Rosario Central wins the 1995's Copa Conmebol Tournament". CONMEBOL. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- Pierrend, José (26 January 1999). "Copa Master Conmebol 1996". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- Bolaños, Eduardo (17 December 2014). "Brazil's Atlético Mineiro remains unbeaten through 1997's Copa Conmebol". CONMEBOL. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "Atlético-MG se afunda em denúncias e brigas internas" [Atlético Mineiro sinks in complaints and internal fights]. Folha de S.Paulo (in Portuguese). 5 September 1998. Retrieved 24 August 2015 – via UOL.
- "Brazil – Second and Third Division History". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 18 September 2008. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- Nogueira, Thiago (30 October 2008). "Kalil é eleito presidente do Atlético-MG com 67% dos votos" [Kalil elected Atlético Mineiro President with 67% of votes]. UOL Esporte (in Portuguese). Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- Matuck, Paulo (13 July 2015). "Atlético-MG luta contra histórico de desperdiçar chances no Brasileirão" [Atlético Mineiro fights against history of wasting chances in the Brasileirão]. UOL Esporte (in Portuguese). Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- Andrade, Gustavo (10 December 2010). "Com queda, crise política e superioridade rival, Atlético tem pior década da história" [With relegation, political crisis and rival superiority, Atlético has worse decade in its history]. UOL Esporte (in Portuguese). Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- "Cuca lembra evolução do Atlético-MG desde sua chegada, há dois anos: 'Peguei na zona de rebaixamento'" [Cuca remembers Atlético Mineiro's evolution since his arrival, two years ago: 'I took over in the relegation zone']. Lance!. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- Downie, Andrew (30 August 2012). "Resurgent Ronaldinho shines at new club". Reuters. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- Fonseca, Rodrigo (22 October 2012). "Com brilho de Ronaldinho Gaúcho, imagem do Atlético ganha força no exterior" [With Ronaldinho's radiance, Atlético's image strengthens abroad]. Superesportes (in Portuguese). Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- Webber, Tom (6 December 2012). "Brasileiro Round 38: Atletico Mineiro steal second position despite Ronaldinho penalty miss". Goal.com. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
- Beting, Mauro (31 May 2013). "Atlético Mineiro 1 x 1 Tijuana – Victor e vitória" [Atlético Mineiro 1 x 1 Tijuana – Victor and victory]. Lance! (in Portuguese). Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- "Kalil chora com defesa de Victor e diz: "Porcarias saíram, só tem time bom"" [Kalil cries with Victor's save and says: "The sludge is off, only good teams now"]. Internet Group (in Portuguese). 31 May 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
- "Atletico battle into final". ESPN FC. 11 July 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- "Atletico produce heroic comeback for glory". FIFA. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- "Atletico Mineiro claim third-place at Club World Cup with win against Guangzhou Evergrande". Sky Sports. 21 December 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "Atlético Mineiro are Recopa Sudamericana champions after beating Lanús 4–3". CONMEBOL. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "Copa do Brasil Wrap: Mineiro defy the odds". FourFourTwo. 17 October 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- Blakeley, Robbie (7 November 2014). "Brazil Giants Cruzeiro, Atletico Mineiro Enter into Battle in Cup Cracker". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- "Copa do Brasil: Cruzeiro 0 Atletico Mineiro 1". FourFourTwo. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- Downie, Andrew (8 May 2015). "New season, same problems for Brazil's Serie A". Reuters. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- "História e Títulos do Atlético Mineiro". Campeões do Futebol (in Portuguese). 6 October 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- "Clube Atlético Mineiro – Identidade visual da marca" (PDF). Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). July 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Escudo – Clube Atlético Mineiro" [Crest – Clube Atlético Mineiro]. Galo Digital (in Portuguese). 21 May 2009. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
- Schneider, Guilherme (20 March 2015). "Especial: As história por trás dos mascotes dos grandes clubes brasileiros" [Special: the history behind Brazil's greatest club's mascots]. Goal.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "A marca de cada um" [The mark of each]. Placar (in Portuguese) (1097) (Abril). October 1994. p. 54. Retrieved 12 October 2015 – via Google Books.
- "Clube Atlético Mineiro – O Guia dos Curiosos". O Guia dos Curiosos (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "Jogando por música – O canto da vitória" [Playing by music – The victory chant]. Placar (in Portuguese) (406) (Abril). 3 February 1978. p. 49. Retrieved 2 October 2015 – via Google Books.
