Cluj International Airport

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"Avram Iancu"
Cluj International Airport

Aeroportul Internațional
„Avram Iancu” Cluj
Klausenburg-Kolozsvár, Flughafen 3.jpeg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCluj County Council
OperatorAeroportul Internațional „Avram Iancu” Cluj R.A.
ServesCluj County, Romania
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL1,036 ft / 315 m
Coordinates46°47′06″N 023°41′10″E / 46.78500°N 23.68611°E / 46.78500; 23.68611 (Cluj-Napoca International Airport)Coordinates: 46°47′06″N 023°41′10″E / 46.78500°N 23.68611°E / 46.78500; 23.68611 (Cluj-Napoca International Airport)
Websiteairportcluj.ro
Map
CLJ is located in Romania
CLJ
CLJ
Location within Romania
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25[1] 2,040 6,693 Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers2,699,286
Aircraft movements24,476
Freight2,921
Sources: Romanian AIP at EUROCONTROL,[2] newsair.ro[3]

Avram Iancu Cluj International Airport[4] (IATA: CLJ, ICAO: LRCL) is an airport serving the city of Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Initially known as Someșeni Airport, it is located 9 km (5.6 mi) east of the city centre, in the Someșeni area, which is now within the Cluj-Napoca city limits.[2] The airport is named in honour of Romanian revolutionary Avram Iancu.

In terms of passengers' traffic, Cluj Airport is the second busiest airport in Romania, after Bucharest Henri Coandă, handling 2.69 million passengers in 2017. Its size and location (on the European route E576 and close to A3 Transylvania Motorway) makes it the most important airport in the historical region of Transylvania.

History[edit]

A Farman-Goliath aircraft, similar to the one used on the airport's first flight

Cluj Airport was founded on 1 April 1932 by the Romanian Ministry of Industry and Trade. Until the civil airport was built, the first operations used the Someşeni Military Aerodrome that was founded by the Romanian National Service of Air Navigation (Romanian: Serviciul Naţional de Navigaţie Aerianǎ SNNA) in 1928. The SNNA was set up by the Romanian Ministry of War for opening an air transportation line between Cluj and Bucharest. The first aircraft used was the Farman-Goliath aircraft, a twin-engine plane with space for ten passengers built by the Farman Aviation Works.[citation needed]

In 1933, Cluj Airport was declared an International Airport by the Romanian Government. The first international flight, a CSA Czech Airlines Prague-Cluj-Bucharest flight, took place on 11 September 1933. The aircraft used on this route were eight-seat Avia-Fokker aircraft. In the following years, several new routes were opened, such as the Aeroflot Moscow-Cluj-Prague flight, opened on 15 November 1935, which was operated with 14-seat McDonnell Douglas DC-2 twin-engine aircraft, registered as USSR-M25 and USSR-M26. Internal flights were also operated in this period, such as Cluj-Satu-Mare and Cernăuţi-Cluj-Arad using Lockheed Model 10 Electra ten-passenger aircraft and de Havilland Dragon Rapide aircraft. In the late 1930s the airport recorded a steady growth and the employees number rose from 6 in 1934 to 16 in 1939. The passenger terminal was also built in this period, being inaugurated in 1939.[citation needed]

During World War II, the airport became a military airport, as it was considered to be the most important in Transylvania. In 1940, as a result of the Second Vienna Award, Northern Transylvania (including Cluj) was ceded to Hungary and thus the airport was used by the Hungarian Air Force and German Luftwaffe. Malert airline also operated flights to Budapest during these years. In October 1944, the Hungarian forces in the city were defeated by the Romanian and Soviet armies. By the time of the reconquest of the airport by the Romanian No. 4 Fighting Squadron Focşani, in late September 1944, the airport was completely destroyed.

After the war, the airport's operations were resumed with TAROM internal flights connecting Cluj to other major Romanian cities. The aircraft used were the Lisunov Li-2 / Douglas DC-3 and Ilyushin Il-14 aircraft.

