Telecommunications in Haiti

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Telecommunications in Haiti Internet, radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones.

Internet Access[edit]

There are 2 Internet service providers serving the country – Access Haiti[1] and H@inet.[2] The Haitian telecommunications authority, CONATEL,[3] decided in October 2010 to allow the introduction of 3G services by the mobile telephone service providers.[4] This will enable them to deploy faster mobile internet access speeds throughout their networks than what is currently available with GPRS/EDGE.

Access Haiti is the leading internet company in Haiti with a wide range of internet connectivity solutions. From 4G LTE, Fiber to the home and to the business, Wireless point to point and point to multi point solutions. Access Haiti offers guaranteed SLA's thanks to it's robust local network and exclusive 4 international links to the global undersea fiber networks.

Pricing[edit]

As of September 2017, Taxes are included.

Fiber Optic Consumer Pricing

Pricing per month by download speed and provider

Download Speed (Mbps) Hainet Access Haiti
2 Mbit/s $ 60.00 USD $ 54.55 USD
4 Mbit/s $ 100.00 USD $ 99.00 USD
6 Mbit/s $ 150.00 USD $ 149.00 USD
8 Mbit/s $ 199.00 USD $ 199.00 USD
12 Mbit/s $ 250.00 USD $ 249.00 USD
15 Mbit/s $ 299.00 USD $ 299.00 USD
25 Mbit/s $ 350.00 USD $ 349.00 USD

Local Taxes are Included in the prices Above

Internet censorship and surveillance[edit]

There are no government restrictions on access to the Internet or credible reports that the government monitors e-mail or Internet chat rooms without judicial oversight.[5]

The law provides for freedom of speech and press, and the government and elected officials generally respect these rights in practice. The independent media are active and express a wide variety of views without restriction. However, there have been incidents of local officials harassing or threatening journalists and others who criticized the government. Journalists complain about defamation lawsuits that the government threatens or files against the press for statements made about public officials or private figures in the public arena.[5]

Defamation carries both criminal and civil penalties. Some journalists practice self-censorship on stories related to drug trafficking or allegations of business and political corruption, likely due to past patterns of retribution against activists and journalists engaged in investigative reporting. The law prohibits arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence, but the government does not always respect these prohibitions in practice.[5]

Radio and television[edit]

  • Radio stations: Government-owned radio network; more than 250 private and community radio stations with about 50 FM stations in Port-au-Prince alone (2007).[6]
  • Television stations: Several TV stations, including one government-owned; cable TV subscription service is available (2007).[6]
  • Television sets: 38,120 (1997).[needs update]
  • Radio and TV stations in Haiti in 2010:[7]
Number of radio and television stations
Department AM FM VHF UHF Cable Satellite
OUEST 4 66 7 30 3 *
SUD-EST 3 18 1 3 * *
NIPPES 0 5 0 0 0 0
SUD 3 19 9 2 2 *
GRANDE-ANSE 5 12 2 0 - -
CENTRE 2 10 3 0 - -
ARTIBONITE 6 42 6 1 - -
NORD-EST 1 9 9 9 - -
NORD 7 30 8 2 - -
NORD-OUEST 3 15 2 1 * *
TOTAL 34 226 36 38 - -

TELEHAITI - a television broadcasting network providing paid television services with over 140 local and international channels on it's network TeleHaiti.[8]

Telephones[edit]

Land lines

In 2012, there were 50,000 main lines in use ranking Haiti 163rd in the world.[6]

Natcom, the result of the privatization of Télécommunications d'Haiti S.A.M. (Teleco) in 2010, has a monopoly on the provision of landline services throughout the country. The Vietnamese company Viettel bought a 60% share, with the Haitian government keeping the remaining 40% of the company.[10]

Teleco was constantly hobbled by political interference which affected its performance. A net generator of revenues for the government in the 1970s and early 1980s, Teleco's fortunes then began to decline.[citation needed]

Mobile cellular

Despite wide-ranging poverty, Haiti increased its mobile phone coverage rate from 6% to 30% in one year (May 2006 to May 2007). Haiti is now the driving force in mobile phone growth in the Caribbean, while radio remains the primary information medium for most Haitians.[citation needed]

In May 2006, Comcel and Haitel had a total of about 500,000 subscribers - a cell phone coverage rate of 6% for a population of 8.2 million. Digicel entered the market in May 2006. After one year of operations, May 2006-May 2007, Digicel went from zero to 1.4 million subscribers. The other two cell phone providers, Comcel and Haitel, responded by cutting their prices and offering new services such as Voilà, a GSM service by Comcel, and CDMA 2000 by Haitel. As a result, Comcel and Haitel increased their subscribers from 500,000 to 1 million. As of April 2012, Digicel has about 3.5 million cell phone subscribers in Haiti.[11] In May 2007, Digicel started offering two BlackBerry services with Internet, one for enterprises and one for individuals. On March 30, 2012, Digicel completed the acquisition of Comcel / Voila, its main competitor in the Haitian market.[citation needed]

System
  • Haiti's telecommunications infrastructure is among the least developed in Latin America and the Caribbean (2010).[6]
  • Domestic facilities are barely adequate.[6]
    • Mobile-cellular telephone services are expanding rapidly due, in part, to the introduction of low-cost GSM phones (2010).[6]
    • Mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 40 per 100 persons (2010).[6]
    • Coaxial cable and microwave radio relay trunk service.
  • International facilities are slightly better.[6]

Internet[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.accesshaiti.com
  2. ^ http://www.hainet.net
  3. ^ CONATEL
  4. ^ CONATEL : "Les services mobiles par téléphone, à l’aube d’énormes bouleversements au benefice du consommateur Haïtien" (in French).
  5. ^ a b c "Haiti", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 22 March 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Communications: Haiti", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 7 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
  7. ^ "Report of CONATEL" (PDF). contael.gouv.ht. Retrieved July 2010.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  8. ^ http://www.telehaiti.net
  9. ^ Dialing Procedures (International Prefix, National (Trunk) Prefix and National (Significant) Number) (in Accordance with ITY-T Recommendation E.164 (11/2010)), Annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 994-15.XII.2011, International Telecommunication Union (ITU, Geneva), 15 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  10. ^ Le Nouvelliste : "Et la Téléco devient Natcom" (in French).
  11. ^ LaPresse Affaires : "Réseau cellulaire Digicel en Haïti: 2,2 millions d'abonnés en quatre ans" (in French).
  12. ^ NIC.ht Consortium FDS/RDDH
  13. ^ Consortium FDS/RDDH : Statistics (in French).
  14. ^ a b Calculated using penetration rate and population data from "Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2012", Population data, International Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved 26 June 2013
  15. ^ "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
  16. ^ "Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
  17. ^ "Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
  18. ^ Select Formats, Country IP Blocks. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Site is said to be updated daily.
  19. ^ Population, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Data are mostly for 1 July 2012.

External links[edit]