- Della Rina, Mário (1 December 1986). "O Porquinho e seus amigos" [Little Pig and its friends]. Placar (in Portuguese) (862) (Abril). Retrieved 12 October 2015.
- Young, James (22 July 2014). "Brazilian club soccer has fallen, can it get up?". Soccer Gods. Retrieved 29 September 2015 – via Fusion.
- Martins, Victor (25 February 2015). "Conmebol veta crianças e mascote no campo. Atlético-MG se posiciona contra" [CONMEBOL bans children and mascots in the field. Atlético Mineiro pronounces itself against it]. BOL (in Portuguese). Retrieved 6 September 2015.
- "Uniformes – História – Atlético". Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- "Atletico Mineiro 15–16 Third Kit Released". Footy Headlines. 1 August 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "Atletico Mineiro 08/09 3rd Lotto Centenary shirt". Football Shirt Culture. 26 August 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
- "Atlético-MG imortaliza camisa 12 para a torcida" [Atlético immortalises shirt number 12 to the supporters]. Terra (in Portuguese). 26 November 2006. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- Lima, Fael (3 September 2014). "A camisa mais bonita na história do Clube Atlético Mineiro (4ª fase – 1980/1989)" [The most beautiful shirt in Clube Atlético Mineiro history (4th phase – 1980/1989)]. Cam1sa Do2e (in Portuguese). Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- Pazini, Gabriel (29 September 2015). "Puma tenta segurar, mas Atlético-MG deve ter novo patrocinador em 2016" [Puma tries to hold it, but Atlético Mineiro will probably have a new sponsor in 2015]. Goal.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- Lima, Fael (3 September 2014). "A camisa mais bonita na história do Clube Atlético Mineiro (3ª fase – 1990/1999)" [The most beautiful shirt in Clube Atlético Mineiro history (3th phase – 1990/1999)]. Cam1sa Do2e (in Portuguese). Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- Fonseca, Rodrigo; de Castro, Thiago (22 November 2012). "Atlético não renova com a Topper e abre caminho para volta de antigo parceiro" [Atlético does not renew deal with Topper and opens way to old partner's return]. Superesportes (in Portuguese). Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- Emmett, James (21 December 2012). "Atlético Mineiro sign US$12m kit deal". SportsPro. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- Leal, Ubiratan (5 November 2007). "Crise, revolução e traição: a história da Copa União de 1987" [Crisis, revolution and treason: the history of 1987 Copa União]. Trivela (in Portuguese). Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "Clube fecha patrocínio de ocasião" [Club seals temporary sponsorship deal]. Folha de S.Paulo (in Portuguese). 12 December 1999. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- "Atlético-MG acerta parceria com a Fiat" [Atlético Mineiro seals deal with Fiat]. Folha de S.Paulo (in Portuguese). Lancepress. 20 January 2008. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- "Fiat é a patrocinadora do Atlético no ano de seu centenário" [Fiat is Atlético's sponsor in the year of its centenary]. Fiat Press (in Portuguese). 24 January 2008. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- Paiva, Fred (7 November 2011). "O dono do futebol" [Football's owner]. Época (in Portuguese). Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- Emmett, James (5 January 2015). "Atlético Mineiro upgrade MRV sponsorship". SportsPro. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- Muniz, Livia (27 February 2015). "Uma viagem aos antigos estádios de América-MG, Atlético-MG e Cruzeiro em BH" [A trip to the old stadiums of América (MG), Atlético Mineiro and Cruzeiro in BH]. Goal.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- "História do Atlético: principais fatos e conquistas". Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- Sá, Ludymilla (23 June 2012). "Nossa história: tempos de glórias do futebol mineiro onde hoje está o Diamond Mall" [Our history: glory days of Minas Gerais football where today is Diamond Mall]. Estado de Minas (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- "Estádio Independência". The Stadium Guide. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Martini, Luiz (10 May 2012). "Primeiro dono do Independência, Sete de Setembro 'cedeu' estádio após fusão" [Independência's first owner, Sete de Setembro 'yielded' the stadium after fusion]. Superesportes (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 August 2015t.
- "Minas Arena | História". Minas Arena (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Faria, João (5 June 2013). "Arena do Jacaré, velha casa nova de Atlético e Cruzeiro" [Arena do Jacaré, old new home of Atlético and Cruzeiro]. Veja BH (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "Do terreiro ao salão de festas! A história do Galo em 50 anos de Mineirão" [From yard to party room! Galo's history in 50 years of Mineirão]. Lance! (in Portuguese). 5 September 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- "Atlético-MG confirma primeiro jogo da decisão do Mineiro no Mineirão" [Atlético Mineiro confirms first game of the Mineiro finals at Mineirão]. Globoesporte.com (in Portuguese). 20 April 2015. Retrieved 21 August 2015t.