In the 1960s, an extensive modernization of the airport began. In 1969, a new passenger terminal was opened. By 1970, the airport was fully equipped with all of the safety facilities.

Arrivals Terminal

The airport remained a domestic airport until September 1996, when it was once again opened to both international passenger and cargo traffic. The extension of the terminal building was also started in 1996 and since August 1997 it is run by the Cluj County Council. By 2001, the extension of the airport building was finished, the runway lighting system was modernized, and an Instrument Landing System (ILS) CAT I equipment was implemented.

In 2007 and 2008, the Cluj airport had the most spectacular evolution in recent years, with a year-over-year growth of 60% and 93% respectively, reaching over 750,000 passengers in 2008.[5]

The construction of a new terminal, capable of handling 2 million passengers annually, started on 26 June 2007. The 10,812 m2 (116,380 sq ft) arrivals hall was inaugurated on May 22, 2008,[6] followed by the new departures hall, with a total area of 16,000 m2 (170,000 sq ft), inaugurated in May 2009.[7] Total project cost was an estimated €40 million.[7][8] In February 2009, the ILS equipment was upgraded to CAT II.

Cluj Airport exceeded the 1,000,000 passenger mark in 2010.[9] On 8 September 2011, the construction works for building a new runway of 2,100 m (6,890 ft) began. The works represented the first phase of the investment that aims at a take-off/landing runway of 3,500 m (11,483 ft).[10] The new runway 07/25 officially went into operation on 26 October 2013.[11] The old runway 08/26 became a taxiway, after the new runway opened.[1]

In 2014, ROMATSA held a competition for the creation of a new control tower for Cluj-Napoca Airport. Of the 22 projects that were submitted in the competition,[12] as winner the project of Outline Architecture Office was chosen,[13] an architectural design office based in Bucharest. The tower resembles a tulnic and will have a height of 42 m. The costs for the construction of new control tower will be borne by ROMATSA.[14]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Cluj-Napoca:[15]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens
Seasonal charter: Heraklion, Rhodes
Air Bucharest Seasonal charter: Antalya
AlMasria Universal Airlines Seasonal charter: Hurghada
AtlasGlobal Seasonal charter: Antalya
Blue Air Bucharest, Dublin, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Constanța, Nice
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Corfu, Heraklion, Hurghada, Zakynthos
Corendon Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Ellinair Seasonal: Heraklion
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada, Sharm El Sheikh
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Nouvelair Seasonal charter: Monastir
Onur Air Seasonal charter: Antalya
Ryanair London-Southend (begins 2 April 2019)
TAROM Bucharest, Iași
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Chania, Corfu, Rhodes, Skiathos, Zakynthos
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Wizz Air Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin-Schönefeld, Billund, Birmingham (begins 16 December 2018)[16], Bologna, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Doncaster Sheffield, Dortmund, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Eindhoven, Hahn, Larnaca, Liverpool, London-Luton, Lyon (begins 20 November 2018),[17] Madrid, Malmö, Malta, Memmingen, Nuremberg, Rome–Fiumicino, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Treviso, Valencia, Vienna, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Alicante, Athens, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation Budapest
UPS Airlines Bucharest-Henri Coandă, Cologne/Bonn
Silver Air Timișoara
TAROM Bucharest

Statistics[edit]

