Fylde (UK Parliament constituency)

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Fylde
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Fylde in Lancashire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Lancashire within England.
County Lancashire
Electorate 66,504 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Kirkham, Wesham, Lytham St Annes, Freckleton
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Mark Menzies (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Fylde North and Fylde South
19181950
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Fylde North and Fylde South
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Fylde is a Lancashire constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Mark Menzies, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

The Fylde constituency was originally formed for the 1918 general election, but was abolished for the 1950 general election, when it was split into Fylde North and Fylde South. For the 1983 General Election those two constituencies were merged to form a new Fylde constituency.

The seat was reduced in the boundary review leading to the United Kingdom general election, 2010, losing most of its elements from the Borough of Wyre and the City of Preston to the new seat of Wyre and Preston North.

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1945: The Urban Districts of Fleetwood, Kirkham, Longridge, Poulton-le-Fylde, Thornton, and Walton-le-Dale, the Rural District of Preston, and part of the Rural District of Fylde.

1945-1950: Part of the County Borough of Preston; the Municipal Borough of Fleetwood; the Urban Districts of Kirkham, Longridge, Poulton-le-Fylde, Thornton Cleveleys, Walton-le-Dale, and part of Fulwood; and, the Rural District of Fylde, and parts of Blackburn, and Preston.[2]


1983-1997: The Borough of Fylde, and the Borough of Preston ward of Preston Rural West.

1997-2010: The Borough of Fylde, the Borough of Preston wards of Ingol and Preston Rural West, and the Borough of Wyre ward of Great Eccleston.

2010–present: The Borough of Fylde, and the City of Preston ward of Lea.

The constituency has three main population centres, namely Kirkham/Wesham, Lytham St Annes and Freckleton. Kirkham, Wesham and Freckleton are small towns with some light industrial development and have a considerable Labour vote, but Lytham and St Annes are comfortable seaside resorts, favoured by families and retired couples, and along with the more rural parts of the seat, are safely Conservative.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1918–1950[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1918 Wilfrid William Ashley Conservative
1922 Lord Stanley Conservative
1938 by-election Claude Lancaster Conservative
1950 constituency split into Fylde North and Fylde South

MPs since 1983[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1983 Sir Edward Gardner Conservative
1987 Michael Jack Conservative
2010 Mark Menzies Conservative

Elections 1983-2015[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Fylde[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Mark Menzies 21,406 49.1 −3.1
Labour Jed Sullivan 8,182 18.8 −1.0
UKIP Paul White 5,569 12.8 +8.3
Independent Mike Hill 5,166 11.9 N/A
Liberal Democrat Freddie van Mierlo 1,623 3.7 −18.3
Green Bob Dennett 1,381 3.2 +1.7
Northern Elizabeth Clarkson 230 0.5 N/A
Majority 13,224 30.4 +0.2
Turnout 43,557 66.3 +0.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2010: Fylde[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Mark Menzies 22,826 52.2 −1.2
Liberal Democrat Bill Winlow 9,641 22.1 +6.2
Labour Liam Robinson 8,624 19.7 −5.9
UKIP Martin Bleeker 1,945 4.5 +4.5
Green Phillip Mitchell 654 1.5 +1.5
Majority 13,185 30.2
Turnout 43,690 66.3 +7.0
Conservative hold Swing +4.5

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Fylde[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Jack 24,287 53.4 +1.1
Labour William Parbury 11,828 26.0 −4.8
Liberal Democrat Bill Winlow 7,748 17.0 +2.2
Liberal Tim Akeroyd 1,647 3.6 N/A
Majority 12,459 27.4
Turnout 45,510 60.1 −0.8
Conservative hold Swing +2.9
General Election 2001: Fylde[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Jack 23,383 52.3 +3.4
Labour John Stockton 13,773 30.8 −0.9
Liberal Democrat John Begg 6,599 14.8 +0.1
UKIP Lesley Brown 982 2.2 N/A
Majority 9,610 21.5
Turnout 44,737 60.9 −12.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Fylde[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Jack 25,443 48.87 −11.3
Labour John L. Garrett 16,480 31.65 +13.1
Liberal Democrat William L. Greene 7,609 14.61 −6.1
Referendum David J. Britton 2,372 4.56 N/A
Natural Law Terry B. Kerwin 163 0.31 N/A
Majority 8,963 17.2
Turnout 52,069 72.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1992: Fylde[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Jack 30,639 61.4 +0.7
Liberal Democrat Nigel Cryer 9,648 19.3 −4.9
Labour Carol Hughes 9,382 18.8 +4.5
Natural Law Peter Leadbetter 239 0.5 N/A
Majority 20,991 42.1 +5.6
Turnout 49,908 78.5 +1.5
Conservative hold Swing +2.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Fylde[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Jack 29,559 60.7 −2.2
Liberal Elizabeth Smith 11,787 24.2 −0.1
Labour Geoffrey Smith 6,955 14.3 +3.4
Restore Capital Punishment Harold Fowler 405 0.8 −1.2
Majority 17,772 36.5
Turnout 48,706 77.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Fylde[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Gardner 27,879 62.9 N/A
Liberal Elizabeth Smith 10,777 24.3 N/A
Labour David King 4,821 10.9 N/A
Independent Harold Fowler 863 2.0 N/A
Majority 17,102 38.6 N/A
Turnout 44,340 71.2 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

Elections 1918-1945[edit]

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Claude Lancaster 37,930 61.36
Labour Edgar Hewitt 22,102 35.75
Common Wealth Karl Edwin Heath 1,784 2.89 n/a
Majority 15,828 25.61
Turnout 70.60
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Fylde by-election, 1938
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Claude Lancaster 38,263
Labour Mabel Tylecote 17,648
Majority 20,615
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Stanley 39,731 70.81 n/a
Labour Thomas McNamee 16,379 29.19 n/a
Majority 23,352 41.62 n/a
Turnout 71.99 n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General Election 1931: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lord Stanley Unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Fylde [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Edward Stanley 29,894 64.7 n/a
Labour Joseph Williamson 16,318 35.3 n/a
Majority 13,576 29.4 n/a
Turnout 46,212 n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1924: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Edward Stanley unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Fylde [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Edward Stanley 16,510 55.5 n/a
Liberal Robert Parkinson Tomlinson 13,230 44.5 n/a
Majority 3,280 11.0 n/a
Turnout 29,740 n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1922: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Edward Stanley unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Ashley
General Election 1918: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 13,670 n/a
Labour William John Tout 7,400 n/a
Majority n/a
Turnout n/a
Unionist win
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1985-1972. Chichester, Sussex: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0-900178-09-4. 
  3. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "F" [self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Fylde". BBC News Online. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ a b The Liberal Year Book, 1930