- "Minas Arena | FAQ". Minas Arena (in Portuguese). Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Levantamento coloca a Cidade do Galo como o melhor CT do Brasil" [Research shows Cidade do Galo as the best training center in Brazil]. UOL Esporte (in Portuguese). 22 May 2010. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- "The best football training grounds in the world". Eurosport. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2015 – via Yahoo! Sports.
- Hacker, Pablo (8 June 2014). "Conocé cómo es por dentro la casa de la selección en Brasil 2014" [Get to know the insides of the national team's home in Brazil 2014]. Canchallena (in Spanish). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "Vila Olímpica – Atlético". Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "Labareda – Atlético". Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- Martini, Luiz (14 July 2015). "Atlético espera ter, até dezembro, autorização para construir estádio em Belo Horizonte" [Atlético expects to have authorisation to build stadium in Belo Horizonte until December]. Superesportes (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- Araújo, Rafael (25 September 2015). "Estádio, mercado e o futuro do Galo: bate-papo com Daniel Nepomuceno" [Stadium, market and Galo's future: chat with Daniel Nepomuceno]. Globoesporte.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- "O maior Cruzeiro de todos os tempos" [The greatest Cruzeiro of all-time]. Placar (in Portuguese) (651) (Abril). 12 November 1982. Retrieved 2 October 2015 – via Google Books.
- Avelar, Idelber. "A Massa – Quem fim levou? – Terceiro Tempo". Terceiro Tempo (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "Um em cada três torce para Flamengo ou Corinthians, aponta Datafolha" [One out of three supports Flamengo or Corinthians, says Datafolha]. Folha de S.Paulo (in Portuguese). 1 August 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- "Torcidas organizadas – Atlético". Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Soares, Fábio (2 December 2013). "Bem me quer, mal me quer: conheça as alianças entre as torcidas organizadas" [Love me, love me not: get to know the alliances between torcidas organizadas]. Placar. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Young, James (6 November 2015). "Atletico Mineiro, Cruzeiro put Belo Horizonte back on the footballing map". ESPN FC. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
- Paulucci, Maurício (16 April 2015). "Os seis exemplos para o Atlético-MG reviver o "Eu acredito" na Libertadores" [Six examples for Atlético Mineiro to revive the "Eu acredito" in Libertadores]. Globoesporte.com. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- Pereira, Mauro (11 July 2009). "Galo tem melhor média de público do Brasileiro e na história só perde do Fla" [Galo has best average attendance in the Brasileiro and historically only loses to Fla]. ESPN Brasil (in Portuguese). Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- Berwanger, Alexandre; Viana, Luiz (16 December 2012). "Total Attendance by club in Brazilian Championship". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (in Portuguese). Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- "Brasileiro Série A 2013". Footsats (in Portuguese). Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- "Brasileiro Série A 2014". Footsats (in Portuguese). Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- Panja, Tariq (25 July 2013). "Ronaldinho Completes Trophy Sweep With Copa Libertadores". Bloomberg. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
- "Galo de Prata – Atlético". Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "Prefeito oficializa o 'Dia do atleticano'" [Mayor makes 'Atleticano Day' official]. Globoesporte.com (in Portuguese). 20 December 2007. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
- "É lei Dia do Atleticano" [Atleticano Day is law]. O Tempo (in Portuguese). 29 January 2008. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
- "TV Galo – Atlético". Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 10 September 2015.
- Rezende, Claudio (3 May 2012). ""Galo na veia": Atlético-MG lança programa sócio torcedor" ["Galo na veia": Atlético Mineiro launches club affiliation programme]. Terra (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "The Classic: Atletico-Cruzeiro". FIFA. 8 February 2007. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Stein, Leandro (25 November 2014). "Como a mediocridade do clássico de 2011 se reinventou no maior Atlético x Cruzeiro da história" [How the mediocrity of 2011's derby reinvented itself in the biggest Atlético vs Cruzeiro of all time]. Trivela (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 November 2015.
- Simonini, Léo; Astoni, Marco Antônio (12 November 2014). "Rivais nos números: Galo e Cruzeiro divergem sobre estatísticas históricas" [Rivals in numbers: Galo and Cruzeiro diverge over historic statistics]. Globesporte.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 November 2015.