Annual revenue passenger and cargo statistics[3][18][19]
Year Passengers (% change from prior year) Tones (% change from prior year)
2004
162,668(+34.4%)
138(+29.8%)
2005
202,556(+24.5%)
213(+54.3%)
2006
244,366(+20.6%)
187(-12.2%)
2007
390,521(+59.8%)
254(+35.8%)
2008
752,181(+92.6%)
413(+62.6%)
2009
834,400(+10.9%)
385(-6.8%)
2010
1,028,907(+23.3%)
354(-8.1%)
2011
1,004,855(-2.3%)
744(+101.7%)
2012
931,999(-7.2%)
885(+18.9%)
2013
1,036,438(+11.2%)
1,262(+42.6%)
2014
1,182,047(+14.0%)
1,332(+5.5%)
2015
1,487,603(+25.8%)
1,680(+26.1%)
2016
1,880,171(+26.5%)
2,100(+25%)
2017
2,699,286(+43.6%)
2,921(+39%)
2016, 2017 & 2018[20][21]
Month Passengers 2016 Change (2015-2016) Passengers 2017 Change (2016-2017) Passengers 2018 Change (2017-2018) Passengers Cumulatively
January 105,533 Increase 15.2% 171,700 Increase 62.7% 182,333 Increase 6.2% 182,333
February 102,499 Increase 17.3% 159,739 Increase 55.8% 173,890 Increase 8.9% 356,223
March 116,105 Increase 8.6% 187,463 Increase 61.5% 203,030 Increase 8.3% 559,253
April 124,936 Increase 3.7% 223,789 Increase 79.1% 231,369 Increase 3.4% 790,622
May 140,897 Increase 13.0% 237,430 Increase 68.5% 242,150 Increase 2.0% 1,032,772
June 164,287 Increase 13.9% 254,943 Increase 55.9% 266,085 Increase 4.4% 1,298,857
July 195,887 Increase 20.3% 284,693 Increase 45.3% 296,094 Increase 4.0% 1,594,951
August 213,676 Increase 33.6% 291,994 Increase 36.7% 296,242 Increase 1.5% 1,891,193
September 199,208 Increase 29.7% 271,220 Increase 36.1% 277,735 Increase 2.4% 2,168,928
October 178,139 Increase 41.1% 249,504 Increase 40.1%
November 158,619 Increase 50.6% 184,300 Increase 16.5%
December 181,683 Increase 76.3% 182,511 Increase 0.5%
Top routes from Cluj International Airport
Airports Weekly Departures
(Summer 2019)[22]
Airlines Airports Weekly Departures
(Winter 2018/2019)[23]
Airlines
Romania Bucharest - Henri Coandă International Airport
43
Blue Air, TAROM
Romania Bucharest - Henri Coandă International Airport
45
Blue Air, TAROM
United Kingdom London - Luton Airport, London - Southend Airport
24
Ryanair, Wizz Air
United Kingdom London - Luton Airport
16
Wizz Air
Germany Munich Airport
21
Lufthansa
Germany Munich Airport
14
Lufthansa
France Paris - Beauvais–Tillé Airport
9
Wizz Air
Italy Bergamo - Orio al Serio Airport
7
Wizz Air
Italy Bergamo - Orio al Serio Airport
7
Wizz Air
Germany Frankfurt am Main Airport
7
Lufthansa
Belgium Brussels South Charleroi Airport
7
Wizz Air
France Paris - Beauvais–Tillé Airport
7
Wizz Air
Turkey Istanbul Atatürk Airport
7
Turkish Airlines
Poland Warsaw Chopin Airport
5
LOT Polish Airlines
Italy Rome - Fiumicino Airport
7
Wizz Air
Spain Barcelona - El Prat Airport
4
Wizz Air
Spain Barcelona - El Prat Airport
6
Wizz Air
Italy Bologna Airport
4
Wizz Air
Germany Frankfurt am Main Airport
6
Lufthansa
Germany Dortmund Airport
4
Wizz Air
Spain Madrid - Barajas Airport
6
Wizz Air
Turkey Istanbul Atatürk Airport
4
Turkish Airlines
Poland Warsaw Chopin Airport
6
LOT Polish Airlines
Italy Rome - Fiumicino Airport
4
Wizz Air
Italy Bologna Airport
5
Wizz Air
Israel Tel Aviv - Ben Gurion Airport
4
Blue Air, Wizz Air
Germany Dortmund Airport
5
Wizz Air
Belgium Brussels South Charleroi Airport
3
Wizz Air
Israel Tel Aviv - Ben Gurion Airport
5
Blue Air, Wizz Air
Netherlands Eindhoven Airport
3
Wizz Air
Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse Airport
3
Wizz Air
Romania Iași International Airport
3
Tarom
Republic of Ireland Dublin Airport
3
Blue Air
Spain Madrid - Barajas Airport
3
Wizz Air
Netherlands Eindhoven Airport
3
Wizz Air
Romania Iași International Airport
3
TAROM
Sweden Malmö Airport
3
Wizz Air
Spain Valencia Airport
3
Wizz Air
Spain Zaragoza Airport
3
Wizz Air
Busiest Routes from Avram Iancu International Airport (2014), (2015), (2016) & (2017)
Rank Airport Passengers 2014 Passengers 2015 Passengers 2016 Passengers 2017 Carriers
1 Romania Bucharest
158,143
171,491
288,836
492,381
Blue Air, TAROM Wizz Air
2 United Kingdom London
129,935
194,250
242,545
327,118
Blue Air, Wizz Air
3 Germany Munich
121,071
131,384
147,686
160,882
Lufthansa
4 Italy Bergamo
69,776
95,151
94,835
104,259
Wizz Air
5 France Paris
74,354
92,496
90,813
96,848
Wizz Air
6 Spain Barcelona
64,750
80,448
79,752
92,833
Vueling, Wizz Air
7 Italy Bologna
69,001
71,811
71,864
72,725
Wizz Air
8 Italy Rome - Ciampino Airport
24,739
58,429
60,248
68,335
Wizz Air
9 Spain Madrid
50,692
51,290
55,102
62,282
Wizz Air
10 Germany Dortmund
61,428
53,237
52,067
66,734
Wizz Air
11 Belgium Charleroi
40,935
39,436
46,823
54,633
Wizz Air
12 Israel Tel Aviv - Ben Gurion Airport
27,143
28,169
34,010
46,554
Blue Air, Wizz Air
13 Netherlands Eindhoven
39,896
42,041
39,800
46,145
Wizz Air
14 Republic of Ireland Dublin
20,301
45,439
Blue Air
15 Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse Airport
30,364
32,520
43,578
Wizz Air
16 Spain Zaragoza
39,781
39,635
41,166
42,405
Wizz Air
17 Spain Valencia
41,888
44,098
44,166
41,577
Wizz Air
18 Germany Nuremberg
0
31,910
40,076
Wizz Air
Source:Eurostat [1]
Busiest Routes by Country from Avram Iancu International Airport (2015)
Rank Country Passengers 2015 Carriers
1 Italy Italy
274,576
Wizz Air
2 Germany Germany
242,351
Lufthansa, Wizz Air
3 Spain Spain
221,040
Vueling, Wizz Air
4 United Kingdom United Kingdom
194,250
Wizz Air
5 Romania Romania
171,491
TAROM
6 France France
92,384
Wizz Air
Source:Eurostat [2]