- Carvalho, Sérgio (23 October 1981). "O Derby Mineiro" [The Derby Mineiro]. Placar (in Portuguese) (597) (Abril). pp. 59–60. Retrieved 12 October 2015 – via Google Books.
- "Maior goleada da história do clássico mineiro, um 9 a 2, completa 85 anos". Superesportes (in Portuguese). Retrieved 1 November 2013.
- Cruz, Édson (29 May 2001). "Marques contra a rapa". Placar (1181) (Abril). p. 40. Retrieved 26 August 2015 – via Google Books.
- Leandro, Stein (29 October 2014). "Como os timaços de Fla e Galo criaram a maior rivalidade interestadual do Brasil" [How Fla's and Galo's superteams created the biggest interstate rivalry in Brazil]. Trivela (in Portuguese). Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "João Leite, o maior do Atlético-MG: veja um raio-x do eleito da torcida" [João Leite, Atlético Mineiro's greatest: check an X-ray of the supporters' chosen one]. Lance! (in Portuguese). 17 July 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2015 – via Terra.
- "Reinaldo: o maior artilheiro da história de Minas Gerais" [Reinaldo: Minas Gerais's top goalscorer of all-time]. Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). 21 November 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- Tales, Soares (18 October 2011). "Reinaldo, ex-Atlético-MG, ainda se considera o maior artilheiro" [Reinaldo, ex-Atlético Mineiro, still considers himself the top goalscoarer]. iG (in Portuguese). Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- "Dadá Maravilha: "o Glorioso não é uma paixão, é uma religião" – Atlético" [Dadá Maravilha: "the Glorioso is not passion, it's a religion" – Atlético]. Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). 25 November 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "Inédito hat-trick na carreira isola Pratto como artilheiro estrangeiro no Galo" [First career hat-trick isolates Pratto as Galo's top foreign goalscorer]. Globoesporte.com (in Portuguese). 30 July 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "Levir Culpi supera marca e se torna o 3º técnico com mais jogos pelo Galo". Globoesporte.com (in Portuguese). 1 February 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
- da Cruz, Santiago (29 December 2014). "Minas Gerais 1915". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- Rosa, Orley (12 January 2012). "100 maiores goleadas do Clube Atlético Mineiro". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (in Portuguese). Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- Molibidenio, Jackass (12 January 2012). "100 maiores públicos da história do Clube Atlético Mineiro". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (in Portuguese). Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- Fernandes, Thiago (2 June 2013). "Atlético-MG atinge melhor marca como mandante da história do futebol brasileiro" [Atlético Mineiro reaches best home-match run of all-time in Brazilian football]. Lance! (in Portuguese). Retrieved 26 August 2015 – via Terra.
- "Atlético-MG perde invencibilidade histórica em casa" [Atlético Mineiro ends historic unbeaten run at home]. Placar (in Portuguese). 31 July 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- Martins, Victor (18 June 2015). "Sexta contratação mais cara do Atlético-MG trabalha para não ser novo André" [Sixth most expensive signing of Atlético Mineiro works not to be a new André]. UOL Esporte (in Portuguese). Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- "Shakhtar sign Bernard for 25 million euros". Reuters. 8 August 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "Estatuto do Clube Atlético Mineiro" (PDF). Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). 13 October 2008. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- "Galo na Veia – F.A.Q.". Galo na Veia (in Portuguese). Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- "Atlético tem 3º maior patrocínio entre clubes e contrato mais longo" [Atlético has 3rd biggest sponsorhip deal between clubs and longest contract]. Super FC (in Portuguese). 1 January 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2015 – via O Tempo.