Ground transportation[edit]

RATUC bus route 8

The airport is located 8 km (5.0 mi) east of the city centre on the European route E576. The drive from the city centre takes about 20 minutes. CTP Cluj Napoca, the local public transport company, operates its Route No. 8 that connects the airport with the Mihai Viteazul Square in the City Center and trolleybus No. 5 to the Rail station.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 5 September 1986 at about 19:45, a fully loaded Antonov An-24RV aircraft departed Bucharest Otopeni Airport, bound for Cluj-Napoca. When the landing procedure began, one of the flight attendants, Aurelia Grigore, realized that the aircraft was landing at higher than normal speed. When the main landing gear touched ground, it bounced repeatedly until the aircraft stopped. The front of the aircraft was on fire. Grigore realized they had an emergency situation. With her flight attendant colleague, she decided to start deplaning passengers. She opened the emergency exit and she let the stairs down, but the stairs weren't touching the ground because the front gear was broken. She was helped by Emil Hossu, a famous actor. "He was one of the few people that didn't panic and helped us evacuate the aircraft in safety", said Grigore. After evacuating the passengers they returned to help the pilots who were trapped in the cockpit. "The cockpit was on fire and we lost any faith that we could save them". The next moments were horrible for all passengers and flight crew. The aircraft was destroyed by flames and with the pilots still on board. After 10 minutes, they saw one of the copilots trying to escape through a window. "He told us his foot was stuck and that he couldn't get it out. We tried to help him, but we couldn't. Finally he managed to get out of the aircraft on fire. He was completely burned, you couldn't even look at him. It was terrible. The other 2 pilots burned alive as we watched them, helpless". The copilot died also. He was transported to the ER but died the next day because of the burns. The authorities said that the accident was due to an equipment malfunction. The 3 pilots were the only casualties.[24]
  • On 7 January 2016, a Blue Air Boeing 737-400, reg. YR-BAS, skidded off the runway after landing. No injuries were reported amongst the 116 passengers and crew. The accident's cause was the performance of an extended flare flight, followed by the runway touchdown at a distance of about 2300 ft. (approx. 700 m) measured from runway threshold 25. The wet snow layer present on the runway may have contributed to the accident.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b New RWY at Cluj-Napoca International Airport at Romanian CAA
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". www.ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  3. ^ a b Traffic Data (in Romanian)
  4. ^ "Cum se va numi de azi aeroportul din Cluj". Ziua de Cluj. 17 October 2013.
  5. ^ "Aeroportul clujean, asaltat de pasageri". Citynews. January 5, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
  6. ^ "Aeroportul International Avram Iancu Cluj". Aeroportul International Cluj Napoca. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Cluj-Napoca Airport has a new departures terminal". Archived from the original on 9 June 2009. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  8. ^ The Arrivals hall (in Romanian)
  9. ^ "Cu pasagerul 1.000.000, Aeroportul Cluj devine lider regional". www.ziuadecj.ro. Archived from the original on 22 December 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  10. ^ "Aeroportul International Avram Iancu Cluj". Aeroportul International Cluj Napoca. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  11. ^ Noua pistă a Aeroportului Cluj-Napoca, inaugurată în 26 octombrie (in Romanian)
  12. ^ Bogdan Buburuz (31 March 2014). "Proiect SF al turnului de control de pe Aeroportul Cluj. Urmează modelul unui far în port – FOTO". Vocea Transilvaniei. Archived from the original on 18 August 2016.
  13. ^ "Cum va arăta noul turn de control al Aeroportului "Avram Iancu" Cluj (FOTO)". CityNews.ro. 31 March 2014.
  14. ^ "FOTO - Cum va arăta noul turn de control al Aeroportului Internaţional "Avram Iancu" Cluj". monitorulcj.ro. 31 March 2014.
  15. ^ airportcluj.ro - Flight Schedule retrieved 10 July 2017
  16. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/279463/wizz-air-adds-cluj-birmingham-link-from-dec-2018/
  17. ^ https://wizzair.com/en-gb/information-and-services/about-us/news/2018/02/22/wizz-air-announces-further-expansion-in-cluj#/
  18. ^ Plan strategic de dezvoltare a Municipiului Cluj-Napoca - 2005 Archived 2012-02-27 at the Wayback Machine. (in Romanian)
  19. ^ ORDIN 169/1.801. Planul national de actiune privind reducerea emisiilor de gaze cu efect de seră în domeniul aviatiei civile (in Romanian)
  20. ^ "Anna.aero database". Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  21. ^ Template:Https://img1.wsimg.com/blobby/go/f91e7ea1-3ed0-4ecd-a54c-55cff9d5319a/downloads/1cki8fcf5 888750.pdf
  22. ^ "Orar zboruri". Aeroportul International Cluj Napoca. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  23. ^ "Orar zboruri". Aeroportul International Cluj Napoca. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  24. ^ aviation-safety.net - Accident description retrieved 10 July 2016
  25. ^ http://www.cias.gov.ro/images/rapoarte/Final_report_2016.01.07_serious_incident_YR-BAS.pdf

External links[edit]

Media related to Cluj-Napoca International Airport at Wikimedia Commons