- "Mesmo com poucos jogos, Palmeiras teve a 3ª maior cota de TV em 2014" [Even with few matches, Palmeiras had the 3rd biggest TV share in 2014]. Placar (in Portuguese). 6 May 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- Pereira, Mauro (4 August 2015). "Buscando títulos, clubes ampliam suas monstruosas dívidas e estão "indo para o buraco"" [Looking for titles, clubs raise their monstrous debts and are "going downhill"]. ESPN Brasil (in Portuguese). Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- "Demonstrações Contábeis dos exercícios findos em 31 de dezembro de 2014 e de 2013" [Annual reports of the exercises ended in 31 December 2014 and 2013] (PDF). Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). 24 April 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- De Laurentiis, Francisco (25 August 2015). "Banco faz previsão catastrófica para cofres de Cruzeiro e Atlético-MG" [Bank makes catastrophic prediction for Cruzeiro and Atlético Mineiro's vaults]. ESPN Brasil (in Portuguese). Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- Seto, Guilherme (7 August 2015). "Maior parte dos grandes clubes brasileiros deve parcelar dívidas" [Most big Brazilian clubs to finance debts]. Folha de S.Paulo (in Portuguese). Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- "Títulos – Atlético" [Titles – Atlético]. Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- "Copa Libertadores. History | Conmebol.com". CONMEBOL. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- Stokkermans, Karel (15 December 1999). "Copa Conmebol". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- "Recopa Sudamericana » Champions". Worldfootball.net. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- Hemzo, Miguel; Pontes, Ricardo (4 December 2014). "Brazil Cup History". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- Diogo, Julio; Pontes, Ricardo (24 November 2014). "Brazil – Second Division Champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- Rivera, Guillermo; Pavan, Lisandro (2 March 2014). "Minas Gerais Cup – List of Champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- "Futebol profissional – Clube Atlético Mineiro" [Professional football – Clube Atlético Mineiro]. Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Comissão Técnica – Atlético". Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- Rocha, Fábio (2 December 2013). "Cuca poderá fechar 2014 como o terceiro técnico que mais comandou o Atlético" [Cuca can end 2014 as the third manager with most matches with Atlético]. Itatiaia (in Portuguese). Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- "Alexi Stival". Galo Digital (in Portuguese). 4 May 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- "Clube Atlético Mineiro – Apresentação". Clube Atlético Mineiro (in Portuguese). Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- Drummond, Ivan (20 July 2015). "Há 30 anos, Galo fazia barba, cabelo e bigode no futsal nacional com times adulto e juvenil" [30 years ago, Galo did a hat-trick in national futsal with senior and youth teams]. Superesportes (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 November 2015.
- "Atlético Mineiro, o primeiro bicampeão da Liga Futsal" [Atlético Mineiro, the first team to win the Liga Futsal twice]. Liga Futsal (in Portuguese). 23 July 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
- "Falcão homenageia extinto time de futsal do Atlético com gol antológico" [Falcão pays homage to defunct Atlético fustal team with anthological goal]. Globoesporte.com (in Portuguese). 19 December 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
- "Críticas marcam o fim do futsal do Atlético-MG" [Criticism marks the end of Atlético Mineiro's futsal]. Terra (in Portuguese). 8 January 2001. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- "Por medida de economia, Atlético acaba com o seu futsal" [As an economic measure, Atlético ends its futsal]. UOL Esporte (in Portuguese). 7 January 2009. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
- "Campeões 1980–1989" [Champions 1980–1989]. São Silvestre (in Portuguese). Retrieved 5 October 2015.
- "Atlético-MG e Cruzeiro levam rivalidade para a São Silvestre" [Atlético Mineiro and Cruzeiro take rivalry to São Silvestre]. Placar (in Portuguese). Gazeta Press. 31 December 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
- Strini, Antônio; Alves, Marcus (16 July 2013). "'Playboy', Kalil construiu hegemonia no vôlei com Atlético-MG durante a década de 80" ['Playboy', Kalil built volleyball hegemony with Atlético Mineiro during the 1980s]. ESPN Brasil (in Portuguese). Retrieved 5 October 2015.
- Baêta, Marcelo (2012). 1971: O Ano do Galo (in Portuguese). São Paulo: Panda. ISBN 978-85-7888-252-5.
- Drummond, Roberto (2007). Uma Paixão em Preto e Branco (in Portuguese). Belo Horizonte: Leitura. ISBN 978-85-7358-796-8.
- Freire, Alexandre (2007). Preto no branco: ensaios sobre o Clube Atlético Mineiro: o Galo entre a razão e a paixão (in Portuguese). Belo Horizonte: Alexandre Freire. ISBN 978-85-906856-1-6.
- Goldblatt, David (2014). Futebol Nation, a Footballing History of Brazil. London: Penguin. ISBN 978-0-241-96978-6.
- Marra, Mário; Bertozzi, Leonardo; Beting, Mauro (2013). Nós acreditamos! Campeão da Libertadores 2013 (in Portuguese). São Paulo: BB. ISBN 978-85-62716-28-7.
- Ziller, Aldechi (1997). Enciclopédia Atlético de todos os tempos: a vida, as lutas, as glórias do Clube Atlético Mineiro, o campeoníssimo das Gerais (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Belo Horizonte.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clube Atlético Mineiro.|
- Official website (English) (Spanish) (Portuguese)
- Clube Atlético Mineiro at FIFA official website (English) (French) (German) (Portuguese) (Spanish) (Arabic)